Results for 'Alireza Daneshfar'

175 found
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  1.  44
    Auditor Probability Judgments: Discounting Unspecified Possibilities.Richard G. Brody, John M. Coulter & Alireza Daneshfar - 2003 - Theory and Decision 54 (2):85-104.
    Tversky and Koehler's support theory attempts to explain why probability judgments are affected by the manner in which formally similar events are described. Support theory suggests that as the explicitness of a description increases, an event will be judged to be more likely. In the present experiment, experienced decision-makers from large, international accounting firms were given case-specific information about an audit client and asked to provide a series of judgments regarding the perceived likelihood of events. Unpacking a hypothesis into four (...)
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  2. Theory and decison.Richard G. Brody, John M. Coulter, Alireza Daneshfar, Auditor Probability Judgments, Discounting Unspecified Possibilities, Paula Corcho, José Luis Ferreira & Generalized Externality Games - 2003 - Theory and Decision 54:375-376.
     
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  3. The Metaphysics of Artifacts: a critical rationalist approach.Alireza Mansouri & Emad Tayebi - 2023 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 17 (42):151-167.
    Artifacts are ubiquitous and influential in our world, but their nature and existence are controversial. Several theories have been proposed to explain the ontology of artifacts. Drawing on Popper's theory of three worlds, this paper suggests a metaphysics for artifacts along the line of a critical rationalist (CR) approach. This theory distinguishes between three realms of reality: the physical world (World 1), the mental world (World 2), and the world of objective knowledge (World 3). The paper argues that artifacts have (...)
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  4.  25
    An Analysis of Heidegger’s Critique of Metaphysics’ Approach to the Nothing from a Muslim Philosopher's perspectives.Alireza Hassanpoor & Javad Nazari - 2023 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 48 (2):299-315.
    Heidegger’s most significant critique of metaphysics is that the history of metaphysics is the history of the forgetting of being. However, he also criticizes metaphysics for forgetting the nothing. Metaphysics fails to adequately address both being and nothingness, neglecting the nothing and treating it as a conceptual abstraction without objective reference. Metaphysics reduces discussions of the nothing to mere figurative expressions. However, by drawing on the approach of a contemporary Muslim philosopher who examines the the problem of the nothing in (...)
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  5.  34
    Conservative Treatment of Evidence.Alireza Fatollahi - 2023 - Episteme 20 (3):568-583.
    This paper discusses two conservative ways of treating evidence. (I) Closing inquiry involves discounting evidence bearing on one's belief unless it is particularly strong evidence; (II) biased assimilation involves dedicating more investigative resources to scrutinizing disconfirming evidence (than confirming evidence), thereby increasing the chances of finding reasons to dismiss it. It is natural to worry that these practices lead to irrational biases in favor of one's existing beliefs, and that they make one's epistemic condition significantly path-sensitive by giving a bigger (...)
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  6. Cheating on Exams in the Iranian EFL Context.Alireza Ahmadi - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (2):151-170.
    The present study aimed at investigating the status of cheating on exams in the Iranian EFL context. One hundred thirty two university students were surveyed to this end. They were selected through convenient sampling. The results indicated that cheating is quite common among the Iranian language students. The most important reasons for this behavior were found to be “not being ready for the exam”, “difficulty of the exam”, “lack of time to study” and “careless and lenient instructors”. The study also (...)
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  7.  36
    Predictivism and model selection.Alireza Fatollahi - 2023 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 13 (1):1-28.
    There has been a lively debate in the philosophy of science over _predictivism_: the thesis that successfully predicting a given body of data provides stronger evidence for a theory than merely accommodating the same body of data. I argue for a very strong version of the thesis using statistical results on the so-called “model selection” problem. This is the problem of finding the optimal model (family of hypotheses) given a body of data. The key idea that I will borrow from (...)
