Results for 'Adam L. Fried'

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  1.  84
    Graduate Socialization in the Responsible Conduct of Research: A National Survey on the Research Ethics Training Experiences of Psychology Doctoral Students.Lindsay G. Feldman, Adam L. Fried & Celia B. Fisher - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (6):496-518.
    Little is known about the mechanisms by which psychology graduate programs transmit responsible conduct of research (RCR) values. A national sample of 968 current students and recent graduates of mission-diverse doctoral psychology programs completed a Web-based survey on their research ethics challenges, perceptions of RCR mentoring and department climate, whether they were prepared to conduct research responsibly, and whether they believed psychology as a discipline promotes scientific integrity. Research experience, mentor RCR instruction and modeling, and department RCR policies predicted student (...)
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  2.  58
    Measures of Mentoring, Department Climate, and Graduate Student Preparedness in the Responsible Conduct of Psychological Research.Sabrina J. Goodman, Kaori Kubo Germano, Adam L. Fried & Celia B. Fisher - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (3):227-252.
    Drawing upon two independent national samples of 201 and 241 psychology graduate students, this article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of 4 Web-based student self-report scales tapping student socialization in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) with human participants. The Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research Scale (MRCR) is composed of 2 subscales assessing RCR instruction and modeling by research mentors. The 2 subscales of the RCR Department Climate Scale (RCR-DC) assess RCR department policies and faculty and student RCR (...)
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  3. The Effects of Momentariness on Karma and Rebirth in Theravāda Buddhism.Adam L. Barborich - 2017 - In Proceedings of the International Conference on Indian Cultural Heritage: Past, Present and Future. Bhubaneswar, India: Institute of Media Studies. pp. 01-05.
    In the development of Indian Buddhism we begin to see a shift away from the early Buddhist epistemology based in phenomenology and process metaphysics toward a type of event-based metaphysics. This shift began in the reductionist methodology of the Abhidhamma and culminated in a theory of momentariness based in rationalism and abstraction, rather than early Buddhist empiricism. While early Buddhism followed an extensional model of temporal consciousness, when methodological reductionism was applied to the concept of time, it necessarily resulted in (...)
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  4.  21
    Disfluency Prompts Analytic Thinking—But Not Always Greater Accuracy: Response To.Adam L. Alter, Daniel M. Oppenheimer & Nicholas Epley - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):252-255.
    In this issue of Cognition, Thompson and her colleagues challenge the results from a paper we published several years ago. That paper demonstrated that metacognitive difficulty or disfluency can trigger more analytical thinking as measured by accuracy on several reasoning tasks. In their experiments, Thompson et al. find evidence that people process information more deeply—but not necessarily more accurately—when they experience disfluency. These results are consistent with our original theorizing, but the authors misinterpret it as counter-evidence because they suggest that (...)
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  5.  14
    Easy on the Mind, Easy on the Wrongdoer: Discrepantly Fluent Violations Are Deemed Less Morally Wrong.Simon M. Laham, Adam L. Alter & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2009 - Cognition 112 (3):462-466.
  6. Book Review: The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea ScrollsThe Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea ScrollsbyMagnessJodiEerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2002. 284 Pp. $26.00 . ISBN 0-8028-4589-4. [REVIEW]Adam L. Porter - 2003 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 57 (4):452-454.
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  7.  48
    No Evidence of Intelligence Improvement After Working Memory Training: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study.Thomas S. Redick, Zach Shipstead, Tyler L. Harrison, Kenny L. Hicks, David E. Fried, David Z. Hambrick, Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):359.
  8. American Catholics, the Revolutions of 1848, and the Politics of the Early 1850s.Adam L. Tate - 2022 - Catholic Social Science Review 27:39-56.
    American Catholics during the 1850s expressed deep concerns about the legacy of the 1848 revolutions in Europe, fearing that radicalism was spreading to the United States and would harm both the Church and the state. This paper explores the reception of Fr. Antonio Bresciani’s novel The Jew of Verona in the diocesan newspapers of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Charleston, South Carolina. Both papers reacted to the book in a similar fashion and used it as a lens to understand domestic politics. Bresciani’s (...)
