Results for 'Abigail Maguire'

501 found
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  1.  23
    Towards a Holistic Definition of Death: The Biological, Philosophical and Social Deficiencies of Brain Stem Death Criteria.Abigail Maguire - 2019 - The New Bioethics 25 (2):172-184.
    With no statutory definition of death, the accepted medical definition relies on brain stem death criteria as a definitive measure of diagnosing death. However, the use of brain stem death criteria in this way is precarious and causes widespread confusion amongst both medical and lay communities. Through critical analysis, this paper considers the insufficiencies of brain stem death. It concludes that brain stem death cannot be successfully equated with either biological death or the loss of integrated bodily function. The overemphasis (...)
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  2.  6
    An Examination Into the Embryo Disposal Practices of Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority Licenced Fertility Centers in the United Kingdom.Abigail Maguire - 2021 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (1):161-174.
    When fertility centers dispose of embryos, how should this be done? Current regulatory guidelines by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority state that, when terminating the development of human embryos, a clinic should act with sensitivity, taking account of the embryo’s “special status” and respecting the interests of the gamete providers and recipients. As yet, it is unclear as to how and to what extent this achieved within fertility clinics in the UK. Resultantly, this paper examines the largely undocumented domain (...)
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  3.  38
    Defining Evil Away: Arendt's Forgiveness: Abigail L. Rosenthal.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (2):155-174.
    Arendt claims that evil is banal and its perpetrators merely shallow. Deliberate evil she takes to be extremely rare. However, nonrare examples of deliberate evil, whose aim is to spoil one's story, abound in everyday life. Arendt also makes forgiveness personal, not requiring repentance. This prompts a consideration of certain personal relations among philosophers. Heidegger's relation to Husserl shows a betrayal of teacher by student. His seductive and philosophic power over Arendt, a betrayal of student by teacher, should not be (...)
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  4.  55
    Critical University Studies and the Crisis Consensus.Abigail Boggs & Nick Mitchell - 2018 - Feminist Studies 44 (2):432.
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  5.  5
    Overlooked Leadership Potential: The Preference for Leadership Potential in Job Candidates Who Are Men Vs. Women.Abigail Player, Georgina Randsley de Moura, Ana C. Leite, Dominic Abrams & Fatima Tresh - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  6.  68
    Deconstructing Episodic Memory with Construction.Demis Hassabis & Eleanor A. Maguire - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (7):299-306.
  7.  4
    Getting Our Affect Together: Shared Representations as the Core of Empathy.Abigail A. Marsh - forthcoming - Emotion Review:175407392211070.
    Empathy is a construct that is notoriously difficult to define. Murphy and colleagues argue for leaning into the construct's inherent fuzziness and reverting to what they term a classical definition informed by the observations of philosophers and clinicians: as a dynamic, “unfolding process of imaginatively experiencing the subjective consciousness of another person, sensing, understanding, and structuring the world as if one were that person.” Although consistent with some historical conceptualizations, this definition risks incorporating so many processes it would make empathy (...)
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  8. The Game of Belief.Barry Maguire & Jack Woods - 2020 - Philosophical Review 129 (2):211-249.
    It is plausible that there are epistemic reasons bearing on a distinctively epistemic standard of correctness for belief. It is also plausible that there are a range of practical reasons bearing on what to believe. These theses are often thought to be in tension with each other. Most significantly for our purposes, it is obscure how epistemic reasons and practical reasons might interact in the explanation of what one ought to believe. We draw an analogy with a similar distinction between (...)
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  9.  64
    Mental Illness Stigma and Epistemic Credibility.Abigail Gosselin - 2018 - Social Philosophy Today 34:77-94.
    In this paper I explore the way that mental illness stigma impacts epistemic credibility in people who have mental illness. While any kind of stigma has the potential to discredit a person’s epistemic agency, in the case of mental illness the basis for discrediting is in some cases and to some extent justifiable, for impairments in rationality, control, and reality perception can indeed be obstacles to participating appropriately in epistemic activities such as normal conversation and public discourse. People with mental (...)
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  10. Zoo Animals as Specimens, Zoo Animals as Friends.Abigail Levin - 2015 - Environmental Philosophy 12 (1):21-44.
    The international protest surrounding the Copenhagen Zoo’s recent decision to kill a healthy giraffe in the name of population management reveals a deep moral tension between contemporary zoological display practices — which induce zoo - goers to view certain animals as individuals, quasi - persons, or friends — and the traditional objectives of zoos, which ask us only to view animals as specimens. I argue that these zoological display practices give rise to moral obligations on the part of zoos to (...)
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  11.  25
    Understanding Pharmaceutical Research Manipulation in the Context of Accounting Manipulation.Abigail Brown - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):611-619.
