Results for 'Albert R. Antosca'

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Albert R. Antosca
Dartmouth College
  1. The Birth of Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Bioethics represents a dramatic revision of the centuries-old professional ethics that governed the behavior of physicians and their relationships with patients. This venerable ethics code was challenged in the years after World War II by the remarkable advances in the biomedical sciences and medicine that raised questions about the definition of death, the use of life-support systems, organ transplantation, and reproductive interventions. In response, philosophers and theologians, lawyers and social scientists joined together with physicians and scientists to rethink and revise (...)
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  2.  1
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.Albert R. Jonsen & Stephen Toulmin - 1988 - University of California Press.
    In this engaging study, the authors put casuistry into its historical context, tracing the origin of moral reasoning in antiquity, its peak during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century, and its subsequent fall into disrepute from the mid-seventeenth century.
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  3. Springs of Action: Understanding Intentional Behavior.Albert R. MELE - 1992
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  4. Back to the Rough Ground: “Phronesis” and “Techne” in Modern Philosophy and in Aristotle by Joseph Dunne.Albert R. Jonsen - 1993 - Common Knowledge 25 (1-3):422-422.
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  5.  66
    A Short History of Medical Ethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    A physician says, "I have an ethical obligation never to cause the death of a patient," another responds, "My ethical obligation is to relieve pain even if the patient dies." The current argument over the role of physicians in assisting patients to die constantly refers to the ethical duties of the profession. References to the Hippocratic Oath are often heard. Many modern problems, from assisted suicide to accessible health care, raise questions about the traditional ethics of medicine and the medical (...)
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  6.  32
    Bentham in a Box: Technology Assessment and Health Care Allocation.Albert R. Jonsen - 1986 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (3-4):172-174.
  7. Casuistry as Methodology in Clinical Ethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (4).
    This essay focuses on how casuistry can become a useful technique of practical reasoning for the clinical ethicist or ethics consultant. Casuistry is defined, its relationship to rhetorical reasoning and its interpretation of cases, by employing three terms that, while they are not employed by the classical rhetoricians and casuists, conform, in a general way, to the features of their work. Those terms are (1) morphology, (2) taxonomy, (3) kinetics. The morphology of a case reveals the invariant structure of the (...)
     
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  8.  17
    3. Bentham in a Box: Technology Assessment and Health Care Allocation.Albert R. Jonsen - 1986 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (3-4):172-174.
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  9.  26
    Casuistry: An Alternative or Complement to Principles?Albert R. Jonsen - 1995 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (3):237-251.
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  10.  5
    The New Medicine and the Old Ethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1990 - Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Watching the Doctor In some cultures, it is said, villagers cluster around a healer and a patient, eagerly listening to their conversation and ...
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  11.  4
    Albert R. Chandler.Albert E. Avey - 1956 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 30:109 -.
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  12.  17
    Of Balloons and Bicycles; or, The Relationship Between Ethical Theory and Practical Judgment.Albert R. Jonsen - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (5):14-16.
  13. Casuistry and Clinical Ethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (1).
    For the last century, moral philosophy has stressed theory for the analysis of moral argument and concepts. In the last decade, interest in the ethical issues of health care has stimulated attention to cases and particular instances. This has revealed the gap between ethical theory and practice. This article reviews the history and method of casuistry which for many centuries provided an approach to practical ethics. Its strengths and weaknesses are noted and its potential for contemporary use explored.
     
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  14.  26
    The God Squad and the Origins of Transplantation Ethics and Policy.Albert R. Jonsen - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (2):238-240.
    The era of replacing human organs and their functions began with chronic dialysis and renal transplantation in the 1960s. These significant medical advances brought unprecedented problems. Among these, the selection of patients for a scarce resource was most troubling. In Seattle, where dialysis originated, a “God Committee” selected which patients would live and die. The debates over such a committee stimulated the origins of bioethics.
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  15.  15
    Special Supplement: The Birth of Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen, Shana Alexander, Judith P. Swazey, Warren T. Reich, Robert M. Veatch, Daniel Callahan, Tom L. Beauchamp, Stanley Hauerwas, K. Danner Clouser, David J. Rothman, Daniel M. Fox, Stanley J. Reiser & Arthur L. Caplan - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):S1.
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  16.  6
    L'analyse du Langage Et les Jugements Moraux Dans l'Œuvre de R. M. Hare.Albert R. Dilanni - 1967 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 65 (87):281-331.
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  17.  11
    Public Ethics and Policy Making.Albert R. Jonsen & Lewis H. Butler - 1975 - Hastings Center Report 5 (4):19-31.
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  18.  21
    A History of Religion and Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 2006 - In David E. Guinn (ed.), Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press.
    “Bioethics began in religion, but religion has faded from bioethics.” This interpretation is commonplace among many who have an opinion on bioethics. This chapter examines this.
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  19.  24
    American Moralism and the Origin of Bioethics in the United States.Albert R. Jonsen - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (1):113-130.
    The theology of John Calvin has deeply affected the American mentality through two streams of thought, Puritanism and Jansenism. These traditions formulate moral problems in terms of absolute, clear principles and avoid casuistic analysis of moral problems. This approach is designated American moralism. This article suggests that the bioethics movement in the United States was stimulated by the moralistic mentality but that the work of the bioethics has departed from this viewpoint. Keywords: bioethics, Calvinism, casuistry, Jansenism, moralism, moral principle, Puritanism (...)
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  20.  85
    Computational Speed-Up by Effective Operators.Albert R. Meyer & Patrick C. Fischer - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (1):55-68.
  21.  7
    The God Squad and the Origins of Transplantation Ethics and Policy.Albert R. Jonsen - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (2):238-240.
    This is the God Squad. It is faceless, impersonal, unmoved by tragedy, almost terrorist in aspect. The photo appeared in LIFE magazine on November 9, 1962, and it depicted the Admissions and Policy Committee of the Seattle Artificial Kidney Center. The Committee had been established in 1962 to select those few persons who would be admitted to the new and tiny dialysis unit that was created by Dr. Belding Scribner, inventor of the arteriovenous shunt. It consisted of seven anonymous members (...)
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  22.  40
    Case Analysis in Clinical Ethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (1):63.
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  23. Morally Appreciated Circumstances: A Theoretical Problem for Casuistry.Albert R. Jonsen - 1996 - In Wayne L. Sumner & Joseph Boyle (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 37--49.
     
