Results for 'Adam S. Burston'

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  1. Moral distress in nursing: contributing factors, outcomes and interventions.Adam S. Burston & Anthony G. Tuckett - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (3):312-324.
    Moral distress has been widely reviewed across many care contexts and among a range of disciplines. Interest in this area has produced a plethora of studies, commentary and critique. An overview of the literature around moral distress reveals a commonality about factors contributing to moral distress, the attendant outcomes of this distress and a core set of interventions recommended to address these. Interventions at both personal and organizational levels have been proposed. The relevance of this overview resides in the implications (...)
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  2.  91
    A parametric analysis of prospect theory’s functionals for the general population.Adam S. Booij, Bernard M. S. van Praag & Gijs van de Kuilen - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):115-148.
    This article presents the results of an experiment that completely measures the utility function and probability weighting function for different positive and negative monetary outcomes, using a representative sample of N = 1,935 from the general public. The results confirm earlier findings in the lab, suggesting that utility is less pronounced than what is found in classical measurements where expected utility is assumed. Utility for losses is found to be convex, consistent with diminishing sensitivity, and the obtained loss-aversion coefficient of (...)
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  3.  26
    Encoding of others’ beliefs without overt instruction.Adam S. Cohen & Tamsin C. German - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):356-363.
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  4. Magnificence in miniature : the case of early medieval manuscripts.Adam S. Cohen - 2010 - In C. Stephen Jaeger (ed.), Magnificence and the sublime in Medieval aesthetics: art, architecture, literature, music. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  5.  21
    A reaction time advantage for calculating beliefs over public representations signals domain specificity for ‘theory of mind’.Adam S. Cohen & Tamsin C. German - 2010 - Cognition 115 (3):417-425.
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  6.  24
    Specialized mechanisms for theory of mind: Are mental representations special because they are mental or because they are representations?Adam S. Cohen, Joni Y. Sasaki & Tamsin C. German - 2015 - Cognition 136 (C):49-63.
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  7.  31
    Moving up the hierarchy: A hypothesis on the evolution of a genetic sex determination pathway.Adam S. Wilkins - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (1):71-77.
    A hypothesis on the evolutionary origin of the genetic pathway of sex determination in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is presented here. It is suggested that the pathway arose in steps, driven by frequency‐dependent selection for the minority sex at each step, and involving the sequential acquisition of dominant negative, neomorphic genetic switches, each one reversing the action of the previous one. A central implication is that the genetic pathway evolved in reverse order from the final step in the hierarchy up (...)
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  8.  51
    Waddington’s Unfinished Critique of Neo-Darwinian Genetics: Then and Now.Adam S. Wilkins - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (3):224-232.
    C.H. Waddington is today remembered chiefly as a Drosophila developmental geneticist who developed the concepts of “canalization” and “the epigenetic landscape.” In his lifetime, however, he was widely perceived primarily as a critic of Neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory. His criticisms of Neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory were focused on what he saw as unrealistic, “atomistic” models of both gene selection and trait evolution. In particular, he felt that the Neo-Darwinians badly neglected the phenomenon of extensive gene interactions and that the “randomness” of mutational (...)
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  9.  65
    Automatic Mechanisms for Social Attention Are Culturally Penetrable.Adam S. Cohen, Joni Y. Sasaki, Tamsin C. German & Heejung S. Kim - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (1):242-258.
    Are mechanisms for social attention influenced by culture? Evidence that social attention is triggered automatically by bottom-up gaze cues and is uninfluenced by top-down verbal instructions may suggest it operates in the same way everywhere. Yet considerations from evolutionary and cultural psychology suggest that specific aspects of one's cultural background may have consequence for the way mechanisms for social attention develop and operate. In more interdependent cultures, the scope of social attention may be broader, focusing on more individuals and relations (...)
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  10.  16
    The first amendment and democracy: The challenge of new technology.Adam S. Plotkin - 1996 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 11 (4):236 – 245.
    The recent explosion in advancements of communications technologies poses interesting challenges to courts and theorists interested in developing proper regulations. Continuing the traditional technology-based approach to press regulation risks preventing the newest technologies from filly serving the democratic dialogue. As the press has evolved into an institution and as advances in communication tend toward private rather than public interaction, we must assist community formation and face-to-face interaction, which proved vital to the success ofthe Constitution itself. Unless these new technologies are (...)
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  11.  18
    Canalization: A molecular genetic perspective.Adam S. Wilkins - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (3):257-262.
    The phenomenon of ‘canalization’ ‐ the genetic capacity to buffer developmental pathways against mutational or environmental perturbations ‐ was first characterized in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Despite enormous subsequent progress in understanding the nature of the genetic material and the molecular basis of gene expression, there have been few attempts to interpret the classical work on canalization in molecular genetic terms. Some recent findings, however, bear on one form of canalization, ‘genetic canalization’, the stabilization of development against mutational (...)
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  12.  34
    Are there 'Kuhnian' revolutions in biology?Adam S. Wilkins - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (9):695-696.
  13.  15
    The experience of, and beliefs about, divine grace in mainline protestant Christianity: A consensual qualitative approach.Adam S. Hodge, Jolene Norton, Logan T. Karwoski, Julian Yoon, Joshua N. Hook, Kristen Kansiewicz, Hansong Zhang, Laura E. Captari, Don E. Davis & Daryl R. Van Tongeren - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (3):285-307.
    The empirical study of grace, a relational virtue, is in its beginning stages. The purpose of this study was to provide rich, context-based, qualitative data to describe Mainline Protestants’ (a) experiences of, and (b) beliefs about, divine grace. Interviews were conducted with 28 community adults who were affiliated with Mainline Protestant Churches. Results indicated that Mainline Protestant Christians have varying beliefs about divine grace and how it is related to both the present moment and the afterlife. Divine grace was often (...)
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  14.  11
    For the biotechnology industry, the penny drops (at last): genes are not autonomous agents but function within networks!Adam S. Wilkins - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (12):1179-1181.
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  15. The Bioethics of Infectious Disease and Bioterror: A Medical Student's Perspective.Adam S. Deardorff - unknown
     
