Results for 'Ana S. Ayala'

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  1.  16
    The Pan American Health Organization and the Mainstreaming of Human Rights in Regional Health Governance.Benjamin Mason Meier & Ana S. Ayala - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (3):356-374.
    In the absence of centralized human rights leadership in an increasingly fragmented global health policy landscape, regional health offices have stepped forward to advance the rights-based approach to health. Reviewing the efforts of the Pan American Health Organization, this article explores the evolution of human rights in PAHO policy, assesses efforts to mainstream human rights in the Pan American Sanitary Bureau, and analyzes the future of the rights-based approach through regional health governance, providing lessons for other regional health offices and (...)
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  2.  12
    The Pan American Health Organization and the Mainstreaming of Human Rights in Regional Health Governance.Benjamin Mason Meier & Ana S. Ayala - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (3):356-374.
    In the development of a rights-based approach to global health governance, international organizations have looked to human rights under international law as a basis for public health. Operationalizing human rights law through global health policy, the World Health Organization has faced obstacles in efforts to mainstream human rights across the WHO Secretariat. Without centralized human rights leadership in an increasingly fragmented global health policy landscape, regional health offices have sought to advance human rights in health governance and support states in (...)
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  3.  56
    Introduction and Institutionalization of Genetics in Mexico Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar and Francisco J. Ayala.Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar & Francisco J. Ayala - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):273-299.
    We explore the distinctive characteristics of Mexico's society, politics and history that impacted the establishment of genetics in Mexico, as a new disciplinary field that began in the early 20th century and was consolidated and institutionalized in the second half. We identify about three stages in the institutionalization of genetics in Mexico. The first stage can be characterized by Edmundo Taboada, who was the leader of a research program initiated during the Cárdenas government (1934-1940), which was primarily directed towards improving (...)
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  4.  2
    Ayala, Ana María. "Virtud y felicidad: análisis desde la antropología cartesiana y el pensamiento comunitario de Spinoza." Praxis filosófica 44 (2017): 169-191. [REVIEW]Jorge Aurelio Díaz - 2020 - Ideas Y Valores 69 (174):221-223.
    RESUMEN Este artículo explora si hay algún fundamento sólido para atribuir a Leonardo da Vinci prioridad en la formulación del símil que lleva a concebir el ojo como una cámara obscura. Aquí, se defiende una posición pesimista. No obstante, el artículo resalta algunos aportes del pintor renacentista que pueden considerarse contribuciones a la consolidación del símil. ABSTRACT The article explores whether there is any solid basis for attributing to Leonardo da Vinci the priority in formulating the simile that leads to (...)
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  5.  6
    The Rhetorical Construction of Eldredge and Gould's Article on the Theory of Punctuated Equilibria in 1972.Vladimir Cachón, Ana Barahona & Francisco J. Ayala - 2008 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (3-4):317 - 337.
    This article seeks to show how several rhetorical tools were used and, in fact, played a central role in the argumentation advanced by Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould in their 1972 seminal article on the theory of Punctuated Equilibria. It is analyzed how Eldredge and Gould proceeded through three steps that, sequentially integrated, made their argument compelling. It is shown how they made use of analogies, metaphors and other rhetorical tools. It is sustained that they began by priming the (...)
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  6.  15
    Expertise, Ethics Expertise, and Clinical Ethics Consultation: Achieving Terminological Clarity.Ana S. Iltis & Mark Sheehan - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (4):416-433.
    The language of ethics expertise has become particularly important in bioethics in light of efforts to establish the value of the clinical ethics consultation, to specify who is qualified to function as a clinical ethics consultant, and to characterize how one should evaluate whether or not a person is so qualified. Supporters and skeptics about the possibility of ethics expertise use the language of ethics expertise in ways that reflect competing views about what ethics expertise entails. We argue for clarity (...)
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  7.  39
    Organ Donation, Brain Death and the Family: Valid Informed Consent.Ana S. Iltis - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):369-382.
    I argue that valid informed consent is ethically required for organ donation from individuals declared dead using neurological criteria. Current policies in the U.S. do not require this and, not surprisingly, current practices inhibit the possibility of informed consent. Relevant information is withheld, opportunities to ensure understanding and appreciation are extremely limited, and the ability to make and communicate a free and voluntary decision is hindered by incomplete disclosure and other practices. Current practices should be revised to facilitate valid informed (...)
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  8.  23
    The “Ethics” Expertise in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Ana S. Iltis & Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (4):363-368.
