Results for 'Alvin E. Roth'

996 found
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  1.  24
    Laboratory Experimentation in Economics.Alvin E. Roth - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):245-273.
  2.  30
    Game-theoretic models and the role of information in bargaining.Alvin E. Roth & Michael W. Malouf - 1979 - Psychological Review 86 (6):574-594.
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  3.  6
    Game-Theoretic Models of Bargaining.Alvin E. Roth (ed.) - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    Game-Theoretic Models of Bargaining provides a comprehensive picture of the new developments in bargaining theory. It especially shows the way the use of axiomatic models has been complemented by the new results derived from strategic models. The papers in this volume are edited versions of those given at a conference on Game Theoretic Models of Bargaining held at the University of Pittsburgh. There are two distinct reasons why the study of bargaining is of fundamental importance in economics. The first is (...)
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  4.  32
    Form and function in experimental design.Alvin E. Roth - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):427-428.
    Standard practices in experimental economics arise for different reasons. The “no deception” rule comes from a cost-benefit tradeoff; other practices have to do with the uses to which economists put experiments. Because experiments are part of scientific conversations that mostly go on within disciplines, differences in standard practices between disciplines are likely to persist.
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  5. Laboratory Experimentation in Economics: Six Points of View.Alvin E. Roth (ed.) - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    Testing economic propositions in laboratory experiments has proven a very fruitful research endeavor in recent years. This volume brings together the major contributors to experimental economics. The papers present their views on the way experiments should be done, on the power and limitations of the techniques, and on the areas in which experimentation could contribute substantially to our understanding of economic behavior. This book distills the main lessons from great experience in experimental work. It will be essential reading for all (...)
     
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  6.  6
    Multi-agent learning and the descriptive value of simple models.Ido Erev & Alvin E. Roth - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (7):423-428.
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  7.  28
    Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Thomas C. Darton, Jae Levy, Frank McCormick, Ubaka Ogbogu, Ruth O. Payne, Alvin E. Roth, Akilah Jefferson Shah, Thomas Smiley & Emily A. Largent - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):11-31.
    To prepare for potential human infection challenge studies involving SARS-CoV-2, we convened a multidisciplinary working group to address ethical questions regarding whether and how much SAR...
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  8.  18
    Payment in challenge studies from an economics perspective.Sandro Ambuehl, Axel Ockenfels & Alvin E. Roth - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):831-832.
    We largely agree with Grimwade et al ’s1 conclusion that challenge trial participants may ethically be paid, including for risk. Here, we add further arguments, clarify some points from the perspective of economics and indicate areas where economists can support the development of a framework for ethically justifiable payment. Our arguments apply to carefully constructed and monitored controlled human infection model trials that have been appropriately reviewed and approved. Participants in medical studies perform a service. Outside the domain of research (...)
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  9.  14
    Plumbing the Depths of Ethical Payment for Research Participation.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Thomas C. Darton, Jae Levy, Frank McCormick, Ubaka Ogbogu, Ruth O. Payne, Alvin E. Roth, Akilah Jefferson Shah, Thomas Smiley & Emily A. Largent - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):W8-W11.
    The peer commentaries on our Target Article, “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” offer a number of insights that will help advance the co...
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  10.  12
    Atharva Veda Sanhita.E. B., R. Roth & W. D. Whitney - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):371.
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  11.  35
    The Black Box and Philosophy.Alvin E. Keaton - 1970 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1-2):207-214.
  12. Saints without Halos.Alvin E. Magary - 1951
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  13.  12
    Structural rigidity in relation to learning theory and clinical psychology.Raymond B. Cattell & Alvin E. Winder - 1952 - Psychological Review 59 (1):23-39.
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  14.  19
    Who Gets What—and Why: The New Economics of Matchmaking and Market Design, Alvin E. Roth. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2015, 262 pages. [REVIEW]Peter M. Jaworski - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):332-336.