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  9.  27
    The Ethics of Geometry: A Genealogy of Modernity. [REVIEW]Adam L. Schulman - 1993 - International Studies in Philosophy 25 (1):88-89.
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  10.  1
    Subjective Practices of War: The Prussian Army and the Zorndorf Campaign, 1758.Adam L. Storring - forthcoming - History of Science:007327532095895.
    This article integrates the history of military theory – and the practical history of military campaigns and battles – within the broader history of knowledge. Challenging ideas that the new natural philosophy of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries fostered attempts to make warfare mathematically calculated, it builds on work showing that seventeenth- and eighteenth-century natural philosophy was itself much more subjective than previously thought. It uses the figure of King Frederick II of Prussia to link theoretical with practical military knowledge, (...)
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  11.  8
    The Sabatati: The Significance of Early Waldensian Shoes, C. 1184–C. 1300.Adam L. Hoose - 2016 - Speculum 91 (2):356-373.
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  12.  18
    Physical Attractiveness, Self-Awareness, and Mirror-Gazing Behavior.Adam L. Lipson, David P. J. Przybyla & Donn Byrne - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (2):115-116.
  13.  11
    The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories From a Contemporary PerspectiveMichael J. White.Adam L. Schulman - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):137-138.
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  14. 'What is Consciousness'?Adam L. Carley - 1994 - Free Inquiry 14 (4):26-30.
  15.  1
    Adam L. Tate, Catholics’ Lost Cause: South Carolina Catholics and the American South, 1820-1861. [REVIEW]John F. Quinn - 2019 - Catholic Social Science Review 24:223-225.
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  16.  1
    The Role of Military Strategies in Medical Thinking.Adam L. Hartman - 1992 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 36 (2):177-183.
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  17. From a Fixation on Sports to an Exploration of Mechanism: The Past, Present, and Future of Hot Hand Research.Adam L. Alter & Daniel M. Oppenheimer - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (4):431 – 444.
    We review the literature on the hot hand fallacy by highlighting the positive and negative aspects of hot hand research over the past 20 years, and suggesting new avenues of research. Many researchers have focused on criticising Gilovich et al.'s claim that the hot hand fallacy exists in basketball and other sports, instead of exploring the general implications of the hot hand fallacy for human cognition and probabilistic reasoning. Noting that researchers have shown that people perceive hot streaks in a (...)
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  18.  13
    Superior Pattern Detectors Efficiently Learn, Activate, Apply, and Update Social Stereotypes.David J. Lick, Adam L. Alter & Jonathan B. Freeman - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (2):209-227.
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  19. An Analysis of the Buddhist Doctrines of Karma and Rebirth in the Visuddhimagga.Colonel Adam L. Barborich - 2018 - Dharmavijaya Journal Of Buddhist Studies 1:09-35..
    In the Visuddhimagga, there is movement from an early Buddhist phenominalist epistemology towards essentialist ontology based in rationality and abstraction. The reductionist methodology of the Abhidhamma and reactions to it brought forth a theory of momentariness not found in early Buddhism. Abhidhamma reductionism and the concept of phenomenal dhammas led to a conception of momentary time-points and the incorporation of a cinematic model of temporal consciousness as a direct consequence of momentariness. Essentialism was incorporated into the Visuddhimagga precisely because of (...)
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  20. Dynamite: The Story of Class Violence in America. By R. M. Lovett. [REVIEW]L. Adamic - 1930 - Ethics 41:513.
     
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  21. Common Ground in Inter-Religious Dialogue: A Brief Analysis of Religion as a Response to Existential Suffering.Colonel Adam L. Barborich - 2019 - International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2 (1):1-11.
