Results for 'Adelia M. Peters'

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  1.  44
    Book Reviews Section 4.Adelia M. Peters, Mary B. Harris, Richard T. Walls, George A. Letchworth, Ruth G. Strickland, Thomas L. Patrick, Donald R. Chipley, David R. Stone, Diane Lapp, Joan S. Stark, James W. Wagener, Dewane E. Lamka, Ernest B. Jaski, John Spiess, John D. Lind, Thomas J. la Belle, Erwin H. Goldenstein, George R. la Noue, David M. Rafky, L. D. Haskew, Robert J. Nash, Norman H. Leeseberg, Joseph J. Pizzillo & Vincent Crockenberg - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):169-185.
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  2.  21
    Temporal Logic: From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per F. V. Hasle - 1995 - Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Temporal Logic: From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence deals with the history of temporal logic as well as the crucial systematic questions within the field. The book studies the rich contributions from ancient and medieval philosophy up to the downfall of temporal logic in the Renaissance. The modern rediscovery of the subject, which is especially due to the work of A. N. Prior, is described, leading into a thorough discussion of the use of temporal logic in computer science and the (...)
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  3. In defence of the thin red line: a case for ockhamism.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2009 - Humana. Mente 8:17-32.
     
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  4. In Defence of the Thin Red Line: A Case for Ockhamism.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2009 - Humana Mente 3 (8).
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  5. Future contingents.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  6.  53
    A critical discussion of Prior’s philosophical and tense-logical analysis of the ideas of indeterminism and human freedom.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):69-85.
    This paper is a critical discussion of A.N. Prior’s contribution to the modern understanding of indeterminism and human freedom of choice. Prior suggested that these ideas should be conceived in terms of his tense logic. It can be demonstrated that his approach provides an attractive formalization that makes it possible to discuss indeterminism and human freedom of choice in a very precise manner and in a broader metaphysical context. It is also argued that Prior’s development of this approach was closely (...)
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  7.  82
    A. N. prior's rediscovery of tense logic.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle - 1993 - Erkenntnis 39 (1):23 - 50.
  8. Problems regarding the future operator in an indeterministic tense logic.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1981 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 18:81-95.
     
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  9.  85
    Anselm, ockham and Leibniz on divine foreknowledge and human freedom.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (2):209 - 222.
  10.  48
    Prior’s defence of Hintikka’s theorem. A discussion of Prior’s ‘The logic of obligation and the obligations of the logician’.Peter Øhrstrøm, Jörg Zeller & Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):449-454.
    In his paper, The logic of obligation and the obligations of the logician, A.N. Prior considers Hintikka's theorem, according to which a statement cannot be both impossible and permissible. This theorem has been seen as problematic for the very idea of a logic of obligation. However, Prior rejects the view that the logic of obligation cannot be formalised. He sees this resistance against such a view as an important part of what could be called the obligation of the logician. Prior (...)
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  11. Lorhard, Ramus, and Timpler and “The birth of ontology”.Peter Øhrstrøm & Sara L. Uckelman - 2022 - Journal of Knowledge Structures and Systems 3 (2):48-56.
    This review article offers a discussion of some aspects of the historical and conceptual context when the term “ontology” (Lat. ontologia) was first introduced in the scholarly circles of the early 17th century. In particular, Barry Smith's (2022) analysis of the birth of ontology provides a springboard for some further remarks on the author of the work with the first known occurrence of the word “ontologia”, Jacob Lorhard, including an analysis of his relationship with earlier philosophers Petrus Ramus and Clemens (...)
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  12.  4
    Guldberg and Waage on the Influence of Temperature on the Rates of Chemical Reactions.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1985 - Centaurus 28 (3):277-287.
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  13.  39
    The Concept of Time:A Philosophical and Logical Perspective.Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
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  14. Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1983 - Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec Et Latin 44:180-186.
     