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  16.  28
    The Monk's Haggadah: A Fifteenth-Century Illuminated Codex from the Monastery of Tegernsee, with a Prologue by Friar Erhard von Pappenheim.Adam S. Cohen - 2016 - Common Knowledge 22 (3):507-507.
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  17.  24
    Some theoretical and practical implications of defining aptitude and reasoning in terms of each other.Adam S. Goodie & Cristina C. Williams - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):675-676.
    Stanovich & West continue a history of norm-setting that began with deference to reasonable people's opinions, followed by adherence to probability theorems. They return to deference to reasonable people, with aptitude test performance substituting for reasonableness. This allows them to select independently among competing theories, but defines reasoning circularly in terms of aptitude, while aptitude is measured using reasoning.
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  18.  17
    Returning Individual Research Results from Digital Phenotyping in Psychiatry.Francis X. Shen, Matthew L. Baum, Nicole Martinez-Martin, Adam S. Miner, Melissa Abraham, Catherine A. Brownstein, Nathan Cortez, Barbara J. Evans, Laura T. Germine, David C. Glahn, Christine Grady, Ingrid A. Holm, Elisa A. Hurley, Sara Kimble, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Kimberlyn Leary, Mason Marks, Patrick J. Monette, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, P. Pearl O’Rourke, Scott L. Rauch, Carmel Shachar, Srijan Sen, Ipsit Vahia, Jason L. Vassy, Justin T. Baker, Barbara E. Bierer & Benjamin C. Silverman - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (2):69-90.
    Psychiatry is rapidly adopting digital phenotyping and artificial intelligence/machine learning tools to study mental illness based on tracking participants’ locations, online activity, phone and text message usage, heart rate, sleep, physical activity, and more. Existing ethical frameworks for return of individual research results (IRRs) are inadequate to guide researchers for when, if, and how to return this unprecedented number of potentially sensitive results about each participant’s real-world behavior. To address this gap, we convened an interdisciplinary expert working group, supported by (...)
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  19.  51
    Direct experience is ecologically valid.Adam S. Goodie - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):777-778.
    Koehler's (1996t) target article raised, and various commentators discussed, two issues that seem far separated but actually have a great deal in common. These are the value of “ecologically valid” research and the effect of direct experience on base-rate usage. Koehler discussed the former as a methodological issue and the latter as a normative one, and no commentator chose to incorporate them, but directly experienced base rates are a good example of ecologically valid research. The state of the literature with (...)
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  20.  33
    Null hypothesis statistical testing and the balance between positive and negative approaches.Adam S. Goodie - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):338-339.
    Several of Krueger & Funder's (K&F's) suggestions may promote more balanced social cognition research, but reconsidered null hypothesis statistical testing (NHST) is not one of them. Although NHST has primarily supported negative conclusions, this is simply because most conclusions have been negative. NHST can support positive, negative, and even balanced conclusions. Better NHST practices would benefit psychology, but would not alter the balance between positive and negative approaches.
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  21. Rx: Volunteer A Prescription for Healthy Aging.Adam S. Hirschfelder, M. A. With Sabrina L. Reilly & A. M. - 2007 - In Stephen G. Post (ed.), Altruism and Health: Perspectives From Empirical Research. Oup Usa.
     
