Results for 'Alan Skelley'

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  1.  26
    NP Search Problems in Low Fragments of Bounded Arithmetic.Jan Krajíček, Alan Skelley & Neil Thapen - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (2):649 - 672.
    We give combinatorial and computational characterizations of the NP search problems definable in the bounded arithmetic theories $T_{2}^{2}$ and $T_{3}^{2}$.
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  2. Computing machinery and intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
    I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to (...)
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  3. Logical Empiricism as Scientific Philosophy.Alan W. Richardson - 2024 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This Element offers a new account of the philosophical significance of logical empiricism that relies on the past forty years of literature reassessing the project. It argues that while logical empiricism was committed to empiricism and did become tied to the trajectory of analytic philosophy, neither empiricism nor logical analysis per se was the deepest philosophical commitment of logical empiricism. That commitment was, rather, securing the scientific status of philosophy, bringing philosophy into a scientific conception of the world.
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  4.  20
    Harold Bloom, Ruin the Sacred Truths.Steven J. Skelley - 1991 - Paragraph 14 (3):309-317.
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  5.  1
    Practical Issues in Obtaining Organs for Transplantation.Luke Skelley - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (1):35-37.
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  6.  2
    Practical Issues in Obtaining Organs for Transplantation.Luke Skelley - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (1):35-37.
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  7. Misunderstanding science?: the public reconstruction of science and technology.Alan Irwin & Brian Wynne (eds.) - 1996 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Misunderstanding Science? offers a challenging new perspective on the public understanding of science. In so doing, it also challenges existing ideas of the nature of science and its relationships with society. Its analysis and case presentation are highly relevant to current concerns over the uptake, authority, and effectiveness of science as expressed, for example, in areas such as education, medical/health practice, risk and the environment, technological innovation. Based on several in-depth case-studies, and informed theoretically by the sociology of scientific knowledge, (...)
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  8. Citizen science: a study of people, expertise, and sustainable development.Alan Irwin - 1995 - New York: Routledge.
    We are all concerned by the environmental threats facing us today. Environmental issues are a major area of concern for policy makers, industrialists and public groups of many different kinds. While science seems central to our understanding of such threats, the statements of scientists are increasingly open to challenge in this area. Meanwhile, citizens may find themselves labelled as "ignorant" in environmental matters. In Citizen Science Alan Irwin provides a much needed route through the fraught relationship between science, the (...)
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  9. Moral epistemology and professional codes of ethics.Alan Goldman - 2018 - In Aaron Zimmerman, Karen Jones & Mark Timmons (eds.), Routledge Handbook on Moral Epistemology. Routledge.
     
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  10. Law, Science, and Psychiatric Malpractice.Alan A. Stone - 2006 - In Stephen A. Green & Sidney Bloch (eds.), An anthology of psychiatric ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 226.
     
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  11.  28
    Science, social theory and public knowledge.Alan Irwin - 2003 - Philadelphia: Open University Press. Edited by Mike Michael.
    How might social theory, public understanding of science and science policy best inform one another? What have been the key features of science-society relations in the modern world? How are we to re-think science-society relations in the context of globalization, hybridity and changing patterns of governance? This topical and unique book draws together the three key perspectives on science-society relations: public understanding of science, scientific and public governance, and social theory. The book presents a series of case studies (including the (...)
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  12. Democratic Obligations and Technological Threats to Legitimacy: PredPol, Cambridge Analytica, and Internet Research Agency.Alan Rubel, Clinton Castro & Adam Pham - 2021 - In Algorithms & Autonomy: The Ethics of Automated Decision Systems. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge University Press. pp. 163-183.
    ABSTRACT: So far in this book, we have examined algorithmic decision systems from three autonomy-based perspectives: in terms of what we owe autonomous agents (chapters 3 and 4), in terms of the conditions required for people to act autonomously (chapters 5 and 6), and in terms of the responsibilities of agents (chapter 7). -/- In this chapter we turn to the ways in which autonomy underwrites democratic governance. Political authority, which is to say the ability of a government to exercise (...)
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  13.  7
    Ethics, economics, and the state.Alan P. Hamlin - 1986 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
  14. Interpreting Carnap: Critical Essays.Alan W. Richardson & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.) - 2024 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    A comprehensive, systematic, and historical collection of essays on Rudolf Carnap's philosophy and legacy, written by leading international experts. This volume provides a redressing of Carnap's place in the history of analytic philosophy, through his approach to metaphysics, values, politics, epistemology and philosophy of science.
     