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  15.  16
    Prior’s big Y and the Idea of Branching Time.Peter Øhrstrøm & Manuel González - 2022 - History and Philosophy of Logic:1-4.
    In his famous letter to A. N. Prior dated 3 September 1958, Saul Kripke suggested the use of branching time in temporal logic. In this paper, however, it is argued that Prior worked with an idea close to the notion of branching time (‘the big Y’) already the year before he received Kripke’s letter. It is likely that Prior’s findings based on this early study can explain why Prior so quickly accepted the idea of branching time when he received Kripke’s (...)
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  16.  87
    Branching time, indeterminism and tense logic: Unveiling the Prior–Kripke letters.Thomas Ploug & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):367-379.
    This paper deals with the historical and philosophical background of the introduction of the notion of branching time in philosophical logic as it is revealed in the hitherto unpublished mail-correspondence between Saul Kripke and A.N. Prior in the late 1950s. The paper reveals that the idea was first suggested by Saul Kripke in a letter to A.N. Prior, dated September 3, 1958, and it is shown how the elaboration of the idea in the course of the correspondence was intimately intervowen (...)
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  17.  8
    Chapter Fifteen–The Uncertainty of the Future.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2004 - In Paul Harris & Michael Crawford (eds.), Time and Uncertainty. Brill. pp. 11--229.
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  18.  34
    Conventionality in distant simultaneity.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1980 - Foundations of Physics 10 (3-4):333-343.
    The paper defends the thesis of conventionality in distant simultaneity within the special theory of relativity. The thesis can be expressed in the following way: There is no method independent of standard synchronization by which the one-way velocity of light can be measured if all empirical consequences of the special theory of relativity are to be accepted. Three methods which have recently been suggested are investigated. It is shown that they all depend on the method of standard synchronization. It is (...)
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  19. Classical Syllogisms in Logic Teaching.Peter Øhrstrøm, Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen, Steinar Thorvaldsen & Thomas Ploug - unknown
     
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  20.  79
    Ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information.Peter Øhrstrøm & Johan Dyhrberg - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (3):221-241.
    This paper deals with certain ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information. Section 1 contains an analysis of research on Internet debates. In particular, it takes into account a famous example of deception for psychology research purposes. In section 2, the focus is on research on personal data in texts published on the Internet. Section 3 includes an attempt to formulate some ethical principles and guidelines, which should be regarded as fundamental in research on (...)
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  21.  34
    From a logical angle: Some studies in A.N. Prior’s ideas on time, discourse and metaphysics.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per F. V. Hasle - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):325-330.
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  22.  18
    From a logical angle: Some studies in A.N. Prior’s ideas on time, discourse and metaphysics.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per F. V. Hasle - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):325 - 330.
  23.  34
    Geochronology as a metaphysical research programme.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1987 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 18 (1-2):204-214.
    In diesem Artikel wird der wissenschaftstheoretische Stand der Geochronologie mit Hintergrund in den Arbeiten von Kuhn und besonders Popper diskutiert. Die Geochronologie wird untersucht mit Hinblick auf generelle methodologische Voraussetzungen, Terminologie, normal-wissenschaftliche Aktivitätsform und "theoretische Dogmatik". Als Konklusion ergibt sich, daß die fundamentalen Theoriekonstruktionen der Geochronologie nicht testbar sind, sondern als ein metaphysisches Forschungsprogramm im Sinne Poppers charakterisiert werden müssen.
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  24.  6
    Highlights in the Development of Tense-Logic.Peter øhrstrøm - 2023 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 30 (1):5-31.
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  25. Minds and Computers.Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
  26. Nogle aspekter af tidsbegrebets rolle i de eksakte videnskaber med særligt henblik på logikken: en videnskabshistorisk og videnskabsteoretisk undersøgelse.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1988 - [Aalborg]: Aalborg universitetsforlag.
  27.  53
    Nissim-Sabat On The The One-Way Velocity Of Light.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):120-122.
  28.  22
    Preface.Peter Øhrstrøm, Per F. V. Hasle & Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):323-324.
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  29.  11
    Peircean diagrams of time.Peter øØhrstrøøm - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (186):259-274.
    Some very good arguments can be given in favor of the Augustinean wisdom, according to which it is impossible to provide a satisfactory definition of the concept of time. However, even in the absence of a proper definition, it is possible to deal with conceptual problems regarding time. It can be done in terms of analogies and metaphors. In particular, it is attractive to make use of Peirce's diagrams by means of which various kinds of conceptual experimentation can be carried (...)
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  30.  29
    Prior's Grappling with Peirce's Existential Graphs.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2018 - History and Philosophy of Logic 39 (2):158-163.
    A. N. Prior very much admired the logic and philosophy of C.S. Peirce. In the spring of 1962 Prior went to Chicago to study Peirce's ideas. One of the topics that caught his attention was Peirce's existential graphs. This interest continued when he returned to England. In this paper Prior's grappling with the existential graphs will be discussed.
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  31. Richard Lavenham on Temporal Instants.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1985 - Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec Et Latin 49:7-23.
     