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  8.  30
    “It is Not Only About US!”: Investigating EFL Learners’ Perspectives Towards Reasons of Online Exam Cheating.Alireza Maleki - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    The evaluation of students in online education poses a notable challenge, primarily due to the potential violation of academic integrity caused by various forms of cheating during online examinations. This study aims to explore the perspectives of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners on the reasons for online exam cheating. The study was conducted using a mixed-methods approach and included 27 participants from three different educational contexts: universities, institutes, and schools. The qualitative phase of the study involved conducting comprehensive (...)
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  9.  40
    A new method for probabilistic assessments in power systems, combining monte carlo and stochastic-algebraic methods.Alireza Noruzi, Tohid Banki, Oveis Abedinia & Noradin Ghadimi - 2016 - Complexity 21 (2):100-110.
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  10.  19
    The rhetorical properties of the schematic structures of newspaper editorials: A comparative study of English and Persian editorials.Alireza Bonyadi - 2010 - Discourse and Communication 4 (4):323-342.
    Drawing on the theory of inter-cultural rhetoric analysis and considering the important role of newspaper editorials in shaping public opinions, this article examines the schematic structures of Persian and English newspaper editorials of criticism. The aim of this comparative study was to explore the discourse conventions employed in the editorials of The New York Times and Tehran Times. While revealing some interesting genre-specific features of schematic structures of the editorials in the two newspapers, the results of the study also indicated (...)
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  11. Elizabeth Fricker on Testimonial Justification: A Critical Review.Alireza Dorri Nogoorani & Reza Akbari - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 13 (26):147-168.
    Elizabeth Fricker’s writings on testimonial justification include some contrary ideas. In this paper, we propose Fricker’s theory of justification coherently and explain why she speaks of different ideas and which idea is more compatible with her general theory of knowledge. Fricker proposes three conditions for justification of testimonial beliefs for adults by appealing to commonsense world-picture and defining a paradigm case of testimony: justified belief of using speech act of telling, justified belief of the sincere of testifier and the competence (...)
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  12.  37
    Akaike and the No Miracle Argument for Scientific Realism.Alireza Fatollahi - 2023 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):21-37.
    The “No Miracle Argument” for scientific realism contends that the only plausible explanation for the predictive success of scientific theories is their truthlikeness, but doesn’t specify what ‘truthlikeness’ means. I argue that if we understand ‘truthlikeness’ in terms of Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence, the resulting realist thesis (RKL) is a plausible explanation for science’s success. Still, RKL probably falls short of the realist’s ideal. I argue, however, that the strongest version of realism that the argument can plausibly establish is RKL. The (...)
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  13. Propositional Attitudes as Commitments: Unleashing Some Constraints.Alireza Kazemi - 2020 - Dialogue 59 (3):437-457.
    ABSTRACTIn a series of articles, Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen and Nick Zangwill argue that, since propositional attitude ascription judgements do not behave like normative judgements in being subject to a priori normative supervenience and the Because Constraint, PAs cannot be constitutively normative.1 I argue that, for a specific version of normativism, according to which PAs are normative commitments, these arguments fail. To this end, I argue that commitments and obligations should be distinguished. Then, I show that the intuitions allegedly governing all normative (...)
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  14.  39
    Still committed to the normativity of folk psychology.Alireza Kazemi - 2021 - Philosophical Explorations 25 (1):58-74.
    ABSTRACT In what sense can one claim that intentional explanations are essentially normative, given that people’s actions and thinking are replete with various irrationalities, yet are still pretty well explained by this explanatory framework? This article provides a novel response to this enduring objection. First, following Brandom, it is suggested that, to understand the normativity of intentional states, we should countenance and distinguish between two normative categories of commitment and entitlement, only the former of which is argued to be essential (...)
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  15.  10
    Thoughtlessness and religious decadence in Iran: a sojourn in comparative political theory.Alireza Shomali - 2019 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Political decay in Islamic societies has for the most part been the subject of structural analyses while philosophical studies have been rare, often speculative and deterministic. Thoughtlessness and Religious Decadence in Iran: A Sojourn in Comparative Political Theory explores from a theoretical perspective the problem of democracy deficit--or, political decadence--, in contemporary Iran and, by implication, in present-day Middle Eastern societies. This decadence, the book argues, is in part a religion-based decadence, and deliverance from it requires collective thoughtfulness about religion. (...)
