31 found
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  1.  76
    Toward a Second-Person Neuroscience.Bert Timmermans, Vasudevi Reddy, Alan Costall, Gary Bente, Tobias Schlicht, Kai Vogeley & Leonhard Schilbach - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):393-414.
    In spite of the remarkable progress made in the burgeoning field of social neuroscience, the neural mechanisms that underlie social encounters are only beginning to be studied and could —paradoxically— be seen as representing the ‘dark matter’ of social neuroscience. Recent conceptual and empirical developments consistently indicate the need for investigations, which allow the study of real-time social encounters in a truly interactive manner. This suggestion is based on the premise that social cognition is fundamentally different when we are in (...)
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  2.  5
    Against Theory of Mind.Ivan Leudar & Alan Costall (eds.) - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The "theory of mind" framework has been the fastest growing body of empirical research in contemporary psychology. It has given rise to a range of positions on what it takes to relate to others as intentional beings. This book brings together disparate strands of ToM research, lays out historical roots of the idea, and indicates better alternatives.
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  3.  90
    Canonical Affordances in Context.Alan Costall - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):85-93.
    James Gibson’s concept of affordances was an attempt to undermine the traditional dualism of the objective and subjective. Gibson himself insisted on the continuity of “affordances in general” and those attached to human artifacts. However, a crucial distinction needs to be drawn between “affordances in general” and the “canonical affordances” that are connected primarily to artifacts. Canonical affordances are conventional and normative. It is only in such cases that it makes sense to talk of the affordance of the object. Chairs, (...)
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  4.  13
    Jointly Structuring Triadic Spaces of Meaning and Action: Book Sharing From 3 Months On.Nicole Rossmanith, Alan Costall, Andreas F. Reichelt, Beatriz López & Vasudevi Reddy - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  5. ‘Introspectionism’ and the Mythical Origins of Scientific Psychology.Alan Costall - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):634-654.
    According to the majority of the textbooks, the history of modern, scientific psychology can be tidily encapsulated in the following three stages. Scientific psychology began with a commitment to the study of mind, but based on the method of introspection. Watson rejected introspectionism as both unreliable and effete, and redefined psychology, instead, as the science of behaviour. The cognitive revolution, in turn, replaced the mind as the subject of study, and rejected both behaviourism and a reliance on introspection. This paper (...)
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  6.  35
    A Second-Person Neuroscience in Interaction.Leonhard Schilbach, Bert Timmermans, Vasudevi Reddy, Alan Costall, Gary Bente, Tobias Schlicht & Kai Vogeley - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):441-462.
    In this response we address additions to as well as criticisms and possible misinterpretations of our proposal for a second-person neuroscience. We map out the most crucial aspects of our approach by (1) acknowledging that second-person engaged interaction is not the only way to understand others, although we claim that it is ontogenetically prior; (2) claiming that spectatorial paradigms need to be complemented in order to enable a full understanding of social interactions; and (3) restating that our theoretical proposal not (...)
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  7.  56
    Canonical Affordances: The Psychology of Everyday Things.Alan Costall & Ann Richards - 2013 - In Paul Graves-Brown, Rodney Harrison & Angela Piccini (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World. Oxford University Press. pp. 82.
    Psychologists have had very little to say about things. Things are one thing, people are another. There is now, however, a growing recognition of the importance of things within human psychology. But, in cognitive theory, the meanings of things are usually radically subjectivized. ‘Their’ meanings are really ‘our’ meanings that we mentally project upon them. James Gibson’s concept of affordances was an attempt to avoid subject–object dualism by defining the meanings of things-what we can do with them-as properties of the (...)
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  8. Michotte's Experimental Phenomenology of Perception.Georges Thines, Alan Costall & George Butterworth (eds.) - 1991 - Routledge.
    This volume of collected papers, with the accompanying essays by the editors, is the definitive source book for the work of this important experimental psychologist. Originally published in 1991, it offered previously inaccessible essays by Albert Michotte on phenomenal causality, phenomenal permanence, phenomenal reality, and perception and cognition. Within these four sections are the most significant and representative of the Belgian psychologist's research in the area of experimental phenomenology. Extremely insightful introductions by the editors are included that place the essays (...)
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  9. Gibson's Theory of Direct Perception and the Problem of Cultural Relativism.Alan Costall & Arthur Still - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (4):433–441.
  10.  57
    From Darwin to Watson and Back Again: The Principle of Animal-Environment Mutuality.Alan Costall - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):179-195.
    Modern cognitive psychology presents itself as the revolutionary alternative to behaviorism, yet there are blatant continuities between modern cognitivism and the mechanistic kind of behaviorism that cognitivists have in mind, such as their commitment to methodological behaviorism, the stimulus–response schema, and the hypothetico-deductive method. Both mechanistic behaviorism and cognitive behaviorism remain trapped within the dualisms created by the traditional ontology of physical science—dualisms that, one way or another, exclude us from the "physical world." Darwinian theory, however, put us back into (...)
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  11. Theory of Mind : The Madness Behind the Method.Ivan Leudar & Alan Costall - 2009 - In Ivan Leudar & Alan Costall (eds.), Against Theory of Mind. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  12.  1
    Against Cognitivism: Alternative Foundations for Cognitive Psychology.Arthur Still & Alan Costall - 1991
  13.  22
    Not Just Being Lifted: Infants Are Sensitive to Delay During a Pick-Up Routine.Valentina Fantasia, Gabriela Markova, Alessandra Fasulo, Alan Costall & Vasudevi Reddy - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  14.  53
    Lloyd Morgan, and the Rise and Fall of "Animal Psychology".Alan Costall - 1998 - Society and Animals 6 (1):13-29.
    Whereas Darwin insisted upon the continuity of human and nonhuman animals, more recent students of animal behavior have largely assumed discontinuity. Lloyd Morgan was a pivotal figure in this transformation. His "canon, " although intended to underpin a psychological approach to animals, has been persistently misunderstood to be a stark prohibition of anthropomorphic description. His extension to animals of the terms "behavior" and "trial-and-error, " previously restricted to human psychology, again largely unwittingly devalued their original meaning and widened the gulf (...)
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  15.  3
    Cognitive Psychology In Question.Alan Costall (ed.) - 1987 - St Martin's Press.
  16.  35
    Beyond Anecdotes: An Empirical Study of "Anthropomorphism".Paul Morris, Alan Costall & Margaret Fidler - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (2):151-165.
    The status of "anthropomorphic" descriptions of animals in terms of intentions and emotions has been generally regarded as a prescriptive methodological concern. In contrast, in the study of human social psychology the nature of psychological descriptions of other people has been approached as a substantive empirical issue. Following this lead, the present study investigated the nature of people's descriptions of short videotaped episodes of animal behavior. The descriptions obtained were predominantly anthropomorphic and structured according to a limited set of "event (...)
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  17.  27
    Theories, Technologies, Instrumentalities of Color: Anthropological and Historiographic Perspectives.Debi Roberson, Ian Davies, Jules Davidoff, Arnold Henselmans, Don Dedrick, Alan Costall, Angus Gellatly, Paul Whittle, Patrick Heelan, Rainer Mausfeld, Jaap van Brakel, Thomas Johansen, Hans Kraml, Joseph Wachelder, Friedrich Steinle & Ton Derksen - 2002 - Upa.
    Theories, Technologies, Instrumentalities of Color is the outcome of a workshop, held in Leuven, Belgium, in May 2000.
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  18. From Direct Perception to the Primacy of Action: A Closer Look at James Gibson's Ecological Approach to Psychology.Alan Costall - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell. pp. 70--89.
     
