Results for 'Aleksander Matejko'

299 found
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  1.  2
    Planning and Tradition in Polish Higher Education.Aleksander Matejko - 1969 - Minerva 7 (4):621-648.
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  2. Status Incongruence in the Polish Intelligentsia.Aleksander Matejko - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
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  3.  18
    A Letter From the President of the Republic of Poland, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Patron of the International Conference on “Conflict of Interest and its Significance in Science and Medicine” Held in Warsaw, Poland on 5–6 April, 2002. [REVIEW]Aleksander Kwaśniewski - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):267-267.
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  4.  5
    On Law and Reason.Aleksander Peczenik - 1989 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer Verlag.
    'This is an outline of a coherence theory of law. Its basic ideas are: reasonable support and weighing of reasons. All the rest is commentary.’ These words at the beginning of the preface of this book perfectly indicate what On Law and Reason is about. It is a theory about the nature of the law which emphasises the role of reason in the law and which refuses to limit the role of reason to the application of deductive logic. In 1989, (...)
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  5. Human Now Versus Human Over Time. When Instrumental Rationality and Utility Are Not Enough.Aleksander Ostapiuk - 2019 - Panoeconomicus 5 (66):633-657.
    The goal of this article is to show that instrumental rationality and utility that have been used in economics for many years does not work well. What is presented in the article is how significant the influence of utilitarianism has been on economics and why the economists get rid of humans’ goals and motivations. It is shown in the article that the human who decides in present is absolutely different from the human who decides over time. Many economists neglected this (...)
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  6.  27
    The Crucial Role of Turnover Intentions in Transforming Moral Disengagement Into Deviant Behavior at Work.Jessica Siegel Christian & Aleksander P. J. Ellis - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (2):1-16.
    Organizational deviance represents a costly behavior to many organizations. While some precursors to deviance have been identified, we hope to add to our predictive capabilities. Utilizing social cognitive theory and psychological contract theory as explanatory concepts, we explore the role of moral disengagement and turnover intentions, testing our hypotheses using two samples: a sample of 44 nurses from a hospital system in the Southwestern United States (Study 1), and a sample of 52 working adults collected from an online survey system (...)
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  7.  13
    Droga ekonomii wolnej od wartościowania do epistemologicznej pychy. Użycie i nadużycie matematyki przez ekonomistów.Aleksander Ostapiuk - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:153-202.
    The goal of the article is to substantiate that despite the criticism the paradigm in economics will not change because of the axiomatic assumptions of value-free economics. How these assumptions work is demonstrated on the example of Gary Becker’s economic approach which is analyzed from the perspective of scientific research programme. The author indicates hard core of economic approach and the protective belt which makes hard core immune from any criticism. This immunity leads economists to believe that they are objective (...)
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  8. The Eclipse of Value-Free Economics. The Concept of Multiple Self Versus Homo Economicus.Aleksander Ostapiuk - 2020 - Wrocław, Polska: Publishing House of Wroclaw University of Economics and Business.
    The books’ goal is to answer the question: Do the weaknesses of value-free economics imply the need for a paradigm shift? The author synthesizes criticisms from different perspectives (descriptive and methodological). Special attention is paid to choices over time, because in this area value-free economics has the most problems. In that context, the enriched concept of multiple self is proposed and investigated. However, it is not enough to present the criticisms towards value-free economics. For scientists, a bad paradigm is better (...)
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  9.  5
    The Basis of Legal Justification.Aleksander Peczenik - 1983 - [A. Peczenik].
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  10.  8
    Legal Knowledge About What?Aleksander Peczenik & Jaap Hage - 2000 - Ratio Juris 13 (3):326-345.
  11.  32
    The World in My Mind, My Mind in the World.Igor L. Aleksander - 2005 - Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic.
    Ifeel that Iam apartof, but separatefrom an 'out there' world. 2. Ifeel that my perception of the world mingles with feelings of past experience. 3. My experienceof the world is selective and purposeful. 4. I am thinking ahead allthe timeintrying ...
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  12.  9
    Aleksander Iz Afrodizijade o Skupnem Čutu.Pavel Gregorić - 2017 - Filozofski Vestnik 38 (1).
