Results for 'A. Shanti James'

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  1. Moral Grandstanding in Public Discourse: Status-Seeking Motives as a Potential Explanatory Mechanism in Predicting Conflict.Joshua B. Grubbs, Brandon Warmke, Justin Tosi, A. Shanti James & W. Keith Campbell - 2019 - PLoS ONE 14 (10).
    Public discourse is often caustic and conflict-filled. This trend seems to be particularly evident when the content of such discourse is around moral issues (broadly defined) and when the discourse occurs on social media. Several explanatory mechanisms for such conflict have been explored in recent psychological and social-science literatures. The present work sought to examine a potentially novel explanatory mechanism defined in philosophical literature: Moral Grandstanding. According to philosophical accounts, Moral Grandstanding is the use of moral talk to seek social (...)
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  2. Moral Grandstanding and Political Polarization: A Multi-Study Consideration.Joshua B. Grubbs, Brandon Warmke, Justin Tosi & A. Shanti James - 2020 - Journal of Research in Personality 88.
    The present work posits that social motives, particularly status seeking in the form of moral grandstanding, are likely at least partially to blame for elevated levels of affective polarization and ideological extremism in the U.S. In Study 1, results from both undergraduates (N = 981; Mean age = 19.4; SD = 2.1; 69.7% women) and a cross-section of U.S. adults matched to 2010 census norms (N = 1,063; Mean age = 48.20, SD = 16.38; 49.8% women) indicated that prestige-motived grandstanding (...)
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  3.  3
    A Profession Without Expertise? Professionalization in Reverse.Joseph A. Raho & James A. Hynds - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):44-46.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 44-46.
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  4.  4
    Research Ethics During a Pandemic: A Call for Normative and Empirical Analysis.Bryan A. Sisk & James DuBois - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):82-84.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 82-84.
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  5.  13
    Moving Beyond ERP Components: A Selective Review of Approaches to Integrate EEG and Behavior.David A. Bridwell, James F. Cavanagh, Anne G. E. Collins, Michael D. Nunez, Ramesh Srinivasan, Sebastian Stober & Vince D. Calhoun - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  6. I—James Ladyman: On the Identity and Diversity of Objects in a Structure.James Ladyman - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):23-43.
    The identity and diversity of individual objects may be grounded or ungrounded, and intrinsic or contextual. Intrinsic individuation can be grounded in haecceities, or absolute discernibility. Contextual individuation can be grounded in relations, but this is compatible with absolute, relative or weak discernibility. Contextual individuation is compatible with the denial of haecceitism, and this is more harmonious with science. Structuralism implies contextual individuation. In mathematics contextual individuation is in general primitive. In physics contextual individuation may be grounded in relations via (...)
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  7.  8
    Temporal Vs. Spatial Information as a Reinforcer of Observing.Craig A. Bowe & James A. Dinsmoor - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (1):33-36.
  8.  91
    From Environmental to Ecological Ethics: Toward a Practical Ethics for Ecologists and Conservationists.Ben A. Minteer & James P. Collins - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):483-501.
    Ecological research and conservation practice frequently raise difficult and varied ethical questions for scientific investigators and managers, including duties to public welfare, nonhuman individuals (i.e., animals and plants), populations, and ecosystems. The field of environmental ethics has contributed much to the understanding of general duties and values to nature, but it has not developed the resources to address the diverse and often unique practical concerns of ecological researchers and managers in the field, lab, and conservation facility. The emerging field of (...)
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  9.  13
    Pictures & Tears. A History of People Who Have Cried in Front of Paintings.Kevin A. Morrison & James Elkins - 2004 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 38 (2):120.
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  10.  7
    A Hippocampal Theory of Schizophrenia.Nestor A. Schmajuk & James J. DiCarlo - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):47-49.
  11.  57
    Women’s Roles on U.S. Fortune 500 Boards: Director Expertise and Committee Memberships. [REVIEW]Craig A. Peterson & James Philpot - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 72 (2):177 - 196.
    This study examines the presence and roles of female directors of U.S. Fortune 500 firms, focusing on committee assignments and director background. Prior work from almost two decades ago concludes that there is a systematic bias against females in assignment to top board committees. Examining a recent data set with a logistic regression model that controls for director and firm characteristics, director resource-dependence roles and interaction between director gender and director characteristics, we find that female directors are less likely than (...)
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  12.  27
    Figural Change in Apparent Motion.Paul A. Kolers & James R. Pomerantz - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):99.
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  13.  31
    Relationships and Health: The Critical Role of Affective Science.David A. Sbarra & James A. Coan - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (1):40-54.
    High-quality social relationships predict a range of positive health outcomes, but no broadly accepted theory can explain the mechanisms of action in this area. The central argument of this article is that affective science can provide keys for integrating the diverse array of theoretical models concerning relationships and health. From nine prominent theories, we cull four components of relational affect that link social resources to health-related outcomes. This component model holds promise for integrating research from the different theoretical perspectives and (...)
