Results for 'Alynda M. Randolph'

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  1. Limitations Using Neuroimaging to Reconstruct Mental State After a Crime.Michael J. Vitacco, Alynda M. Randolph, Rebecca J. Nelson Aguiar & Megan L. Porter Staats - 2021 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (4):694-701.
    Neuroimaging offers great potential to clinicians and researchers for a host of mental and physical conditions. The use of imaging has been trumpeted for forensic psychiatric and psychological evaluations to allow greater insight into the relationship between the brain and behavior. The results of imaging certainly can be used to inform clinical diagnoses; however, there continue to be limitations in using neuroimaging for insanity cases due to limited scientific backing for how neuroimaging can inform retrospective evaluations of mental state. In (...)
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  2.  69
    Evolutionary Explanations of Emotions.Randolph M. Nesse - 1990 - Human Nature 1 (3):261-289.
    Emotions can be explained as specialized states, shaped by natural selection, that increase fitness in specific situations. The physiological, psychological, and behavioral characteristics of a specific emotion can be analyzed as possible design features that increase the ability to cope with the threats and opportunities present in the corresponding situation. This approach to understanding the evolutionary functions of emotions is illustrated by the correspondence between (a) the subtypes of fear and the different kinds of threat; (b) the attributes of happiness (...)
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  3.  86
    Sportsmanship.Randolph M. Feezell - 1986 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 13 (1):1-13.
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  4.  28
    Runaway Social Selection for Displays of Partner Value and Altruism.Randolph M. Nesse - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (2):143-155.
    Runaway social selection resulting from partner choice may have shaped aspects of human cooperation and complex sociality that are otherwise hard to account for. Social selection is the subtype of natural selection that results from the social behaviors of other individuals. Competition to be chosen as a social partner can, like competition to be chosen as a mate, result in runaway selection that shapes extreme traits. People prefer partners who display valuable resources and bestow them selectively on close partners. The (...)
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  5.  7
    Evolution and Healing: The New Science of Darwinian Medicine.Randolph M. Nesse - 1996 - Phoenix.
    The first ever description of how evolutionary principles can be applied to questions of health and sickness.
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  6.  48
    On the Difficulty of Defining Disease: A Darwinian Perspective. [REVIEW]Randolph M. Nesse - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):37-46.
    Most attempts to craft a definition of disease seem to have tackled two tasks simultaneously: 1) trying to create a series of inclusion and exclusion criteria that correspond to medical usage of the word disease and 2) using this definition to understand the essence of what disease is. The first task has been somewhat accomplished, but cannot reach closure because the concept of “disease” is based on a prototype, not a logical category. The second task cannot be accomplished by deduction, (...)
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  7.  50
    On the Wrongness of Cheating and Why Cheaters Can't Play the Game.Randolph M. Feezell - 1988 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 15 (1):57-68.
  8.  28
    The Evolution of Psychodynamic Mechanisms.Randolph M. Nesse & Alan T. Lloyd - 1992 - In Jerome Barkow, Leda Cosmides & John Tooby (eds.), The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford University Press. pp. 601--624.
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  9.  23
    Why is Group Selection Such a Problem?Randolph M. Nesse - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):633-634.
  10.  5
    Comment: A General “Theory of Emotion” Is Neither Necessary nor Possible.Randolph M. Nesse - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):320-322.
    Progress in emotions research requires understanding why debate about the general nature of emotions remains intractable. Much confusion arises from proposals that offer one of the four different kinds of biological explanation, without recognizing the need for other three. More arises from tacitly thinking of emotions as products of design, when they are actually organically complex products of natural selection. Finally, debate persists because of categorizing emotions by functions, instead of recognizing that each emotion was shaped by the adaptive challenges (...)
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  11.  9
    Anorexia: A Perverse Effect of Attempting to Control the Starvation Response.Randolph M. Nesse - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  12.  38
    Sportsmanship and Blowouts: Baseball and Beyond.Randolph M. Feezell - 1999 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 26 (1):68-78.
  13. [Book Review] Ethical Economics. [REVIEW]M. R. Griffiths & John Randolph Lucas - 1999 - Ethics 109 (2):442-444.
  14. Randolph S. Bourne, Youth and Life. [REVIEW]M. E. Robinson - 1913 - Hibbert Journal 12:478.
     
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  15.  35
    An Evolutionary Life-History Framework for Understanding Sex Differences in Human Mortality Rates.Daniel J. Kruger & Randolph M. Nesse - 2006 - Human Nature 17 (1):74-97.
