Results for 'Alexandra Tanner'

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  1.  55
    Neuroscience and Facial Expressions of Emotion: The Role of Amygdala–Prefrontal Interactions.Paul J. Whalen, Hannah Raila, Randi Bennett, Alison Mattek, Annemarie Brown, James Taylor, Michelle van Tieghem, Alexandra Tanner, Matthew Miner & Amy Palmer - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):78-83.
    The aim of this review is to show the fruitfulness of using images of facial expressions as experimental stimuli in order to study how neural systems support biologically relevant learning as it relates to social interactions. Here we consider facial expressions as naturally conditioned stimuli which, when presented in experimental paradigms, evoke activation in amygdala–prefrontal neural circuits that serve to decipher the predictive meaning of the expressions. Facial expressions offer a relatively innocuous strategy with which to investigate these normal variations (...)
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  2.  4
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values.Grethe B. Peterson (ed.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values is the annual publication of lectures given at Clare Hall, Cambridge University; Brasenose College, Oxford University; Harvard University; Yale University; the University of California; Stanford University; the University of Michigan; and the University of Utah as well as other locations. Established to reflect upon the scholarly and scientific learning relating to human values, the lectureships are international and intercultural, and transcend ethnic, national, religious, and ideological distinctions. This Volume X, first published in 1989, (...)
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  3.  1
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values.Sterling M. McMurrin (ed.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values is the annual publication of the Tanner lectures given at Clare Hall, Cambridge University; Brasenose College, Oxford University; Harvard University; Yale University, the University of California; Stanford University, the University of Michigan; and the University of Utah and other locations. Established to reflect upon the scholarly and scientific learning relating to human values, the lectureships are international and intercultural, and transcend ethnic, national, religious, and ideological distinctions. Appointment as a Tanner lecturer (...)
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  4.  37
    How Good Was Shepherd’s Response to Hume’s Epistemological Challenge?Travis Tanner - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (1):71-89.
    Recent work on Mary Shepherd has largely focused on her metaphysics, especially as a response to Berkeley and Hume. However, relatively little attention has thus far been paid to the epistemological aspects of Shepherd’s program. What little attention Shepherd’s epistemology has received has tended to cast her as providing an unsatisfactory response to the skeptical challenge issued by Hume. For example, Walter Ott and Jeremy Fantl have each suggested that Shepherd cannot avoid Hume’s inductive skepticism even if she is granted (...)
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  5.  20
    Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil: Michael Tanner.Michael Tanner - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20:197-216.
    Although Nietzsche's greatness is recognized more universally now than ever before, the nature of that greatness is still widely misunderstood, and that unfortunately means that before I discuss any of Beyond Good and Evil in any detail, I must make some general remarks about his work, his development and the kind of way in which I think that it is best to read him. Unlike any of the other philosophers that this series includes, except Marx and Engels, Nietzsche is very (...)
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  6. Tanner Lectures Vol 30.Suzan Young (ed.) - 2011 - University of Utah Press.
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, founded July 1, 1978, at Clare Hall, Cambridge University, was established by the American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner. Lectureships are awarded to outstanding scholars or leaders in broadly defined fields of human values and transcend ethnic, national, religious, or ideological distinctions. Volume 30 features lectures given in 2010 at Princeton University; Yale University; the University of California, Berkeley; the University of Utah; Stanford University; Clare Hall, Cambridge University; Harvard University; (...)
     
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  7. The Tanner Lectures Vol 29.Suzan Young (ed.) - 2011 - University of Utah Press.
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values were founded July 1, 1978, at Clare Hall, Cambridge University, by American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner, to advance and reflect upon scholarly and scientific learning related to human values. The purpose embraces the entire range of physical, moral, artistic, intellectual, and religious values pertinent to the human condition, interest, behavior, and aspirations. Appointment as a Tanner Lecturer is a recognition of uncommon abilities and outstanding scholarly or leadership achievement. (...)
     
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  8.  9
    Thinking Through Food: A Philosophical Introduction.Alexandra Plakias - 2018 - Broadview Press.
    This book offers a wide-ranging yet concise introduction to the many philosophical issues surrounding food production and consumption. It begins with discussions of the metaphysics, epistemology, and aesthetics of food, then moves on to debates about the ethics of eating animals, the environmental impacts of food production, and the role of technology in our food supply, before concluding with discussions of food access, health, and justice. Throughout, the author draws on cross-disciplinary research to engage with historical debates and current events.
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  9.  28
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values.Christine Pierce - 1990 - Idealistic Studies 20 (2):175-177.