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  24.  25
    A Classification of the Recursive Functions.Albert R. Meyer & Dennis M. Ritchie - 1972 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 18 (4-6):71-82.
  25.  15
    Beating Up Bioethics. [REVIEW]Albert R. Jonsen - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (5):40.
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  26.  8
    A Classification of the Recursive Functions.Albert R. Meyer & Dennis M. Ritchie - 1972 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 18 (4‐6):71-82.
  27.  1
    Albert R. Spencer, "American Pragmatism: An Introduction.".Mark Porrovecchio - 2020 - Philosophy in Review 40 (4):162-164.
    Review of Albert R. Spencer's _American Pragmatism: An Introduction_.
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  28.  20
    Strong on Specification.Albert R. Jonsen - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):348 – 360.
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  29.  13
    The Artificial Heart's Threat to Others.Albert R. Jonsen - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (1):9-11.
  30.  94
    Why has Bioethics Become so Boring?Albert R. Jonsen - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (6):689 – 699.
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  31. The International Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science.Albert R. Meyer & Takayasu Ito - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (1):369.
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  32.  11
    Any Help From Strangers at the Benchside?Albert R. Jonsen - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):19 – 20.
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  33.  40
    Walter J. Savitch. Relationships Between Nondeterministic and Deterministic Tape Complexities. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, Vol. 4 , Pp. 177–192. [REVIEW]Albert R. Meyer - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):346-347.
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  34.  11
    The Totally Implantable Artificial Heart.Albert R. Jonsen - 1973 - Hastings Center Report 3 (5):1-4.
  35.  63
    The Decalogue.Albert R. Jonsen - 1963 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 38 (3):421-446.
  36. 'O Brave New World': Rationality in Reproduction.Albert R. Jonsen - 1996 - In David C. Thomasma & Thomasine Kimbrough Kushner (eds.), Birth to Death: Science and Bioethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50--57.
     
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  37.  16
    Albert R. Meyer and Rohit Parikh. Definability in Dynamic Logic. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, Vol. 23 , Pp. 279–298. [REVIEW]David Harel - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1420-1421.
  38.  11
    Loyalty to Nature: Royce's Latent Environmental Philosophy.Albert R. Spencer - 2017 - The Pluralist 12 (3):58.
  39.  47
    VirgiI and Dante-and Statius.Albert R. Bandini - 1930 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 5 (2):209-223.
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  40.  33
    The Reality of Culture.Albert R. Jonsen - 1957 - Modern Schoolman 35 (1):52-59.
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  41.  38
    Comments on Andre de Vries' Reflections on a Medical Ethics for the Future.Albert R. Jonsen - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):135-137.
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  42. 15 Initiative 119: What Is at Stake?Albert R. Ionsen - forthcoming - Bioethics: Basic Writings on the Key Ethical Questions That Surround the Major, Modern Biological Possibilities and Problems.
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  43. Booknote-Sourcebook in Bioethics: A Documentary History.Albert R. Jonsen, Robert M. Veatch, LeRoy Walters & Udo Schuklenk - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (5):454-455.
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  44. Christian Decision and Action.Albert R. Jonsen - 1970 - New York: Bruce Pub. Co..
     
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  45. Humanities Are the Hormones.Albert R. Jonsen - 1989 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 33 (1):133-142.
  46. History of Medical Ethics: The United States in the Twentieth Century.Albert R. Jonsen & Andrew Jameton - forthcoming - Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
     
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  47. "Welfare Medicine in America: A Case Study of Medicaid", by Robert Stevens and Rosemary Stevens. [REVIEW]Albert R. Jonsen - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (3):281.
     
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  48.  22
    Effect of External Feedback on the Rate of Positive Self-Reinforcement.Albert R. Marston - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):175.
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  49. Ética de la eutanasia.Albert R. Jonsen - 2003 - Humanitas 1 (1):87-96.
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  50.  20
    Notes and News.Albert R. Sutter, Cornelius Krusé, Eduardo Nicol & Cornelius Kruse - 1945 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 5 (3):443-448.
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