We introduce a new understanding of deontic modals that we callobligations as weakest permissions. We argue for its philosophical plausibility, study its expressive power in neighborhood models, provide a complete Hilbert-style axiom system for it and show that it can be extended and applied to practical norms in decision and game theory.
Episodic memories can no longer be seen as the re-activation of stored experiences but are the product of an intense construction process based on a memory trace. Episodic recall is a result of a process of scenario construction. If one accepts this generative framework of episodic memory, there is still a be big gap in understanding the role of the narrative self in shaping scenario construction. Some philosophers are in principle sceptic by claiming that a narrative self cannot be more (...) than a causally inefficacious attributed entity anyway. Thus, we first characterize a narrative self in detail and second we clarify its influential causal role in shaping our episodic memories by influencing the process of scenario construction. This happens at three stages, namely at the level of the input, the output and the process of scenario construction. (shrink)
Book reviews ROY-LYSENCOURT, Philippe. Les membres du Coetus Internationalis Patrum au Concilie Vatican II. Inventaire des interventions et souscriptions des adhérents et sympathisants. Liste des signataires d’occasion et des théologiens. Leuven: Peeters, 2014. 484 p.
Philippe Roy-Lysencourt | Résumé : Le Coetus Internationalis Patrum, dirigé par Mgr Marcel Lefebvre, fut le principal groupe d’opposants au sein du concile Vatican II (1962-1965). Dans cet article, après avoir présenté l’historiographie et les sources permettant d’écrire l’histoire de ce mouvement, l’auteur propose une évaluation de l’organisation, de l’activité et de la stratégie du Coetus tout au long des sessions et intersessions du Concile. Il analyse ensuite l’impact du groupe sur les documents promulgués par Vatican II. |: Under the (...) leadership of Msgr Marcel Lefebvre, the Coetus Internationalis Patrum constituted the principal opposition group active during the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). After a presentation of the historiography and sources for writing the history of this movement, this paper will offer an assessment of the organization, activity and strategy of the Coetus all along the council’s sessions and intersessions. After wich it will evaluate the impact of this group on the documents promulgated by the Council. (shrink)
The increased use of human biological material for cell-based research and clinical interventions poses risks to the privacy of patients and donors, including the possibility of re-identification of individuals from anonymized cell lines and associated genetic data. These risks will increase as technologies and databases used for re-identification become affordable and more sophisticated. Policies that require ongoing linkage of cell lines to donors’ clinical information for research and regulatory purposes, and existing practices that limit research participants’ ability to control what (...) is done with their genetic data, amplify the privacy concerns. (shrink)