    Philosophy of religion, approached from a comparative perspective, can be a valuable tool for advancing inter-religious dialogue. Unfortunately, “comparative religion” today is usually characterised by two extreme positions: 1) Comparing religions in order to come to the conclusion that one's own religion is superior 2) Arguing for a type of “religious pluralism” that relativises all religious truth claims. -/- The former approach reduces religion to a confrontational form of apologetics, theatrical “debates” and polemics, while the latter reduces religion to a (...)
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  22.  24
    Libet’s Intention Reports Are Invalid: A Replication of Dominik Et Al.Paul Sanford, Adam L. Lawson, Alexandria N. King & Madison Major - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102836.
  23.  7
    On the Naturalistic Relationship Between Mood and Entertainment Choice.Hal E. Hershfield & Adam L. Alter - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 25 (3):458-476.
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  24.  32
    Continuing the Conversation Regarding Myth and Culture.Donald L. Fry & Virginia H. Fry - 1989 - American Journal of Semiotics 6 (2/3):183 - 197.
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  25.  1
    Neural Correlates of Knee Extension and Flexion Force Control: A Kinetically-Instrumented Neuroimaging Study.Dustin R. Grooms, Cody R. Criss, Janet E. Simon, Adam L. Haggerty & Timothy R. Wohl - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Background: The regulation of muscle force is a vital aspect of sensorimotor control, requiring intricate neural processes. While neural activity associated with upper extremity force control has been documented, extrapolation to lower extremity force control is limited. Knowledge of how the brain regulates force control for knee extension and flexion may provide insights as to how pathology or intervention impacts central control of movement.Objectives: To develop and implement a neuroimaging-compatible force control paradigm for knee extension and flexion.Methods: A magnetic resonance (...)
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  26. The Theory of Moral Sentiments, coll. « The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, 1 ».Adam Smith, D. D. Raphaël & A. L. Macfie - 1977 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 167 (1):66-67.
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  27.  22
    Paying Research Participants: A Study of Current Practices in Australia.C. L. Fry - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (9):542-547.
    Objective: To examine current research payment practices and to inform development of clearer guidelines for researchers and ethics committees.Design: Exploratory email based questionnaire study of current research participant reimbursement practices. A diverse sample of organisations and individuals were targeted.Setting: Australia.Participants: Contacts in 84 key research organisations and select electronic listservers across Australia. A total of 100 completed questionnaires were received with representations from a variety of research areas .Main measurements: Open-ended and fixed alternative questions about type of research agency; type (...)
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  28.  8
    Framing Charitable Donations as Exceptional Expenses Increases Giving.Abigail B. Sussman, Eesha Sharma & Adam L. Alter - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 21 (2):130-139.
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  29.  9
    The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith: I: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (D.D. Raphael and A.L. Macfie (Eds.)).Adam Smith (ed.) - 1976 - Oxford University Press.
    A scholarly edition of a work by Adam Smith. The edition presents an authoritative text, together with an introduction, commentary notes, and scholarly apparatus.
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  30. Adam Smith and David Hume: With Sympathy*: F. L. Van Holthoon.F. L. Van Holthoon - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):35-48.
    Why did Hume drop sympathy as a key concept of his moral philosophy, and why—on the other hand—did Smith make it into the ‘didactic principle’ of his Theory of Moral Sentiments? These questions confront us with the basic issue of ethical theory concerning human nature. My point in dealing with these questions is to show what views of human nature their respective choices involved. And my procedure will be to take a close look at the revisions they made to their (...)
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  31.  35
    Science at the Frontiers: Perspectives on the History and Philosophy of Science.Adam D. Roth, Anya Plutynski, Bridget Buxton, Steven C. Hatch, Sharyn Clough, Brian L. Keeley, Yuri Yamamoto, Lawrence Souder, Evelyn Brister, Kristen Intemann, Inmaculada de Melo-Martín & Glen Sanford - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    Compiled by an archaeologist and philosopher of science, Science at the Frontiers: Perspectives on the History and Philosophy of Science supplements current literature in the history and philosophy of science with essays approaching the traditional problems of the field from new perspectives and highlighting disciplines usually overlooked by the canon. William H. Krieger brings together scientists from a number of disciplines to answer these questions and more in a volume appropriate for both students and academics in the field.