  15. The Dream of the Black Planet: An Experiment that Tests an Interpretation.Maxson J. McDowell, E. Roberts, Joenine & Alexandra Roth - manuscript
    In an online, participatory class, we interpreted The Dream of the Black Planet knowing nothing of the dreamer beyond age and gender, and having none of the dreamer’s associations. Our interpretation included a series of predictions about the dreamer. When it was complete, we asked the bringer of the dream (who had until then been silent and was not visible to us -- her video camera was switched off ) to give us more information about the dreamer. Our predictions were (...)
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  16.  2
    The Black Box and Philosophy.Alvin E. Keaton - 1970 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1-2):207-214.
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  17.  11
    Readaptation to the laboratory in long-term sleep studies.E. Stepanski, T. Roehrs, P. Saab, F. Zorick & T. Roth - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (5):224-226.
  18.  5
    Two Logical Minimization Problems.J. Paul Roth & E. G. Wagner - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):370-373.
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  19.  40
    Existential Psychoanalysis.Sartre: His Philosophy and Psychoanalysis.Alvin P. Dobsevage, Jean-Paul Sartre, Hazel E. Barnes & Alfred Stern - 1955 - Journal of Philosophy 52 (15):412.
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  20. Review of Shared and Institutional Agency, by Michael E. Bratman.Abraham Roth - 2023 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  21.  72
    Faith and Rationality.James E. Tomberlin, Alvin Plantinga & Nicholas Wolterstorff - 1986 - Noûs 20 (3):401.
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  22.  37
    Effects of training on Japanese face recognition: Reduction of the other-race effect.Alvin G. Goldstein & June E. Chance - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):211-214.
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  23.  38
    Peer-reviewed climate change research has a transparency problem. The scientific community needs to do better.Adam Pollack, Jentry E. Campbell, Madison Condon, Courtney Cooper, Matteo Coronese, James Doss-Gollin, Prabhat Hegde, Casey Helgeson, Jan Kwakkel, Corey Lesk, Justin Mankin, Erin Mayfield, Samantha Roth, Vivek Srikrishnan, Nancy Tuana & Klaus Keller - manuscript
    Mission-oriented climate change research is often unverifiable. Therefore, many stakeholders look to peer-reviewed climate change research for trustworthy information about deeply uncertain and impactful phenomena. This is because peer-review signals that research has been vetted for scientific standards like reproducibility and replicability. Here we evaluate the transparency of research methodologies in mission-oriented computational climate research. We find that only five percent of our sample meets the minimal standard of fully open data and code required for reproducibility and replicability. The widespread (...)
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  24. Hope for the future: Achieving the original intent of advance directives.Susan E. Hickman, Bernard J. Hammes, Alvin H. Moss & Susan W. Tolle - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6):s26-s30.
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  25.  18
    Recognition memory for pictures: Dynamic vs. static stimuli.Alvin G. Goldstein, June E. Chance, Margo Hoisington & Keith Buescher - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (1):37-40.
  26.  17
    Frequency of eyewitness identification in criminal cases: A survey of prosecutors.Alvin G. Goldstein, June E. Chance & Gregory R. Schneller - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (1):71-74.
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  27.  37
    Facial stereotypes of good guys and bad guys: A replication and extension.Alvin G. Goldstein, June E. Chance & Barbara Gilbert - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (6):549-552.
  28.  38
    The POLST (Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment) Paradigm to Improve End-of-Life Care: Potential State Legal Barriers to Implementation.Susan E. Hickman, Charles P. Sabatino, Alvin H. Moss & Jessica Wehrle Nester - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (1):119-140.
    The Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment Paradigm is designed to improve end-of-life care by converting patients' treatment preferences into medical orders that are transferable throughout the health care system. It was initially developed in Oregon, but is now implemented in multiple states with many others considering its use. An observational study was conducted in order to identify potential legal barriers to the implementation of a POLST Paradigm. Information was obtained from experts at state emergency medical services and long-term care organizations/agencies (...)
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  29.  16
    The POLST (Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment) Paradigm to Improve End-of-Life Care: Potential State Legal Barriers to Implementation.Susan E. Hickman, Charles P. Sabatino, Alvin H. Moss & Jessica Wehrle Nester - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (1):119-140.