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  16.  12
    A Comparison Between the Relaxation/Meditation/Mindfulness Tracker t Inventory and the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory for Predicting General Health, Anxiety, and Anger in Adult General Population.Alireza Malakoutikhah, Mohammad Ali Zakeri & Mahlagha Dehghan - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionAn individual’s level of mindfulness can predict his/her level of general health, anxiety, and anger. If we have a valuable tool for measuring mindfulness, we can predict such factors more concisely. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare a narrowband and a broadband mindfulness scale in predicting the level of general health, anxiety, and anger in a general population.Materials and MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study on an Iranian general population from September 22, 2020 to April 14, 2021. The (...)
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  17.  34
    Commitment, Norm-Governedness and Guidance.Alireza Kazemi - 2020 - Acta Analytica 36 (2):213-228.
    A number of philosophers have argued that there is a basic problem in the no-guidance argument against content normativism. The problem is that the argument restricts the essential normativity of intentional states to the formation of these states being guided by certain norms. But it is suggested that the essential norm-governedness of intentional states can be equally plausibly construed as the assessability of these states by norms, which does not imply complying with them. Although I concur with the problem diagnosed (...)
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  18.  23
    Still committed to the normativity of folk psychology.Alireza Kazemi - 2021 - Philosophical Explorations 25 (1):58-74.
    In what sense can one claim that intentional explanations are essentially normative, given that people’s actions and thinking are replete with various irrationalities, yet are still pretty well exp...
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  19. Beautiful-Doing (iḥsān) as the Station of No Station (maqām lā maqām) and the Genesis of the Perfect Human.Alireza Pharaa - 2022 - In Mohammed Rustom, William C. Chittick & Sachiko Murata (eds.), Islamic thought and the art of translation: texts and studies in honor of William C. Chittick and Sachiko Murata. Boston: Brill.
     
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  20. Beautiful-Doing (iḥsān) as the Station of No Station (maqām lā maqām) and the Genesis of the Perfect Human (al-insān al-kāmil).Alireza Pharaa - 2022 - In Mohammed Rustom, William C. Chittick & Sachiko Murata (eds.), Islamic thought and the art of translation: texts and studies in honor of William C. Chittick and Sachiko Murata. Boston: Brill.
     
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  21.  29
    Plato’s Theory of the Intercommunion of Forms : the Sophist 259, e4-6.Alireza Saati - 2015 - Philosophy Study 5 (1).
  22.  23
    The Concept of Being; Where There Is No Pertinence between Avicenna and Aristotle’s Live Dog Better than Dead King.Alireza Saati - 2015 - Philosophy Study 5 (2).
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  23.  33
    Educational Technology along with the Uncritical Mass versus Ethics.Alireza Sayadmansour & Mehdi Nassaji - 2013 - British Journal of Educational Studies 61 (3):289 - 300.
    This paper considers the ethics of educational technology in terms of whether or not selected media and methods are beneficial to the teacher and student, or whether other motives and criteria determine the selection. Communications media have proven themselves to be powerful and efficient tools, used like ?dynamite? for getting the most out of a ?quarry?, but the vast scope of their applicability and flexibility may notoriously neglect the unprecedented risks to the user of current online methods ? as one (...)
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  24. A sociological approach to the relationship between engineering and society.Alireza Seghatoleslami - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
     
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  25. Does the history of engineering require the philosophy of engineering?Alireza Seghatoleslami - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
     
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  26.  6
    Philosophy after Lacan: politics, science and art.Alireza Taheri, Chris Vanderwees & Reza Naderi (eds.) - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Philosophy After Lacan: Politics, Science and Art brings together reflections on contemporary philosophy inspired by and in dialogue with Lacanian theory. Rather than focus on the thinkers who came before Lacan, the editors maintain attention on innovations in contemporary philosophy that owe their emergence to complimentary, critical, direct, or tangential engagement with Lacan. This collection makes one of the first concerted efforts to expand discussions between psychoanalysis and more recent philosophical thinkers while gathering chapters by some of the leading philosophical (...)
