Results for 'Adam Marks'

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  1. The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia.Mark B. Adams, William H. Schneider, Paul Weindling, Philip R. Reilly & Nicole Hahn Rafter - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (1):131-145.
     
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  2.  35
    The Founding of Population Genetics: Contributions of the Chetverikov School 1924-1934.Mark B. Adams - 1968 - Journal of the History of Biology 1 (1):23-39.
  3. Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  4.  23
    Towards a Synthesis: Population Concepts in Russian Evolutionary Thought, 1925?1935.Mark B. Adams - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):107-129.
  5.  17
    Peter J Bowler. A History of the Future: Prophets of Progress From H. G. Wells to Isaac Asimov. X + 287 Pp., Figs., Illus., Notes, Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. $74.99 (Cloth); ISBN 9781107148734. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):205-206.
  6.  12
    The Origins of Soviet Genetics and the Struggle with Lamarckism, 1922-1929.A. E. Gaissinovitch & Mark B. Adams - 1980 - Journal of the History of Biology 13 (1):1 - 51.
  7.  14
    Lysenkoism in China: Proceedings of the 1956 Qingdao Genetics Symposium. Laurence Schneider, Qin Shizhen.Mark B. Adams - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):157-158.
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  8.  13
    Totalitarian Science and Technology. Paul R. Josephson.Mark B. Adams - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):570-571.
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  9.  11
    Anindita Banerjee. We Modern People: Science Fiction and the Making of Russian Modernity. Viii + 206 Pp., Illus., Index. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 2012. $24.95. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2015 - Isis 106 (2):474-475.
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  10.  9
    A Missing Link in the Evolutionary SynthesisFactors of Evolution: The Theory of Stabilizing Selection. I. I. Schmalhausen, Theodosius Dobzhansky, Isadore Dordick. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 1988 - Isis 79 (2):281-284.
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  11.  10
    Eugenics.Mark B. Adams - 2009 - In Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.), The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company. pp. 371.
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  12.  10
    Serial Analysis of Gene Expression: ESTs Get Smaller.Mark D. Adams - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):261-262.
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  13.  7
    Pis'ma [Letters ]. I. I. Mechnikov, A. E. Gaisinovich, B. V. Lëvshin.Mark B. Adams - 1979 - Isis 70 (1):184-185.
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  14.  9
    The Lysenko Affair. David Joravsky.Mark B. Adams - 1971 - Isis 62 (4):560-561.
  15. Thinking Things and Feeling Things: On an Alleged Discontinuity in Folk Metaphysics of Mind.Mark Phelan, Adam Arico & Shaun Nichols - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):703-725.
    According to the discontinuity view, people recognize a deep discontinuity between phenomenal and intentional states, such that they refrain from attributing feelings and experiences to entities that do not have the right kind of body, though they may attribute thoughts to entities that lack a biological body, like corporations, robots, and disembodied souls. We examine some of the research that has been used to motivate the discontinuity view. Specifically, we focus on experiments that examine people's aptness judgments for various mental (...)
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  16. Technologically scaffolded atypical cognition: The case of YouTube’s recommender system.Mark Alfano, Amir Ebrahimi Fard, J. Adam Carter, Peter Clutton & Colin Klein - 2020 - Synthese (1-2):1-24.
    YouTube has been implicated in the transformation of users into extremists and conspiracy theorists. The alleged mechanism for this radicalizing process is YouTube’s recommender system, which is optimized to amplify and promote clips that users are likely to watch through to the end. YouTube optimizes for watch-through for economic reasons: people who watch a video through to the end are likely to then watch the next recommended video as well, which means that more advertisements can be served to them. This (...)
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  17.  24
    Reasons to Amplify the Role of Parental Permission in Pediatric Treatment.Mark Christopher Navin & Jason Adam Wasserman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (11):6-14.
    Two new documents from the Committee on Bioethics of the American Academy of Pediatrics expand the terrain for parental decision making, suggesting that pediatricians may override only those parental requests that cross a harm threshold. These new documents introduce a broader set of considerations in favor of parental authority in pediatric care than previous AAP documents have embraced. While we find this to be a positive move, we argue that the 2016 AAP positions actually understate the importance of informed and (...)
