38 found
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  1.  13
    On Law and Reason.Aleksander Peczenik - 1989 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer Verlag.
    a This is an outline of a coherence theory of law. Its basic ideas are: reasonable support and weighing of reasons. All the rest is commentary.a (TM) These words at the beginning of the preface of this book perfectly indicate what On Law and Reason is about. It is a theory about the nature of the law which emphasises the role of reason in the law and which refuses to limit the role of reason to the application of deductive logic. (...)
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  2.  21
    The basis of legal justification.Aleksander Peczenik - 1983 - Lund: [A. Peczenik].
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  3. The Concept of Coherence and Its Significance for Discursive Rationality.Robert Alexy & Aleksander Peczenik - 1990 - Ratio Juris 3 (s1):130-147.
    The main idea or the concept of coherence can be expressed in the following way: The more the statements belonging to a given theory approximate a perfect supportive structure, the more coherent the theory. The degree of perfection of a supportive structure depends on the degree to which the following criteria of coherence are fulfilled: (1) the greatest possible number of supported statements belonging to the theory in question; (2) the greatest possible length of chains of reasons belonging to it; (...)
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  4.  75
    Jumps and logic in the law.Aleksander Peczenik - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (3-4):297-329.
    The main stream of legal theory tends to incorporate unwritten principles into the law. Weighing of principles plays a great role in legal argumentation, inter alia in statutory interpretation. A weighing and balancing of principles and other prima facie reasons is a jump. The inference is not conclusive.To deal with defeasibility and weighing, a jurist needs both the belief-revision logic and the nonmonotonic logic. The systems of nonmonotonic logic included in the present volume provide logical tools enabling one to speak (...)
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  5.  14
    Legal Knowledge about What?Aleksander Peczenik & Jaap Hage - 2000 - Ratio Juris 13 (3):326-345.
    We assume—in contrast to many “legal realists”—that law is a part of reality. Law exists because people believe in law, but law is not identical with beliefs. Law supervenes on human beliefs, preferences, actions, dispositions and artefacts. Moreover, the morally binding personal interpretation of the law supervenes on two things together: on the individual's knowledge of legal institutions and on moral obligation. The first supervenes in its turn on mutual beliefs; the second supervenes on motivations and dispositions of the individual, (...)
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  6.  2
    Grundlagen der juristischen Argumentation.Aleksander Peczenik - 1983 - Springer Verlag.
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  7.  54
    Law, Morals and Defeasibility.Jaap Hage & Aleksander Peczenik - 2000 - Ratio Juris 13 (3):305-325.
    This paper gives a logical characterization of the interrelation between law and morals. To this purpose it first outlines a logic for defeasible reasoning with rules and principles and illustrates the operation of this logic in the field of law. Then it offers a brief argument why law and morals are interrelated. This paper ends by showing how the logic for defeasible reasoning provides tools to logically characterize some aspects of the interrelation between law and morals.
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  8.  40
    Law, Morality, Coherence and Truth.Aleksander Peczenik - 1994 - Ratio Juris 7 (2):146-176.
    The author analyzes the relations between truth and law starting from the distinction between practical and theoretical spheres. He shows, first, how moral and legal statements and reasoning are connected with an operation of weighing and balancing different values and principles and how this operation is ultimately based on personal and intuitive preferences and feeling. The criteria developed by the theoretical sciences to define truth (coherence, consensus and pragmatic success) can only be translated into practical statements as criteria of correctness (...)
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  9.  34
    Legal Reasoning as a Special Case of Moral Reasoning.Aleksander Peczenik - 1988 - Ratio Juris 1 (2):123-136.
    Moral statements are related to some ought‐ and good‐making facts. If at least one of these facts exists then it is reasonable that an action in question is prima facie good and obligatory. If all of these facts take place, then it is reasonable that the action is definitively good and obligatory. Yet, moral reasoning is relatively uncertain. The law is more “fixed”. Legal interpretatory statements ought to express a compromise between the literal sense of the law and moral considerations. (...)
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  10.  35
    Norms and Reality.Aleksander Peczenik - 1968 - Theoria 34 (2):117-133.
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  11. A coherence theory of juristic knowledge.Aleksander Peczenik - 1998 - In Aulis Aarnio (ed.), On Coherence Theory of Law. Distribution, Akademibokhandeln I Lund. pp. 7--16.
     