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  15. Perceptual-recognitional abilities and perceptual knowledge.Alan Millar - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: perception, action, knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 330--47.
    A conception of recognitional abilities and perceptual-discriminative abilities is deployed to make sense of how perceptual experiences enable us to make cognitive contact with objects and facts. It is argued that accepting the emerging view does not commit us to thinking that perceptual experiences are essentially relational, as they are conceived to be in disjunctivist theories. The discussion explores some implications for the theory of knowledge in general and, in particular, for the issue of how we can shed light on (...)
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  16. Philosophical Systems and Their History.Alan Nelson - 2013 - In Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy. New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    I advocate a method that strives to interpret important historical figures in philosophy as presenting philosophical systems of thought. This kind of systematic interpretation, as I shall call it, begins with the supposition that the philosophy being interpreted is itself systematic. This sometimes requires recovering the obscured systematicity. Section I gives a positive characterization of systematic interpretations. Section II notes some of the special obstacles that these interpretations must overcome if they are to be successful. Section III gives a brief (...)
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  17. Clearness and Distinctness in Descartes.Alan Gewirth - 1986 - In John Cottingham (ed.), Descartes. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  18.  76
    Philosophy in France today.Alan Montefiore (ed.) - 1983 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Eleven leading contemporary French philosophers give here more or less direct presentations and exemplifications of their work. All the essays, with one exception, were specifically written for this volume and for an English-speaking readership - the exception is the first publication anywhere of Jacques Derrida's defence of his thèse d'e;tat in 1980, based on his published works. As a collection the essays convey the style, tone and preoccupations, as well as the range and diversity, of French philosophical thinking as it (...)
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  19.  45
    What is This Thing Called Science?: An Assessment of the Nature and Status of Science and its Methods.Alan Francis Chalmers - 1982 - Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co..
    Since its first publication in 1976, Alan Chalmers's highly regarded and widely read work--translated into eighteen languages--has become a classic introduction to the scientific method, known for its accessibility to beginners and its value as a resource for advanced students and scholars. -- Amazon.com.
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  20. Algorithms, Agency, and Respect for Persons.Alan Rubel, Clinton Castro & Adam Pham - 2020 - Social Theory and Practice 46 (3):547-572.
    Algorithmic systems and predictive analytics play an increasingly important role in various aspects of modern life. Scholarship on the moral ramifications of such systems is in its early stages, and much of it focuses on bias and harm. This paper argues that in understanding the moral salience of algorithmic systems it is essential to understand the relation between algorithms, autonomy, and agency. We draw on several recent cases in criminal sentencing and K–12 teacher evaluation to outline four key ways in (...)
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  21. Hegel on work, ownership and citizenship.Alan Ryan - 1984 - In Z. A. Pelczynski (ed.), The State and civil society: studies in Hegel's political philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 178--196.
     