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  19. The Concept of 'Invariants' and the Problem of Perceptual Constancy.Alan Costall, Michele Sinico & Giulia Parovel - 2003 - Rivista di Estetica 43 (24):45-49.
     
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  20. The Limits of Language: Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy and Skinner's Radical Behaviorism.Alan Costall - 1980 - Behavior and Philosophy 8 (2):123.
  21. Doing Things with Things: The Design and Use of Everyday Objects.Ole Dreier & Alan Costall - 2006 - Routledge.
    In this book, contributors from across the social sciences focus on everyday objects and how these objects enter our activities over the course of time. Using a combination of different theoretical approaches, the book argues against the standard notion o.
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  22. Perception and Action.Eugene C. Goldfield, Peter H. Wolff, A. Barbu-Roth, Alan Costall & Lorraine E. Bahrick - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell.
     
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  23. On Historical Antecedents of Theory of Mind.Ivan Leudar & Alan Costall - 2009 - In Ivan Leudar & Alan Costall (eds.), Against Theory of Mind. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  24. Playful Teasing and the Emergence of Pretence.Vasudevi Reddy, Emma Williams & Alan Costall - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-19.
    The study of the emergence of pretend play in developmental psychology has generally been restricted to analyses of children’s play with toys and everyday objects. The widely accepted criteria for establishing pretence are the child’s manipulation of object identities, attributes or existence. In this paper we argue that there is another arena for pretending—playful pretend teasing—which arises earlier than pretend play with objects and is therefore potentially relevant for understanding the more general emergence of pretence. We present examples of playful (...)
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  25.  4
    Beyond Anecdotes: An Empirical Study of "Anthropomorphism".Paul Morris, Alan Costall & Margaret Fidler - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (1):151-165.
    The status of "anthropomorphic" descriptions of animals in terms of intentions and emotions has been generally regarded as a prescriptive methodological concern. In contrast, in the study of human social psychology the nature of psychological descriptions of other people has been approached as a substantive empirical issue. Following this lead, the present study investigated the nature of people's descriptions of short videotaped episodes of animal behavior. The descriptions obtained were predominantly anthropomorphic and structured according to a limited set of "event (...)
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  26.  35
    Getting Real About Invariants.Alan Costall, Giulia Parovel & Michele Sinico - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):219-220.
    Stoffregen & Bardy argue that unimodal invariants do not exist, and that only invariants are possible. But they confuse two separate issues. Amodal invariants, we argue, do indeed exist to specify features of the environment, but not even an amodal invariant, in isolation, could specify their or.
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  27. James Gibson and the Ecology of Agency.Alan Costall - 2000 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 33 (1-2):23-32.
     
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  28.  12
    The Place of Cognition in Human Evolution.Alan Costall - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):755-755.
  29.  18
    “Colour Science” and the Autonomy of Colour.Alan Costall - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):185-185.
    At the close of their searching critique, Saunders & van Brakel raise, but do not address, the question: There are two distinct traditions of colour research, one based on disembodied coloured lights and another on surface colour. The coherence and integrity of both these traditions are challenged by the nonautonomy of colour.
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  30.  9
    Getting Seriously Vague: Comments on Donald Borrett, Sean Kelly and Hon Kwan's Modelling of the Primordial.Alan Costall - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):229 – 232.
    Drawing upon the work of Merleau-Ponty, Borrett et al. (2000) have attempted to model the primordial, "empty heads turned towards the world." Putting the issue of embodiment aside for another day, they propose two separate models, one of movement and the other of perception. While I am sympathetic to the point of their project, I argue in this commentary that their models are insufficiently vague. The following analytic abstractions to which they commit themselves seem seriously at odds with the nature (...)
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  31. The Limits of Language: Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy and Skinner's Radical Behaviorism.Alan Costall - 1980 - Behaviorism 8 (2):123-131.