Results for 'Aileen O���Brien'

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  1.  20
    Public Mental Health Crisis Management and Section 136 of the Mental Health Act.Aileen O’Brien, Faisil Sethi, Mark Smith & Annie Bartlett - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):349-353.
    The interface between mental health services and the criminal justice system presents challenges both for professionals and patients. Both systems are stressed and inherently complex. Section 136 of the Mental Health Act is unusual being both an aspect of the Mental Health Act and a power of arrest. It has a long and controversial history related to concerns about who has been detained and how the section was applied. More recently, Section 136 has had a public profile stemming from the (...)
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  2.  7
    New Leaves: Studies and Translations of Japanese Literature in Honor of Edward Seidensticker.James O'Brien, Aileen Gatten & Anthony Hood Chambers - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):489.
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  3.  10
    Current Appeal System for Those Detained in England and Wales Under the Mental Health Act Needs Reform.Paul Gosney, Paul Lomax, Carwyn Hooper & Aileen O’Brien - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):173-177.
    The approach to managing the involuntary detention of people suffering from psychiatric conditions can be divided into those with clinicians at the forefront of decision-making and those who rely heavily on the judiciary. The system in England and Wales takes a clinical approach where doctors have widespread powers to detain and treat patients involuntarily. A protection in this system is the right of the individual to challenge a decision to deprive them of their liberty or treat them against their will. (...)
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  4.  7
    A Thousand Machines: A Concise Philosophy of the Machine as Social Movement.Aileen Derieg (ed.) - 2010 - Semiotext(E).
    In this "concise philosophy of the machine," Gerald Raunig provides a historical and critical backdrop to a concept proposed forty years ago by the French philosophers Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze: the machine, not as a technical device and apparatus, but as a social composition and concatenation. This conception of the machine as an arrangement of technical, bodily, intellectual, and social components subverts the opposition between man and machine, organism and mechanism, individual and community. Drawing from an unusual range of (...)
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  5.  37
    Global Unions? Theory and Strategies of Organised Labour in the Global Political Economy, Edited by Jeffrey Harrod and Robert O'Brien.Mark O'Brien - 2006 - Historical Materialism 14 (2):229-239.
  6.  1
    Dancing in the Dark: A Survivor’s Guide to the University, Edited By Anne Pirrie, Nini Fang and Elizabeth O’Brien, Tilosophy Press, 2021, 64pp., GBP7.99 (Paperback), ISBN: 978-1-3999-0091-1. [REVIEW]Anne Pirrie, Nini Fang & Elizabeth O’Brien - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-3.
  7.  3
    Applying Evolutionary Archaeology a Systematic Approach.Michael J. O'Brien & R. Lee Lyman - 2000 - Springer Science & Business Media.
    Anthropology, and by extension archaeology, has had a long-standing interest in evolution in one or several of its various guises. Pick up any lengthy treatise on humankind written in the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the chances are good that the word evolution will appear somewhere in the text. If for some reason the word itself is absent, the odds are excellent that at least the concept of change over time will have a central role in the discussion. (...)
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  8. Theories of Weight in the Ancient World: Four Essays on Democritus, Plato and Aristotle. A Study in the Development of Ideas. 2. Plato: Weight and Sensation. The Two Theories of the 'Timaeus'. [REVIEW]Denis O'Brien - 1984 - Brill.
  9.  16
    T. M. Scanlon, Why Does Inequality Matter? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018), Pp. 192. [REVIEW]David O'Brien - 2022 - Utilitas 34 (1):113-118.
  10. Final Version: O'Brien, L. F. , 'Solipsism and Self-Reference', European Journal of Philosophy 4:175-194.Lucy O'Brien - manuscript
    In this paper I want to propose that we see solipsism as arising from certain problems we have about identifying ourselves as subjects in an objective world. The discussion will centre on Wittgenstein’s treatment of solipsism in his Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus. In that work Wittgenstein can be seen to express an unusually profound understanding of the problems faced in trying to give an account of how we, who are subjects, identify ourselves as objects in the world. We have in his (...)
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  11.  9
    Conservatism Reconsidered.David O'Brien - 2022 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 8 (1):149-168.
    G. A. Cohen has argued that there is a surprising truth in conservatism—namely, that there is a reason for some valuable things to be preserved, even if they could be replaced with other, more valuable things. This conservative thesis is motivated, Cohen suggests, by our judgments about a range of hypothetical cases. After reconstructing Cohen's conservative thesis, I argue that the relevant judgments about these cases do not favor the conservative thesis over standard, nonconservative axiological views. But I then argue (...)