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  27.  24
    Managing Tensions and Divergent Institutional Logics in Firm–NPO Partnerships.Alireza Ahmadsimab & Imran Chowdhury - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 168 (3):651-670.
    This paper investigates the process through which firms and non-profit organizations reconcile divergent worldviews in the development of firm–NPO partnerships. Drawing on data from two long-lived firm–NPO partnerships, this study suggests that the dynamics of reconciliation in situations of institutional complexity can be better understood by examining how firms and NPOs manage the interplay of both market and social logics in an inter-organizational context. We have found that during the initial stages of collaboration, partners manage differences by engaging in joint (...)
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  28.  25
    Feminist Facing up to the Logical Foundation of Dualist Philosophy: A Sequentialist Approach.Alireza Sayadmansour - 2020 - Axiomathes 32 (2):173-193.
    There is a robust tendency within the contemporary feminist mainstream to argue against and ultimately reject the so-called ‘dualising or dualist philosophy’ since it is the supportive paradigm background for any gender discrimination originated from the hegemonic sovereignty of masculinity over femininity. In this paper, having dived deeper into the feminist critical depiction of the logical binarist foundation on which the dualising philosophy is said to be well-grounded, I will proceed to portray and examine a sequence of doctrines that feminist (...)
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  29. Compensated kidney donation: An ethical review of the iranian model.Alireza Bagheri - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (3):269-282.
    : Iran has had a program of compensated kidney donation from living unrelated (LUR) donors since 1997. The aim of the program was to address the increasing demand for kidney transplantation in a morally sound manner. The program was successful in terms of increasing the number of kidneys available for transplantation. This paper presents a critical review of the program and its ethical status. Denying organ donors legitimate compensation because of the understandable fear of an organ trade is not morally (...)
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  30.  76
    An Iranian Perspective on Patients' Rights.Soodabeh Joolaee, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Zohreh Parsa-Yekta, Verena Tschudin & Iman Mansouri - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (5):488-502.
    The aim of this phenomenological research study carried out in Iran was to capture the meaning of patients' rights from the lived experiences of patients and their companions. To achieve this, 12 semistructured interviews were conducted during 2005 in a teaching hospital in Tehran with patients and/or their companions. In addition, extensive field notes were compiled during the interviews. The data were analyzed using Benner's thematic analysis. The themes captured were classified into three main categories, with certain themes identified within (...)
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  31.  69
    Global initiatives to tackle organ trafficking and transplant tourism.Alireza Bagheri & Francis L. Delmonico - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):887-895.
    The increasing gap between organ supply and demand has opened the door for illegal organ sale, trafficking of human organs, tissues and cells, as well as transplant tourism. Currently, underprivileged and vulnerable populations in resource-poor countries are a major source of organs for rich patient-tourists who can afford to purchase organs at home or abroad. This paper presents a summary of international initiatives, such as World Health Organization’s Principle Guidelines, The Declaration of Istanbul, Asian Task Force Recommendations, as well as (...)
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  32.  15
    The psychometric properties of the Persian version of the moral injury symptoms scale-health care professionals version.Alireza Malakoutikhah, Mohammad Ali Zakeri, Harold G. Koenig & Mahlagha Dehghan - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundHealth care professionals face a number of problems during crises, such as the COVID-19. Studies addressed the prevalence of moral injury among healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lack of a valid standard of moral injury among health care professionals is one of the factors that has made it difficult to identify and treat this complication. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Moral Injury Symptoms Scale-Health Care Professionals among health care professionals in Iran.MethodsThis study was conducted (...)
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  33.  20
    Islamic bioethics: current issues and challenges.Alireza Bagheri & Khalid Abdulla Al-Ali (eds.) - 2018 - New Jersey: World Scientific.