    The nature, possibility, and implications of ethics expertise in general and of bioethics expertise in particular has been the focus of extensive debate for over thirty years. What is ethics expertise and what does it enable experts to do? Knowing what ethics expertise is can help answer another important question: What, if anything, makes a claim of expertise legitimate? In other words, how does someone earn the appellation “ethics expert?” There remains deep disagreement on whether ethics expertise is possible, and (...)
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  9.  13
    Risk-Taking: Individual and Family Interests.Ana S. Iltis - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (4):437-450.
    Decisions regarding clinical procedures or research participation typically require the informed consent of individuals. When individuals are unable to give consent, the informed permission of a legally authorized representative or surrogate is required. Although many proposed procedures are aimed primarily at benefiting the individual, some are not. I argue that, particularly when individuals are asked to assume risks primarily or exclusively for the benefit of others, family members ought to be engaged in the informed consent process. Examples of procedures in (...)
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  10.  8
    Building Norms for Organ Donation in China: Pitfalls and Challenges.Ana S. Iltis - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (5):640-662.
    In most, if not all, jurisdictions with active organ transplantation programs, there is a persistent desire to increase donation rates because the demand for transplantable organs exceeds the supply. China, in particular, faces an extraordinary gap between the number of organs donated by deceased donors and the number of people seeking one or more transplants. China might look to Western countries with higher donation rates to determine how best to introduce Western practices into the Chinese system. In attempting to increase (...)
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  11.  11
    Moral Epistemology and Bioethics: Is the New Natural Law the Solution to Otherwise Intractable Disputes?Ana S. Iltis - 2016 - Christian Bioethics 22 (2):169-185.
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  12.  8
    Prenatal Screening and Prenatal Diagnosis: Contemporary Practices in Light of the Past.Ana S. Iltis - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (6):334-339.
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  13.  11
    Living Organ Donation Near and at the End of Life: Drawing and Re-Drawing the Boundaries Around Permissible Practices in Organ Donation.Ana S. Iltis - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):123-125.
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  14.  32
    Introduction: Vulnerability in Biomedical Research.Ana S. Iltis - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):6-11.
  15. Engelhardt on the Common Morality in Bioethics.Ana S. Iltis - 2018 - Conatus 3 (2):49.
    Contemporary bioethics is, at least in part, the product of biomedical and sociopolitical changes in the middle to latter part of the 20th century. These changes prompted reflection on deep moral questions at a time when traditional sources of moral guidance no longer were widely respected and, in some cases, were being rejected. In light of this, scholars, policy makers, and clinicians sought to identify a common morality that could be used among persons with different moral commitments to resolve disputes (...)
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  16. Educational Value of Different Types of Exhibits in an Interactive Science and Technology Center.Ana S. Afonso & John K. Gilbert - 2007 - Science Education 91 (6):967-987.
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  17.  98
    Global Health Needs and the Short-Term Medical Volunteer: Ethical Considerations. [REVIEW]Michele K. Langowski & Ana S. Iltis - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (2):71-78.
    Global Health Needs and the Short-Term Medical Volunteer: Ethical Considerations Content Type Journal Article Pages 71-78 DOI 10.1007/s10730-011-9158-5 Authors Michele K. Langowski, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics, Salus Center, Saint Louis University, 3545 Lafayette, 5th Floor, St. Louis, MO 63104-1314, USA Ana S. Iltis, Department of Philosophy and Center for Bioethics, Health and Society, Wake Forest University, P.O. Box 7332, Winston-Salem, NC 27109, USA Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 23 Journal Issue (...)
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  18.  23
    Bioethics and the Culture Wars.Ana S. Iltis - 2011 - Christian Bioethics 17 (1):9-24.
    The term ‘culture wars’ has been used to describe deep, apparently intractable, disagreements between groups for many years. In contemporary discourse, it refers to disputes regarding significant moral matters carried out in the public square and for which there appears to be no way to achieve consensus or compromise. One set of battle lines is drawn between those who hold traditional Christian commitments and those who do not. Christian bioethics is nested in a set of moral and metaphysical understandings that (...)
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  19.  5
    Introduction: Vulnerability in Biomedical Research.Ana S. Iltis - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):6-11.
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  20.  26
    Costs to Subjects for Research Participation and the Informed Consent Process: Regulatory and Ethical Considerations.Ana S. Iltis - 2004 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 26 (6):9.