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  18. Technological Seduction and Self-Radicalization.Mark Alfano, Joseph Adam Carter & Marc Cheong - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association (3):298-322.
    Many scholars agree that the Internet plays a pivotal role in self-radicalization, which can lead to behaviours ranging from lone-wolf terrorism to participation in white nationalist rallies to mundane bigotry and voting for extremist candidates. However, the mechanisms by which the Internet facilitates self-radicalization are disputed; some fault the individuals who end up self-radicalized, while others lay the blame on the technology itself. In this paper, we explore the role played by technological design decisions in online self-radicalization in its myriad (...)
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  19. The Mark of the Cognitive.Fred Adams & Rebecca Garrison - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (3):339-352.
    It is easy to give a list of cognitive processes. They are things like learning, memory, concept formation, reasoning, maybe emotion, and so on. It is not easy to say, of these things that are called cognitive, what makes them so? Knowing the answer is one very important reason to be interested in the mark of the cognitive. In this paper, consider some answers that we think do not work and then offer one of our own which ties cognition to (...)
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  20.  5
    When Do Pediatricians Call the Ethics Consultation Service? Impact of Clinical Experience and Formal Ethics Training.Mark C. Navin, Jason Adam Wasserman, Susanna Jain, Katie R. Baughman & Naomi T. Laventhal - 2020 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 11 (2):83-90.
    Background: Previous research shows that pediatricians inconsistently utilize the ethics consultation service (ECS). Methods: Pediatricians in two suburban, Midwestern academic hospitals were asked to reflect on their ethics training and utilization of ECS via an anonymous, electronic survey distributed in 2017 and 2018, and analyzed in 2018. Participants reported their clinical experience, exposure to formal and informal ethics training, use of formal and informal ethics consultations, and potential barriers to formal consultation. Results: Less experienced pediatricians were more likely to utilize (...)
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  21.  8
    Evaluating Visual and Auditory Contributions to the Cognitive Restoration Effect.Adam G. Emfield & Mark B. Neider - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  22.  19
    List of Names.Basem Abdallah, Steven A. Abrams, Mark B. Adams, Ben Agger, Rüdiger Ahrens, Arnold Aletrino, Dante Alighieri, Edward D. Allen, Lindsay Allen & Jean AmØry - 2011 - In Brian Hurwitz & Paola Spinozzi (eds.), Discourses and Narrations in the Biosciences. V&R Unipress. pp. 287.
  23.  19
    Capacity for Preferences and Pediatric Assent: Implications for Pediatric Practice.Mark Christopher Navin & Jason Adam Wasserman - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (1):43-51.
    Children’s preferences about medical treatment—like the preferences of other patients—hold moral weight in decision-making that is independent of considerations of autonomy or best interests. In light of this understanding of the moral value of patient preferences, the American Academy of Pediatrics could strengthen the ethical foundation for its formal guidance on pediatric assent.
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  24.  25
    Anxiety, Anticipation and Contextual Information: A Test of Attentional Control Theory.Adam J. Cocks, Robin C. Jackson, Daniel T. Bishop & A. Mark Williams - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  25.  14
    Should Junior Doctors Strike?Mark Toynbee, Adam A. J. Al-Diwani, Joe Clacey & Matthew R. Broome - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (3):167-170.
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  26.  23
    On the Automatic Link Between Affect and Tendencies to Approach and Avoid: Chen and Bargh Revisited.Mark Rotteveel, Alexander Gierholz, Gijs Koch, Cherelle van Aalst, Yair Pinto, Dora Matzke, Helen Steingroever, Josine Verhagen, Titia F. Beek, Ravi Selker, Adam Sasiadek & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  27.  10
    The Capacity to Designate a Surrogate is Distinct From Decisional Capacity: Normative and Empirical Considerations.Mark Navin, Jason Adam Wasserman, Devan Stahl & Tom Tomlinson - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (3):189-192.
