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Alexander Dietz
University of Southern California (PhD)
  1. What We Together Ought to Do.Alexander Dietz - 2016 - Ethics 126 (4):955-982.
    I argue that we have not only individual reasons for action but also collective reasons for action: reasons which apply to us as a group. I next argue that if we together have a reason to act, then I may have a reason to do my part, but only when others will do theirs. Finally, I argue that collective reasons to do good can never make a difference to what individuals ought to do, but that other kinds of collective reasons (...)
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  2. Pattern-Based Reasons and Disaster.Alexander Dietz - 2023 - Utilitas 35 (2):131–147.
    Pattern-based reasons are reasons for action deriving not from the features of our own actions, but from the features of the larger patterns of action in which we might be participating. These reasons might relate to the patterns of action that will actually be carried out, or they might relate to merely hypothetical patterns. In past work, I have argued that accepting merely hypothetical pattern-based reasons, together with a plausible account of how to weigh these reasons, can lead to disastrous (...)
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  3. Effective Altruism and Collective Obligations.Alexander Dietz - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (1):106-115.
    Effective altruism (EA) is a movement devoted to the idea of doing good in the most effective way possible. EA has been the target of a number of critiques. In this article, I focus on one prominent critique: that EA fails to acknowledge the importance of institutional change. One version of this critique claims that EA relies on an overly individualistic approach to ethics. Defenders of EA have objected that this charge either fails to identify a problem with EA's core (...)
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  4. Making desires satisfied, making satisfied desires.Alexander Dietz - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (3):979-999.
    In this paper, I explore a fundamental but under-appreciated distinction between two ways of understanding the desire-satisfaction theory of well-being. According to proactive desire satisfactionism, a person is benefited by the acquisition of new satisfied desires. According to reactive desire satisfactionism, a person can be benefited only by the satisfaction of their existing desires. I first offer an overview of this distinction. I then canvass several ways of developing a general formulation of desire satisfactionism that would capture the reactive view, (...)
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  5. Are My Temporal Parts Agents?Alexander Dietz - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 100 (2):362-379.
    When we think about ethics, we normally focus on a particular sort of agent: the individual person. Some philosophers have argued that we should rethink the limits of what counts as an ethically relevant unit of agency by expanding outward, and claiming that groups of people can have normative reasons for action. In this paper, I explore whether we can go in the other direction. Are there sub‐personal beings who count as agents with their own reasons for action? In particular, (...)
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  6. Collective Reasons and Agent-Relativity.Alexander Dietz - 2022 - Utilitas 34 (1):57-69.
    Could it be true that even though we as a group ought to do something, you as an individual ought not to do your part? And under what conditions, in particular, could this happen? In this article, I discuss how a certain kind of case, introduced by David Copp, illustrates the possibility that you ought not to do your part even when you would be playing a crucial causal role in the group action. This is because you may have special (...)
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  7. Explaining the Paradox of Hedonism.Alexander Dietz - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (3):497-510.
    The paradox of hedonism is the idea that making pleasure the only thing that we desire for its own sake can be self-defeating. Why would this be true? In this paper, I survey two prominent explanations, then develop a third possible explanation, inspired by Joseph Butler's classic discussion of the paradox. The existing accounts claim that the paradox arises because we are systematically incompetent at predicting what will make us happy, or because the greatest pleasures for human beings are found (...)
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  8. Too Easy, Too Good, Too Late?Alexander Dietz - 2023 - Philosophers' Imprint 23 (1).
    Plausibly, one important part of a good life is doing work that makes a contribution, or a positive difference to the world. In this paper, however, I explore contribution pessimism, the view that people will not always have adequate opportunities for making contributions. I distinguish between three interestingly different and at least initially plausible reasons why this view might be true: in slogan form, things might become too easy, they might become too good, or we might be too late. Now, (...)
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  9.  38
    Economization of hospital activities—opportunities, limits, and risks of a market-oriented medicine.Alexander Dietz - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (4):263-270.
    In der Diskussion über Ökonomisierung im Gesundheitswesen werden oft wesentliche Begriffsunterscheidungen außer Acht gelassen. Um feststellen zu können, in welchem Fall die Rede von Ökonomisierung oder Ökonomismus im negativen Sinn angemessen ist, muss zwischen dem Gesellschaftsbereich Wirtschaft und der ökonomischen Dimension in allen Gesellschaftsbereichen (wie dem Gesundheitswesen) unterschieden werden. Es muss geklärt werden, wo ökonomische Ziele verfolgt werden sollen und wo andere Ziele mit ökonomischen Mitteln verfolgt werden sollen. Im Blick auf die Frage nach einer Marktsteuerung des Gesundheitswesens ist zu (...)
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  10. How to Use the Paradox of Hedonism.Alexander Dietz - 2021 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 18 (4):387-411.
    The paradox of hedonism is the idea that intrinsically desiring nothing other than pleasure can prevent one from obtaining pleasure. In this article, I show how the paradox of hedonism can be used as the basis for an objection against hedonism about well-being, and one that is more defensible than has been commonly recognized. Moreover, I argue that the challenge presented by the paradox can be used to target not only hedonism about well-being, but also desire satisfactionism and the hybrid (...)