    Aristotel je vpeljal pojem skupnega čuta, zaznavno zmožnost višjega reda, ki združuje in nadzoruje posamezne čute. Osnovni namen prispevka je predstaviti, kako je skupni čut in njegove funkcije razumel Aristotelov najodličnejši antični komentator Aleksander iz Afrodizijade. Avtor je pri tem pozoren na Aleksandrovo ujemanje z Aristotelom ali odmikanje od njega, opozarja pa tudi na njegove prispevke k problematiki. Drugi cilj prispevka je obravnava enega posebnega odmika, ki je prevladoval v kasnejših razlagah Aristotelovega pojma skupnega čuta, tj. analogije med skupnim (...)
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  13.  28
    Legal Reasoning as a Special Case of Moral Reasoning.Aleksander Peczenik - 1988 - Ratio Juris 1 (2):123-136.
  14.  70
    The Strength of Sharply Bounded Induction Requires M S P.Sedki Boughattas & Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (4):504-510.
    We show that the arithmetical theory -INDx5, formalized in the language of Buss, i.e. with x/2 but without the MSP function x/2y, does not prove that every nontrivial divisor of a power of 2 is even. It follows that this theory proves neither NP=coNP nor.
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  15.  44
    The Potential Impact of Machine Consciousness in Science and Engineering.Igor Aleksander - 2009 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 1 (1):1-9.
  16.  31
    Norms and Reality.Aleksander Peczenik - 1968 - Theoria 34 (2):117-133.
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  17.  20
    How Perpetrator Gender Influences Reactions to Premeditated Versus Impulsive Unethical Behavior: A Role Congruity Approach.Ke Michael Mai, Aleksander P. J. Ellis & David T. Welsh - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 166 (3):489-503.
    A significant body of research has emerged in order to better understand unethical behavior at work and how gender plays a role in the process. In this study, we look to add to this literature by exploring how perpetrator gender influences reactions to distinct types of unethicality. Rather than viewing unethical behavior as a unitary construct, where all forms of lying, cheating, and stealing are the same, we integrate theories and concepts from the criminal justice and moral psychology literatures to (...)
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  18.  35
    Law, Morality, Coherence and Truth.Aleksander Peczenik - 1994 - Ratio Juris 7 (2):146-176.
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  19.  48
    Fuzziness and Transformation: Towards Explaining Legal Reasoning.Aleksander Peczenik & Jerzy Wróblewski - 1985 - Theoria 51 (1):24-44.
  20.  77
    Axioms and Tests for the Presence of Minimal Consciousness in Agents I: Preamble.Igor L. Aleksander & B. Dunmall - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4-5):7-18.
    This paper relates to a formal statement of the mechanisms that are thought minimally necessary to underpin consciousness. This is expressed in the form of axioms. We deem this to be useful if there is ever to be clarity in answering questions about whether this or the other organism is or is not conscious. As usual, axioms are ways of making formal statements of intuitive beliefs and looking, again formally, at the consequences of such beliefs. The use of this style (...)
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  21.  59
    A Theory of Legal Doctrine[The Author].Aleksander Peczenik - 2001 - Ratio Juris 14 (1):75-105.
    Legal doctrine in Continental European law consists of professional legal writings, e.g., handbooks, monographs, etc., whose task is to systematize and interpret valid law. By production of general and defeasible theories, legal doctrine aims to present the law as a coherent net of principles, rules, meta‐rules, and exceptions, at different levels of abstraction, connected by support relations. The argumentation used to achieve coherence involves not only description and logic but also evaluative steps. However, sceptics criticise juristic doctrine for its normative (...)
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  22.  36
    Regular Subalgebras of Complete Boolean Algebras.Aleksander Błaszczyk & Saharon Shelah - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (2):792-800.
    It is proved that the following conditions are equivalent: (a) there exists a complete, atomless, σ-centered Boolean algebra, which does not contain any regular, atomless, countable subalgebra, (b) there exists a nowhere dense ultrafilter on ω. Therefore, the existence of such algebras is undecidable in ZFC. In "forcing language" condition (a) says that there exists a non-trivial σ-centered forcing not adding Cohen reals.
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  23.  65
    Jumps and Logic in the Law.Aleksander Peczenik - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (3-4):297-329.