    The capacity to designate a surrogate is not simply another kind of medical decision-making capacity. A patient with DMC can express a preference, understand information relevant to that choice, appreciate the significance of that information for their clinical condition, and reason about their choice in light of their goals and values. In contrast, a patient can possess the CDS even if they cannot appreciate their condition or reason about the relative risks and benefits of their options. Patients who lack DMC (...)
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  28.  6
    Technologically scaffolded atypical cognition: the case of YouTube’s recommender system.Mark Alfano, Amir Ebrahimi Fard, J. Adam Carter, Peter Clutton & Colin Klein - 2021 - Synthese 199 (1):835-858.
    YouTube has been implicated in the transformation of users into extremists and conspiracy theorists. The alleged mechanism for this radicalizing process is YouTube’s recommender system, which is optimized to amplify and promote clips that users are likely to watch through to the end. YouTube optimizes for watch-through for economic reasons: people who watch a video through to the end are likely to then watch the next recommended video as well, which means that more advertisements can be served to them. This (...)
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  29.  58
    Mark Eli Kalderon, Moral Fictionalism:Moral Fictionalism.Zed Adams - 2006 - Ethics 117 (1):131-135.
  30. The Color-Word Stroop Task Does Not Differentiate Cognitive Inhibition Ability Among Esports Gamers of Varying Expertise.Adam J. Toth, Magdalena Kowal & Mark J. Campbell - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31.  41
    Robert Adams and the Best Possible World.Mark L. Thomas - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (2):252-259.
    Robert Merrihew Adams argues that it is permissible for a perfectly good moral agent to create a world less good than the best one she could create. He argues that God would exhibit the important virtue of grace in creating less than the best and that this virtue is incompatible with the merit considerations required by the standard of creating the best. In this paper I give three arguments for the compatibility of merit consideration and graciousness of God toward creation. (...)
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  32. Reasoning About the Mark of the Cognitive: A Response to Adams and Garrison. [REVIEW]Andreas Elpidorou - 2013 - Minds and Machines (2):1-11.
    I critically examine Adams and Garrison’s proposed necessary condition for the mark of the cognitive (Adams and Garrison in Minds Mach 23(3):339–352, 2013). After a brief presentation of their position, I argue not only that their proposal is in need of additional support, but also that it is too restrictive.
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  33.  17
    Adam Smith on Rhetoric and Phronesis, Law and Economics.Mark Garrett Longaker - 2014 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 47 (1):25-47.
    ABSTRACT Following recent scholarship, this article investigates the relationship among Adam Smith's lectures on rhetoric and belles lettres, his Wealth of Nations, the Theory of Moral Sentiments, and his lectures on jurisprudence. According to Smith, the rhetorical theory regarding genre and style improves practical judgment that is central to both economic and legal affairs. Though Smith's lectures on rhetoric feature no overt mention of these legal or commercial applications, when we read these lectures alongside his lectures and writings on (...)
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  34.  15
    Harm and Parental Permission: A Response to Our Critics.Mark Christopher Navin & Jason Adam Wasserman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (11):W1-W4.
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  35. Evidence-Based Policy: Promises and Challenges.Mark Colyvan & Adam La Caze - unknown
    Evidence-based policy is gaining support in many areas of government and in public affairs more generally. In this paper we outline what evidence—based policy is then discuss its strengths and weaknesses. In particular, we argue that it faces a serious challenge to provide a plausible account of evidence. This account needs to be at least in the spirit of the hierarchy of evidence subscribed to by evidence-based medicine (from which evidence—based policy derives its name and inspiration). Yet evidence-based policy’s hierarchy (...)
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  36. Reasons to Accept Vaccine Refusers in Primary Care.Mark Christopher Navin, Jason Adam Wasserman & Douglas Opel - 2020 - Pediatrics 6 (146):e20201801.
    Vaccine refusal forces us to confront tensions between many values, including scientific expertise, parental rights, children’s best interests, social responsibility, public trust, and community health. Recent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable and emerging infectious diseases have amplified these issues. The prospect of a coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine signals even more friction on the horizon. In this contentious sociopolitical landscape, it is therefore more important than ever for clinicians to identify ethically justified responses to vaccine refusal.
