24 found
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  1.  9
    Vital Forces, Teleology and Organization: Philosophy of Nature and the Rise of Biology in Germany.Andrea Gambarotto - 2017 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This book offers a comprehensive account of vitalism and the Romantic philosophy of nature. The author explores the rise of biology as a unified science in Germany by reconstructing the history of the notion of “vital force,” starting from the mid-eighteenth through the early nineteenth century. Further, he argues that Romantic Naturphilosophie played a crucial role in the rise of biology in Germany, especially thanks to its treatment of teleology. In fact, both post-Kantian philosophers and naturalists were guided by teleological (...)
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  2.  56
    Teleology and the organism: Kant's controversial legacy for contemporary biology.Andrea Gambarotto & Auguste Nahas - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 93 (C):47-56.
  3.  20
    Enactivism and the Hegelian Stance on Intrinsic Purposiveness.Andrea Gambarotto & Matteo Mossio - 2022 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 23 (1):155-177.
    We characterize Hegel’s stance on biological purposiveness as consisting in a twofold move, which conceives organisms as intrinsically purposive natural systems and focuses on their behavioral and cognitive abilities. We submit that a Hegelian stance is at play in enactivism, the branch of the contemporary theory of biological autonomy devoted to the study of cognition and the mind. What is at stake in the Hegelian stance is the elaboration of a naturalized, although non-reductive, understanding of natural purposiveness.
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  4.  36
    Hegel's Philosophy of Biology? A Programmatic Overview.Andrea Gambarotto & Luca Illetterati - 2020 - Hegel Bulletin 41 (3):349-370.
    This paper presents what we call ‘Hegel's philosophy of biology’ to a target audience of both Hegel scholars and philosophers of biology. It also serves to introduce a special issue of theHegel Bulletinentirely dedicated to a first mapping of this yet to be explored domain of Hegel studies. We submit that Hegel's philosophy of biology can be understood as a radicalization of the Kantian approach to organisms, and as prefiguring current philosophy of biology in important ways, especially with regard to (...)
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  5.  36
    Nature and Agency: Towards a Post-Kantian Naturalism.Andrea Gambarotto & Auguste Nahas - 2023 - Topoi 42 (3):767-780.
    We outline an alternative to both scientific and liberal naturalism which attempts to reconcile Sellars’ apparently conflicting commitments to the scientific accountability of human nature and the autonomy of the space of reasons. Scientific naturalism holds that agency and associated concepts are a mechanical product of the realm of laws, while liberal naturalism contends that the autonomy of the space of reason requires that we leave nature behind. The third way we present follows in the footsteps of German Idealism, which (...)
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  6.  17
    Vital forces and organization: Philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.Andrea Gambarotto - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:12-20.
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  7.  35
    Diverging views of epigenesis: the Wolff–Blumenbach debate.Andrea Gambarotto - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (2):12.
    Johann Friedrich Blumenbach is widely known as the father of German vitalism and his notion of Bildungstrieb, or nisus formativus, has been recognized as playing a key role in the debates about generation in German-speaking countries around 1800. On the other hand, Caspar Friedrich Wolff was the first to employ a vitalist notion, namely that of vis essentialis, in the explanatory framework of epigenetic development. Is there a difference between Wolff’s vis essentialis and Blumenbach’s nisus formativus? How does this difference (...)
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  8.  17
    Rethinking Schelling’s Philosophy of Nature Through a Process Account of Emergence.Andrea Gambarotto & Auguste Nahas - 2023 - In Luca Corti & Johannes-Georg Schuelein (eds.), Life, Organisms, and Human Nature: New Perspectives on Classical German Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 39-58.
    The paper proposes a novel reading of Schelling’s speculative physics in light of debates concerning the notion of emergence in philosophy of science. We begin by highlighting Schelling’s disruptive potential with regard to the contemporary philosophical landscape, currently polarized over a false dichotomy between reductionist Humeanism and liberal Kantianism. We then argue that a broadly Schellingian approach to nature is unwittingly being revived by a group of scholars promoting a non-mainstream process account of emergence based on the notion of constraint (...)
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  9.  10
    Lorenz Oken : Naturphilosophie and the reform of natural history.Andrea Gambarotto - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Science 50 (2):329-340.
    The paper focuses on the work of Lorenz Oken in an attempt to make sense of the role played by RomanticNaturphilosophiein the development of natural history in Germany at the turn of the nineteenth century. It first focuses on the role played by Schelling and his Würzburg circle in the development of Oken's early views on natural history, then reconstructs Oken's mature programme for a reform of animal classification.