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  21.  24
    Currents in Contemporary Ethics Ethical and Practical Concerns in Developing Payment Policies for Research Involving Children and Adolescents.Ana S. Iltis, Hisako Matsuo & Shannon R. DeVader - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):413-418.
    An Institute of Medicine panel charged with reviewing the system for overseeing research involving children concluded in 2004 that Institutional Review Boards, institutions engaged in research, and study sponsors should “adopt explicit written policies on acceptable and unacceptable types and amounts of payments related to [children’s] research participation.” We previously reported data on practices and policies in the U.S. regarding payments to children who participate in research and their parents. Here, we report additional results from our study and identify some (...)
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  22. What the Doctor Didn't Say: The Hidden Truth About Medical Research. [REVIEW]Ana S. Iltis - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):419-424.
    What the Doctor Didn’t Say, by Jerry Menikoff and Edward P. Richards, is a courageous and well-written volume that examines some of the fundamental debates pertaining to the ethics of clinical research. The volume deserves a careful reading by anyone with a potential role in clinical research: clinicians who might serve as investigators or refer patients to clinical trials; research staff; Institutional Review Board members and administrators; sponsors who design clinical trials; and the book’s intended audience, namely, potential research participants (...)
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  23.  26
    Justice, Fairness, and Membership in a Class: Conceptual Confusions and Moral Puzzles in the Regulation of Human Subjects Research.Ana S. Iltis - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):488-501.
    This essay examines conceptual difficulties with one of the ways in which justice has been understood and applied the ethical and regulatory review of human research. Justice requires the fair distribution of the benefits and burdens of research. Class membership is seen as justifying inclusion in higher hazard-no benefit research from which members of potentially vulnerable classes, such as children, typically would be excluded. I argue that class membership does not do the justificatory work it is thought to do and (...)
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  24. Harm Reduction Research : Ethics and Compliance.Ana S. Iltis - 2008 - In Ronald Michael Green, Aine Donovan & Steven A. Jauss (eds.), Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century. Oxford University Press.
     
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  25.  19
    Who Is A Patient and Why Does It Matter?Ana S. Iltis - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):62-64.
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  26.  6
    Justice, Fairness, and Membership in a Class: Conceptual Confusions and Moral Puzzles in the Regulation of Human Subjects Research.Ana S. Iltis - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):488-501.
    Much of the human research conducted in the United States or by U.S. researchers is regulated by the Common Rule. The Common Rule reflects the decision of 17 federal agencies, including the Department of Health and Human Services, to require that investigators follow the same rules for conducting human research., though there is significant overlap with the Common Rule.) Many of the obligations delineated in the Common Rule can be traced back to the work of the National Commission for the (...)
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  27.  11
    The Journal Loses Its Co-Founding Editor.Ana S. Iltis & Mark J. Cherry - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (6):613-614.
    On Monday, June 25, 2018, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., PhD, MD, co-founder of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, was laid to rest in the beautiful Hill Country of Texas near Comal County. Professor Engelhardt co-founded The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy in 1976 with Dr. Edmund Pellegrino. Engelhardt first served as Associate Editor, and then Editor and Senior Editor from 1976 until 2018. The Journal thrived for more than four decades through his energy, vision, and dedication. One of the (...)
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  28.  13
    The Oxford Handbook of Research Ethics.Ana S. Iltis & Douglas MacKay (eds.) - forthcoming - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
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  29.  14
    Christian Bioethics Loses Its Founding Editor.Ana S. Iltis & Mark J. Cherry - 2018 - Christian Bioethics 24 (3):213-215.
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  30.  2
    Applying Genetic and Genomic Tools to Psychiatric Disorders: A Scoping Review.Ana S. IItis, Akaya Lewis, Sarah Neely, Stephannie Walker Seaton & Sarah H. Jeong - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-16.
    IntroductionThe bioethics literature reflects significant interest in and concern with the use of genetic and genomic information in various settings. Because psychiatric treatment and research raises unique ethical, legal, and social issues, we conducted a scoping review of the biomedical, bioethics, and psychology literature regarding the application of genetic and genomic tools to psychiatric disorders and two associated behaviors or symptoms to provide a more detailed overview of the state of the field.ObjectivesThe primary objective was to examine the available bioethics, (...)
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  31.  1
    Earning Mistrust Through Fake Compromises and Broken Promises.Ana S. Iltis - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (2):3-3.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue 2, Page 3-3, March‐April 2022.