    The main stream of legal theory tends to incorporate unwritten principles into the law. Weighing of principles plays a great role in legal argumentation, inter alia in statutory interpretation. A weighing and balancing of principles and other prima facie reasons is a jump. The inference is not conclusive.To deal with defeasibility and weighing, a jurist needs both the belief-revision logic and the nonmonotonic logic. The systems of nonmonotonic logic included in the present volume provide logical tools enabling one to speak (...)
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  24. Machine Consciousness.Igor L. Aleksander - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell.
  25. The Concept of Coherence and Its Significance for Discursive Rationality.Robert Alexy & Aleksander Peczenik - 1990 - Ratio Juris 3 (s1):130-147.
  26.  6
    Free Boolean Algebras and Nowhere Dense Ultrafilters.Aleksander Błaszczyk - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 126 (1-3):287-292.
    An analogue of Mathias forcing is studied in connection of free Boolean algebras and nowhere dense ultrafilters. Some applications to rigid Boolean algebras are given.
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  27.  88
    Why Axiomatic Models of Being Conscious?Igor L. Aleksander - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):15-27.
    This paper looks closely at previously enunciated axioms that specifically include phenomenology as the sense of a self in a perceptual world. This, we suggest, is an appropriate way of doing science on a first-person phenomenon. The axioms break consciousness down into five key components: presence, imagination, attention, volition and emotions. The paper examines anew the mechanism of each and how they interact to give a single sensation. An abstract architecture, the Kernel Architecture, is introduced as a starting point for (...)
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  28.  10
    Accuracy and Performance of the State-Based Φ and Liveliness Measures of Information Integration.David Gamez & Igor Aleksander - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1403-1424.
  29.  27
    Can Philosophy Help Legal Doctrine?Aleksander Peczenik - 2004 - Ratio Juris 17 (1):106-117.
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  30. Igor Aleksander, Impossible Minds. [REVIEW]Richard Wilson - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (1):115-115.
    Igor Aleksander has spent many years developing artificial neural networks of a special category called weightless - the elements are effectively chunks of computer memory - which show interesting and useful properties. In this book he gives us an overview of his research leading to his "basic guess" about consciousness: he thinks that the brain is a neural state machine, the activity of this machine is the mind, a subset of which is conscious. I leave it to the reader (...)
     
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  31.  86
    Nicholas of Cusa.Jason Aleksander - 2016 - Oxford Bibliographies in Medieval Studies.
    Given the significance of Nicholas of Cusa’s ecclesiastical career, it is no surprise that a good deal of academic attention on Nicholas has focused on his role in the history of the church. Nevertheless, it would also be fair to say that a good deal of the attention that is focused on the life and thought of Nicholas of Cusa is the legacy of prior generations of scholars who saw in his theoretical work an opportunity to define the most salient (...)
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  32.  71
    Machine Consciousness.Igor L. Aleksander - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
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  33.  43
    World-Related Integrated Information: Enactivist and Phenomenal Perspectives.Mike Beaton & Igor Aleksander - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (2):439-455.
  34.  24
    The Polynomial and Linear Hierarchies in Models Where the Weak Pigeonhole Principle Fails.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk & Neil Thapen - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):578-592.
    We show, under the assumption that factoring is hard, that a model of PV exists in which the polynomial hierarchy does not collapse to the linear hierarchy; that a model of S21 exists in which NP is not in the second level of the linear hierarchy; and that a model of S21 exists in which the polynomial hierarchy collapses to the linear hierarchy. Our methods are model-theoretic. We use the assumption about factoring to get a model in which the weak (...)
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  35.  35
    A Coherence Theory of Juristic Knowledge.Aleksander Peczenik - 1998 - In Aulis Aarnio (ed.), On Coherence Theory of Law. Distribution, Akademibokhandeln I Lund. pp. 7--16.
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  36. Aktualnośc piękna? Gadamer wobec sztuki.Aleksander Czerkawski - 2010 - Estetyka I Krytyka 19 (2):235-238.
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  37. Heidegger a degeneracja i nieautentyczność. O przedmiocie \"dojrzałego, głębokiego rozczarowania\".Aleksander Dworek - 2006 - Fenomenologia 4:143-151.
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  38. Dante's Understanding of the Two Ends of Human Desire and the Relationship Between Philosophy and Theology.Jason Aleksander - 2011 - Journal of Religion 91 (2):158-187.