    The Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment Paradigm is designed to improve end-of-life care by converting patients’ treatment preferences into medical orders that are transferable throughout the health care system. It was initially developed in Oregon, but is now implemented in multiple states with many others considering its use. Accordingly, an observational study was conducted in order to identify potential legal barriers to the implementation of a POLST Paradigm. Information was obtained from experts at state emergency medical services and long-term care (...)
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  30.  4
    Final bubble lengths for aqueous foam coarsened in a horizontal cylinder.V. Sebag, A. E. Roth & D. J. Durian - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (34):4357-4366.
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  31.  87
    Plantinga's proper functioning analysis of epistemic warrant.James E. Taylor & Alvin Plantinga - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 64 (2):185 - 202.
  32.  28
    Selected Works of Peter A. Boodberg.Albert E. Dien, Alvin P. Cohen & Peter A. Boodberg - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (2):422.
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  33. Autonomy.G. Roth & E. Deci - 2009 - In Shane J. Lopez (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  34.  46
    Retention interval and face recognition: Response latency measures.June E. Chance & Alvin G. Goldstein - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (6):415-418.
  35.  32
    Recognition memory for infant faces: An analog of the other-race effect.June E. Chance, Alvin G. Goldstein & Blake Andersen - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (4):257-260.
  36.  27
    Reliability of face recognition performance.June E. Chance & Alvin G. Goldstein - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (2):115-117.
  37. Perceptual learning and the technology of expertise.Philip J. Kellman, Christine Massey, Zipora Roth, Timothy Burke, Joel Zucker, Amanda Saw, Katherine E. Aguero & Joseph A. Wise - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (2):356-405.
    Learning in educational settings most often emphasizes declarative and procedural knowledge. Studies of expertise, however, point to other, equally important components of learning, especially improvements produced by experience in the extraction of information: Perceptual learning. Here we describe research that combines principles of perceptual learning with computer technology to address persistent difficulties in mathematics learning. We report three experiments in which we developed and tested perceptual learning modules to address issues of structure extraction and fluency in relation to algebra and (...)
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  38.  31
    Flexible visual processing of spatial relationships.Steven L. Franconeri, Jason M. Scimeca, Jessica C. Roth, Sarah A. Helseth & Lauren E. Kahn - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):210-227.
  39. New books. [REVIEW]J. W. Scott, E. M. Whetnall, H. R. Mackintosh, John Laird, T. Whittaker, James Drever, C. A. Mace, E. S. Waterhouse, Helen Knight & L. Roth - 1928 - Mind 37 (145):106-124.
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  40. Collective Responsibility and Entitlement to Collective Reasons for Action.Abraham Sesshu Roth - 2020 - In Saba Bazargan-Forward & Deborah Tollefsen (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Collective Responsibility. Routledge. pp. 243-257.
    What are the implications for agency – and in particular, the idea of acting for reasons – if we are to take seriously the notion of collective responsibility? My thesis is that some cases of individuals subject to a collective form of responsibility and blame will force us to make sense of how it is that an individual can be entitled to collective reasons for action, i.e. entitled to a reason had in the first place by a plurality of individuals (...)
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  41. The significance and scope of evolutionary developmental biology: a vision for the 21st century.A. P. Moczek, K. E. Sears, A. Stollewerk, P. J. Wittkopp, P. Diggle, I. Dworkin, C. Ledon-Rettig, D. Q. Mattus, S. Roth, E. Abouheif, F. D. Brown, C.-H. Chiu, C. S. Cohen & A. W. De Tomaso - 2015 - Evolution & Development 17:198–219.
    Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) has undergone dramatic transformations since its emergence as a distinct discipline. This paper aims to highlight the scope, power, and future promise of evo-devo to transform and unify diverse aspects of biology. We articulate key questions at the core of eleven biological disciplines—from Evolution, Development, Paleontology, and Neurobiology to Cellular and Molecular Biology, Quantitative Genetics, Human Diseases, Ecology, Agriculture and Science Education, and lastly, Evolutionary Developmental Biology itself—and discuss why evo-devo is uniquely situated to substantially improve (...)