    Islamic Bioethics presents a wide variety of perspectives and debates on how Islamic societies deal with the ethical dilemmas raised by biomedicine and new technologies. The book is a "constructive dialogue" between contributors selected from a multidisciplinary group of Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from different Islamic countries. The 11 chapters illuminate the diversity and complexity of the issues discussed in Islamic bioethics and pave the way to a better understanding of Islamic bioethics and dialogue in the global bioethics community. The (...)
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  34. Plato's Sophist (commentary and Critical Interpretation).Alireza Saati - 2018 - Porsesh.
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  35.  44
    Elements of human dignity in healthcare settings: the importance of the patient's perspective.Alireza Bagheri - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (12):729-730.
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  36. Review and Study of the Reasons of the "Unity of The Divine Acts" from Fakhr Razi’s Viewpoint.Alireza Farsinezhad - 2013 - پژوهشنامه فلسفه دین 11 (2):29-50.
    Among Ashari scholars, Fakhr Razi explicitly used the term "Unity of The Divine Acts" and tried to prove this issue through several rational and traditional reasons. This article, by studying the different versions of the "Unity of The Divine Acts" from Fakhre Razi’s viewpoint, assessed his rational reasons in four categories - existential reasons; monotheistic reasons; anti conferment reasons; deterministic reasons - and it was concluded that although the "Unity of The Divine Acts" is a quit discursive issue from his (...)
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  37. Henry Corbin: Iranshahrian Illuminative Thought, The Lost Trace.Alireza Saati - 2018 - Porsesh.
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  38.  16
    Comparison of attitude of nurses and nursing students toward euthanasia.Alireza Khatony, Masoud Fallahi, Mansour Rezaei & Somayeh Mahdavikian - 2022 - Nursing Ethics 29 (1):208-216.
    Background: Euthanasia is a controversial issue in many countries. However, there is little evidence about attitudes of nurses and nursing students toward euthanasia. Research aims: The present study aimed to compare nurses and nursing students' attitudes toward euthanasia. Research design: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Participants and research context: Using census sampling, 390 nurses and 125 nursing students were enrolled in this study. Methods: Data were collected using a socio-demographic questionnaire and Euthanasia Attitude Scale that included 20 items that (...)
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  39.  18
    The norms of belief as the norms of commitment: A case for pluralism.Alireza Kazemi - 2023 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):474-490.
    Much of the discussion on the normativity of belief rests on the presupposition that there is a single fundamental truth norm governing belief that explains all of its normative features. Building on the committive conception of belief proposed by some normativists, this article takes issue with this presupposition. In particular, it is argued that belief, construed as cognitive commitment, is governed by three fundamental-cum-irreducible norms, which I call the “entitlement norm,” the “fulfillment norm” and the “escapability norm,” and it is (...)
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  40.  18
    Reasoning and commitment.Alireza Kazemi - 2023 - Synthese 202 (3):1-21.
    I argue for a commitment-discharging condition of reasoning, according to which to engage in reasoning is to discharge the theoretical and practical commitments one has undertaken. I highlight the ways in which this condition is distinct from other proposals, particularly the Taking Condition, and argue that it can explain certain intuitions about reasoning that otherwise remain elusive. In particular, I argue that the commitment-discharging condition can provide a unified account of attitude-formation and premise-discharging reasoning as well as practical and theoretical (...)
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  41.  26
    The Norms of Belief as the Norms of Commitment: A Case for Pluralism.Alireza Kazemi - 2023 - Southern Journal of Philosophy (00):1-17.
    Much of the discussion on the normativity of belief rests on the presupposition that there is a single fundamental truth norm governing belief that explains all of its normative features. Building on the committive conception of belief proposed by some normativists, this article takes issue with this presupposition. In particular, it is argued that belief, construed as cognitive commitment, is governed by three fundamental-cum-irreducible norms, which I call the “entitlement norm,” the “fulfillment norm” and the “escapability norm,” and it is (...)
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  42.  64
    Plagiarism in the academic context: A study of Iranian EFL learners.Alireza Ahmadi - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (3):151-168.
