60 found
Order:
  1. Incorporating Ethics into Artificial Intelligence.Amitai Etzioni & Oren Etzioni - 2017 - The Journal of Ethics 21 (4):403-418.
    This article reviews the reasons scholars hold that driverless cars and many other AI equipped machines must be able to make ethical decisions, and the difficulties this approach faces. It then shows that cars have no moral agency, and that the term ‘autonomous’, commonly applied to these machines, is misleading, and leads to invalid conclusions about the ways these machines can be kept ethical. The article’s most important claim is that a significant part of the challenge posed by AI-equipped machines (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  2.  43
    AI assisted ethics.Amitai Etzioni & Oren Etzioni - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (2):149-156.
    The growing number of ‘smart’ instruments, those equipped with AI, has raised concerns because these instruments make autonomous decisions; that is, they act beyond the guidelines provided them by programmers. Hence, the question the makers and users of smart instrument face is how to ensure that these instruments will not engage in unethical conduct. The article suggests that to proceed we need a new kind of AI program—oversight programs—that will monitor, audit, and hold operational AI programs accountable.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  3.  35
    Cyber Trust.Amitai Etzioni - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):1-13.
    From a sociological and anthropological viewpoint, the ability of complete strangers to carry out transactions that involve significant risk to one or both parties should be complicated by a lack of trust. Yet the rise of e-commerce and “sharing economy” platforms suggests that concerns that seemed prevalent only a few decades ago have been largely assuaged. What mechanisms have been used to facilitate trust between strangers online? Can we measure the extent to which users trust each other when interacting online? (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  4.  39
    The Case for a Multiple-Utility Conception.Amitai Etzioni - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):159.
    In recent decades, neoclassical economists have made heroic efforts to accommodate within the confines of the concept of rational utility maximization the fact that individual behavior is significantly affected by moral considerations. This article argues the merits of using an alternative approach: recognizing that individuals pursue at least two irreducible sources of value or “utility”, pleasure and morality. The possibility that some additional utilities may have to be recognized is explored. This raises the concern that conceptual anarchy will break out, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  5.  19
    Happiness is the Wrong Metric: A Liberal Communitarian Response to Populism.Amitai Etzioni - 2018 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This timely book addresses the conflict between globalism and nationalism. It provides a liberal communitarian response to the rise of populism occurring in many democracies. The book highlights the role of communities next to that of the state and the market. It spells out the policy implications of liberal communitarianism for privacy, freedom of the press, and much else. In a persuasive argument that speaks to politics today from Europe (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  6. Organ Donation: A Communitarian Approach.Amitai Etzioni - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (1):1-18.
    : Recently, various suggestions have been made to respond to the increasingly great shortage of organs by paying for them. Because of the undesirable side effects of such approaches (commodification, injustice, and costs), a communitarian approach should be tried first. A communitarian approach to the problem of organ shortage entails changing the moral culture so that members of society will recognize that donating one's organs, once they are no longer of use to the donor, is the moral (right) thing to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  7.  53
    A Communitarian Note on Stakeholder Theory.Amitai Etzioni - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (4):679-691.
    This article adds to the discussion of the legitimation of stakeholding, by studying the implications of investing financial assets, years of labor, community resources, or other such scarce goods in a corporation. It attempts to respond to those who argue that it is not possible for all stakeholders to be effectively represented in corporate governance and that if they were, this would undermine the well-being of the corporation.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  8.  42
    Reflections on Teaching of Business Ethics.Amitai Etzioni - 1991 - Business Ethics Quarterly 1 (4):355-365.
    There is a rnoral dimension in all business decisions. When planning a corporate' takeover, which substance to use for a product, whether to hire temps or full-time workers, or where to invest, all reflect values and tlence moral considerations. It is not enough to change people, we must change the structure. Within the corporate structure it is important to have special divisions dedicated to the implementation of ethics such as internal audit committees. The same might be said about business schools; (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  9.  74
    Is Transparency the Best Disinfectant?Amitai Etzioni - 2010 - Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (4):389-404.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  10.  85
    The common good.Amitai Etzioni - 2004 - Malden, Mass.: Polity.
    In this book, Amitai Etzioni, public intellectual and leading proponent of communitarian values, defends the view that no society can flourish without a shared ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  11.  37
    Apple: Good Business, Poor Citizen?Amitai Etzioni - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (1):1-11.
    The recent case between Apple and the FBI, in which Apple refused to comply with a court order to aid the FBI in overriding the security features of an iPhone used by one of the San Bernardino terrorists, brought the tension between national security and individual rights to the forefront. This article looks at the case and these two core values from a liberal communitarian ethics perspective, and provides an analysis of how these values are reflected in U.S. law. It (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  12.  52
    The ethics of robotic caregivers.Amitai Etzioni & Oren Etzioni - 2017 - Interaction Studies 18 (2):174-190.