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  37.  17
    Capacity for Preferences: Respecting Patients with Compromised Decision‐Making.Jason Adam Wasserman & Mark Christopher Navin - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (3):31-39.
    When a patient lacks decision-making capacity, then according to standard clinical ethics practice in the United States, the health care team should seek guidance from a surrogate decision-maker, either previously selected by the patient or appointed by the courts. If there are no surrogates willing or able to exercise substituted judgment, then the team is to choose interventions that promote a patient’s best interests. We argue that, even when there is input from a surrogate, patient preferences should be an additional (...)
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  38. Mark Johnston on Whether Experience is Predicative.Adam Pautz - manuscript
    Comments on an early version of Johnston's "The Problem with the Content View" (in Berit Brogaard ed. *Does Perception Have Content?*, 2014) delivered at a workshop on perception at NYU in 2010.
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  39.  34
    James Mark Baldwin with Alfred North Whitehead on Organic Selectivity: The “Novel” Factor in Evolution.Adam Christian Scarfe - 2009 - Cosmos and History 5 (2):40-107.
    The aim of this paper is to show how James Mark Baldwin’s theory of Organic Selection can be fruitfully integrated with Alfred North Whitehead’s speculative philosophy, as part of the endeavor to develop a comprehensive process-relational evolutionary cosmology. In so doing, it provides an overview of the theory of Organic Selection and points to several concrete examples from the Galapagos Islands which elucidate Baldwin’s claim that organisms, through their selective activities and behavioral adjustments, play a causal role in directing evolutionary (...)
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  40. Mark Kaplan, Decision Theory as Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, Cloth £40.00, Paper £13.95. ISBN: 0 521 47505 8 (Cloth), 0521 62496 7 (Paper).Adam Morton - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):505-507.
  41.  96
    The Moral Cognition/Consciousness Connection.Mark Phelan & Adam Waytz - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (3):293-301.
  42.  13
    A Characterization of Individual Differences in Prospective Memory Monitoring Using the Complex Ongoing Serial Task.Adam C. Savine, Mark A. McDaniel, Jill Talley Shelton & Michael K. Scullin - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):337-362.
  43.  7
    Reasoning About the Mark of the Cognitive: A Response to Adams and Garrison.Andreas Elpidorou - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (2):201-211.
    I critically examine Adams and Garrison’s proposed necessary condition for the mark of the cognitive :339–352, 2013). After a brief presentation of their position, I argue not only that their proposal is in need of additional support, but also that it is too restrictive.
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  44. Guest Reviewers 2003.Adams Marilyn, Adolph Karen, F. X. Alario, Armstrong Craig, Arnold Jennifer, Ashcraft Mark, Avrahami Judith, Baayen Harald, Baker Mark & Balaban Evan - 2004 - Cognition 93:259-261.
     
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  45.  8
    Three Kinds of Decision-Making Capacity for Refusing Medical Interventions.Mark Christopher Navin, Abram L. Brummett & Jason Adam Wasserman - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-11.
    According to a standard account of patient decision-making capacity, patients can provide ethically valid consent or refusal only if they are able to understand and appreciate their medical c...
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  46.  4
    The Use of Trusts to Subvert the Law: An Analysis and Critique.Mark Bennett & Adam Hofri-Winogradow - forthcoming - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies.
    This article closes a gap in the theory of trust law by supplying a normative account of the use of trusts to avoid and subvert legal norms outside trust law. While the use of trusts to subvert other law has been a major function thereof since the Middle Ages, theorists of trust law have largely steered clear of this function. We evaluate the commonly proffered justifications for the use of trusts to subvert the law, finding that such justifications are not (...)
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  47. Adam Smith, Belletrist.Mark Salber Phillips - 2006 - In Knud Haakonssen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  48.  9
    Jump Operations for Borel Graphs.Adam R. Day & Andrew S. Marks - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (1):13-28.
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  49.  13
    Modern American CriticismThe Contexts of Poetry.Emerson R. Marks, Walter Sutton & Hazard Adams - 1964 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 22 (4):485.
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  50. Adam Przeworski's The State and the Economy Under Capitalism. [REVIEW]Mark Thornton - 1992 - Reason Papers 17:199-201.
     
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