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  32.  20
    Rational Approximations to Rational Models: Alternative Algorithms for Category Learning.Adam N. Sanborn, Thomas L. Griffiths & Daniel J. Navarro - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1144-1167.
  33.  20
    Neuroethics and Nonhuman Animals.L. Syd M. Johnson, Andrew Fenton & Adam Shriver (eds.) - 2020 - Springer.
    This edited volume represents a unique addition to the available literature on animal ethics, animal studies, and neuroethics. Its goal is to expand discussions on animal ethics and neuroethics by weaving together different threads: philosophy of mind and animal minds, neuroscientific study of animal minds, and animal ethics. Neuroethical questions concerning animals’ moral status, animal minds and consciousness, animal pain, and the adequacy of animal models for neuropsychiatric disease have long been topics of debate in philosophy and ethics, and more (...)
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  34.  57
    The Appeal to Expert Opinion: Quantitative Support for a Bayesian Network Approach.Adam J. L. Harris, Ulrike Hahn, Jens K. Madsen & Anne S. Hsu - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (6):1496-1533.
    The appeal to expert opinion is an argument form that uses the verdict of an expert to support a position or hypothesis. A previous scheme-based treatment of the argument form is formalized within a Bayesian network that is able to capture the critical aspects of the argument form, including the central considerations of the expert's expertise and trustworthiness. We propose this as an appropriate normative framework for the argument form, enabling the development and testing of quantitative predictions as to how (...)
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  35.  15
    The D.L. For Cutaneous Two-Point Stimulation by the Method of Single Stimuli.F. D. Fry, D. D. M. Haupt & L. Wartena - 1933 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (5):743.
  36.  5
    Credible Threat: Perceptions of Pandemic Coronavirus, Climate Change and the Morality and Management of Global Risks.Ann Bostrom, Gisela Böhm, Adam L. Hayes & Robert E. O’Connor - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  71
    Because Hitler Did It! Quantitative Tests of Bayesian Argumentation Using Ad Hominem.Adam J. L. Harris, Anne S. Hsu & Jens K. Madsen - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):311 - 343.
    Bayesian probability has recently been proposed as a normative theory of argumentation. In this article, we provide a Bayesian formalisation of the ad Hitlerum argument, as a special case of the ad hominem argument. Across three experiments, we demonstrate that people's evaluation of the argument is sensitive to probabilistic factors deemed relevant on a Bayesian formalisation. Moreover, we provide the first parameter-free quantitative evidence in favour of the Bayesian approach to argumentation. Quantitative Bayesian prescriptions were derived from participants' stated subjective (...)
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  38.  80
    Beyond Self-Interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam Smith's Theory of Human Conduct: Elias L. Khalil.Elias L. Khalil - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):255-273.
    I attempt a reconstruction of Adam Smith's view of human nature as explicated in The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Smith's view of human conduct is neither functionalist nor reductionist, but interactionist. The moral autonomy of the individual, conscience, is neither made a function of public approval nor reduced to self-contained impulses of altruism and egoism. Smith does not see human conduct as a blend of independently defined impulses. Rather, conduct is unified, by the underpinning sentiment of sympathy.
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  39. Uṣūl Al-Dīn (The Fundamentals of the Faith). By Tibghūrīn B.!Īsā Al-Malshūṭī. Edited by 'Amr Khalifa Ennami and Translated Into English by Trevor Le Gassick. [REVIEW]Adam Gaiser - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Uṣūl al-Dīn. By Tibghūrīn b.!īsā al-Malshūṭī. Edited by 'Amr Khalifa Ennami and translated into English by Trevor Le Gassick. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2020. Pp. 115, 102. $82.80, €68.
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  40. Études Sur les Principaux Philosophes Rédigées Confermément aux Programmes Officials du 31 Mai 1902, À l'Usage de la Classe de Philosophie Et des Candidats au Baccalauréat. [REVIEW]Ch Adam & L. Gérard-Varet - 1903 - Librairie Hachette.