    Sex differences in mortality rates stem from genetic, physiological, behavioral, and social causes that are best understood when integrated in an evolutionary life history framework. This paper investigates the Male-to-Female Mortality Ratio (M:F MR) from external and internal causes and across contexts to illustrate how sex differences shaped by sexual selection interact with the environment to yield a pattern with some consistency, but also with expected variations due to socioeconomic and other factors.
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  16.  27
    Strategic Subjective Commitment.Randolph M. Nesse - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Game theory has progressed from analysis of one-move games between two rational agents, to iterated n-person games in which strategies evolve, and actors use prior experience to coordinate their moves. The next step in this direction is to analyse commitment strategies. An individual can influence others by announcing his or her commitment to a future act that would not be in his or her best interests. Spiteful threats can coerce others. Promises to aid someone when nothing can be reciprocated can (...)
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  17.  5
    Acquisition of a Conditioned Response as a Function of Forward Temporal Contiguity.M. E. Fitzwater & Randolph S. Thrush - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (1):59.
  18. The Role of Electronic Excitation States in Collagen Biosynthesis.Randolph M. Howes, Richard H. Steele & John E. Hoopes - 1977 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (4):539-544.
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  19.  61
    Cliff-Edged Fitness Functions and the Persistence of Schizophrenia.Randolph M. Nesse - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):862-863.
    Strong recent selection for social cognition may well explain the persistence of genes that predispose to schizophrenia. The specific mechanism responsible may be a skewed fitness function in which selection pushes the mean for advantageous mental traits perilously close to a “fitness cliff” where the system fails catastrophically in some individuals.
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  20.  17
    Play and the Absurd.Randolph M. Feezell - 1984 - Philosophy Today 28 (4):319-328.
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  21.  22
    Space|[Sol]|Place and Home: Prefiguring Contemporary Political and Religious Discourse in Albert Camus's The Plague.Carolyn M. Jones John Randolph LeBlanc - 2003 - Contemporary Political Theory 2 (2):209.
  22.  2
    Social Selection is a Powerful Explanation for Prosociality.Randolph M. Nesse - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  23. Randolph M. Nesse. Good Reasons for Bad Feelings: Insights From the Frontier of Evolutionary Psychiatry.Dan J. Stein - 2019 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 3 (2):117-118.
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  24.  21
    Local Venues for Change: Legal Strategies for Healthy Environments.Marice Ashe, Lisa M. Feldstein, Samantha Graff, Randolph Kline, Debora Pinkas & Leslie Zellers - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):138-147.
    Mounting evidence documents the extraordinary toll on human health resulting from the consumption of unhealthy food products and physical inactivity. In response to America's growing obesity problem, local policymakers have been looking for legal strategies that can be adopted in their communities to encourage healthful behaviors. In order to provide practical tools to policymakers, this article examines four possible venues for local policy change to improve the health of a community: the school environment the built environment () community facilities and (...)
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  25.  17
    Local Venues for Change: Legal Strategies for Healthy Environments.Marice Ashe, Lisa M. Feldstein, Samantha Graff, Randolph Kline, Debora Pinkas & Leslie Zellers - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):138-147.
    Mounting evidence documents the extraordinary toll on human health resulting from the consumption of unhealthy food products and physical inactivity. Diseases related to poor nutrition – such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some cancers – are among the leading causes of disability and death in the United States. Poor diet and lack of exercise come second only to tobacco use in actual causes of preventable death in this country. It is estimated that 6% of all adult health care, 7% (...)
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  26.  32
    Evolutionary Foundations for Psychiatric Diagnosis: Making DSM-V Valid.Randolph M. Nesse & Eric D. Jackson - 2011 - In Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas de Block (eds.), Maladapting Minds: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory. Oxford University Press. pp. 167--191.
  27.  21
    Normal and Abnormal Anxiety in the Age of DSM-5 and ICD-11.Dan J. Stein & Randolph M. Nesse - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (3):223-229.
    Despite the effort on DSM-5 and ICD-11, few appear satisfied with these classification systems. We suggest that the core reason for dissatisfaction is expecting too much from them; they do not provide discrete categories that map to specific causes of disease, they describe clinical syndromes intended to guide treatment choices. Here we review work on anxiety and anxiety disorders to argue that while clinicians draw a pragmatic distinction between normal and abnormal emotions based on considerations such as severity and duration, (...)