    Volume VII of The Tanner Lectures includes material of special interest to those in ethics and political theory: Amartya Sen on the standard of living, Michael Slote on moderation as a virtue, Barrington Moore, Jr. on inequality under capitalism and socialism, Quentin Skinner on political liberty and Clifford Geertz on cultural diversity. Two authors make important contributions to economic theory.
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  10.  8
    Foraging Cognition: Reviving the Ecological Intelligence Hypothesis.Alexandra G. Rosati - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (9):691-702.
  11. The Argument From Marginal Cases: Is Species a Relevant Difference.Julia Tanner - 2011 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):225-235.
    Marginal humans are not rational yet we still think they are morally considerable. This is inconsistent with denying animals moral status on the basis of their irrationality. Therefore, either marginal humans and animals are both morally considerable or neither are. In this paper I consider a major objection to this argument: that species is a relevant difference between humans animals.
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  12. The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 10 Volume Set.Sterling M. McMurrin (ed.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values is the annual publication of the Tanner Lectures given at Clare Hall, Cambridge University; Brasenose College, Oxford University; Harvard University; Yale University, the University of California; Stanford University, the University of Michigan; and the University of Utah and other locations. Established to reflect upon the scholarly and scientific learning relating to human values, the lectureships are international and intercultural, and transcend ethnic, national, religious, and ideological distinctions. Appointment as a Tanner lecturer (...)
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  13.  1
    Zwischen Anthropologie Und Gesellschaftstheorie: Zur Renaissance Helmuth Plessners Im Kontext der Modernen Lebenswissenschaften.Alexandra Manzei, Mathias Gutmann & Gerhard Gamm (eds.) - 2005 - Transcript Verlag.
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  14.  17
    Decision Processes in Perception.JohnA Swets, W. P. Tanner Jr & T. G. Birdsall - 1961 - Psychological Review 68 (5):301--40.
  15.  31
    The Metaphysics of Logical Consequence.Alexandra Zinke - 2018 - Frankfurt a.M.: Klostermann.
    The book discusses the central notion of logic: the concept of logical consequence. It shows that the classical definition of consequence as truth preservation in all models must be restricted to all admissible models. The challenge for the philosophy of logic is therefore to supplement the definition with a criterion for admissible models. -/- The problem of logical constants, so prominent in the current debate, constitutes but a special case of this much more general demarcation problem. The book explores the (...)
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  16.  58
    Rational Suspension.Alexandra Zinke - 2021 - Theoria 87 (5):1050-1066.
    Theoria, Volume 87, Issue 5, Page 1050-1066, October 2021.
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  17. Reification: A New Look at an Old Idea (Tanner Lectures).Axel Honneth - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    In the early 20th century, Marxist theory was enriched and rejuvenated by adopting the concept of reification, introduced by the Hungarian theorist Georg Lukács to identify and denounce the transformation of historical processes into ahistorical entities, human actions into things that seemed part of an immutable "second nature." For a variety of reasons, both theoretical and practical, the hopes placed in de-reification as a tool of revolutionary emancipation proved vain. In these original and imaginative essays, delivered as the Tanner (...)
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  18.  95
    Publishing Without Belief.Alexandra Plakias - 2019 - Analysis 79 (4):638-646.
    Is there anything wrong with publishing philosophical work which one does not believe? I argue that there is not: the practice isn’t intrinsically wrong, nor is there a compelling consequentialist argument against it. Therefore, the philosophical community should neither proscribe nor sanction it. The paper proceeds as follows. First, I’ll clarify and motivate the problem, using both hypothetical examples and a recent real-world case. Next, I’ll look at arguments that there is something wrong with PWB, and show that none is (...)
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  19. The Good and the Gross.Alexandra Plakias - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):261-278.
    Recent empirical studies have established that disgust plays a role in moral judgment. The normative significance of this discovery remains an object of philosophical contention, however; ‘disgust skeptics’ such as Martha Nussbaum have argued that disgust is a distorting influence on moral judgment and has no legitimate role to play in assessments of moral wrongness. I argue, pace Nussbaum, that disgust’s role in the moral domain parallels its role in the physical domain. Just as physical disgust tracks physical contamination and (...)
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  20. Classifying Emotion: A Developmental Account.Alexandra Zinck & Albert Newen - 2008 - Synthese 161 (1):1 - 25.