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  10.  15
    The “Kantian Principle” for natural history and its historical significance.Andrea Gambarotto - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 64:22-27.
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  11.  14
    Teleology and mechanism: a dialectical approach.Andrea Gambarotto - 2023 - Synthese 201 (5):1-23.
    The paper proposes a dialectical approach to our understanding of the relation between teleology and mechanism. This approach is dialectical both in form and content. In _form_, it proposes a contemporary interpretation of Hegel’s metaphysical account of teleology. This account is grounded in a dialectical methodology, which consists in scrutinizing the inherent limitations of a theoretical position that lead it to suppress itself and evolve into a better one. I apply the same methodology to the function debate. For Hegel, teleology (...)
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  12.  19
    Hegel's Philosophy of Biology? A Programmatic Overview – ADDENDUM.Andrea Gambarotto & Luca Illetterati - 2023 - Hegel Bulletin 44 (1):250-250.
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  13.  3
    Compte rendu de La Philosophie de la biologie avant la biologie. Une histoire du vitalisme de Charles Wolfe.Andrea Gambarotto - 2020 - Lato Sensu: Revue de la Société de Philosophie des Sciences 7 (3):16-18.
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  14.  15
    Joel Faflak , Marking Time: Romanticism and Evolution: Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2017, 336 pp, $ 75.00.Andrea Gambarotto - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (4):72.
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  15.  7
    Kant e la 'scuola di Gottinga'. Alcune note a margine della 'tesi Lenoir'.Andrea Gambarotto - 2015 - Lebenswelt: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Experience 7:44-66.
    The paper focuses on the reception of Kant’s philosophy of biology in the context of the so-called ‘Göttingen School’. Timothy Lenoir has tried to rehabilitate the framework elaborated at Göttingen by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that Lenoir’s position is based on a historiographical bias. I take into account Kielmeyer’s stance on physiology, embryology and natural history. This analysis reveals the existence of a clear shift from a regulative to (...)
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  16.  21
    Lorenz Oken : Naturphilosophie and the reform of natural history – ERRATUM.Andrea Gambarotto - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (3):511-511.
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  17.  34
    Retraction Note to: Diverging views of epigenesis: the Wolff–Blumenbach debate.Andrea Gambarotto - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (2):38.
    The author has retracted this article as it contains sections that substantially overlap with the following publications.
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  18. Structure and metacategorial significance of subjectivity in the logic of Hegel.Andrea Gambarotto - 2010 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 39 (1-4):215-249.
  19.  8
    Teleology, Life, and Cognition: Reconsidering Jonas’ Legacy for a Theory of the Organism.Andrea Gambarotto - 2020 - In Andrea Altobrando & Pierfrancesco Biasetti (eds.), Natural Born Monads: On the Metaphysics of Organisms and Human Individuals. De Gruyter. pp. 243-264.
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  20.  23
    The Realism of Purposes: Schelling and Hegel on Kant’s Critique of Teleological Judgement.Luca Illetterati & Andrea Gambarotto - 2020 - Rivista di Estetica 74:106-118.
    The paper addresses Schelling’s and Hegel’s interpretation of Kant’s Critique of the Power of Judgement (1790), focusing especially on the so-called ‘problem of teleology.’ We reconstruct Schelling’s and Hegel’s reading of the second part of the Critique, dedicated to ‘teleological judgement’ and the question of natural purposiveness. We first propose a brief reconstruction of Kant’s argument about the possibility of using teleological judgment with reference to nature; we then show why Hegel and Schelling were unsatisfied with Kant’s argument; Finally, we (...)
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  21.  19
    Corrigendum to “The ‘Kantian principle’ for natural history and its historical significance studies in history and philosophy of science part C: Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical science” [64 (2017) 22–27]. [REVIEW]Andrea Gambarotto - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 85:219.
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  22.  22
    Corrigendum to “Vital forces and organization: Philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer” [Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Science 48 (2014) 12–20]. [REVIEW]Andrea Gambarotto - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 85:218.
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  23.  3
    Francesca Michelini & Kristian Köchy (eds.), Jakob von Uexküll and philosophy: life, environments, anthropology, Abingdon: Routledge, 2020. [REVIEW]Andrea Gambarotto - 2022 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 44 (2):1-5.
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  24.  31
    Hein van den Berg. Kant on Proper Science: Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus postumum. Dordrecht: Springer, 2015. Pp. 283. $129.00 ; $99.00. [REVIEW]Andrea Gambarotto - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (2):364-367.