Results for 'Alan M. Slater'

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  1.  44
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis, Alan M. Slater & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2):197-206.
    A comparison of the literatures on how infants represent generic object classes, gender and race information in faces, and emotional expressions reveals both common and distinctive developments in the three domains. In addition, the review indicates that some very basic questions remain to be answered regarding how infants represent facial displays of emotion, including (a) whether infants form category representations for discrete classes of emotion, (b) when and how such representations come to incorporate affective meaning, (c) the developmental trajectory for (...)
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  2.  36
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Alan M. Slater, Olivier Pascalis & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2).
    A comparison of the literatures on how infants represent generic object classes, gender and race information in faces, and emotional expressions reveals both common and distinctive developments in the three domains. In addition, the review indicates that some very basic questions remain to be answered regarding how infants represent facial displays of emotion, including (a) whether infants form category representations for discrete classes of emotion, (b) when and how such representations come to incorporate affective meaning, (c) the developmental trajectory for (...)
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  3.  84
    Beyond “Does it Pay to be Green?” A Meta-Analysis of Moderators of the CEP–CFP Relationship.Heather R. Dixon-Fowler, Daniel J. Slater, Jonathan L. Johnson, Alan E. Ellstrand & Andrea M. Romi - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (2):353-366.
    Review of extant research on the corporate environmental performance (CEP) and corporate financial performance (CFP) link generally demonstrates a positive relationship. However, some arguments and empirical results have demonstrated otherwise. As a result, researchers have called for a contingency approach to this research stream, which moves beyond the basic question “does it pay to be green?” and instead asks “when does it pay to be green?” In answering this call, we provide a meta-analytic review of CEP–CFP literature in which we (...)
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  4. Computing machinery and intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
    I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to (...)
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  5. Knowledge and ability in "theory of mind": A one-eyed overview of a debate.Alan M. Leslie & T. P. German - 1995 - In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell. pp. 123--151.
     
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  6.  77
    Pretense and representation: The origins of "theory of mind.".Alan M. Leslie - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):412-426.
  7. Computing Machinery and Intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  8.  10
    Heidegger & Jaspers.Alan M. Olson (ed.) - 1994 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  9.  44
    Domain specificity in conceptual development: Neuropsychological evidence from autism.Alan M. Leslie & Laila Thaiss - 1992 - Cognition 43 (3):225-251.
  10.  31
    Do six-month-old infants perceive causality?Alan M. Leslie & Stephanie Keeble - 1987 - Cognition 25 (3):265-288.
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  11. Pretending and believing: issues in the theory of ToMM.Alan M. Leslie - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):211-238.
  12. Modularity, development and "theory of mind".Alan M. Leslie & Brian J. Scholl - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (1):131-153.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently been exploring whether the mechanisms which underlie the acquisition of ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) are best charac- terized as cognitive modules or as developing theories. In this paper, we attempt to clarify what a modular account of ToM entails, and why it is an attractive type of explanation. Intuitions and arguments in this debate often turn on the role of develop- ment: traditional research on ToM focuses on various developmental sequences, whereas cognitive modules are thought (...)
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  13.  22
    Prospects for a cognitive neuropsychology of autism: Hobson's choice.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):122-131.
  14. Indexing and the object concept: developing `what' and `where' systems.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  15.  16
    Modern French Philosophy.Alan M. Olson - 1984 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 15 (3):173-179.
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  16.  18
    Indexing and the object concept:” what” and” where” in infancy.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  17. The generative basis of natural number concepts.Alan M. Leslie, Rochel Gelman & C. R. Gallistel - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):213-218.
    Number concepts must support arithmetic inference. Using this principle, it can be argued that the integer concept of exactly ONE is a necessary part of the psychological foundations of number, as is the notion of the exact equality - that is, perfect substitutability. The inability to support reasoning involving exact equality is a shortcoming in current theories about the development of numerical reasoning. A simple innate basis for the natural number concepts can be proposed that embodies the arithmetic principle, supports (...)