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  12. Why Liberal Neutrality Prohibits Same-Sex Marriage: Rawls, Political Liberalism, and the Family.Matthew B. O'Brien - 2012 - British Journal of American Legal Studies 1 (2):411-466.
    John Rawls’s political liberalism and its ideal of public reason are tremendously influential in contemporary political philosophy and in constitutional law as well. Many, perhaps even most, liberals are Rawlsians of one stripe or another. This is problematic, because most liberals also support the redefinition of civil marriage to include same-sex unions, and as I show, Rawls’s political liberalism actually prohibits same- sex marriage. Recently in Perry v. Schwarzenegger, however, California’s northern federal district court reinterpreted the traditional rational basis review (...)
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  13.  58
    Egalitarian Nonconsequentialism and the Levelling Down Objection.David O'Brien - 2019 - Ratio 32 (1):74-83.
    Telic egalitarianism is famously threatened by the levelling down objection. In its canonical form, the objection purports to show that it is not, in itself, an improvement if inequality is reduced. In a variant that is less often discussed, the objection is that telic egalitarians are committed to believing that sometimes one ought to reduce inequality, even when doing so makes no one better off. The standard egalitarian response to this ‘all things considered’ variant of the levelling down objection is (...)
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  14.  45
    The Unit and Currency of Egalitarian Concern.David O’Brien - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (5):613-643.
    According to telic egalitarianism, it is, in one respect, noninstrumentally bad if some people are unfairly worse off than others. This paper is about two ambiguities in telic egalitarianism. The first ambiguity concerns the so-called temporal unit of egalitarian concern. This is the question of whether inequality during whole lives, inequality during certain segments of lives, or some combination of these, is what generates egalitarian concern. The second ambiguity concerns the so-called currency of welfarist egalitarian concern. In the present context, (...)
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  15.  1
    How Far Can Political Liberalism Support Reforms in Higher Education?David O'Brien - forthcoming - Social Theory & Practice.
    According to a standard picture in the educational policy and educational ethics literature, justice requires significant alterations to higher-education arrangements, in order to equalize opportunity and benefit badly-off social groups. I argue that, if political liberalism is correct, then a range of higher-education reforms favored by the standard picture lack support. After canvassing the standard picture (section 2), I explain why political liberalism entails that some institutions have a special status that prohibits certain kinds of interventions on them (section 3), (...)
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  16. Intentional Agency.Lilian O'Brien - 2022 - In Luca Ferrero (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Agency. Abingdon, UK: pp. 109-117.
  17.  92
    Cultural Niche Construction: An Introduction.Kevin N. Laland & Michael J. O’Brien - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):191-202.
    Niche construction is the process whereby organisms, through their activities and choices, modify their own and each other’s niches. By transforming natural-selection pressures, niche construction generates feedback in evolution at various different levels. Niche-constructing species play important ecological roles by creating habitats and resources used by other species and thereby affecting the flow of energy and matter through ecosystems—a process often referred to as “ecosystem engineering.” An important emphasis of niche construction theory is that acquired characters play an evolutionary role (...)
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  18.  41
    Video Tools for Teaching Ethics: Two Video Reviews by Sean O'Brien.Sean O'Brien - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (2):120 – 122.
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  19. Théodicée Plotinienne, Théodicée Gnostique.Denis O'Brien - 1993 - Brill.
    Plotinus : a detailed study of Plotinus' theories on matter and the soul , in relation to select passages from his treatise Against the Gnostics.
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  20.  31
    A Border Dispute: The Place of Logic in Psychology. John Macnamara.David P. O'Brien - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):347-349.
  21.  29
    Embodiment and Estrangement: Results From a First-in-Human “Intelligent BCI” Trial.F. Gilbert, M. Cook, T. O’Brien & J. Illes - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):83-96.
    While new generations of implantable brain computer interface devices are being developed, evidence in the literature about their impact on the patient experience is lagging. In this article, we address this knowledge gap by analysing data from the first-in-human clinical trial to study patients with implanted BCI advisory devices. We explored perceptions of self-change across six patients who volunteered to be implanted with artificially intelligent BCI devices. We used qualitative methodological tools grounded in phenomenology to conduct in-depth, semi-structured interviews. Results (...)
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  22. Self-Knowing Agents.Lucy O'Brien - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Lucy O'Brien argues that a satisfactory account of first-person reference and self-knowledge needs to concentrate on our nature as agents. Clearly written, with rigorous discussion of rival views, this book will be of interest to anyone working in the philosophy of mind and action.