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  32. Richard of Lavenham's analysis of the future contingency problem represented in terms of modern tempo-modal logic.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2018 - In Christoph Kann, Benedikt Löewe, Christian Rode & Sara Liana Uckelman (eds.), Modern views of medieval logic. Leuven: Peeters.
  33. Time and Free Choice.Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
     
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  34.  13
    Towards an Integration of Mainstream and Formal Epistemology.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2006 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 41 (1):93-99.
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  35.  42
    Time and knowledge: Some reflections on Prior’s analysis of the paradox of the prisoner.Peter Øhrstrøm, Lasse Burri Gram-Hansen & Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):417-422.
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  36.  5
    "Temporalis" in Medieval Logic.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1982 - Franciscan Studies 42 (1):166-179.
  37.  7
    Rekursive Funktionen.Raphael M. Robinson & Rozsa Peter - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (4):280.
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  38.  90
    Issues in robot ethics seen through the lens of a moral Turing test.Anne Gerdes & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (2):98-109.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore artificial moral agency by reflecting upon the possibility of a Moral Turing Test and whether its lack of focus on interiority, i.e. its behaviouristic foundation, counts as an obstacle to establishing such a test to judge the performance of an Artificial Moral Agent. Subsequently, to investigate whether an MTT could serve as a useful framework for the understanding, designing and engineering of AMAs, we set out to address fundamental challenges within (...)
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  39.  35
    Tests for consciousness in humans and beyond.Tim Bayne, Anil K. Seth, Marcello Massimini, Joshua Shepherd, Axel Cleeremans, Stephen M. Fleming, Rafael Malach, Jason Mattingley, David K. Menon, Adrian M. Owen, Megan A. K. Peters, Adeel Razi & Liad Mudrik - 2024 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 29.
    Which systems/organisms are conscious? New tests for consciousness (‘C-tests’) are urgently needed. There is persisting uncertainty about when consciousness arises in human development, when it is lost due to neurological disorders and brain injury, and how it is distributed in nonhuman species. This need is amplified by recent and rapid developments in artificial intelligence (AI), neural organoids, and xenobot technology. Although a number of C-tests have been proposed in recent years, most are of limited use, and currently we have no (...)
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  40.  27
    Evaluating the relationship between change in performance on training tasks and on untrained outcomes.Elizabeth M. Zelinski, Kelly D. Peters, Shoshana Hindin, Kevin T. Petway & Robert F. Kennison - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  41.  27
    Motives, Timing, and Targets of Corporate Philanthropy: A Tripartite Classification Scheme of Charitable Giving.Joe M. Ricks & Richard C. Peters - 2013 - Business and Society Review 118 (3):413-436.
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  42.  31
    Positive feelings facilitate working memory and complex decision making among older adults.Stephanie M. Carpenter, Ellen Peters, Daniel Västfjäll & Alice M. Isen - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):184-192.
    The impact of induced mild positive feelings on working memory and complex decision making among older adults (aged 63–85) was examined. Participants completed a computer administered card task in which participants could win money if they chose from “gain” decks and lose money if they chose from “loss” decks. Individuals in the positive-feeling condition chose better than neutral-feeling participants and earned more money overall. Participants in the positive-feeling condition also demonstrated improved working-memory capacity. These effects of positive-feeling induction have implications (...)
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  43. The Prior-von Wright Debate on Anselm's Argument for the Existence of God.David Jakobsen & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2017 - In Ilkka Niiniluoto & Thomas Wallgren (eds.), On the Human Condition : Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright. Helsingfors, Finland: pp. 255-267.
    Arthur Norman Prior (1914 – 1969) and Georg Henrik von Wright (1916 – 2003) both attended a conference in England sometime in the spring of 1956, after which they corresponded on Anselm’s ontological argument. Prior had at the conference presented a formal treatment of the ontological argument. Based upon notes from the Prior archive at the Bodleian Library, and correspondence with von Wright, we here presents Prior’s and von Wrights’ discussion of Anselm’s argument in light of Prior’s published, as well (...)
     
