8 found
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  1.  16
    Vaccination Mandates, Physically Forced Vaccination, and Rationing in the Intensive Care Unit: Searching for Ethical Coherence in the COVID-19 Pandemic.Afschin Gandjour - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-4.
    Vaccine mandates are coercive because they impose penalties, such as fines, criminal sanctions, or job loss. However, they are not as coercive as physical force. Mandates c...
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  2.  63
    Utilitarian Theories Reconsidered: Common Misconceptions, More Recent Developments, and Health Policy Implications.Afschin Gandjour & Karl Wilhelm Lauterbach - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (3):229-244.
    Despite the prevalence of the terms utilitarianism and utilitarian in the health care and health policy literature, anecdotal evidence suggests that authors are often not fully aware of the diversity of utilitarian theories, their principles, and implications. Further, it seems that authors often categorically reject utilitarianism under the assumption that it violates individual rights. The tendency of act utilitarianism to neglect individual rights is attenuated, however, by the diminishing marginal utility of wealth and the disutility of a protest by those (...)
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  3.  2
    Autonomy, Coercion, and Public Healthcare Guarantees: The Uptake of Sofosbuvir in Germany.Afschin Gandjour - 2021 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (1):90-102.
    Health insurance coverage for incarcerated citizens is generally acceptable by Western standards. However, it creates internal tensions with the prevailing justifications for public healthcare. In particular, a conceptualization of medical care as a source of autonomy enhancement does not align with the decreased autonomy of incarceration and the needs-based conceptualization of medical care in cases of imprisonment; and rejecting responsibility as a criterion for assigning medical care conflicts with the use of responsibility as a criterion for assigning punishment. The recent (...)
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  4.  6
    Interpersonal Comparison of Welfare Based on Harsanyi\.Afschin Gandjour - 2021 - Ethical Perspectives 28 (4):385-416.
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  5.  21
    Is Subjective Well-Being a Useful Parameter for Allocating Resources Among Public Interventions?Afschin Gandjour - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (4):437-447.
    Scarce public resources require trade-offs between competing programs indifferent sectors, and the careful allocation of fixed resources within a single sector. This paper argues that a general quality of life instrument encompassing health-related and non-health-related components is suitable for determining the best trade-offs between sectors. Further, this paper suggests that subjective well-being shows the properties crucial to a general quality of life measure and has additional advantages that makes it particularly useful for the allocation of public and health care resources. (...)
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  6.  29
    Is It Rational to Pursue Utilitarianism?Afschin Gandjour - 2007 - Ethical Perspectives 14 (2):139-158.
    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the rational foundation of utilitarianism and the moral motivation to pursue utilitarianism. To this end, the paper discusses a variety of theories including not only utilitarianism and theories of rationality, but also economic theory and evolutionary theories of cooperation.The paper shows that both the rational foundation of utilitarianism and the motivation to pursue utilitarianism are questionable. Agent-relative theories are a recent attempt to attenuate the problem of motivation for utilitarianism. This paper shows, (...)
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  7.  8
    What Drives US Competitiveness in Mathematics and Science?Afschin Gandjour - 2008 - Educational Studies 34 (4):269-270.
    The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study shows that US school students have a lower level of achievement than students from many East Asian countries. Therefore, media, researchers and policy‐makers in the United States have often argued that US competitiveness in mathematics and science will decline. This paper aims at verifying this conclusion by analysing data on medallists at the International Olympiads for high school students. The analysis suggests that US competitiveness may not be endangered.
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  8.  23
    Inductive Reasoning in Medicine: Lessons From Carl Gustav Hempel's 'Inductive‐Statistical' Model.Afschin Gandjour & Karl Wilhelm Lauterbach - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):161-169.