Results for 'Abigail Barr'

642 found
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  1.  31
    Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences.Henrich Joseph, Boyd Robert, Bowles Samuel, Camerer Colin, Fehr Ernst, Gintis Herbert, McElreath Richard, Alvard Michael, Barr Abigail & Ensminger Jean - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6).
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  2. “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  3. Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  4.  38
    Defining Evil Away: Arendt's Forgiveness: Abigail L. Rosenthal.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (2):155-174.
    Arendt claims that evil is banal and its perpetrators merely shallow. Deliberate evil she takes to be extremely rare. However, nonrare examples of deliberate evil, whose aim is to spoil one's story, abound in everyday life. Arendt also makes forgiveness personal, not requiring repentance. This prompts a consideration of certain personal relations among philosophers. Heidegger's relation to Husserl shows a betrayal of teacher by student. His seductive and philosophic power over Arendt, a betrayal of student by teacher, should not be (...)
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  5. .Muḥammad ʻAlī Bārr - 2010
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  6.  36
    Edson Ancient Macedonian Studies in Honor of Charles F. Edson. Ed. H. J. Dell. Thessaloniki: Institute for Balkan Studies. 1981. Pp. 407, [33] Plates, 3 Text Figs. Price Not Stated. - Adams and E. N. Borza Ed.Philip II, Alexander the Great and the Macedonian Heritage. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America. 1982. Pp. Xiii + 302, [9] Plates, [8] Text Figs. . $23.50 , $12.75 . [Symposium, Chicago, June 1981 in Mem. H. J. Dell.] - Barr-Sharrar and E. N. Borza Ed.Macedonia and Greece in Late Classical and Early Hellenistic Times. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art. 1982. Pp. 268, [207] Illus. , Text Figs., Maps, Plans). Price Not Stated. - Jaschinski Alexander Und Griechenland Unter Dem Eindruck der Flucht des Harpalos. Bonn: Habelt. 1981. Pp. Viii + 208. DM 28. [REVIEW]A. R. Burn, C. F. Edson, H. J. Dell, W. L. Adams, E. N. Borza, B. Barr-Sharrar & S. Jaschinski - 1983 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 103:208-209.
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  7. What Dare I Think? The Challenge of Modern Science to Human Action & Belief, Including the Henry la Barre, Jayne Foundation Lectures for 1931.Julian Huxley & Henry La Barre Jayne Foundation - 1931 - Chatto & Windus.
     
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  8. The Cost of Free Speech: Pornography, Hate Speech, and Their Challenge to Liberalism.Abigail Levin - 2010 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The distinctly contemporary proliferation of pornography and hate speech poses a challenge to liberalism's traditional ideal of a 'marketplace of ideas' facilitated by state neutrality about the content of speech. This new study argues that the liberal state ought to depart from neutrality to meet this challenge.
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  9.  54
    Critical University Studies and the Crisis Consensus.Abigail Boggs & Nick Mitchell - 2018 - Feminist Studies 44 (2):432.
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  10. A Good Look at Evil.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 1987 - Temple University Press.
    A philosophical study of the ethics of good and evil. Ch. 6 (pp. 163-207), "Banality and Originality, " takes issue with Hannah Arendt's thesis of the banality of evil. Contends that no legally sane Nazi was free of evil. The individual has free choice in regard to doing good and evil, and is responsible for his evil acts. Takes issue, also, with Raul Hilberg's view that the Jews did not resist the Nazi terror, and asks "What is the right way (...)
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  11. Practical Form: Abstraction, Technique, and Beauty in Eighteenth-Century Aesthetics.Abigail Zitin - 2020 - Yale University Press.
    _A groundbreaking study of the development of form in eighteenth-century aesthetics_ In this original work, Abigail Zitin proposes a new history of the development of form as a concept in and for aesthetics. Her account substitutes women and artisans for the proverbial man of taste, asserting them as central figures in the rise of aesthetics as a field of philosophical inquiry in eighteenth-century Europe. She shows how the idea of formal abstraction so central to conceptions of beauty in this (...)
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  12. Bible and Interpretation: The Collected Essays of James Barr: Volume I: Interpretation and Theology.James Barr - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    v. 1. Interpretation and theology -- v. 2. Biblical studies.
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  13.  5
    Overlooked Leadership Potential: The Preference for Leadership Potential in Job Candidates Who Are Men Vs. Women.Abigail Player, Georgina Randsley de Moura, Ana C. Leite, Dominic Abrams & Fatima Tresh - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14. Darwinian Heresies.Abigail Lustig, Robert J. Richards & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Darwinian Heresies, which was originally published in 2004, prominent historians and philosophers of science trace the history of evolutionary thought, and challenge many of the assumptions that have built up over the years. Covering a wide range of issues starting in the eighteenth century, Darwinian Heresies brings us through the time of Charles Darwin and the Origin, and then through the twentieth century to the present. It is suggested that Darwin's true roots lie in Germany, not his native England, (...)