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  18. Transgressors, victims, and cry babies: Is basic moral judgment spared in autism?Alan M. Leslie & Ron Mallon - 2006 - Social Neuroscience 1:270283.
    Human social intelligence comprises a wide range of complex cognitive and affective processes that appear to be selectively impaired in autistic spectrum disorders. The study of these neuro- developmental disorders and the study of canonical social intelligence have advanced rapidly over the last twenty years by investigating the two together. Specifically, studies of autism have provided important insights into the nature of ‘theory of mind’ abilities, their normal development and underlying neural systems. At the same time, the idea of impaired (...)
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  19. How to acquire a 'representational theory of mind'.Alan M. Leslie - 2000 - In Dan Sperber (ed.), Metarepresentations: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Oxford University Press. pp. 197--223.
  20. Mary Wollstonecraft, Freedom and the Enduring Power of Social Domination.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2013 - European Journal of Political Theory 12 (2):116-135.
    Even long after their formal exclusion has come to an end, members of previously oppressed social groups often continue to face disproportionate restrictions on their freedom, as the experience of many women over the last century has shown. Working within in a framework in which freedom is understood as independence from arbitrary power, Mary Wollstonecraft provides an explanation of why such domination may persist and offers a model through which it can be addressed. Republicans rely on processes of rational public (...)
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  21. Two spheres of domination: Republican theory, social norms and the insufficiency of negative freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2015 - Contemporary Political Theory 14 (1):45-62.
    Republicans understand freedom as the guaranteed protection against any arbitrary use of coercive power. This freedom is exercised within a political community, and the concept of arbitrariness is defined with reference to the actual ideas of its citizens about what is in their shared interests. According to many current defenders of the republican model, this form of freedom is understood in strictly negative terms representing an absence of domination. I argue that this assumption is misguided. First, it is internally inconsistent. (...)
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  22.  22
    A Re‐Evaluation of Story Grammars.Alan M. Frisch & Donald Perlis - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (1):79-86.
    Black and Wilensky (1979) have made serious methodological errors in analyzing story grammars, and in the process they have committed additional errors in applying formal language theory. Our arguments involve clarifying certain aspects of knowledge representation crucial to a proper treatment of story understanding.Particular criticisms focus on the following shortcomings of their presentation: 1) an erroneous statement from formal language theory, 2) misapplication of formal language theory to story grammars, 3) unsubstantiated and doubtful analogies with English grammar, 4) various non (...)
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  23.  31
    Freedom as Independence: Mary Wollstonecraft and the Grand Blessing of Life.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (4):908-924.
    Independence is a central and recurring theme in Mary Wollstonecraft's work. Independence should not be understood as an individualistic ideal that is in tension with the value of community but as an essential ingredient in successful and flourishing social relationships. I examine three aspects of this rich and complex concept that Wollstonecraft draws on as she develops her own notion of independence as a powerful feminist tool. First, independence is an egalitarian ideal that requires that all individuals, regardless of sex, (...)
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  24.  8
    Anytime deduction for probabilistic logic.Alan M. Frisch & Peter Haddawy - 1994 - Artificial Intelligence 69 (1-2):93-122.
  25.  31
    Metarepresentation and autism: How not to lose one's marbles.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1987 - Cognition 27 (3):291-294.
  26. Freedom as Independence: Mary Wollstonecraft and the Grand Blessing of Life.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2013 - Hypatia (1):908-924.
    Independence is a central and recurring theme in Wollstonecraft’s work. Independence should not be understood as an individualistic ideal that is in tension with the value of community but as an essential ingredient in successful and flourishing social relationships. I examine three aspects of this rich and complex concept that Wollstonecraft draws on as she develops her own notion of independence as a powerful feminist tool. First, independence is an egalitarian ideal that requires that all individuals, regardless of sex, are (...)