    As Artificial Intelligence technology seems poised for a major take-off and changing societal dynamics are creating a high demand for caregivers for elders, children and those infirmed-robotic caregivers, may well be used much more often. This article examines the ethical concerns raised by the use of AI caregivers and concludes that many of these concerns are avoided when AI caregivers operate as partners rather than substitutes. Furthermore, most of the remaining concerns are minor and are faced by human caregivers as (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  13.  91
    On a communitarian approach to bioethics.Amitai Etzioni - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):363-374.
    A communitarian approach to bioethics adds a core value to a field that is often more concerned with considerations of individual autonomy. Some interpretations of liberalism put the needs of the patient over those of the community; authoritarian communitarianism privileges the needs of society over those of the patient. Responsive communitarianism’s main starting point is that we face two conflicting core values, autonomy and the common good, and that neither should be a priori privileged, and that we have principles and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  14.  25
    Rights and the Common Good: The Communitarian Perspective.Amitai Etzioni - 1995 - Wadsworth Publishing Company.
  15.  50
    Paper: Authoritarian versus responsive communitarian bioethics.Amitai Etzioni - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):17-23.
    A communitarian approach to bioethics adds a core value to a field that is often more concerned with considerations of individual autonomy. Some interpretations of liberalism put the needs of the patient over those of the community; authoritarian communitarianism privileges the needs of society over those of the patient. Responsive communitarianism's main starting point is that we face two conflicting core values, autonomy and the common good, and that neither should be a priori privileged and that we have principles and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  16. New communitarian thinking: persons, virtues, institutions, and communities.Amitai Etzioni (ed.) - 1995 - Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
    Amitai Etzioni has collected a sterling list of contributors who bring communitarian thinking to bear on such timely and contentious issues as abortion, ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  17.  36
    A Moderate Communitarian Proposal.Amitai Etzioni - 1996 - Political Theory 24 (2):155-171.
  18.  15
    On Social and Moral Revival.Amitai Etzioni - 2002 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):356-371.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  19. Are business schools brainwashing their MBAs.Amitai Etzioni - 1989 - Business and Society Review 70:18-19.
  20.  27
    Toward deontological social sciences.Amitai Etzioni - 1989 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (2):145-156.
  21.  16
    Defining Down Sovereignty: The Rights and Responsibilities of Nations.Amitai Etzioni - 2016 - Ethics and International Affairs 30 (1):5-20.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  29
    Universalism Vs. Relativism: Making Moral Judgments in a Changing, Pluralistic, and Threatening World.Richard J. Bernstein, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Amitai Etzioni, William Galston, Franklin I. Gamwell, Timothy Jackson, James Turner Johnson, John Kelsay & Jean Porter (eds.) - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Has moral relativism run its course? The threat of 9/11, terrorism, reproductive technology, and globalization has forced us to ask anew whether there are universal moral truths upon which to base ethical and political judgments. In this timely edited collection, distinguished scholars present and test the best answers to this question. These insightful responses temper the strong antithesis between universalism and relativism and retain sensitivity to how language and history shape the context of our moral decisions. This important and relevant (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  29
    A Communitarian Approach: A Viewpoint on the Study of the Legal, Ethical and Policy Considerations Raised by DNA Tests and Databases.Amitai Etzioni - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):214-221.
    A communitarian approach is applied to DNA testing and databases. It concerns itself both with individual rights and the common good. It finds that DNA testing, although it is highly intrusive, often advances both individual rights and the common good . However given its high level of intrusiveness and the insufficient level of oversight provided by existing checks and balances, the author argues for a national civil review board to provide still more accountability.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  16
    A Communitarian Approach: A Viewpoint on the Study of the Legal, Ethical and Policy Considerations Raised by DNA Tests and Databases.Amitai Etzioni - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):214-221.
    This article seeks to outline a viewpoint on the study of the legal, ethical and policy considerations raised by DNA tests and databases. It does not delve into the specifics involved. It outlines a way of thinking that has proven productive elsewhere1 and seems promising in dealing with DNA usages in the United States, but little more. Given that this essay is about a communitarian approach that draws on specific communitarian values, I turn next to briefly present the approach here (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  17
    Cross‐Cultural Judgments: The Next Steps.Amitai Etzioni - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (3):5-15.
  26.  9
    Medical Records: Enhancing Privacy, Preserving the Common Good.Amitai Etzioni - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):14.
    Personal medical information is now bought and sold on the open market. Companies use it to make hiring and firing decisions and to identify customers for new products. The justification for providing such access to medical information is that doing so benefits the public by securing public safety, controlling costs, and supporting medical research. And individuals have supposedly consented to it. But we can achieve the common goods while better protecting privacy by making institutional changes in the way information is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27. Old chestnuts and new spurs.Amitai Etzioni - 1995 - In New communitarian thinking: persons, virtues, institutions, and communities. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia. pp. 16--34.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28.  26
    On social and moral revival.Amitai Etzioni - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):356–371.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29.  15
    For Faster Science: Accelerated Genetic Engineering.Amitai Etzioni - 2021 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 32 (4):349-357.