    The problem of the manipulation of data that arises when there is both opportunity and incentive to mislead is better accepted and studied — though by no means solved — in financial accounting than in medicine. This article analyzes pharmaceutical company manipulation of medical research as part of a broader problem of corporate manipulation of data in the creation of accounting profits. The article explores how our understanding of accounting fraud and misinformation helps us understand the risk of similar information (...)
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  12.  6
    Dream Lucidity is Associated with Positive Waking Mood.Abigail Stocks, Michelle Carr, Remington Mallett, Karen Konkoly, Alisha Hicks, Megan Crawford, Michael Schredl & Ceri Bradshaw - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 83:102971.
  13. Critiquing Strawsonian Selves.Klassen Abigail - 2015 - Appraisal: The Journal of the British Personalist Forum 10 (3):27-34.
  14.  11
    Understanding Pharmaceutical Research Manipulation in the Context of Accounting Manipulation.Abigail Brown - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):611-619.
    Good decision-making requires reliable information. In medicine, relevant information comes from clinical trials and other forms of scientific research. In business, one source is in corporate annual financial statements. As for-profit, publicly traded companies whose business is discovering, manufacturing, and marketing drugs, pharmaceutical companies sit at the nexus of these two fields. Determining the safety and efficacy of a pharmaceutical product and determining the profitability of a complex enterprise are similarly difficult tasks: each is fraught with deeply ambiguous information that (...)
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  15. There Are No Reasons for Affective Attitudes.Barry Maguire - 2018 - Mind 127 (507):779-805.
    A dogma of contemporary ethical theory maintains that the nature of normative support for affective attitudes is the very same as the nature of normative support for actions. The prevailing view is that normative reasons provide the support across the board. I argue that the nature of normative support for affective attitudes is importantly different from the nature of normative support for actions. Actions are indeed supported by reasons. Reasons are gradable and contributory. The support relations for affective attitudes are (...)
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  16.  12
    Remote Memory and the Hippocampus: A Constructive Critique.Daniel N. Barry & Eleanor A. Maguire - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (2):128-142.
  17. The Cost of Free Speech: Pornography, Hate Speech, and Their Challenge to Liberalism.Abigail Levin - 2010 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The distinctly contemporary proliferation of pornography and hate speech poses a challenge to liberalism's traditional ideal of a 'marketplace of ideas' facilitated by state neutrality about the content of speech. This new study argues that the liberal state ought to depart from neutrality to meet this challenge.
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  18.  8
    Neuroconsumerism and Comprehensive Neuroethics.Abigail Scheper & Veljko Dubljević - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (4):185-187.
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  19.  19
    Thomas Maguire, LL.D., D.Lit.P. Sandford - 1889 - The Classical Review 3 (04):184-185.
  20.  66
    The Perceptual Present.Abigail Connor & Joel Smith - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly (277):1-21.
    Phenomenologically speaking, we perceive the present, recall the past, and anticipate the future. We offer an account of the temporal content of the perceptual present that distinguishes it from the recalled past and the anticipated future. We distinguish two views: the Token Reflexive Account and the Minimal Account. We offer reasons to reject the Token Reflexive Account, and defend the Minimal Account, according to which the temporal content of the perceptual present is exhausted by its direct reference to the interval (...)
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  21. The Value-Based Theory of Reasons.Barry Maguire - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    This paper develops the Value-Based Theory of Reasons in some detail. The central part of the paper introduces a number of theoretically puzzling features of normative reasons. These include weight, transmission, overlap, and the promiscuity of reasons. It is argued that the Value-Based Theory of Reasons elegantly accounts for these features. This paper is programmatic. Its goal is to put the promising but surprisingly overlooked Value-Based Theory of Reasons on the table in discussions of normative reasons, and to draw attention (...)
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  22.  2
    The Effect of Effects on Effectiveness: A Boon-Bane Asymmetry.Abigail B. Sussman & Daniel M. Oppenheimer - 2020 - Cognition 199:104240.
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  23.  6
    Gendered Homophobia and the Contradictions of Workplace Discrimination for Women in the Building Trades.Abigail C. Saguy & Amy M. Denissen - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (3):381-403.
    Drawing on 63 interviews with a diverse sample of tradeswomen, this article examines how the cultural meanings of sexual orientation—as well as gender presentation, race, and body size—shapes the constraints that women face in the construction industry and the specific resistance strategies they develop. We argue that women’s presence in these male-dominated jobs threatens notions of the work as inherently masculine and a gender order that presumes the sexual subordination of women. Tradesmen neutralize the first threat by labeling tradeswomen as (...)
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  24.  32
    Mental Illness Stigma and Epistemic Credibility in Advance.Abigail Gosselin - forthcoming - Social Philosophy Today.