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  27.  27
    Just enough.Alan M. Zaitchik - 1975 - Philosophical Quarterly 25 (101):340-345.
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  28.  20
    Using Survey Measures to Assess Risk Selection among Medicare Managed Care Plans.Alan M. Zaslavsky & Melinda J. Beeuwkes Buntin - 2002 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 39 (2):138-151.
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  29.  14
    Hegel and the Spirit: Philosophy as Pneumatology.Alan M. Olson - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    Hegel and the Spirit explores the meaning of Hegel's grand philosophical category, the category of Geist, by way of what Alan Olson terms a pneumatological thesis. Hegel's philosophy of spirit, according to Olson, is a speculative pneumatology that completes what Adolf von Harnack once called the "orphan doctrine" in Christian theology--the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. Olson argues that Hegel's development of philosophy as pneumatology originates out of a deep appreciation of Luther's dialectical understanding of Spirit and that Hegel's (...)
  30. A Radical Revolution in Thought: Frederick Douglass on the Slave’s Perspective on Republican Freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2020 - In Bruno Leipold, Karma Nabulsi & Stuart White (eds.), Radical Republicanism: Recovering the Tradition's Popular Heritage. Oxford, UK: pp. 47-64.
    While the image of the slave as the antithesis of the freeman is central to republican freedom, it is striking to note that slaves themselves have not contributed to how this condition is understood. The result is a one-sided conception of both freedom and slavery, which leaves republicanism unable to provide an equal and robust protection for historically outcast people. I draw on the work of Frederick Douglass – long overlooked as a significant contributor to republican theory – to show (...)
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  31. Transcendence and Hermeneutics, An Interpretation of the Philosophy of Karl Jaspers.Alan M. Olson - 1981 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 43 (2):390-391.
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  32. Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  33.  9
    The substitutional framework for sorted deduction: Fundamental results on hybrid reasoning.Alan M. Frisch - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 49 (1-3):161-198.
  34. Catharine Macaulay's influence on Mary Wollstonecraft.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2019 - In Sandrine Berges, Eileen Hunt Botting & Alan M. S. J. Coffee (eds.), The Wollstonecraftian Mind. London: pp. 198-210.
    Although they were never to meet and corresponded only briefly, Catharine Macaulay and Mary Wollstonecraft shared a mutual admiration and a strong intellectual bond. Macaulay’s work had a profound and lasting effect on Wollstonecraft, and she developed and expanded on many of Macaulay’s ideas. While she often took these in a different direction, there remains a great synergy between their ideas to the extent that we can understand Wollstonecraft’s own feminist arguments by approaching them through the frameworks and ideas that (...)
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  35. Hegel and the Spirit: Philosophy as Pneumatology.Alan M. Olson & A. M. Olsen - 1992 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 35 (1):62-64.
     
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  36. Transcendence and Hermeneutics: An Interpretation of the Philosophy of Karl Jaspers.Alan M. Olson - 1982 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (4):243-244.
     
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  37. Pure consciousness as ultimate reality.Alan M. Laibelman - 2003 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 26 (1):49-73.
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  38. Perennial Philosophy: Evidence from the Mathematical and Physical Sciences.Alan M. Laibelman - 1992 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 15:216.
  39.  8
    The Other Perennial Philosophy: A Metaphysical Dialectic.Alan M. Laibelman - 2000 - Upa.
    The Other Perennial Philosophy: A Metaphysical Dialectic seeks to synthesize the many fields within science, philosophy, and religion to achieve the most comprehensive picture ever constructed to incorporate universally held beliefs about God, man, and the universe. This book attempts to accomplish several interrelated purposes: to describe the Perennial Philosophy in its depth; to analyze the critical elements contained within such a body of thought; to bring to light the vast literature of views which are oppositional, at least on some (...)
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  40.  27
    Relevance: Communication and Cognition.Alan M. Leslie - 1989 - Mind and Language 4 (1-2):147-150.