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  12.  23
    Argumentation in ethics, legal dogmatics and legal practice.Aleksander Peczenik - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (5):747-756.
    The author adopts a coherentist approach to legal argumentation.Ceteris paribus, the degree of coherence of argumentation depends on answers to such questions as: How many statements belonging to the justification are supported by reasons, that is, not arbitrary?, How profound is the justification, that is, how long are the chains of reasons it contains?, How closely interconnected are the reasons, for example in such a way that the same conclusion follows from various independent reasons?, How relevant are the reasons in (...)
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  13.  32
    Can Philosophy Help Legal Doctrine?Aleksander Peczenik - 2004 - Ratio Juris 17 (1):106-117.
    Legal doctrine is a kind of legal research, occupying the central position in professional legal writing, e.g., handbooks, monographs, commentaries and legal textbooks etc. It consists of a description of the literal sense of legal statutes, precedents etc., intertwined with many moral and other substantive reasons. Legal doctrine has normative components, and produces coherence in the law in many aspects. It also produces some justice. However, legal doctrine has faced repeated criticism, not least from minimalist philosophers.The author proposes a “Copernican (...)
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  14.  46
    On Values. Universal or Relative?Aulis Aarnio & Aleksander Peczenik - 1996 - Ratio Juris 9 (4):321-330.
    Any value statement belongs to a certain value code shared, to a certain degree, by a number of people. Is the value code itself relative or not? To solve this problem, one must assume that universal value statements and principles always have a prima‐facie character. Prima‐facie value propositions not only claim universality but can also be understood as universally valid in the following sense. First, their validity does not depend on an individual's free preferences. Second, although they are culture‐bound, there (...)
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  15.  39
    Suum Cuique Tribuere. Some Reflections on Law, Freedom and Justice.Aulis Aarnio & Aleksander Peczenik - 1995 - Ratio Juris 8 (2):142-179.
    Moral and theoretical deficiencies of the main foundation strategies in social and political systems (Social Engineering, Foundationalism and Invisible Hand theories) are explained by the necessity of a synthesis of different kinds of rationality, i.e., goal-rationality, norm-rationality and rightness and weighing rationality. The anthropological basis of the theory is a distinction between homo finalis and homo socialis. At the institutional level, this conception leads to a synthesis of the rule of law and the welfare state. At the political level, this (...)
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  16.  64
    A Theory of Legal Doctrine.Aleksander Peczenik - 2001 - Ratio Juris 14 (1):75-105.
    Legal doctrine in Continental European law (scientia iuris) consists of professional legal writings, e.g., handbooks, monographs, etc., whose task is to systematize and interpret valid law. By production of general and defeasible theories, legal doctrine aims to present the law as a coherent net of principles, rules, meta‐rules, and exceptions, at different levels of abstraction, connected by support relations. The argumentation used to achieve coherence involves not only description and logic but also evaluative (normative) steps. However, sceptics criticise juristic doctrine (...)
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  17.  1
    Essays in legal theory.Aleksander Peczenik - 1970 - København,: Nyt fra Samfundsvidenskaberne, eksp.: DBK.
  18.  53
    Fuzziness and transformation: Towards explaining legal reasoning.Aleksander Peczenik & Jerzy Wróblewski - 1985 - Theoria 51 (1):24-44.
  19.  6
    Introduction.Aleksander Peczenik - 2000 - Ratio Juris 13 (3):231-235.
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  20.  22
    Juristic definition of law.Aleksander Peczenik - 1968 - Ethics 78 (4):255-268.
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  21.  4
    Juridikens metodproblem: rättskällelära och lagtolkning.Aleksander Peczenik - 1974 - Stockholm: AWE/Geber.
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  22. Koherens och juridik.Aleksander Peczenik - 1999 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 3.
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  23. Legal rules and moral principles.Aleksander Peczenik - 1991 - Rechtstheorie 11.
  24.  48
    Moral and ontological justification of legal reasoning.Aleksander Peczenik - 1985 - Law and Philosophy 4 (2):289 - 309.
  25. Non-equivalent Transformations and the Law.Aleksander Peczenik - 1979 - In Aleksander Peczenik & Jyrki Uusitalo (eds.), Reasoning on Legal Reasoning. Society of Finnish Lawyers. pp. 47--64.
  26. Pt. 1. justice.Aleksander Peczenik - 2004 - In Proceedings of the 21st Ivr World Congress, Lund, Sweden, 12-17 August, 2003. Franz Steiner Verlag.
  27.  6
    Proceedings of the 21st IVR World Congress, Lund, Sweden, 12-17 August, 2003.Aleksander Peczenik (ed.) - 2004 - Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
    Aleksander Peczenik, Lund Introduction to the Proceedings of the 21st IVR World Congress General Information This volume opens the Proceedings of the 21st ...
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  28.  1
    Rätten och förnuftet: en lärobok i allmän rättslära.Aleksander Peczenik - 1988
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  29. Rätten och förnuftet: en lärobok i allmän rättslära.Aleksander Peczenik - 1986 - Stockholm: Norstedt.
     