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  23. Responses to O'Brien and Shoemaker.Richard Moran - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):402-19.
  24. Governors' Mansions of the South.Ann Liberman, Alise O'brien & Jeb Bush - 2008 - University of Missouri.
    "Explores the history, architecture, and furnishings of the thirteen magnificent governors' mansions of the American South. Emphasizing the mansions themselves, Ann Liberman describes each building's architectural history, including renovations, in lightof the history of each state. Alise O'Brien's lavish color photographs illuminate the interiors and exteriors of the mansions"--Provided by publisher.
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  25. An Empirical Test of a Cross-National Model of Corporate Social Responsibility.Ali M. Quazi & Dennis O'Brien - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 25 (1):33-51.
    Most models of corporate social responsibility revolve around the controversy as to whether business is a single dimensional entity of profit maximization or a multi-dimensional entity serving greater societal interests. Furthermore, the models are mostly descriptive in nature and are based on the experiences of western countries. There has been little attempt to develop a model that accounts for corporate social responsibility in diverse environments with differing socio-cultural and market settings. In this paper an attempt has been made to fill (...)
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  26.  1
    Commercial Advertising of Alcohol: Using Law to Challenge Public Health Regulation.Paula O’Brien, Robin Room & Dan Anderson-Luxford - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (2):240-249.
    In most countries, the alcohol industry enjoys considerable freedom to market its products. Where government regulation is proposed or enacted, the alcohol industry has often deployed legal arguments and used legal forums to challenge regulation. Governments considering marketing regulation must be cognizant of relevant legal constraints and be prepared to defend their policies against industry legal challenges.
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  27.  1
    For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics by Alex John London.Jaime O’Brien, Lou Vinarcsik & Yolonda Wilson - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (2):390-391.
    Written in response to what he recognizes as the problematic philosophical underpinnings of “orthodox research ethics,” Alex John London’s For the Common Good reimagines what is called for in any effort to create a better system of oversight and regulation in biomedical research. London weaves a common thread — justice — through this historical and critical account of the practice of research ethics and its organization of stakeholders, institutions and regulations. By introducing the idea of “a common good” London reframes (...)
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  28.  9
    Egalitarian Machine Learning.Clinton Castro, David O’Brien & Ben Schwan - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-28.
    Prediction-based decisions, which are often made by utilizing the tools of machine learning, influence nearly all facets of modern life. Ethical concerns about this widespread practice have given rise to the field of fair machine learning and a number of fairness measures, mathematically precise definitions of fairness that purport to determine whether a given prediction-based decision system is fair. Following Reuben Binns (2017), we take ‘fairness’ in this context to be a placeholder for a variety of normative egalitarian considerations. We (...)
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  29.  8
    The Definition of Consequentialism: A Survey.Oscar Horta, Gary David O'Brien & Dayron Teran - forthcoming - Utilitas:1-18.
    There are different meanings associated with consequentialism and teleology. This causes confusion, and sometimes results in discussions based on misunderstandings rather than on substantial disagreements. To clarify this, we created a survey on the definitions of ‘consequentialism’ and ‘teleology’, which we sent to specialists in consequentialism. We broke down the different meanings of consequentialism and teleology into four component parts: Outcome-Dependence, Value-Dependence, Maximization, and Agent-Neutrality. Combining these components in different ways we distinguished six definitions, all of which are represented in (...)
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  30.  14
    The Effects of Closed-Loop Brain Implants on Autonomy and Deliberation: What Are the Risks of Being Kept in the Loop?Frederic Gilbert, Terence O’Brien & Mark Cook - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):316-325.
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  31.  24
    The Essential Plotinus: Representative Treatises From the Enneads. Plotinus & Elmer O'Brien - 1964 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    'The Essential Plotinus is a lifesaver.
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  32.  18
    Eye‐Tracking and Translation Memory Matches.O'Brien Sharon - 2007 - Perspectives 14 (3):185-205.
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  33.  86
    Leaping Ahead of Heidegger: Subjectivity and Intersubjectivity in Being and Time.Mahon O’Brien - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (4):534-551.
    Heidegger?s accounts of Dasein?s dual nature as both individual and social in Being and Time have been a longstanding source of confusion and controversy in the literature. Many critics have been keen to identify contradictions between Heidegger?s positive account of the social nature of everyday Dasein and the putatively solipsistic account of authentic Dasein which comes later. This paper focuses on Heidegger?s brief attempts to sketch the outlines for the notion of something like authentic intersubjectivity. In doing so we will (...)