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  28.  41
    Sport: Pursuit of Bodily Excellence or Play?Randolph M. Feezell - 1981 - Modern Schoolman 58 (4):257-270.
  29.  29
    Of Mice and Men.Randolph M. Feezell - 1984 - Modern Schoolman 61 (4):259-265.
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  30. Social Situations Shape Social Emotions That Benefit Genes.Randolph M. Nesse - 2022 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 6 (1):39-42.
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  31.  54
    How Selfish Genes Shape Moral Passions.Randolph M. Nesse - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Genes are ‘selfish’ in that they make organisms whose behaviours are shaped, necessarily, to benefit their genes. But altruism and selfishness as we usually think of them have little to do with ‘evolutionary altruism’ and ‘evolutionary selfishness', and the use of these phrases has given rise to much confusion. The most pernicious is the false conclusion that individual altruism is impossible unless it has been shaped by group selection. In fact, human altruism and morality are shaped by genes because individuals (...)
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  32.  27
    Natural Selection and Fear Regulation Mechanisms.Randolph M. Nesse & James L. Abelson - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):309-310.
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  33.  8
    Human Nature and the Holy Grail.Randolph M. Nesse - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):312-313.
  34. Religious Ambiguity, Agnosticism, and Prudence.Randolph M. Feezell - 2009 - Florida Philosophical Review 9 (2):90 - 120.
    Pascal’s famous pragmatic argument for belief in God is plagued by a number of well-known problems, not the least of which is related to the claim that significant benefits may arise when we acquire a certain set of religious beliefs. But it is reasonable to hold a wide range of conflicting beliefs about the existence of God, the nature and supposed purposes of divine reality, and other related metaphysical claims. If it is not clear what claims are true about God, (...)
     
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  35.  9
    Sport: Pursuit of Bodily Excellence or Play?: An Examination of Paul Weiss's Account of Sport.Randolph M. Feezell - 1981 - Modern Schoolman 58 (4):257-270.
  36. Faith, Freedom, and Value: Introductory Philosophical Dialogues.Randolph M. Feezell - 1989 - Westview Press.
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  37.  2
    How Should I Live?: Philosophical Conversations About Moral Life.Randolph M. Feezell - 1991 - Paragon House.
    A series of eight fictional conversations offer an introduction to ethics, providing critical discussion of the definition and value of ethics and of ethical theories.
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  38. Richard Purtill: "Thinking About Religion: A Philosophical Introduction to Religion". [REVIEW]Randolph M. Feezell - 1980 - The Thomist 44 (2):316.
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  39.  44
    Thinking About the Aesthetic Attitude.Randolph M. Feezell - 1985 - Philosophical Topics 13 (3):19-32.
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  40.  52
    The Aesthetic Attitude Debate: Some Remarks on Saxena, Coleman, and a Phenomenological Approach to the Issue.Randolph M. Feezell - 1980 - Philosophy East and West 30 (1):87-90.
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  41.  12
    The Novum as Meaning.Robert M. Randolph - 2002 - Process Studies 31 (2):138-155.
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  42.  22
    Experience as Art.Randolph M. Feezell - 1984 - Teaching Philosophy 7 (4):370-372.
  43.  31
    Sport Inside Out.Randolph M. Feezell - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 11 (3):275-278.
  44.  20
    Mikel Dufrenne and the World of the Aesthetic Object.Randolph M. Feezell - 1980 - Philosophy Today 24 (1):20-32.
  45.  29
    The Meaning of Life.Randolph M. Feezell - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (1):83-85.
  46.  29
    Philosophy of Sport.Randolph M. Feezell - 1992 - Teaching Philosophy 15 (4):382-385.
  47.  22
    The Philosophy of Karl Jaspers. Augmented Edition. Edited by Paul Arthur Schilpp.Randolph M. Feezell - 1984 - Modern Schoolman 61 (2):140-142.
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  48.  22
    On Being Free.Randolph M. Feezell - 1980 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):137-141.
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  49.  14
    Of Mice and Men: Nagel and the Absurd.Randolph M. Feezell - 1984 - Modern Schoolman 61 (4):259-265.
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  50.  22
    Introducing the Existentialists.Randolph M. Feezell - 1982 - Teaching Philosophy 5 (2):171-173.
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