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  30.  12
    Reasoning on legal reasoning.Aleksander Peczenik & Jyrki Uusitalo (eds.) - 1979 - [Helsinki: Society of Finnish Lawyers.
  31. RS Summers, Instrumentalism and Legal Theory Reviewed by.Aleksander Peczenik - 1984 - Philosophy in Review 4 (2):87-89.
     
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  32.  34
    Scientia iuris - an unsolved philosophical problem.Aleksander Peczenik - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (3):273-302.
    Legal dogmatics in Continental European law (scientia iuris, Rechtswissenschaft) consists of professional legal writings whose task is to systematize and interpret valid law. Legal dogmatics pursues knowledge of the existing law, yet in many cases it leads to a change of the law. Among general theories of legal dogmatics, one may mention the theories of negligence, intent, adequate causation and ownership. The theories produce principles and they also produce defeasible rules. By means of production of general and defeasible theories, legal (...)
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  33. Why officials: on legal positivism old and new.Aleksander Peczenik & Sebastián Urbina - 1995 - Rechtstheorie 26 (2):139-162.
     
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  34. Why shall legal reasoning be coherent?Aleksander Peczenik - 1993 - In K. B. Agrawal & R. K. Raizada (eds.), Sociological Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy: Random Thoughts On. University Book House.
     
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  35.  5
    Law, justice and the state: essays on justice and rights: proceedings of the 16th World Congress of the International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (IVR), Reykjavík, 26 May-2 June, 1993.Aleksander Peczenik & Mikael M. Karlsson (eds.) - 1995 - Stuttgart: F. Steiner Verlag.
    Aus dem Inhalt: Justice in General: E. Attwooll: Is the Idea of Justice Asymmetric? u C. L. Sheng: Injustice in Law Caused by Conflict between Equality and Equity u G. Barden: Approaches to Justice: The Economy and the State u C. Schmidt: The Concept of Justice in Economic Theory u M. Milde: Rawls, Pluralism and the Value of Contract Theory u J. Tasioulas: M. Walzer on Justice u L. Cedroni: An Ethological Approach to Law, Justice and the State uaR. Kevelson: (...)
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  36. Recension av Svein Engs Uenighetsanalyse – med saerlig sikte på jus og allmenn rettsteori. [REVIEW]Aleksander Peczenik - 2001 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 3.
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  37. R.S. Summers, Instrumentalism And Legal Theory. [REVIEW]Aleksander Peczenik - 1984 - Philosophy in Review 4:87-89.
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  38. Theory of Legal Science. Proceedings of the Conference on Legal Theory and Philosophy of Science, Lund, Sweden, December 11-14, 1983. [REVIEW]Aleksander Peczenik, Lars Lindahl & Bert van Roermund - 1986 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 48 (3):527-527.
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