    While acknowledging that there are many risks associated with genetic engineering, this article asserts that delaying the research and development of genetic engineering has high human costs. Genetic engineering could prevent millions of premature deaths, eliminate the suffering associated with many diseases and conditions, and save millions of family members from the anguish of watching their loved ones suffer and die from genetic conditions. Societal deliberations on the topic of genetic engineering have existed for decades, and a majority of people (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  13
    Micro and Macro Ethical Considerations of COVID-19.Amitai Etzioni - 2020 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 31 (4):318-325.
    Micro decisions, made by individuals, during a health crisis in which healthcare resources are particularly in short supply, should not be based only on the age of the patients. Ameliorate care is only appreciated when the patient has a limited time to live, whatever their age. Macro decisions concern public policy. We must decide now who will pay for the vaccines, who will get them before others, whether minorities should be granted priority, and whether the United States should join a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  21
    A301 - Are Particularistic Obligations Justified?Amitai Etzioni - unknown
  32.  50
    A communitarian critique of human rights.Amitai Etzioni - 2012 - In Thomas Cushman (ed.), Handbook of human rights. New York: Routledge. pp. 129.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  41
    Are New Technologies the Enemy of Privacy?Amitai Etzioni - 2007 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 20 (2):115-119.
  34.  9
    B. The Corporation as a Community: Stakeholder Theory Corporations as Communities.Amitai Etzioni - forthcoming - Business Ethics.
  35.  2
    Correspondence.Amitai Etzioni - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (3):288-288.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  6
    Continuity and Discontinuity in the Contemporary Crisis of Meanings.Amitai Etzioni - 1972 - The Journal of Aesthetic Education 6 (1/2):147.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  23
    Communitarianism: A Historical Overview.Amitai Etzioni - 2019 - In Walter Reese-Schäfer (ed.), Handbuch Kommunitarismus. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 705-730.
    This chapter focuses on the development of communitarianism as a social philosophy and its application to public policy from the 1980s to the present. Communitarianism sees a good society as one that balances several conflicting normative principles, in particular autonomy and the common good. The balance needs to be adjusted as historical conditions change. This need to find a new balance is examined with special attention to the tension between national identities and the EU’s community-building as well as between globalists (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Communitarianism and honor.Amitai Etzioni - 2016 - In Laurie Johnson & Dan Demetriou (eds.), Honor in the Modern World: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Lanham: Lexington.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  19
    Communitarian elements in select works of Martin Buber.Amitai Etzioni - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (2):151-169.
  40.  12
    Comment on.Amitai Etzioni - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):169-170.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  28
    Comment on "Managers in the Moral Dimension.Amitai Etzioni - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):169-170.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  13
    Comment on "Managers in the Moral Dimension.Amitai Etzioni - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):169-170.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  9
    Commentary on “Pandemics and Beyond: Considerations When Personal Risk and Professional Obligations Converge”.Amitai Etzioni - 2021 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 32 (1):35-37.
    The excellent article by Daniel J. Benedetti, Mithya Lewis-Newby, Joan S. Roberts, and Douglas S. Diekema draws strength by dealing both with micro ethical (personal) and macro ethical (institutional policies and structures) considerations. One should further note that often, the macro factors are even stronger than the article implies, although individuals can affect the macro context. A particularly important macro factor for all matters concerning healthcare, indeed all human services, is the tension between the profit motive and ethical decisions.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Do defence contractors map our military strategy.Amitai Etzioni - 1984 - Business and Society Review 51:29-34.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  7
    Foreign policy: thinking outside the box.Amitai Etzioni - 2016 - New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    The middle east -- The democratization mirage -- No clash of civilizations -- China -- Fighting China? -- A new approach for U.S.-China relations -- EU -- The EU community deficit -- How to not assimilate new immigrants -- Global -- Defining down sovereignty -- Spheres of influence -- Self-determination : the democratization test -- Privacy vs. security : should the tech companies decide?
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Issues of public policy in the USA raised by amniocentesis.Amitai Etzioni - 1976 - Journal of Medical Ethics 2 (1):8.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  31
    Implications of the American Anti-Terrorism Coalition for Global Architectures.Amitai Etzioni - 2002 - European Journal of Political Theory 1 (1):9-30.
    Given the rise in transnational problems and the inadequacy of the old, intergovernmental system, scholars are searching for a new, post-cold war global architecture. The 2001 anti-terrorism coalition presents a new architecture - the semi-empire - which is dominated by one nation (or a small group of nations) that pressures other nations to follow the course it sets, and has a limited number of missions. The article explores the possibility that the coalition could expand to tackle other transnational problems besides (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. New directions in the study of organizations and society.Amitai Etzioni - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  41
    Obama’s Implicit Human Rights Doctrine.Amitai Etzioni - 2011 - Human Rights Review 12 (1):93-107.
    During his first year in office, President Barack Obama has outlined a human rights doctrine. The essence of Obama’s position is that the foreign policy of the USA is dedicated to the promotion of the most basic human right—the right to life—above and beyond all others and that the USA will systematically refrain from actively promoting other rights, even if this merely entails sanctions or raising a moral voice. This article details and examines Obama’s position and assesses its normative standing.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Scope, Pervasiveness, and Tension Management in Complex Organizations.Amitai Etzioni & William R. Taber - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 60