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  15. .Abigail Gillman - unknown
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  16.  18
    Theorizing Feminism: Parallel Trends in the Humanities and Social Sciences.Abigail J. Stewart (ed.) - 1994 - Westview Press.
    In the past three decades, feminist scholars have produced an extraordinary rich body of theoretical writing in humanities and social science disciplines. This revised and updated second edition of Theorizing Feminism: Parallel Trends in the Humanities and Social Sciences, is a genuinely interdisciplinary anthology of significant contributions to feminist theory.This timely reader is creatively edited, and contains insightful introductory material. It illuminates the historical development of feminist theory as well as the current state of the field. Emphasizing common themes and (...)
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  17.  23
    Towards a Holistic Definition of Death: The Biological, Philosophical and Social Deficiencies of Brain Stem Death Criteria.Abigail Maguire - 2019 - The New Bioethics 25 (2):172-184.
    With no statutory definition of death, the accepted medical definition relies on brain stem death criteria as a definitive measure of diagnosing death. However, the use of brain stem death criteria in this way is precarious and causes widespread confusion amongst both medical and lay communities. Through critical analysis, this paper considers the insufficiencies of brain stem death. It concludes that brain stem death cannot be successfully equated with either biological death or the loss of integrated bodily function. The overemphasis (...)
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  18.  14
    Marianne Sommer, History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules, Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press 2016. 496 S., $ 50,00. ISBN 978‐0‐2263‐4732‐5. [REVIEW]Abigail J. Lustig - 2017 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 40 (4):404-405.
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  19.  70
    Limits on Theory of Mind Use in Adults.Boaz Keysar, Shuhong Lin & Dale J. Barr - 2003 - Cognition 89 (1):25-41.
  20.  64
    Mental Illness Stigma and Epistemic Credibility.Abigail Gosselin - 2018 - Social Philosophy Today 34:77-94.
    In this paper I explore the way that mental illness stigma impacts epistemic credibility in people who have mental illness. While any kind of stigma has the potential to discredit a person’s epistemic agency, in the case of mental illness the basis for discrediting is in some cases and to some extent justifiable, for impairments in rationality, control, and reality perception can indeed be obstacles to participating appropriately in epistemic activities such as normal conversation and public discourse. People with mental (...)
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  21.  25
    Understanding Pharmaceutical Research Manipulation in the Context of Accounting Manipulation.Abigail Brown - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):611-619.
    The problem of the manipulation of data that arises when there is both opportunity and incentive to mislead is better accepted and studied — though by no means solved — in financial accounting than in medicine. This article analyzes pharmaceutical company manipulation of medical research as part of a broader problem of corporate manipulation of data in the creation of accounting profits. The article explores how our understanding of accounting fraud and misinformation helps us understand the risk of similar information (...)
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  22.  11
    Understanding Pharmaceutical Research Manipulation in the Context of Accounting Manipulation.Abigail Brown - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):611-619.
    Good decision-making requires reliable information. In medicine, relevant information comes from clinical trials and other forms of scientific research. In business, one source is in corporate annual financial statements. As for-profit, publicly traded companies whose business is discovering, manufacturing, and marketing drugs, pharmaceutical companies sit at the nexus of these two fields. Determining the safety and efficacy of a pharmaceutical product and determining the profitability of a complex enterprise are similarly difficult tasks: each is fraught with deeply ambiguous information that (...)
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  23. Political Writings.Immanuel Kant, Hugh Barr Nisbet & Hans Reiss - 1991
  24. Zoo Animals as Specimens, Zoo Animals as Friends.Abigail Levin - 2015 - Environmental Philosophy 12 (1):21-44.
    The international protest surrounding the Copenhagen Zoo’s recent decision to kill a healthy giraffe in the name of population management reveals a deep moral tension between contemporary zoological display practices — which induce zoo - goers to view certain animals as individuals, quasi - persons, or friends — and the traditional objectives of zoos, which ask us only to view animals as specimens. I argue that these zoological display practices give rise to moral obligations on the part of zoos to (...)
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  25.  2
    The Effect of Effects on Effectiveness: A Boon-Bane Asymmetry.Abigail B. Sussman & Daniel M. Oppenheimer - 2020 - Cognition 199:104240.
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  26.  62
    The Perceptual Present.Abigail Connor & Joel Smith - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly (277):1-21.