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  41.  7
    Transcendence and hermeneutics: an interpretation of the philosophy of Karl Jaspers.Alan M. Olson - 1979 - Boston: M. Nijhoff.
    ''The problem of Transcendence is the problem of our time. " I Needless to say, Transcendence was a particularly lively i~sue when Karl Heim wrote these words in the mid-1930's. Within the province of philosophi cal theology and philosophy of religion, however, it is always the prob lem, as Gordon Kaufman has recently reminded us. 2Por the question concerning the nature and the reality of Transcendence has not only to do with self-transcendence, but with the being of Transcendence-Itself, that is (...)
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  42.  2
    Ethics in Artificial Intelligence: Hidden Dangers.Alan M. Reznik & Fred R. T. Nelson - 2020 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 11 (1):75-80.
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  43. Independence as Relational Freedom.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2018 - In Sandrine Berges & Alberto L. Siani (eds.), Women Philosophers on Autonomy: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. New York: Routledge. pp. 94-112.
    In spite of its everyday connotations, the term independence as republicans understand it is not a celebration of individualism or self-reliance but embodies an acknowledgement of the importance of personal and social relationships in people’s lives. It reflects our connectedness rather than separateness and is in this regard a relational ideal. Properly understood, independence is a useful concept in addressing a fundamental problem in social philosophy that has preoccupied theorists of relational autonomy, namely how to reconcile the idea of individual (...)
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  44.  12
    Missives for the Future? Michael Löwy’s Close Encounters with the US Left.Alan M. Wald - 2023 - Historical Materialism 31 (1):159-190.
    The oeuvre of Brazilian-born and Parisian-educated Michael Löwy is widely recognised as the achievement of an exacting revolutionary cultural worker who integrates theory with his political duties, and labours hard at his craft so that the poetic imagination can reclaim and thereby re-enchant the reified reality of capitalist modernity. Nevertheless, when we come to Löwy’s reputation in the United States we face a curious situation. There is no doubt that his work is known and respected among many activists and scholars. (...)
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  45.  30
    The Wollstonecraftian Mind.Alan M. S. J. Coffee, Sandrine Berges & Eileen Hunt Botting (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    There has been a rising interest in the study of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) in philosophy, political theory, literary studies and the history of political thought in recent decades. The Wollstonecraftian Mind seeks to provide a comprehensive survey of her work, not only placing it in its historical context but also exploring its contemporary significance. Comprising 38 chapters by a team of international contributors this handbook covers: the background to Wollstonecraft’s work Wollstonecraft’s major works the relationship between Wollstonecraft and other major (...)
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  46. The Paradox of Campanella.Leonid M. Batkin & N. Slater - 1973 - Diogenes 21 (83):77-102.
  47.  21
    Hegel and the Spirit: Philosophy as Pneumatology.Alan M. Olson (ed.) - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    Hegel and the Spirit explores the meaning of Hegel's grand philosophical category, the category of Geist, by way of what Alan Olson terms a pneumatological thesis. Hegel's philosophy of spirit, according to Olson, is a speculative pneumatology that completes what Adolf von Harnack once called the "orphan doctrine" in Christian theology--the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. Olson argues that Hegel's development of philosophy as pneumatology originates out of a deep appreciation of Luther's dialectical understanding of Spirit and that Hegel's (...)
  48. Discursive representation in infancy.Alan M. Leslie - 1982 - In B. De Gelder (ed.), Knowledge and Representation. Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 80--93.
     
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  49.  50
    Even a theory-theory needs information processing: ToMM, an alternative theory-theory of the child's theory of mind.Alan M. Leslie, Tim P. German & Francesca G. Happé - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):56-57.
  50.  6
    Propagation algorithms for lexicographic ordering constraints.Alan M. Frisch, Brahim Hnich, Zeynep Kiziltan, Ian Miguel & Toby Walsh - 2006 - Artificial Intelligence 170 (10):803-834.
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