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  32.  30
    Research, Development, and the Availability of Health Care Products: The Market, Regulation, and Legal Liability. [REVIEW]Ana S. Iltis - 2006 - Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (2-3):195-208.
  33.  3
    Fair Inclusion and the Pursuit of Robustly Generalizable Clinically Relevant Knowledge.Ana S. Iltis - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (2):27-30.
    Volume 20, Issue 2, February 2020, Page 27-30.
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  34.  7
    Reviews in Medical Ethics.Ana S. Iltis - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):419-424.
    What the Doctor Didn’t Say, by Jerry Menikoff and Edward P. Richards, is a courageous and well-written volume that examines some of the fundamental debates pertaining to the ethics of clinical research. The volume deserves a careful reading by anyone with a potential role in clinical research: clinicians who might serve as investigators or refer patients to clinical trials; research staff; Institutional Review Board members and administrators; sponsors who design clinical trials; and the book’s intended audience, namely, potential research participants (...)
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  35.  3
    Cancer and Fertility.Ana S. Iltis - 2017 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 7 (2):107-111.
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  36. Institutional Capacity Building: Tanzania. End of Program Evaluation Report.C. C. Macpherson, S. Franceschet, L. Ayala, J. F. Bencomo, M. SantÃn, R. Torres, Fdez Yero Jl, C. Silva, S. O. Orach & J. Jutting - 2001 - Developing World Bioethics 1 (1):57-68.
     
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  37.  2
    Reviews in Medical Ethics.Ana S. Iltis - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):419-424.
    What the Doctor Didn’t Say, by Jerry Menikoff and Edward P. Richards, is a courageous and well-written volume that examines some of the fundamental debates pertaining to the ethics of clinical research. The volume deserves a careful reading by anyone with a potential role in clinical research: clinicians who might serve as investigators or refer patients to clinical trials; research staff; Institutional Review Board members and administrators; sponsors who design clinical trials; and the book’s intended audience, namely, potential research participants (...)
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  38.  1
    Ignorance is Not Bliss: The Case for Comprehensive Reproductive Counseling for Women with Chronic Kidney Disease.Ana S. Iltis, Maya Mehta & Deirdre Sawinski - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-14.
    The bioethics literature has paid little attention to matters of informed reproductive decision-making among women of childbearing age who have chronic kidney disease, including women who are on dialysis or women who have had a kidney transplant. Women with CKD receive inconsistent and, sometimes, inadequate reproductive counseling, particularly with respect to information about pursuing pregnancy. We identify four factors that might contribute to inadequate and inconsistent reproductive counseling. We argue that women with CKD should receive comprehensive reproductive counseling, including information (...)
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  39. Editors' Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2021 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 11 (3):vii-ix.
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  40.  9
    Ayala, Ana María. “Virtud y felicidad: análisis desde la antropología cartesiana y el pensamiento comunitario de Spinoza.” Praxis filosófica 44 (2017): 169-191. [REVIEW]Jorge Aurelio Díaz - 2020 - Ideas Y Valores 69 (174):221-223.
    Como lo señala su título, el artículo de Ana María Ayala ofrece una excelente exposición de la forma en la que Spinoza entiende la virtud y la felicidad en confrontación con la doctrina cartesiana, de modo que no me voy a detener en ello. Serán los lectores quienes podrán aprovechar de su lectura. Lo que llamó mi atención, desde que tuve ocasión de conocer el título, fue la calificación de “comunitario” que se le otorga al pensa- miento del judío (...)
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  41.  6
    Editors' Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2020 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 10 (2):v-vi.
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  42.  10
    Editors’ Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):v-vi.
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  43.  21
    Editors' Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Susan G. DuBois - 2012 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2 (2):v-vi.
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  44.  5
    Editors' Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2020 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 10 (1):v-vii.
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  45.  3
    Editors' Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2020 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 10 (3):v-vi.
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  46.  7
    Editors' Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2018 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 8 (3):v-vi.
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  47.  13
    Making Ethical Decisions: Stories From Surgeons.James M. DuBois & Ana S. Ilitis - 2015 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 5 (1):1-2.
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  48.  5
    Editors’ Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (2):v-vi.
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  49.  11
    Editors’ Note.James M. DuBois & Ana S. Iltas - 2012 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2 (1):v-vi.
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  50.  7
    Editors' Note.James M. DuBois, Ana S. Iltis & Heidi A. Walsh - 2018 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 8 (1):v-v.
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