    Phenomenologically speaking, we perceive the present, recall the past, and anticipate the future. We offer an account of the temporal content of the perceptual present that distinguishes it from the recalled past and the anticipated future. We distinguish two views: the Token Reflexive Account and the Minimal Account. We offer reasons to reject the Token Reflexive Account, and defend the Minimal Account, according to which the temporal content of the perceptual present is exhausted by its direct reference to the interval (...)
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  27.  1
    Quantifying Flexibility in Thought: The Resiliency of Semantic Networks Differs Across the Lifespan.Abigail L. Cosgrove, Yoed N. Kenett, Roger E. Beaty & Michele T. Diaz - 2021 - Cognition 211:104631.
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  28.  57
    Cartesian Prejudice: Gender, Education and Authority in Poulain de la Barre.Amy M. Schmitter - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (12):e12553.
    The 17th century author François Poulain de la Barre was an important contributor to a pivotal moment in the history of feminist thought. Poulain borrows from many of Descartes’s doctrines, including his dualism, distrust of epistemic authority, accounts of imagination, and passion, and at least some aspects of his doxastic voluntarism; here I examine how he uses a Cartesian notion of prejudice for an anti-essentializing philosophy of women’s education and the formation of the tastes, talents and interests of individuals. ‘Prejudice’ (...)
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  29. Conversions a Philosophic Memoir.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 1994
    Conversions: A Philosophic Memoir belongs to the tradition of Augustine and Rousseau: the "confession" of a life that is a quest for truth. It is in large part the story of two major episodes from Abigail Rosenthal's early adulthood, bought putting personal identity dramatically at risk. As a young Fulbright scholar in Paris, Rosenthal met and entered reluctantly into a love affair with a young Greek communist philosopher who believed that force and deception were justified by a utopian vision (...)
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  30.  14
    Perceptual Biases and Metacognition and Their Association with Anomalous Self Experiences in First Episode Psychosis.Abigail Wright, Barnaby Nelson, David Fowler & Kathryn Greenwood - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102847.
  31.  8
    Neuroconsumerism and Comprehensive Neuroethics.Abigail Scheper & Veljko Dubljević - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (4):185-187.
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  32.  22
    The Claim for Patient Choice and Equity.D. A. Barr, L. Fenton & D. Blane - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):271-274.
    Recently, commentators close to and within the UK government have claimed that patient choice can increase equity in the context of the National Health Service. This article critically examines the basis for this claim through analysis of recent speeches and publications authored by secretaries of state for health and their policy advisers. It is concluded that this claim has not developed prospectively from an analysis of the causes of healthcare inequity, or even with a consistent normative definition of equity. The (...)
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  33. Women’s Political Engagement in a Mexican Sending Community: Migration as Crisis and the Struggle to Sustain an Alternative.Abigail Andrews - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (4):583-608.
    Early research suggested that migration changed gender roles by offering women new wages and exposing them to norms of gender equity. Increasingly, however, scholars have drawn attention to the role of structural factors, such as poverty and undocumented status, in mediating the relationship between migration and gender. This article takes such insights a step further by showing that migrant communities’ reactions to structural marginality—and their efforts to build alternatives in their home villages—may also draw women into new gender roles. I (...)
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  34.  1
    Biopolitics in the National Parks: The Life and Death of Cecil the Lion.Abigail Levin - 2021 - Society and Animals 29 (3):309-328.
    Cecil the Lion lived in Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe and was a part of an Oxford conservation study until his death by poaching, outside of Park boundaries, at the hands of an American hunter, in July 2015. Cecil’s death caused unique levels of international outrage, though wildlife poaching in general remains an all-too-ubiquitous phenomenon. This paper enquires as to why this particular death caused such outrage. I will examine this question through two Foucauldian lenses: first, through the Parks’ discursive (...)
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  35.  11
    Clinical Ethics Teaching in Britain: A History of the London Medical Group.Michael Whong-Barr - 2003 - New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):73-84.
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  36. Critiquing Strawsonian Selves.Klassen Abigail - 2015 - Appraisal: The Journal of the British Personalist Forum 10 (3):27-34.
  37.  3
    Negotiating Citizenship: The Case of Foreign Domestic Workers in Canada.Abigail B. Bakan & Daiva Stasiulis - 1997 - Feminist Review 57 (1):112-139.
    This paper argues that most conceptualizations of citizenship limit the purview of the discourse to static categories. ‘Citizenship’ is commonly seen as an ideal type, presuming a largely legal relationship between an inidividual and a single nation-state – more precisely only one type of nation-state, the advanced capitalist post-war model. Alternatively, we suggest a re-conceptualization of citizenship as a negotiated relationship, one which is subject therefore to change, and acted upon collectively within social, political and economic relations of conflict. This (...)