    The aim of this paper is to propose a systematic classification of emotions which can also characterize their nature. The first challenge we address is the submission of clear criteria for a theory of emotions that determine which mental phenomena are emotions and which are not. We suggest that emotions as a subclass of mental states are determined by their functional roles. The second and main challenge is the presentation of a classification and theory of emotions that can account for (...)
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  21.  15
    “Essence, Modality, and the Material A Priori: Scheler and Contemporary Essentialism”.Tanner Hammond - 2022 - Continental Philosophy Review 56:1-24.
    This paper attempts to demonstrate Max Scheler’s anticipation of and continued relevance to a burgeoning trend of essence-based accounts of modality, chief among them being Kit Fine’s landmark 1994 “Essence and Modality”. I argue that Scheler’s account of the material a priori not only anticipates the picture of essence-based modality suggested by Fine, but moreover offers resources with the potential to resolve key challenges for the Finean program. In particular, Fine’s preferred version of the essentialist account runs into problems in (...)
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  22.  4
    Critical Biopolitics of the Post-Soviet: From Populations to Nations.Andrey Makarychev & Alexandra Yatsyk - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    This study provides a critical examination of biopolitics and the process of the subjectification of Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, and Estonia. The authors analyze multiple overlapping regimes of belonging, performativity, and debordering.
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  23.  4
    Hostility and Civic Moral Disengagement: Cognitive Reappraisal and Expressive Suppression as Moderators.Alexandra Maftei, Cristina-Maria Bostan & Daniela-Victoria Zaharia - 2021 - Journal of Moral Education 50 (2):202-218.
    ABSTRACT The present study focuses on explaining the incremental role of emotion regulation and hostility in the tendency of young adults to use moral disengagement strategies to avoid self-condemnation for their immoral conduct. We aimed to extend the area of investigation concerning the moral effects of emotion regulation and hostility, by exploring the association between hostility and civic moral disengagement, and the moderating role of emotional regulation strategies within this association. One hundred and sixty-three young adults aged 16 to 30 (...)
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  24. Genomanalysen als Informationseingriff. Ethische, juristische und ökonomische Analysen zum prädiktiven Potential der Genomsequenzierung.Klaus Tanner, Paul Kirchhof, Matthias von der Schulenburg, Rüdiger Wolfrum, Gösta Gantner, Fruzsina Molnár-Gábor, Martin Frank & Plöthner Marika - 2016 - Heidelberg, Deutschland: Winter Universitätsverlag.
    Durch genomweite Analysen werden vielfältige gesundheitsrelevante Informationen über eine Person gewonnen. Solche Informationen können die Behandlung von Krankheiten verbessern. Sie ermöglichen aber auch Vorhersagen, ob eine Person und deren Verwandte in Zukunft möglicherweise erkranken werden. Der neuartige Charakter des Informationseingriffs und sein prädiktive Potential bedürfen der ethischen, juristischen und ökonomischen Reflexion, damit diese Technologie zum Wohl der Patienten, der Familienangehörigen und der Solidargemeinschaft eingesetzt werden kann. Die vorliegende Schrift leistet mit ihren interdisziplinären, vom BMBF finanzierten Analysen dazu einen Beitrag. Grundlagen (...)
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  25.  89
    Kant on Negation.Alexandra Newton - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (3):435-454.
    ABSTRACT Contrary to the contemporary view that negation is a logical operation that modifies the mere content of a thought or judgment, but not the act of thinking or judging it, Kant maintains that negation is an act of logical apperception through which I exclude a thought or judgment from what ‘I think.’ In this paper, I argue against two interpretations of Kant’s account of logical negation. According to the first, negation is a subjective psychological act of excluding an erroneous (...)
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  26.  36
    The Response Model of Moral Disgust.Alexandra Plakias - 2018 - Synthese 195 (12):5453-5472.
    The philosophical debate over disgust and its role in moral discourse has focused on disgust’s epistemic status: can disgust justify judgments of moral wrongness? Or is it misplaced in the moral domain—irrelevant at best, positively distorting at worst? Correspondingly, empirical research into disgust has focused on its role as a cause or amplifier of moral judgment, seeking to establish how and when disgust either causes us to morally condemn actions, or strengthens our pre-existing tendencies to condemn certain actions. Both of (...)
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  27.  15
    A Relational Framework for Integrating the Study of Empathy in Children and Adults.Alexandra Main & Carmen Kho - 2019 - Emotion Review 12 (4):280-290.
    The development of empathy is central to positive social adjustment. However, issues remain with integrating empathy research conducted with children, adolescents, and adults. The current article (...
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  28.  9
    The Community of Ideas of Men and Women.Amy Tanner - 1896 - Psychological Review 3 (5):548-550.