  25.  40
    Complexity and Management: Moving From Fad To Firm Foundations.Steve Maguire & Bill McKelvey - 1999 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 1 (2):19-61.
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  26. .Abigail Gillman - unknown
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  27.  12
    The Filial Art.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 1985 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (1):19-29.
    ABSTRACT Psychological or political criticism of the parent‐child relation presupposes a normative account of that relation. Such an account is here provided. The normative account can shed most light when the parent‐child relation is presented recognizably, not in Utopian disguise. The purposes of reasonable people partly depend on their interpretations of those of their parents. This is so whether such people accept or reject any particular parental purposes. The filial art sticks to the project of working out the enacted interpretation—until (...)
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  28.  1
    Quantifying Flexibility in Thought: The Resiliency of Semantic Networks Differs Across the Lifespan.Abigail L. Cosgrove, Yoed N. Kenett, Roger E. Beaty & Michele T. Diaz - 2021 - Cognition 211:104631.
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  29.  22
    Global Poverty and Individual Responsibility.Abigail Gosselin - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    This book considers what responsibilities affluent individuals have toward global poverty, given that global poverty is a problem with structural, political causes, and one that generally requires collective action. By looking at the intersection of moral, political, and legal philosophy, this book gives a pluralistic and differentiated account of individual duties based on a person's moral agency, her roles within collective groups , and her institutional identities as citizen and consumer.
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  30.  1
    Marx's Paris Writings an Analysis.John M. Maguire - 1972 - Dublin : Gill and Macmillan.
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  31.  1
    Revelations of Character: Ethos, Rhetoric, and Moral Philosophy in Montaigne.Corinne Noirot-Maguire & Valérie M. Dionne (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    The untranslatable and intriguing notion of ethos (mores, goodness, character, etc.) contrasts in Ancient rhetoric with pathos and logos, the other two pisteis or means of persuasion. Rhetorical ethos is characterized by ambivalence; is it essentially extra- or intra-discursive? an effect of the soul or an effective simulacrum? stable or circumstantial? As a discursive image, an artefact of speech, ethos remains problematic in its legitimacy. As shown in this volume, Montaigne's readings of Ancient theories of ethos resonate in the Essais. (...)
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  32.  38
    Global Poverty and Responsibility: Identifying the Duty-Bearers of Human Rights. [REVIEW]Abigail Gosselin - 2006 - Human Rights Review 8 (1):35-52.
    Many rights theorists argue that global poverty violates certain human rights, so that responsibility to address poverty involves carrying out the duties that correspond with relevant rights-claims. Liberatirians argue that the rights and duties associated with global poverty, especially what are sometimes thought of as “positive” rights, or rights of assistance, are inappropriately agent-neutral, giving them less justificatory force than agent-relative rights and duties. To counter libertarian concerns, Thomas Pogge tries to reframe the responsibilities corresponding to human rights as institutional (...)
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  33.  17
    Joseph Maguire: Power and Global Sport. Zones of Prestige, Emulation and Resistance. Routledge, London, 2005.Raúl Sánchez García - 2007 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 7:195-198.
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  34.  54
    H. MAGUIRE, Nectar and Illusion. Nature in Byzantine Art and Literature. Oxford–New York, Oxford University Press, 2012. [REVIEW]Kristoffel Demoen - 2013 - Byzantion 83:440-443.
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  35.  51
    Decoding Human Brain Activity During Real-World Experiences.Hugo J. Spiers & Eleanor A. Maguire - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (8):356-365.
  36.  15
    Dodging Monsters and Dancing with Dreams: Success and Failure at Different Levels of Approach and Avoidance.Abigail A. Scholer & E. Tory Higgins - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):254-258.
    Many models of motivation suggest that goals can be arranged in a hierarchy, ranging from higher-level goals that represent desired end-states to lower-level means that operate in the service of those goals. We present a hierarchical model that distinguishes between three levels—goals, strategies, and tactics—and between approach/avoidance and regulatory focus motivations at different levels. We focus our discussion on how this hierarchical framework sheds light on the different ways that success and failure are defined within the promotion and prevention systems (...)
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  37.  72
    Novelty Signals: A Window Into Hippocampal Information Processing.Dharshan Kumaran & Eleanor A. Maguire - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):47-54.
  38.  29
    Philosophizing From Experience: First‐Person Accounts and Epistemic Justice.Abigail Gosselin - 2019 - Journal of Social Philosophy 50 (1):45-68.
  39. Conversions a Philosophic Memoir.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 1994
    Conversions: A Philosophic Memoir belongs to the tradition of Augustine and Rousseau: the "confession" of a life that is a quest for truth. It is in large part the story of two major episodes from Abigail Rosenthal's early adulthood, bought putting personal identity dramatically at risk. As a young Fulbright scholar in Paris, Rosenthal met and entered reluctantly into a love affair with a young Greek communist philosopher who believed that force and deception were justified by a utopian vision (...)