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  41.  19
    Do the EPR Correlations Pose a Problem for Causal Decision Theory?Adam Koberinski, Lucas Dunlap & William L. Harper - 2019 - Synthese 196 (9):3711-3722.
    We argue that causal decision theory is no worse off than evidential decision theory in handling entanglement, regardless of one’s preferred interpretation of quantum mechanics. In recent works, Ahmed and Ahmed and Caulton : 4315–4352, 2014) have claimed the opposite; we argue that they are mistaken. Bell-type experiments are not instances of Newcomb problems, so CDT and EDT do not diverge in their recommendations. We highlight the fact that a Causal Decision Theorist should take all lawlike correlations into account, including (...)
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  42.  5
    Le Droit, les Sciences Humaines Et la Philosophie.L. Husson, J. Carbonnier, A. Adam, J. Ellul, C. Morazé & B. Goldman - 1973 - Vrin.
    L. Husson. XXIX' SEMAINE DE SYNTHÈSE DROIT PÉNAL ET CRIMINOLOGIE Exposé de M. Albert CHAVANNE Professeur à la Faculté de Droit et des Sciences économiques de Lyon Pour traiter des rapports entre droit pénal et criminologie ...
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  43.  40
    Adam Smith and the Stoic Principle of Suicide.Getty L. Lustila - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):350-363.
    A substantial portion of Adam Smith's discussion of Stoicism in TMS VII is dedicated to the Stoic “principle of suicide,” according to which suicide is sometimes morally required. While scholars agree that Stoicism exercised considerable influence over Smith, no recent work has explored his views on suicide, despite the central role it plays in his treatment of Stoicism. I argue that Smith opposes the principle of suicide on both epistemic and moral grounds, providing an important critique of Stoicism. I (...)
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  44.  1
    An Appropriate Verbal Probability Lexicon for Communicating Surgical Risks is Unlikely to Exist.Adam J. L. Harris, Tracy Tran, Sarah C. Jenkins, Adelia Su, Lexi He, Yifei Zhu & Simon Gane - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.
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  45.  13
    Reconciling Intuitive Physics and Newtonian Mechanics for Colliding Objects.Adam N. Sanborn, Vikash K. Mansinghka & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (2):411-437.
  46.  5
    Ethics and Education.J. W. L. Adams - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (71):186-187.
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  47.  12
    Unrealistic Optimism About Future Life Events: A Cautionary Note.Adam J. L. Harris & Ulrike Hahn - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):135-154.
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  48.  19
    Essais Esthétiques: L’Imitation Dans les Arts Et Autres Textes.Adam Smith - 1997 - Vrin.
    Le souci esthétique d’Adam Smith permet de resituer son œuvre la plus connue , comme élément d’un “système” qui prend en compte le fonctionnement particulier des lois de l’esprit dans chaque domaine : morale, esthétique, politique, jurisprudence. L’art fournit ainsi la voie d’accès la plus plaisante à la compréhension de l’économie de l’esprit et aux lois de l’imagination.Les textes de Smith font se croiser la notion d’imitation, héritée de l’esthétique de son temps, et celle de système qui lui est (...)
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  49.  10
    The Loneliness of “Adam” : An Attempt at Symbolic Interpretation.Adam Świeżyński - 2016 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 72 (2):285-297.
    Adam Świeżyński | : The experience of loneliness is usually seen as a negative aspect of human existence and something to overcome. However, it is worth trying to break free, if only on a trial basis, from the established traditional perception of loneliness, and strive to reduce it immediately from being one of the main sources of human affliction and to rethink its importance in human life. In order to do this, we must first consider the question of the (...)
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  50.  19
    Perceptions of Coach–Athlete Relationship Are More Important to Coaches Than Athletes in Predicting Dyadic Coping and Stress Appraisals: An Actor–Partner Independence Mediation Model.Adam R. Nicholls & John L. Perry - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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