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  29. Kant on the Logical Origin of Concepts.Alexandra Newton - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):456-484.
    In his lectures on general logic Kant maintains that the generality of a representation (the form of a concept) arises from the logical acts of comparison, reflection and abstraction. These acts are commonly understood to be identical with the acts that generate reflected schemata. I argue that this is mistaken, and that the generality of concepts, as products of the understanding, should be distinguished from the classificatory generality of schemata, which are products of the imagination. A Kantian concept does not (...)
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  30. Marginal Humans, The Argument From Kinds, And The Similarity Argument.Julia Tanner - 2006 - Facta Universitatis, Series: Linguistics and Literature 5 (1):47-63.
    In this paper I will examine two responses to the argument from marginal cases; the argument from kinds and the similarity argument. I will argue that these arguments are insufficient to show that all humans have moral status but no animals do. This does not prove that animals have moral status but it does shift the burden of proof onto those who want to maintain that all humans are morally considerable, but no animals are.
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  31. Tanner Lectures in Human Values: The Standard of Living.Amartya Sen - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
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  32.  8
    A Review on Research and Evaluation Methods for Investigating Self-Transcendence.Alexandra Kitson, Alice Chirico, Andrea Gaggioli & Bernhard E. Riecke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Self-transcendence has been characterized as a decrease in self-saliency and increased connection, and has been growing in research interest in the past decade. Several measures have been developed and published with some degree of psychometric validity and reliability. However, to date, there has been no review systematically describing, contrasting, and evaluating the different methodological approaches toward measuring self-transcendence including questionnaires, neurological and physiological measures, and qualitative methods. To address this gap, we conducted a review to describe existing methods of measuring (...)
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  33.  36
    Some Probably-Not-Very-Good Thoughts on Underconfidence.Alexandra Plakias - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (5):861-869.
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  34.  14
    "Objective Purport, Relational Confirmation, and the Presumption of Moral Objectivism: A Probabilistic Argument From Moral Experience".Tanner Hammond - 2021 - Southwest Philosophy Review 37 (1).
    All else being equal, can granting the objective purport of moral experience support a presumption in favor of some form of moral objectivism? Don Loeb (2007) has argued that even if we grant that moral experience appears to present us with a realm of objective moral fact—something he denies we have reason to do in the first place—the objective purport of moral experience cannot by itself provide even prima facie support for moral objectivism. In this paper, I contend against Loeb (...)
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  35.  4
    Where Stool is a Drug: International Approaches to Regulating the Use of Fecal Microbiota for Transplantation.Alexandra Scheeler - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):524-540.
    Regulatory agencies vary widely in their classification of FMT, with significant impact on patient access. This article conducts a global survey of national regulations and collates existing FMT classification statuses, ultimately suggesting that the human cell and tissue product designation best fits FMT's characteristics and that definitional objectives to that classification may be overcome.
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  36.  10
    Evaluative Processing of Food Images: Longer Viewing for Indecisive Preference Formation.Alexandra Wolf, Kajornvut Ounjai, Muneyoshi Takahashi, Shunsuke Kobayashi, Tetsuya Matsuda & Johan Lauwereyns - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  37.  22
    The Interpersonal Functions of Empathy: A Relational Perspective.Alexandra Main, Eric A. Walle, Carmen Kho & Jodi Halpern - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (4):358-366.
    Empathy is an extensively studied construct, but operationalization of effective empathy is routinely debated in popular culture, theory, and empirical research. This article offers a process-focused approach emphasizing the relational functions of empathy in interpersonal contexts. We argue that this perspective offers advantages over more traditional conceptualizations that focus on primarily intrapsychic features. Our aim is to enrich current conceptualizations and empirical approaches to the study of empathy by drawing on psychological, philosophical, medical, linguistic, and anthropological perspectives. In doing so, (...)
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  38.  9
    Relational Goes Beyond Interpersonal: The Development of Empathy in the Context of Culture.Alexandra Main & Carmen Kho - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (4):295-296.
    It is clear a relational approach to the study of empathy is gaining traction across multiple disciplines. Both commentaries on “A Relational Framework for Integrating the Study of Empathy in Child...
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  39.  41
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values (Vol. 8, Pp. 149-216).Sterling M. McMurrin (ed.) - 1988 - University of Utah Press.