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  40.  65
    Beauvoir, the Scandal of Science, and Skepticism as Method.Abigail Klassen - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (4):835-851.
    In The Ethics of Ambiguity (herein the Ethics), Simone de Beauvoir declares that science condemns itself to failure if it takes as its task the total disclosure of being (Beauvoir 1948/1976, 130). I suggest that the Ethics actually parallels the spirit of some scientific programs, specifically those that utilize positive skepticism as method. I draw out connections among the Ethics, Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (Merleau-Ponty 1945/1962) to which Beauvoir's works show much likeness, and Francis Bacon's The New Organon (Bacon (...)
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  41. Abigail and David: The Iconography of a Romanesque Capital From Notre-Dame-Des-Doms, Avignon.Andrew H. Chen - 2013 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 76 (1):131-136.
     
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  42.  7
    Strawberries and Cream: The Relationship Between Food Rejection and Thematic Knowledge of Food in Young Children.Abigail Pickard, Jean-Pierre Thibaut & Jérémie Lafraire - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Establishing healthy dietary habits in childhood is crucial in preventing long-term repercussions, as a lack of dietary variety in childhood leads to enduring impacts on both physical and cognitive health. Poor conceptual knowledge about food has recently been shown to be a driving factor of food rejection. The majority of studies that have investigated the development of food knowledge along with food rejection have mainly focused on one subtype of conceptual knowledge about food, namely taxonomic categories. However, taxonomic categorization is (...)
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  43.  18
    “Clinician Knows Best”? Injustices in the Medicalization of Mental Illness.Abigail Gosselin - 2019 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 5 (2).
    This paper uses a non-ideal theory approach advocated for by Alison Jaggar to show that practices involved with the medicalization of serious mental disorders can subject people who have these disorders to a cycle of vulnerability that keeps them trapped within systems of injustice. When medicalization locates mental disorders solely as problems of individual biology, without regard to social factors, and when it treats mental disorders as personal defects, it perpetuates injustice in several ways: by enabling biased diagnoses through stereotyping, (...)
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  44.  3
    Negotiating Citizenship: The Case of Foreign Domestic Workers in Canada.Abigail B. Bakan & Daiva Stasiulis - 1997 - Feminist Review 57 (1):112-139.
    This paper argues that most conceptualizations of citizenship limit the purview of the discourse to static categories. ‘Citizenship’ is commonly seen as an ideal type, presuming a largely legal relationship between an inidividual and a single nation-state – more precisely only one type of nation-state, the advanced capitalist post-war model. Alternatively, we suggest a re-conceptualization of citizenship as a negotiated relationship, one which is subject therefore to change, and acted upon collectively within social, political and economic relations of conflict. This (...)
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  45. Darwinian Heresies.Abigail Lustig, Robert J. Richards & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Darwinian Heresies, which was originally published in 2004, prominent historians and philosophers of science trace the history of evolutionary thought, and challenge many of the assumptions that have built up over the years. Covering a wide range of issues starting in the eighteenth century, Darwinian Heresies brings us through the time of Charles Darwin and the Origin, and then through the twentieth century to the present. It is suggested that Darwin's true roots lie in Germany, not his native England, (...)
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  46. Rich Environments, Dull Experiences: How Environment Can Exacerbate the Effect of Constraint on the Experience of Boredom.Andriy A. Struk, Abigail A. Scholer, James Danckert & Paul Seli - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (7):1517-1523.
    We examined the hypothesis that boredom is likely to occur when opportunity costs are high; that is, when there is a high potential value of engaging in activities other than the researcher-assigne...
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  47.  12
    Surveillance, Governmentality and Moving the Goalposts: The Influence of Ofsted on the Work of Schools in a Post-Panoptic Era.Jane Perryman, Meg Maguire, Annette Braun & Stephen Ball - 2018 - British Journal of Educational Studies 66 (2):145-163.
  48. Women’s Political Engagement in a Mexican Sending Community: Migration as Crisis and the Struggle to Sustain an Alternative.Abigail Andrews - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (4):583-608.
    Early research suggested that migration changed gender roles by offering women new wages and exposing them to norms of gender equity. Increasingly, however, scholars have drawn attention to the role of structural factors, such as poverty and undocumented status, in mediating the relationship between migration and gender. This article takes such insights a step further by showing that migrant communities’ reactions to structural marginality—and their efforts to build alternatives in their home villages—may also draw women into new gender roles. I (...)
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  49.  18
    The Value of Sound Research Practices Even Facing Pandemics.Abigail B. Shoben - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):15-17.
  50.  43
    The Influence of the Fear Facial Expression on Prosocial Responding.Abigail A. Marsh & Nalini Ambady - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (2):225-247.
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