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  34.  22
    Just War, Limited War and Vietnam.William O'Brien - 1973 - Journal of Social Philosophy 4 (1):16-18.
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  35.  12
    Confidentiality and the Duties of Care.J. O'Brien - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (1):36-40.
    Doctors have an ethical and legal duty to respect patient confidentiality. We consider the basis for this duty, looking particularly at the meaning and value of autonomy in health care. Enabling patients to decide how information about them is disclosed is an important element in autonomy and helps patients engage as active partners in their care.Good quality data is, however, essential for research, education, public health monitoring, and for many other activities essential to provision of health care. We discuss whether (...)
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  36.  53
    A Feminist Interpretation of Hume on Testimony.Dan O'Brien - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (3):632 - 652.
    Hume is usually taken to have an evidentialist account of testimonial belief: one is justified in believing what someone says if one has empincal evidence that they have been reliable in the past. This account is impartialist: such evidence is required no matter who the person is, or what refotions she may have to you. I, however, argue that Hume has another account of testimony, one grounded in sympathy. This account is partialist, in that empincal evidence is not required in (...)
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  37.  20
    A Theory of If: A Lexical Entry, Reasoning Program, and Pragmatic Principles.Martin D. Braine & David P. O'Brien - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):182-203.
  38.  3
    Examining Language Switching and Cognitive Control Through the Adaptive Control Hypothesis.Gabrielle Lai & Beth A. O’Brien - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39.  6
    Samuel Hartlib's Influence on Robert Boyle's Scientific Development.John J. O'Brien - 1965 - Annals of Science 21 (1):1-14.
  40.  84
    Idioms and Mental Imagery: The Metaphorical Motivation for Idiomatic Meaning.Raymond W. Gibbs & Jennifer E. O'Brien - 1990 - Cognition 36 (1):35-68.
  41. Lucy O'Brien on The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics.C. Rovane - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):230-234.
  42. Mental Logic.Martin D. S. Braine & David P. O'brien - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (2):297-299.
  43.  33
    D. O'Brien: Théodicée Plotinienne, Théodicée Gnostique. . Pp. 117. Leiden, New York, Cologne: E. J. Brill, 1993. Cased, Gld. 80/$45.75. [REVIEW]Richard Gaskin - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (2):409-409.
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  44.  53
    Dan O'Brien, Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Daniel A. Kaufman - 2009 - Teaching Philosophy 32 (4):413-417.
  45. The Essential Plotinus. Plotinus & Elmer O'Brien - 1964 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    _"The Essential Plotinus_ is a lifesaver. For many years my students in Greek and Roman Religion have depended on it to understand the transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages. The translation is crisp and clear, and the excerpts are just right for an introduction to Plotionus's many-layered view of the world and humankind’s place in it." --F. E. Romer, University of Arizona.
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  46. Mary O'Brien, The Politics of Reproduction Reviewed By.Maryann Ayim - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (10):469-471.
  47.  74
    Category Learning and Multiple Memory Systems.F. Gregory Ashby & Jeffrey B. O'Brien - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):83-89.
  48.  14
    From Tell-Tale Signs to Irreconcilable Struggles: The Value of Emotion in Exploring the Ethical Dilemmas of Human Resource Professionals.Carol Linehan & Elaine O’Brien - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (4):763-777.
    This paper explores the character of emotion and its value in understanding ethical dilemmas in work organisations. Specifically, we examine the emotional labour of human resource professionals. Through in-depth interviews and diary study, we uncover the emotional and ethical struggles of HRPs as they search for the ‘right thing to do’ in situated interaction. Through the lens of emotion, we chart the process of how the very framing of what is deemed ‘right’ can move from the social to the moral (...)
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  49. O'BRIEN, D.: Empedocles' Cosmic Cycle. [REVIEW]J. M. Lee - 1972 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50:292.
     
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  50.  2
    The Destitution of Dasein.Mahon O'Brien - 2022 - In Luce Irigaray (ed.), Challenging a Fictitious Neutrality. pp. 13 - 72.
    In recent work Irigaray has continued to meditate on the myopic (we might say ‘monadic’) focus of the Western tradition when it comes to its failure to acknowledge sexuate difference. Irigaray has successfully diagnosed the patriarchally over-determined nature of that tradition masquerading behind a façade of objectivity and neutrality in ways that continue to open up interpretive and critical possibilities in terms of reading the canon today. In some of her work, Irigaray levels a powerful challenge against Heidegger’s conception of (...)
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