    The present study was an attempt to shed light on the status of plagiarism in the Iranian academic context. It tried to survey the EFL learners’ perceptions of and reasons for different types of plagiarism. To this end, 132 EFL learners from different Iranian universities took part in the study. The data were collected through using a questionnaire specifically designed to gather information on plagiarism. The results indicated that plagiarism is quite common in the Iranian EFL context as different types (...)
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  43.  64
    Abortion in Different Islamic Jurisprudence: Case Commentaries.Alireza Bagheri & Leila Afshar - 2011 - Asian Bioethics Review 3 (4):351-355.
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  44.  47
    Medical Futility: Is a Policy Needed?Alireza Bagheri - 2014 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 5 (5).
  45. Criticism of "brain death" policy in japan.Alireza Bagheri - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (4):359-372.
    : The 1997 Japanese organ transplantation law is the fruit of a long debate on "brain death" and organ transplantation, which involved the general public and experts in the relevant fields. The aim of this paper is to trace the history of the implementation of the law and to critique the law in terms of its consistency and fairness. The paper argues that the legislation adopts a double standard regarding the role of the family. On the one hand, the legislation (...)
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  46.  4
    Global Bioethics: The Impact of the UNESCO International Bioethics Committee.Alireza Bagheri, Jonathan D. Moreno & Stefano Semplici (eds.) - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    The UNESCO International Bioethics Committee is an international body that sets standards in the field of bioethics. This collection represents the contributions of the IBC to global bioethics. The IBC is a body of 36 independent experts that follows progress in the life sciences and its applications in order to ensure respect for human dignity and freedom. Currently, some of the topics of the IBC contributions have been discussed in the bioethics literature, mostly journal articles. However, this is a unique (...)
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  47. Breaching confidentiality: medical mandatory reporting laws in Iran.Alireza Milanifar, Bagher Larijani, Parvaneh Paykarzadeh, Golanna Ashtari & Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 7 (1).
    Medical ethics is a realm where four important subjects of philosophy, medicine, theology and law are covered. Physicians and philosophers cooperation in this area will have great efficiency in the respective ethical rules formation. In addition to respect the autonomy of the patient, physician's obligation is to ensure that the medical intervention has benefit for the patient and the harm is minimal. There is an obvious conflict between duty of confidentiality and duty of mandatory reporting. Professional confidentiality is one of (...)
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  48.  8
    Brain, School, and Society: The Neuropsychosocial Preparation Theory.Alireza Moula - 2017 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This book reports on a research program designed to construct the basics of a new type of literacy that teaches pupils social problem-solving at individual and collective levels. It is the first of a series of books about a chain of intervention research subprojects started in 2009 teaching pupils basic skills to make well-balanced decisions; to resolve conflicts in a nonviolent manner; and to develop good social relationships and responsibility, critical thinking, and other abilities which give children and young people (...)
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  49.  61
    No Evidence of Systematic Change of Physical Activity Patterns Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic and Related Mood States Among Iranian Adults Attending Team Sports Activities.Alireza Aghababa, Seyed Hojjat Zamani Sani, Hadi Rohani, Maghsoud Nabilpour, Georgian Badicu, Zahra Fathirezaie & Serge Brand - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: To cope with the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic health authorities released social restrictions. Such social restrictions impacted on the people's possibilities to move deliberately in a public space and to gather with other people. In the present study, we investigated the impact of COVID-19-related restrictions on physical activity patterns before and during the confinement among team sports participants. Such PA patterns were further related to current mood states, and possible sex differences were also explored.Methods: A total of 476 adults (...)
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  50.  38
    Modest Dualism and Individuation of Mind.Alireza Mazarian - 2021 - Metaphysica 22 (1):63-74.
    A persistent tradition in metaphysics of mind insists that there is a substantial difference between mind and body. Avicenna’s numerous arguments, for a millennium, have encouraged the view that minds are essentially immaterial substances. In the first part, I redesign and offer five versions of such arguments and then I criticize them. First argument (indivisibility) would be vulnerable in terms of two counterexamples. Second argument (universals) confuses existence with location. Third argument (bodily tools) is less problematic than the first two, (...)
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