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Allyn Fives [24]Allyn John Fives [1]
  1.  5
    Judith Shklar and the liberalism of fear.Allyn Fives - 2020 - Manchester University Press.
  2.  7
    Membership, obligation, and the communitarian thesis.Allyn Fives - 2022 - Theoria 88 (6):1196-1210.
    Why do we have obligations to the community to which we happen to belong? For communitarians, membership does more than provide the context for asking this question. In fact, the simple fact of membership goes some way towards justifying our obligations. According to the strong version of the communitarian thesis, membership is the fundamental consideration justifying political obligation; but for the weaker version, membership is one consideration among others and at times may be the less weighty one. John Horton's theory (...)
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  3.  21
    The Freedom of Extremists: Pluralist and Non-Pluralist Responses to Moral Conflict.Allyn Fives - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (3):663-680.
    This paper distinguishes two ways in which to think about the freedom of extremists. Non-pluralists claim to have identified the general rule for resolving moral conflicts, and conceptualize freedom as liberty of action in accordance with that rule. It follows, if extremist violence breaks the rule in question, removing this option does not infringe the freedom of extremists. In contrast, for pluralists there is no one general rule to resolve moral conflicts, and freedom is simply the absence of interference. I (...)
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  4.  6
    Authority, Plurality, and Anarchist Scepticism.Allyn Fives - 2023 - Dialogue 62 (2):395-412.
    RésuméSelon le scepticisme anarchiste d'A. John Simmons, il n'y a pas d'obligation d'obéir à la loi dans l’état actuel des choses, car les obligations légales n'ont de légitimité que lorsqu'elles sont volontairement contractées par la plupart ou de nombreux citoyens. Cependant, la sensibilité de Simmons à la diversité des raisons et à la possibilité d'un conflit non résolu suggère une position alternative pluraliste. Celle-ci montre que les fondements de l'autorité légitime sont pluriels et incluent la justice distributive. En outre, même (...)
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  5.  22
    The Freedom To Do As We Please: A Strong Value Pluralist Conceptualization of Negative Freedom.Allyn Fives - 2023 - Journal of Value Inquiry 57 (4):671-686.
  6.  12
    A Value Pluralist Defense of Toleration.Allyn Fives - 2020 - Philosophia 49 (1):235-254.
    In situations where we ought to tolerate what we morally disapprove of we are faced with the following moral conflict: we ought to interfere with X, we ought to tolerate X, we can do either, but we cannot do both. And the aim of this paper is to clarify the relationship between toleration as a value commitment and value pluralist and value monist approaches to moral conflict. Firstly, value monists side-step the moral conflict at the heart of toleration. Nonetheless, secondly, (...)
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  7.  12
    Authority, Excluded Reasons and Moral Conflict.Allyn Fives - 2022 - Disputatio 14 (67):353-374.
    As a legitimate authoritative directive is a second-order reason, it defeats conflicting reasons by a process of exclusion. Nonetheless, a legitimate authoritative directive can be defeated by more weighty reasons, including, as I argue in this paper, the more weighty reasons it excludes. This is part of a value pluralist conception of authority, according to which there is no general rule for the resolution of conflicting reasons. And I advance this argument in response to the work of Joseph Raz. Although (...)
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  8.  5
    Edmund Burke’s Value Pluralism.Allyn Fives - 2022 - The European Legacy 27 (6):583-600.
    Given his commitment to toleration, Edmund Burke is rightly seen as a moral pluralist. What has largely gone unnoticed, however, is his value pluralism. Whereas moral pluralism refers to normative...
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  9.  1
    Evaluating parental power: An exercise in pluralist political theory.Allyn Fives - 2017 - Manchester University Press.
  10.  28
    The unnoticed monism of Judith Shklar’s liberalism of fear.Allyn Fives - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (1):45-63.
    Judith Shklar’s liberalism of fear, a political and philosophical standpoint that emerges in her mature work, has ostensibly two defining characteristics. It is a sceptical approach that puts cruelty first among the vices. For that reason, it is considered to be both set apart from mainstream liberalism, in particular the liberalism of J. S. Mill and John Rawls, but also an important source of influence for political realists and nonideal theorists. However, I argue here that, in putting cruelty first among (...)
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  11.  23
    Utopia and Pluralism: Demanding Too Much in the Name of Justice.Allyn Fives - 2020 - The European Legacy 25 (4):371-388.
    In recent literature on utopianism, in particular non-ideal and realist work, the distinction between scepticism and non-scepticism has been to the fore. The main concern of this article, in contra...
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  12.  12
    The Dilemma of Authority.Allyn Fives - 2024 - Philosophia 52 (1):117-133.
    What I refer to here as the dilemma of authority arises when one ought to defer to authority; one ought to act as the more weighty reason demands; one can do either; one cannot do both. For those who reject the possibility of legitimate authority, the dilemma does not arise. Among those who accept legitimate authority, some, including Joseph Raz, presume the conflict can be resolved without remainder. In this paper, I argue that, in a moral conflict of this kind, (...)