    I discuss Dante’s understanding that human existence is “ordered by two final goals” and how this understanding defines philosophy’s and theology’s respective scopes of authority in guiding human conduct. I show that, while Dante devalues the philosophical authority associated with the traditional Aristotelian emphasis on the significance of contemplative activity, he does so in order to highlight philosophy’s ethico-political authority to guide human conduct toward its “earthly beatitude.” Moreover, I argue that, although Dante subordinates earthly beatitude to spiritual beatitude, he (...)
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  39.  17
    Argumentation in Ethics, Legal Dogmatics and Legal Practice.Aleksander Peczenik - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (5):747-756.
    The author adopts a coherentist approach to legal argumentation.Ceteris paribus, the degree of coherence of argumentation depends on answers to such questions as: How many statements belonging to the justification are supported by reasons, that is, not arbitrary?, How profound is the justification, that is, how long are the chains of reasons it contains?, How closely interconnected are the reasons, for example in such a way that the same conclusion follows from various independent reasons?, How relevant are the reasons in (...)
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  40.  12
    A Struggle for an Intellectually Independent Institute: The Case in Poland.Aleksander Gella - 1989 - Studies in Soviet Thought 37 (4):307-315.
  41.  19
    A Struggle for an Intellectually Independent Institute: The Case in Poland.Aleksander Gella - 1989 - Studies in East European Thought 37 (4):307-315.
  42.  47
    Law, Morals and Defeasibility.Jaap Hage & Aleksander Peczenik - 2000 - Ratio Juris 13 (3):305-325.
  43.  2
    Aleksander Pluskowski, Ed., Ecologies of Crusading, Colonization, and Religious Conversion in the Medieval Baltic: Terra Sacra II. (Environmental Histories of the North Atlantic World 3.) Turnhout: Brepols, 2019. Paper. Pp. Xviii, 243; 9 Color and Many Black-and-White Figures, Many Maps, and 22 Tables. €100. ISBN: 978-2-5035-5133-3. Table of Contents Available Online at Http://Www.Brepols.Net/Pages/ShowProduct.Aspx?Prod_id=IS-9782503551333-1. [REVIEW]Alan V. Murray - 2021 - Speculum 96 (2):547-548.
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  44. Filozofi czne poranki młodych.Aleksander Nalaskowski - 2003 - Colloquia Communia 75 (2):132-139.
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  45.  9
    Weighing Values.Aleksander Peczenik - 1992 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 5 (2):137-152.
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  46.  44
    Phenomenal Consciousness and Biologically Inspired Systems.Igor Aleksander - 2013 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 5 (1):3-9.
  47.  12
    Real Closures of Models of Weak Arithmetic.Emil Jeřábek & Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk - 2013 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 52 (1-2):143-157.
    D’Aquino et al. (J Symb Log 75(1):1–11, 2010) have recently shown that every real-closed field with an integer part satisfying the arithmetic theory IΣ4 is recursively saturated, and that this theorem fails if IΣ4 is replaced by IΔ0. We prove that the theorem holds if IΣ4 is replaced by weak subtheories of Buss’ bounded arithmetic: PV or ${\Sigma^b_1-IND^{|x|_k}}$ . It also holds for IΔ0 (and even its subtheory IE 2) under a rather mild assumption on cofinality. On the other hand, (...)
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  48. Modern Paradoxes of Aristotle’s Logic.Jason Aleksander - 2004 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (1):79-99.
    This paper intends to explain key differences between Aristotle’s understanding of the relationships between nous, epistêmê, and the art of syllogistic reasoning(both analytic and dialectical) and the corresponding modern conceptions of intuition, knowledge, and reason. By uncovering paradoxa that Aristotle’s understanding of syllogistic reasoning presents in relation to modern philosophical conceptions of logic and science, I highlight problems of a shift in modern philosophy—a shift that occurs most dramatically in the seventeenth century—toward a project of construction, a pervasive desire for (...)
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  49. Aleksander Piatigorski i Jurij Lotman o tekście i funkcji (Sprawdzająca próba rozumienia).Stanisław Dąbrowski - 1986 - Studia Semiotyczne 14:309-326.
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  50. Aleksander Hercen i horyzonty filozofii rosyjskiej.Janusz Dobieszewski - 2013 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 87 (3):137-148.
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