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  22. The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory?Alan Baddeley - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (11):417-423.
  23.  7
    Constitutional goods.Alan Brudner - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book aims to distil the essentials of liberal constitutionalism from the jurisprudence and practice of contemporary liberal-democratic states. Most constitutional theorists have despaired of a liberal consensus on the fundamental goals of constitutional order. Instead they have contented themselves either with agreement on lower-level principles on which those who disagree on fundamentals may coincidentally converge, or, alternatively with a process for translating fundamental disgreement into acceptable laws. Alan Brudner suggests a conception of fundamental justice that liberals of competing (...)
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  24.  63
    Foucault and law: towards a sociology of law as governance.Alan Hunt - 1994 - Boulder, Colo.: Pluto Press. Edited by Gary Wickham.
    The first work to introduce Foucault's ideas on law to both graduates and undergraduates.
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  25. Confucian Skepticism about Workplace Rights.Alan Strudler - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (1):67-83.
    Confucian scholars express skepticism about rights. This skepticism is relevant to managers who face issues about the recognition of workplace rights in a Confucian culture. My essay examines the foundations of this skepticism, and the cogency of potential leading Western liberal responses to it. I conclude that Confucian skepticism is more formidable than liberals have recognized. I attempt to craft an argument that defuses Confucian skepticism about workplace rights while at the same time respecting the moral depth of Confucianism.
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  26.  89
    What is this thing called science?: an assessment of the nature and status of science and its methods.Alan Francis Chalmers - 1976 - St. Lucia, Qld.: Univ. Of Queensland Press.
    Co-published with the University of Queensland Press. HPC holds rights in North America and U. S. Dependencies. Since its first publication in 1976, Alan Chalmers's highly regarded and widely read work--translated into eighteen languages--has become a classic introduction to the scientific method, known for its accessibility to beginners and its value as a resource for advanced students and scholars. In addition to overall improvements and updates inspired by Chalmers's experience as a teacher, comments from his readers, and recent developments (...)
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  27.  17
    Working Memory, Thought, and Action.Alan Baddeley - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    'Working Memory, Thought, and Action' is the magnum opus of one of the most influential cognitive psychologists of the past 50 years. This new volume on the model he created discusses the developments that have occurred within the model in the past twenty years, and places it within a broader context.
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  28.  7
    A dictionary of philosophy.Alan Robert Lacey - 1986 - London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Providing an illuminating and informed introduction to central philosophical issues, concepts and perspectives in the core fields of metaphysics, epistemology and philosophical logic, the _Dictionary_ takes the most common terms and notions and clarifies what they mean to the philosopher and what sort of problems the philosopher finds associated with them. Thoroughly revised and updated, the bibliographies supply core reading lists, and each entry uses extensive cross referencing to related themes and concepts to provide a greater sense of access, control (...)
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  29.  76
    Legitimating Transnational Standard-Setting: The Case of the International Accounting Standards Board.Burkard Eberlein & Alan Richardson - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (2):217-245.
    The increasing use of transnational standard-setting bodies to address quality uncertainties and coordination issues across the global economy raises questions about how these bodies establish and maintain their legitimacy and accountability outside the sovereignty of democratic states. Based on a discussion of the legitimacy challenge posed by global governance, we provide an overview of mechanisms by which such bodies can defend their legitimacy claims and examine the actual mechanisms used by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). While the IASB staked (...)
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  30. Are there genuine mathematical explanations of physical phenomena?Alan Baker - 2005 - Mind 114 (454):223-238.
    Many explanations in science make use of mathematics. But are there cases where the mathematical component of a scientific explanation is explanatory in its own right? This issue of mathematical explanations in science has been for the most part neglected. I argue that there are genuine mathematical explanations in science, and present in some detail an example of such an explanation, taken from evolutionary biology, involving periodical cicadas. I also indicate how the answer to my title question impacts on broader (...)
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  31. Alan Wilson.Alan Wilson, Scottish Executive & Pentland House - 1989 - In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in human geography. Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble. pp. 29.
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  32. Entailment: The Logic of Relevance and Neccessity, Vol. I.Alan Ross Anderson & Nuel D. Belnap - 1975 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Edited by Nuel D. Belnap & J. Michael Dunn.
    In spite of a powerful tradition, more than two thousand years old, that in a valid argument the premises must be relevant to the conclusion, twentieth-century logicians neglected the concept of relevance until the publication of Volume I of this monumental work. Since that time relevance logic has achieved an important place in the field of philosophy: Volume II of Entailment brings to a conclusion a powerful and authoritative presentation of the subject by most of the top people working in (...)
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  33. Mathematical Explanation in Science.Alan Baker - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):611-633.
    Does mathematics ever play an explanatory role in science? If so then this opens the way for scientific realists to argue for the existence of mathematical entities using inference to the best explanation. Elsewhere I have argued, using a case study involving the prime-numbered life cycles of periodical cicadas, that there are examples of indispensable mathematical explanations of purely physical phenomena. In this paper I respond to objections to this claim that have been made by various philosophers, and I discuss (...)
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  34.  19
    2. A Matter of Taste: Qi and the Tending of the Heart in Mencius 2A2 ALAN K. L. CHAN.Alan K. L. Chan - 2002 - In Mencius: Contexts and Interpretations. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 42-71.
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  35.  64
    Punishment and freedom: a liberal theory of penal justice.Alan Brudner - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Punishment -- Culpable mind -- Culpable action -- Responsibility for harm -- Liability for public welfare offences -- Justification -- Excuse -- Detention after acquittal -- The unity of the penal law.
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  36. Making sense of laws of physics.Alan Chalmers - 1999 - In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 3--16.
  37. We are at something of a loss to explain our observations and wonder whether any reader can enlighten us. Alan Beaton, Paul Norman, Guy Richardson.Alan Beaton - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 25--373.
  38. Neo-daoism.Alan K. L. Chan - 2009 - In Bo Mou (ed.), History of Chinese philosophy. New York: Routledge.
     