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  13.  14
    Reasonable, agonistic, or good?: The character of a democrat.Allyn Fives - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (8):961-983.
    Postmodernists reject what they call the universalist-rationalist framework of liberalism. When they do defend liberal democracy, they do so in a contextualist manner (within a ‘form of life’) and on the basis of contestation (‘agonism’). Liberals are right to charge postmodernism with self-contradiction, relativism, and immoralism. It is also argued in this article that liberalism and postmodernism are incompatible, and therefore, they cannot be joined together in response to the hegemonic construction of democratic debate. However, liberals are caught in a (...)
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  14.  30
    Reasonableness, pluralism, and liberal moral doctrines.Allyn Fives - 2010 - Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (3):321-339.
  15.  6
    Moral Obligation as a Conclusive Reason: On Bernard Williams’ Critique of the Morality System.Allyn Fives - forthcoming - Topoi:1-10.
    Bernard Williams’ critique of _the morality system_, as illustrated in his reading of Aeschylus’ _Agamemnon_, is intended to show both that real moral conflicts can arise, and that a moral obligation is merely one reason among others and can be defeated by the thick concepts of a shared ethical life. In response, I want to advance two lines of argument. First, when Williams argues that a moral obligation can be the locus of moral conflict, a further step is required to (...)
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  16. Non-coercive promotion of values in civic education for democracy.Allyn Fives - 2013 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (6):577-590.
    This article explores the values that should be promoted in civic education for democracy and also how the promotion of values can be non-coercive. It will be argued that civic education should promote the values of reasonableness, mutual respect and fairness, but also that only public, political reasons count in attempting to justify the content of civic education. It will also be argued that the content of civic education may legitimately be broader than this, including but not restricted to the (...)
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  17.  9
    Philosophy and Political Engagement: Reflection in the Public Sphere.Keith Breen & Allyn Fives (eds.) - 2016 - London: Palgrave.
    Do philosophers have a responsibility to their society that is distinct from their responsibility to it as citizens? This edited volume explores both what type of contribution philosophy can make and what type of reasoning is appropriate when addressing public matters now. These questions are posed by leading international scholars working in the fields of moral and political philosophy. Each contribution also investigates the central issue of how to combine critical, rational analysis with a commitment to politically relevant public engagement. (...)
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  18.  21
    Giunia Gatta: Rethinking Liberalism for the 21st Century: The Skeptical Radicalism of Judith Shklar: New York and London: Routledge, 2018. Hardcover . 153 + x Pp.Allyn Fives - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (5):1237-1239.
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  19.  17
    Moral Conflict and Political Obligation in (Highly) Non-ideal Conditions.Allyn Fives & Kei Hiruta - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (4):481-487.
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  20.  3
    On the Pluralist Critique of Authority.Allyn Fives - forthcoming - Dialogue:1-18.
    Résumé Le problème moral de l'autorité peut s'exprimer ainsi : comment l'autorité, avec la déférence qu'elle implique, peut-elle être compatible avec la liberté et la rationalité? L'approche pluraliste sépare l'obligation politique de l'autorité. Pour les pluralistes, l'autorité est à la fois injustifiable et inutile, et donc l'obligation politique légitime, y compris le devoir d'obéir à la loi, n'implique pas de déférence. Je soutiens qu'il est possible de conserver l'engagement pluraliste envers des motifs de légitimité pluriels, tout en réfutant les objections (...)
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  21.  5
    Political reason: morality and the public sphere.Allyn Fives - 2013 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    In modern democratic societies, the plurality of differing and conflicting moral doctrines stands alongside a commitment to resolve political disputes through the use of moral reasoning. Given the fact of moral pluralism, how can there be moral resolutions to political disputes? What type of moral reasoning is appropriate in the public sphere? These questions are explored through a close and critical analysis of the work of Alasdair MacIntyre and Rawls. In this book it is argued that the anti-Enlightenment work of (...)
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  22.  11
    What the Victims of Tyranny Owe Each Other: On Judith Shklar’s Value Monism.Allyn Fives - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (4):505-521.
    What do the victims of tyranny owe each other? In this paper, I examine whether they can be condemned for betraying their friends, and I do so through a novel interpretation of Judith Shklar’s political thought. Shklar is a widely acknowledged and significant influence on non-ideal theory and political realism. However, there is also a previously unnoticed transformation between her early and mature work, for although she remains a sceptic her approach to moral conflict changes from value pluralism to value (...)
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  23.  34
    The Many Faces of Individualism.Allyn Fives - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (5):575-578.
  24.  66
    Human flourishing: The grounds of moral judgment. [REVIEW]Allyn John Fives - 2008 - Journal of Value Inquiry 42 (2):167-185.
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  25.  50
    Lucas Swaine, the liberal conscience: Politics and principle in a world of religious pluralism. [REVIEW]Allyn Fives - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (5):515-517.