     
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  42.  52
    A Cognitive Model of Planning.Barbara Hayes-Roth & Frederick Hayes-Roth - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (4):275-310.
    This paper presents a cognitive model of the planning process. The model generalizes the theoretical architecture of the Hearsay‐ll system. Thus, it assumes that planning comprises the activities of a variety of cognitive “specialists.” Each specialist can suggest certain kinds of decisions for incorporation into the plan in progress. These include decisions about: (a) how to approach the planning problem; (b) what knowledge bears on the problem; (c) what kinds of actions to try to plan; (d) what specific actions to (...)
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  43. What is Justified Belief?Alvin I. Goldman - 1979 - In George Pappas (ed.), Justification and Knowledge: New Studies in Epistemology. Boston: D. Reidel. pp. 1-25.
    The aim of this paper is to sketch a theory of justified belief. What I have in mind is an explanatory theory, one that explains in a general way why certain beliefs are counted as justified and others as unjustified. Unlike some traditional approaches, I do not try to prescribe standards for justification that differ from, or improve upon, our ordinary standards. I merely try to explicate the ordinary standards, which are, I believe, quite different from those of many classical, (...)
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  44. New books. [REVIEW]Leon Roth, E. Gilman, R. J. Spilsbury, H. D. Lewis, Karl Britton, G. H. Bird, P. T. Geach, R. N. Smart, R. Rhees, Margaret Macdonald, Basil Mitchell, D. Daiches Raphael, A. M. MacIver, J. L. Ackrill, Martha Kneale & T. R. Miles - 1956 - Mind 65 (259):410-430.
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  45. Discrimination and perceptual knowledge.Alvin I. Goldman - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (November):771-791.
    This paper presents a partial analysis of perceptual knowledge, an analysis that will, I hope, lay a foundation for a general theory of knowing. Like an earlier theory I proposed, the envisaged theory would seek to explicate the concept of knowledge by reference to the causal processes that produce (or sustain) belief. Unlike the earlier theory, however, it would abandon the requirement that a knower's belief that p be causally connected with the fact, or state of affairs, that p.
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  46. Perception and Action.Eugene C. Goldfield, Peter H. Wolff, A. Barbu-Roth, Alan Costall & Lorraine E. Bahrick - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell.
     
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  47.  20
    Higher Education in India.D. D. Karve, A. B. Shah, C. F. Carter, Alvin M. Weinberg, E. Barton Worthington & D. Odhiambo - 1964 - Minerva 2 (3):379-388.
  48.  8
    Popularização da ciência: a interdiscursividade entre ciência, pedagogia e jornalismo.Désirée Motta-Roth & Anelise Scotti Scherer - 2016 - Bakhtiniana 11 (2):164-189.
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  49.  39
    Knowledge of God * by Alvin Plantinga and Michael Tooley. [REVIEW]Alvin Plantingaand & Michael Tooley - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):591-592.
    Knowledge of God takes the form of a debate between Alvin Plantinga and Michael Tooley. Plantinga opens the batting with a seventy-page laying out of his case ‘that theism has a significant epistemic virtue: if it is true, it is warranted; this is a virtue naturalism emphatically lacks’. Indeed, Plantinga argues that ‘if naturalism were true, there would be no such thing as knowledge’. It will be recalled [e.g. Plantinga and Plantinga ] that Plantinga's position is that warrant, understood (...)
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  50. Epistemic Relativism and Reasonable Disagreement.Alvin I. Goldman - 2010 - In Richard Feldman & Ted A. Warfield (eds.), Disagreement. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press. pp. 187-215.
    I begin with some familiar conceptions of epistemic relativism. One kind of epistemic relativism is descriptive pluralism. This is the simple, non-normative thesis that many different communities, cultures, social networks, etc. endorse different epistemic systems (E-systems), i.e., different sets of norms, standards, or principles for forming beliefs and other doxastic states. Communities try to guide or regulate their members’ credence-forming habits in a variety of different, i.e., incompatible, ways. Although there may be considerable overlap across cultures in certain types of (...)
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