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  38.  18
    The Value of Sound Research Practices Even Facing Pandemics.Abigail B. Shoben - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):15-17.
  39.  6
    Gendered Homophobia and the Contradictions of Workplace Discrimination for Women in the Building Trades.Abigail C. Saguy & Amy M. Denissen - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (3):381-403.
    Drawing on 63 interviews with a diverse sample of tradeswomen, this article examines how the cultural meanings of sexual orientation—as well as gender presentation, race, and body size—shapes the constraints that women face in the construction industry and the specific resistance strategies they develop. We argue that women’s presence in these male-dominated jobs threatens notions of the work as inherently masculine and a gender order that presumes the sexual subordination of women. Tradesmen neutralize the first threat by labeling tradeswomen as (...)
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  40.  37
    Global Poverty and Responsibility: Identifying the Duty-Bearers of Human Rights. [REVIEW]Abigail Gosselin - 2006 - Human Rights Review 8 (1):35-52.
    Many rights theorists argue that global poverty violates certain human rights, so that responsibility to address poverty involves carrying out the duties that correspond with relevant rights-claims. Liberatirians argue that the rights and duties associated with global poverty, especially what are sometimes thought of as “positive” rights, or rights of assistance, are inappropriately agent-neutral, giving them less justificatory force than agent-relative rights and duties. To counter libertarian concerns, Thomas Pogge tries to reframe the responsibilities corresponding to human rights as institutional (...)
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  41.  7
    Strawberries and Cream: The Relationship Between Food Rejection and Thematic Knowledge of Food in Young Children.Abigail Pickard, Jean-Pierre Thibaut & Jérémie Lafraire - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Establishing healthy dietary habits in childhood is crucial in preventing long-term repercussions, as a lack of dietary variety in childhood leads to enduring impacts on both physical and cognitive health. Poor conceptual knowledge about food has recently been shown to be a driving factor of food rejection. The majority of studies that have investigated the development of food knowledge along with food rejection have mainly focused on one subtype of conceptual knowledge about food, namely taxonomic categories. However, taxonomic categorization is (...)
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  42. Sex and Scientific Inquiry.Sandra G. Harding & Jean F. O'barr - 1987
     
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  43.  29
    Philosophizing From Experience: First‐Person Accounts and Epistemic Justice.Abigail Gosselin - 2019 - Journal of Social Philosophy 50 (1):45-68.
  44.  2
    A Re-Evaluation of ‘Palissy’ Ceramics at the Museum of Fine Arts, BostonUne Réévaluation des Céramiques À la Manière de Palissy Conservées au Museum of Fine Arts de Boston.Abigail Hykin, Richard Newman & Thomas Michie - 2019 - Techne 47:126-139.
  45.  63
    Beauvoir, the Scandal of Science, and Skepticism as Method.Abigail Klassen - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (4):835-851.
    In The Ethics of Ambiguity (herein the Ethics), Simone de Beauvoir declares that science condemns itself to failure if it takes as its task the total disclosure of being (Beauvoir 1948/1976, 130). I suggest that the Ethics actually parallels the spirit of some scientific programs, specifically those that utilize positive skepticism as method. I draw out connections among the Ethics, Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (Merleau-Ponty 1945/1962) to which Beauvoir's works show much likeness, and Francis Bacon's The New Organon (Bacon (...)
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  46. Rich Environments, Dull Experiences: How Environment Can Exacerbate the Effect of Constraint on the Experience of Boredom.Andriy A. Struk, Abigail A. Scholer, James Danckert & Paul Seli - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (7):1517-1523.
    We examined the hypothesis that boredom is likely to occur when opportunity costs are high; that is, when there is a high potential value of engaging in activities other than the researcher-assigne...
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  47.  5
    From Purification to Protection: Plague Response in Late Medieval Valencia.Abigail Agresta - 2020 - Speculum 95 (2):371-395.
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  48.  35
    Herder and the Philosophy and History of Science.Hugh Barr Nisbet - 1970 - Modern Humanities Research Association.
    In the most striking syntheses of ideas within his thought, and especially when he tries to relate the empirical world investigated by science to other ...
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  49.  43
    The Influence of the Fear Facial Expression on Prosocial Responding.Abigail A. Marsh & Nalini Ambady - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (2):225-247.
  50.  17
    Abigail Firey, A Contrite Heart: Prosecution and Redemption in the Carolingian Empire. (Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions, 145.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2009. Pp. Xvii, 293; 4 Black-and-White Figures and 1 Map. $138. ISBN: 978-9004178151. [REVIEW]Courtney M. Booker - 2012 - Speculum 87 (1):211-214.
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