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  22.  7
    Are scripts or deception necessary when repeated trials are used? On the social context of psychological experiments.Adam S. Goodie - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):412-412.
    Scripts and deception are alternative means, both imperfect, to the goal of simulating an environment that cannot be created readily. Under scripts, participants pretend they are in that environment, while deception convinces participants they are in that environment although they are not. With repeated trials, they ought to be unnecessary. But they are not, which poses challenges to behavioral sciences.
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  23.  18
    The breadth-depth tradeoff: Gains and losses as the unidirectional shift in Pavlovian conditioning continues.Adam S. Goodie - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):257-258.
    Domjan et al. continue a consistent trend in Pavlovian conditioning, that of accounting for more behaviors while sacrificing specificity of predictions. Despite the sacrifice, their model provides a valuable framework within which social behavioral research may operate. It may also allow ethologists and evolutionary psychologists to pursue questions about which feed-forward systems should produce which behaviors in social settings.
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  24.  19
    The Uta Codex: Art, Philosophy, and Reform in Eleventh-Century Germany.Adam S. Cohen - 2000 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Created at the behest of the abbess Uta, it is not only one of the most beautiful of Ottonian manuscripts but also one of the most complex. The collection of liturgical readings is preceded by four full-page frontispieces illustrating the Hand of God, Uta dedicating the codex to the Virgin and Child, a Crucifixion, and Saint Erhard celebrating Mass. Four evangelist portraits accompany the readings from each Gospel. In this groundbreaking study, Adam Cohen provides comprehensive explications of the codex’s (...)
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  25. Natural law : a basis for Christian : Muslim civil discourse?Adam S. Francisco - 2011 - In Robert C. Baker & Roland Cap Ehlke (eds.), Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal. Concordia Pub. House.
     
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  26.  15
    Stephen Jay Gould (1941–2002): a critical appreciation.Adam S. Wilkins - 2002 - Bioessays 24 (9):863-864.
  27.  27
    The art of reform in a Bavarian nunnery around 1000.Adam S. Cohen - 1999 - Speculum 74 (4):992-1020.
    That an efflorescence of visual art and architecture was a common feature of monastic reform in the Middle Ages has been well documented. Defining the precise nature of the relationship between that art and the reform that stimulated it has been less easy. Why should reform movements engender the production of art? What form does that art and architecture take? And how does it express or reflect the concerns and aims of monastic reformers? This essay will seek to address the (...)
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  28.  8
    The Adventures of Gillion de Trazegnies: Chivalry and Romance in the Medieval East by Elizabeth Morrison and Zrinka Stahuljak.Adam S. Cohen - 2020 - Common Knowledge 26 (1):159-159.
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  29.  20
    The Making and Meaning of the Liber Floridus: A Study of the Original Manuscript, Ghent, University Library MS 92 / Painting the “Hortus Deliciarum”: Medieval Women, Wisdom, and Time.Adam S. Cohen - 2017 - Common Knowledge 23 (3):533-534.
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  30.  29
    Reduction or Subtraction.Adam S. Miller - 2007 - Philosophy Today 51 (Supplement):23-32.
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  31.  12
    Gene names: the approaching end of a century‐long dilemma.Adam S. Wilkins - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (5):377-378.
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  32.  10
    Homeo box fever, extrapolation and developmental biology.Adam S. Wilkins - 1986 - Bioessays 4 (4):147-148.
  33.  18
    Is there really a new evolutionary paradigm – or just an uncomfortable gap in the old one?Adam S. Wilkins - 1986 - Bioessays 5 (5):195-196.
  34.  14
    What's in a (biological) term?…Frequently, a great deal of ambiguity.Adam S. Wilkins - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (5):375-377.
  35.  15
    Deciphering the swordtail's tale: a molecular and evolutionary quest.Adam S. Wilkins - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (2):116-119.
    The power of sexual selection to influence the evolution of morphological traits was first proposed more than 130 years ago by Darwin. Though long a controversial idea, it has been documented in recent decades for a host of animal species. Yet few of the established sexually selected features have been explored at the level of their genetic or molecular foundations. In a recent report, Zauner et al.1 describe some of the molecular features associated with one of the best characterized of (...)
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  36.  21
    Dr Watson's woeful words—and two missed opportunities.Adam S. Wilkins - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (2):99-101.
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  37.  7
    Exploring the nuclear envelope's properties and roles.Adam S. Wilkins & Yosef Gruenbaum - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (7):814-826.
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  38.  8
    Book reviews: The Century of the Gene and Making Sense of Life: explaining biological development with models, metaphors, and machines.Adam S. Wilkins - 2002 - Bioessays 24 (12):1193-1195.
  39. Evolutionary developmental biology: where is it going?Adam S. Wilkins - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (10):783-784.
  40.  3
    Introduction (issue on Evolutionary Processes).Adam S. Wilkins - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (12):1051-1052.
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  41.  5
    Why the philosophy of science actually does matter.Adam S. Wilkins - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (1):1-2.
  42.  3
    1984‐1994: A decade of striking progress in biology.Adam S. Wilkins - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (9):601-602.
  43.  6
    African genomics.Adam S. Wilkins - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (9):1034-1035.
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  44.  10
    A matter of standards. II. grants and academic positions.Adam S. Wilkins - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (10):923-925.
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  45.  20
    Antibiotic resistance: Origins, evolution and spread.Adam S. Wilkins - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (10):847-848.
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  46.  9
    Beijing and the 18th international congress of genetics: Dilemmas and opportunities.Adam S. Wilkins - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (6):433-434.
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  47. BioEssays-A new look.Adam S. Wilkins - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (1):1-2.
     
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  48.  2
    Bioessays: Scope and Content.Adam S. Wilkins - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (1):4-4.
  49. Cell fate and the generation of cell diversity.Adam S. Wilkins - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (3):260-262.
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  50. One for the neuroscientist.Adam S. Wilkins - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (4):361-361.
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