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values is the annual publication of the Tanner lectures given at Clare Hall, Cambridge University; Brasenose College, Oxford University; Harvard University; Yale University, the University of California; Stanford University, the University of Michigan; and the University of Utah and other locations. Established to reflect upon the scholarly and scientific learning relating to human values, the lectureships are international and intercultural, and transcend ethnic, national, religious, and ideological distinctions. Appointment as a Tanner lecturer (...)
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  40.  19
    Seeing the World Through Another Person’s Eyes: Simulating Selective Attention Via Action Observation.Alexandra Frischen, Daniel Loach & Steven P. Tipper - 2009 - Cognition 111 (2):212-218.
  41.  2
    Comment: Empathy as a Flexible and Fundamentally Interpersonal Phenomenon: Comment on “Why We Should Reject the Restrictive Isomorphic Matching Definition of Empathy”.Alexandra Main - 2022 - Emotion Review 14 (3):182-184.
    I strongly agree with the criticisms of the restrictive isomorphic matching definition of empathy made by Murphy, Lilienfeld, and Algoe, and largely agree with their conceptualization of empathy as a dynamic process best defined by its function. In this commentary, I extend this argument by emphasizing the relational, interpersonal aspects of empathy. It is my view that in order to understand the functions of empathy, we must take into account not only the internal experience of the individual empathizing, but also (...)
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  42.  17
    Patients' Substantialization of Disease, the Hybrid Symptom and Meta Physical Care.Alexandra Pârvan - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):380-388.
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  43.  79
    Non-Conceptualism and Knowledge in Lucy Allais’s Manifest Reality.Alexandra Newton - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (2):273-282.
    Lucy Allais’s Manifest Reality presents a systematic discussion of the role that Kant assigns to concepts in making knowledge of objects possible. In this paper, I ascribe to Allais a version of non-conceptualism, according to which knowledge is a ‘hybrid’ or loose unity of concept and intuition; concept relates to intuition as form relates to matter in an artefact. I will show how this view has trouble accommodating the distinction between knowledge and accidentally true belief, and how it leads to (...)
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  44.  21
    Disagreement and Doubts About Darwinian Debunking.Alexandra Plakias - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-15.
    Evolutionary debunking arguments draw on claims about the biological origins of our moral beliefs to undermine moral realism. In this paper, I argue that moral disagreement gives us reason to doubt the evolutionary explanations of moral judgment on which such arguments rely. The extent of cross-cultural and historical moral diversity suggests that evolution can’t explain the content of moral norms. Nor can it explain the capacity to make moral judgment in the way the debunker requires: empirical studies of folk moral (...)
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  45.  95
    Kant and the Transparency of the Mind.Alexandra M. Newton - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (7):890-915.
    ABSTRACTIt has become standard to treat Kant’s characterization of pure apperception as involving the claim that questions about what I think are transparent to questions about the world. By contra...
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  46.  4
    Tanners In Ottoman State.Miyase Koyuncu - 2009 - Journal of Turkish Studies 4:1746-1762.
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  47.  9
    Ariane Tanner, Die Mathematisierung des Lebens. Alfred James Lotka und der energetische Holismus im 20. Jahrhundert, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2017. IX, 318 S., € 59,00. ISBN 978‐3‐16‐154491‐0. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Neswald - 2018 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 41 (3):307-308.
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  48.  50
    The Beneficiary Pays Principle and Strict Liability: Exploring the Normative Significance of Causal Relations.Alexandra Couto - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (9):2169-2189.
    I will discuss the relationship between two different accounts of remedial duty ascriptions. According to one account, the beneficiary account, individuals who benefit innocently from injustices ought to bear remedial responsibilities towards the victims of these injustices. According to another account, the causal account, individuals who caused injustices ought to bear remedial duties towards the victim. In this paper, I examine the relation between the principles central to these accounts: the Beneficiary Pays Principle and the well-established principle of Strict Liability (...)
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  49. Experimental Evidence That Knowledge Entails Justification.Alexandra M. Nolte, David Rose & John Turri - forthcoming - In Tania Lombrozo, Shaun Nichols & Joshua Knobe (eds.), Oxford studies in experimental philosophy, volume 4. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    A standard view in philosophy is that knowledge entails justification. Yet recent research suggests otherwise. We argue that this admirable and striking research suffers from an important limitation: participants were asked about knowledge but not justification. Thus it is possible that people attributed knowledge partly because they thought the belief was justified. Perhaps though, if given the opportunity, people would deny justification while still attributing knowledge. It is also possible that earlier findings were due to perspective taking. This paper reports (...)
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  50.  4
    Moral Evolution. [REVIEW]Amy Tanner - 1896 - Psychological Review 3 (6):688-691.
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