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  44.  77
    Darwin’s Perplexing Paradox: Intelligent Design in Nature.Steinar Thorvaldsen & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (1):78-98.
    Much has been written through the years of the clash between Darwinism and natural theology, and the basic tenants of this debate are well understood (Gillispie 1959; Bowler 1977; Ruse 2003; McGrath 2011). However, the literature is still growing, and one may wonder if anything new may yet be added. Of these new literary sources, one of the richest is the online Darwin Correspondence Project, which makes it possible to search and read the full texts of all correspondence either sent (...)
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  45.  27
    Research with Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Ethical Considerations.M. M. Mendiola, T. Peters, E. W. Young & L. Zoloth-Dorfman - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):31-36.
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  46. Research with Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Ethical Considerations.Karen Lebacqz, Michael M. Mendiola, Ted Peters, Ernlé W. D. Young & Laurie Zoloth‐Dorfman - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):31-36.
  47. Conceptual and Metaphysical Origins and Relevance of Temporal Logic.David Jakobsen & Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
    Logic has sometimes been seen as an alternative to metaphysics and to speculation. In this paper it is argued that a different story should be told when it comes to temporal logic and tense-logic in particular. A. N. Prior’s first formulation of tense logic was mainly established in order to qualify the discussion of certain metaphysical and conceptual problems. Although temporal logic has now been developed in various abstract and rather technical ways, it may still serve as a great help (...)
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  48.  19
    Aristotle and the Arabs, The Aristotelian Tradition in Islam.R. M. Frank & F. E. Peters - 1970 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (4):556.
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  49.  30
    Conceptual and Metaphysical Origins and Relevance of Temporal Logic.David Jakobsen & Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
    Logic has sometimes been seen as an alternative to metaphysics and to speculation. In this paper it is argued that a different story should be told when it comes to temporal logic and tense-logic in particular. A.N. Prior’s first formulation of tense logic was mainly established in order to qualify the discussion of certain metaphysical and conceptual problems. Although temporal logic has now been developed in various abstract and rather technical ways, it may still serve as a great help for (...)
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  50.  35
    Prior’s paradigm for the study of time and its methodological motivation.Per Hasle & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2016 - Synthese 193 (11):3401-3416.
    A. N. Prior’s writings should obviously be studied already for historical reasons. His inventions of modern temporal logic and hybrid logic are clearly important events in the history of logic. But the enduring importance of studying his works also rests on his methodological approach, which remains highly relevant also for systematical reasons. In this paper we argue that Prior’s formulation in the 1950s of a tense-logical paradigm for the study of time should be understood in the light of at least (...)
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