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  39.  6
    Modern philosophy, an introduction.Alan Robert Lacey - 1982 - Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  40.  2
    The political thought of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.Alan Ritter - 1969 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
  41.  2
    God.Alan Watts - 1974 - Millbrae, Calif.: Celestial Arts.
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  42.  22
    Useful knowledge, social agency, and legitimation 'Useful'knowledge in this context means valid and socially legitimate, as well as being of more immediate practical relevance and use. It is often found that expert.Alan Irwin & Brian Wynne - 1996 - In Alan Irwin & Brian Wynne (eds.), Misunderstanding science?: the public reconstruction of science and technology. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 213.
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  43. Indexing and Mathematical Explanation.Alan Baker & Mark Colyvan - 2011 - Philosophia Mathematica 19 (3):323-334.
    We discuss a recent attempt by Chris Daly and Simon Langford to do away with mathematical explanations of physical phenomena. Daly and Langford suggest that mathematics merely indexes parts of the physical world, and on this understanding of the role of mathematics in science, there is no need to countenance mathematical explanation of physical facts. We argue that their strategy is at best a sketch and only looks plausible in simple cases. We also draw attention to how frequently Daly and (...)
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  44.  8
    Bertrand Russell: a political life.Alan Ryan - 1988 - New York: Hill & Wang.
    Explores Russell's activities as a polemicist, agitator, educator, and popularizer and discusses the evolution of his moral philosophy and its application, including his final battle against American intervention in Vietnam.
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  45. The philosophy of John Stuart Mill.Alan Ryan - 1987 - Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press. Edited by Alan Ryan.
    The Philosophy of John Stuart Mill demonstrates that Mill both saw his views as part of a systematic defense of empiricist epistemology and utilitarian ethics, and was to a large extent successful in offering a coherent and connected defense of this system. At the time Alan Ryan's highly acclaimed study was first published, it was unusual in insisting on the systematic character of Mill's philosophy. Since 1970, however, many writers have contributed to a more systematic understanding of Mill's program (...)
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  46. Is professional ethics grounded in general ethical principles?Alan Tapper & Stephan Millett - 2014 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics 3 (1):61-80.
    This article questions the commonly held view that professional ethics is grounded in general ethical principles, in particular, respect for client (or patient) autonomy and beneficence in the treatment of clients (or patients). Although these are admirable as general ethical principles, we argue that there is considerable logical difficulty in applying them to the professional-client relationship. The transition from general principles to professional ethics cannot be made because the intended conclusion applies differently to each of the parties involved, whereas the (...)
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  47. Affirmative action.Alan H. Goldman - 1976 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (2):178-195.
  48.  16
    Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment.Alan Charles Kors (ed.) - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Defining the Enlightenment as the "long eighteenth century," the Encyclopedia focuses on the entire range of philosophic and social changes engendered by the Enlightenment. It extends the conventional geographical boundaries of the Enlightenment, covering not only France, England, Scotland, the Low Countries, Italy, English-speaking North America, the German states, and Hapsburg Austria but also Iberian, Ibero-American, Jewish, Russian, and Eastern European cultures. Nor does the Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment limit itself to major centers like Paris in France and Edinburgh in (...)
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  49. Sexual Gifts and Sexual Duties.Alan Soble - 2022 - In Raja Halwani, Jacob M. Held, Natasha McKeever & Alan G. Soble (eds.), The Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings, 8th edition. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 539-556.
    Relying on a sexual encounter that he had once while in graduate school, Soble explores in this essay two important and under-explored ideas in sexual ethics. The first is whether there are sexual duties to others (including, even especially, to strangers), and what the source of such duties might be. He provides good reasons, rooted in both religious and secular thought, for believing that such duties exist. The second is whether there are supererogatory sexual actions—sexual actions that go beyond the (...)
     
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  50. The aesthetic.Alan Goldman - 2000 - In Berys Nigel Gaut & Dominic Lopes (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics. Routledge.
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