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  11.  8
    Krankenhausreform und Ökonomisierung.Alexander Dietz - 2023 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 67 (4):302-309.
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  12. Mit Herz und Geld : die Spannung zwischen kirchlichem Auftrag und ökonomischen Rahmenbedingungen.Alexander Dietz - 2018 - In Verena Begemann, Christiane Burbach, Dieter Weber & Friedrich Heckmann (eds.), Ethik als Kunst der Lebensführung: festschrift fur Friedrich Heckmann. Kohlhammer Verlag.
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  13.  13
    Speziesismus überwinden?Alexander Dietz - 2020 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 64 (4):296-302.
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  14.  26
    Die Bedeutung der Ausgangsfrage für die Bearbeitung des Theodizeeproblems.Alexander Dietz - 2011 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 53 (3):285-302.
    ZUSAMMENFASSUNGIm Diskurs zum Theodizeeproblem beschäftigen sich die einzelnen Autoren mit sehr unterschiedlichen Ausgangsfragen, und zwar meist ohne diese Tatsache zu reflektieren. Wenn man jedoch ernst nimmt, dass »das Theodizeeproblem« einen Sammelbegriff für sehr unterschiedliche Fragen darstellt, setzt eine sinnvolle Bearbeitung des Theodizeeproblems eine bewusste Benennung der genauen Ausgangsfrage und idealerweise eine sachliche Begründung für die Wahl eben dieser Frage voraus. Davon, ob die Ausgangsfrage im Horizont des Glaubens formuliert wird oder nicht, in existenzieller oder in abstrahierender Perspektive, mit Gott als (...)
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  15.  3
    Die Philosophie Ayn Rands – Bestimmung des Menschen als theologischer Anknüpfungspunkt.Alexander Dietz - 2011 - In Christian Polke, Frank Martin Brunn, Alexander Dietz, Sibylle Rolf & Anja Siebert (eds.), Niemand Ist Eine Insel: Menschsein Im Schnittpunkt von Anthropologie, Theologie Und Ethik : Festschrift Für Wilfried Härle Zum 70. Geburtstag. De Gruyter. pp. 261-288.
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  16.  4
    Ökonomisierung von Krankenhaustätigkeit – Chancen, Grenzen und Risiken einer marktorientierten Medizin.Alexander Dietz - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (4):263-270.
    ZusammenfassungIn der Diskussion über Ökonomisierung im Gesundheitswesen werden oft wesentliche Begriffsunterscheidungen außer Acht gelassen. Um feststellen zu können, in welchem Fall die Rede von Ökonomisierung oder Ökonomismus im negativen Sinn angemessen ist, muss zwischen dem Gesellschaftsbereich Wirtschaft und der ökonomischen Dimension in allen Gesellschaftsbereichen (wie dem Gesundheitswesen) unterschieden werden. Es muss geklärt werden, wo ökonomische Ziele verfolgt werden sollen und wo andere Ziele mit ökonomischen Mitteln verfolgt werden sollen. Im Blick auf die Frage nach einer Marktsteuerung des Gesundheitswesens ist zu (...)
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  17.  15
    Konservatismus und Protestantismus.Alexander Dietz - 2008 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 52 (4):298-301.
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  18.  3
    Einführung.Christian Polke, Frank Martin Brunn, Alexander Dietz, Sibylle Rolf & Anja Siebert - 2011 - In Christian Polke, Frank Martin Brunn, Alexander Dietz, Sibylle Rolf & Anja Siebert (eds.), Niemand Ist Eine Insel: Menschsein Im Schnittpunkt von Anthropologie, Theologie Und Ethik : Festschrift Für Wilfried Härle Zum 70. Geburtstag. De Gruyter. pp. 1-10.
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    Niemand Ist Eine Insel: Menschsein Im Schnittpunkt von Anthropologie, Theologie Und Ethik : Festschrift Für Wilfried Härle Zum 70. Geburtstag.Christian Polke, Frank Martin Brunn, Alexander Dietz, Sibylle Rolf & Anja Siebert (eds.) - 2011 - De Gruyter.
    This volume views human existence from various perspectives and asks what its purpose is. The underlying thesis is that humans are creatures of relationships. Any anthropology that fails to take this fact seriously will of necessity remain abstract. Instead the authors are interested in how different academic disciplines describe the variety of relationships in human life, taking into account their ethical and theological dimensions.
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  20.  24
    Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5, edited by Mark Timmons. [REVIEW]Alexander Dietz - 2018 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 15 (6):784-786.
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  21.  3
    Stefan Huster (2011) Soziale Gesundheitsgerechtigkeit. Sparen, umverteilen, vorsorgen?: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach, Berlin, 95 Seiten, 14,90 €, ISBN 978-3-8031 3639-8. [REVIEW]Alexander Dietz - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (2):165-166.
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    Stefan Huster (2011) Soziale Gesundheitsgerechtigkeit. Sparen, umverteilen, vorsorgen?: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach, Berlin, 95 Seiten, 14,90 €, ISBN 978-3-8031 3639-8. [REVIEW]Alexander Dietz - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (2):165-166.
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