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  14.  11
    Women’s Roles on U.S. Fortune 500 Boards: Director Expertise and Committee Memberships.Craig A. Peterson & James Philpot - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 72 (2):177-196.
    This study examines the presence and roles of female directors of U.S. Fortune 500 firms, focusing on committee assignments and director background. Prior work from almost two decades ago concludes that there is a systematic bias against females in assignment to top board committees. Examining a recent data set with a logistic regression model that controls for director and firm characteristics, director resource-dependence roles and interaction between director gender and director characteristics, we find that female directors are less likely than (...)
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  15.  11
    New Ways to Explore the Relationship–Emotion–Health Connection.David A. Sbarra & James A. Coan - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (1):76-78.
    The commentaries by Rimé and Scherer underscore and extend many of the central themes discussed in our target article. This response filters the commentaries through the lens of our review article and highlights the core idea that relationships provide a vital context for the types of emotional responding outlined in the commentaries, including the social sharing of emotion as well as the link between emotional competence and physical health.
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  16.  11
    Preemption Effects in Visual Search: Evidence for Low-Level Grouping.Ronald A. Rensink & James T. Enns - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (1):101-130.
  17.  63
    A William James Reader.William James - 1971 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
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  18.  50
    Change Blindness as a Result of Mudsplashes.Kevin J. O'Regan, Ronald A. Rensink & James J. Clark - 1999 - Nature 398 (6722):34-34.
  19.  28
    Development of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Policy for the Care of Terminally Ill Patients Who May Become Organ Donors After Death Following the Removal of Life Support.Michael A. DeVita & James V. Snyder - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):131-143.
  20.  9
    The Republic of Plato.W. A. H. & James Adam - 1905 - Philosophical Review 14 (3):371.
  21.  18
    Nietzsche's Legacy for Education: Past and Present Values.Michael A. Peters, James D. Marshall & Paul Smeyers - 2001 - Bergin & Garvey.
    Provides an introduction to Nietzsche's thought and its significance for contemporary educational thought, examining the question of value in postmodernity. In a series of wide-ranging essays, this collection addresses questions of self, ethics, difference, the arts, democracy, modernity, and nihilism in relation to Nietzsche's work and to education.
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  22.  6
    On Voicing Up: A Conversation by Holger Schulze with Shanti Suki Osman on Her Piece Voicing Up.Shanti Suki Osman - 2019 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 28 (1):147-152.
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  23.  20
    Noosphere Rising: Internet-Based Collective Intelligence, Creative Labour, and Social Production.Michael A. Peters & James Reveley - 2015 - Thesis Eleven 130 (1):3-21.
    Our article relocates the debate about creative labour to the terrain of peer-to-peer interneting as the paradigmatic form of nonmarket – social – production. From Yann Moulier Boutang we take the point that creative labour is immaterial; it is expressed through people connected by the internet. Drawing on two social systems thinkers, Francis Heylighen and Wolfgang Hofkirchner, we transpose this connectedness up to a conception of creative labour as a supra-individual collective intelligence. This intelligence, we argue, is one of the (...)
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  24.  36
    The Revised Transliminality Scale: Reliability and Validity Data From a Rasch Top-Down Purification Procedure.Rense Lange, Michael A. Thalbourne, James Houran & Lance Storm - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (4):591-617.
    The concept of transliminality (''a hypothesized tendency for psychological material to cross thresholds into or out of consciousness'') was anticipated by William James (1902/1982), but it was only recently given an empirical definition by Thalbourne in terms of a 29-item Transliminality Scale. This article presents the 17-item Revised Transliminality Scale (or RTS) that corrects age and gender biases, is unidimensional by a Rasch criterion, and has a reliability of .82. The scale defines a probabilistic hierarchy of items that address (...)
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  25.  14
    The Ideal of the Dispassionate Judge: An Emotion Regulation Perspective.Terry A. Maroney & James J. Gross - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):142-151.
    According to legal tradition, the ideal judge is entirely dispassionate. Affective science calls into question the legitimacy of this ideal; further, it suggests that no judge could ever meet this standard, even if it were the correct one. What judges can and should do is to learn to effectively manage—rather than eliminate—emotion. Specifically, an emotion regulation perspective suggests that judicial emotion is best managed by cognitive reappraisal and, often, disclosure; behavioral suppression should be used sparingly; and suppression of emotional experience (...)
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  26. The Writings of William James: A Comprehensive Edition.William James - 1967 - New York: University of Chicago Press.
  27.  11
    Review of Richard A. Cohen, James L. Marsh (Eds.), Ricoeur As Another: The Ethics of Subjectivity[REVIEW]James Risser - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (7).
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  28.  16
    The Dynamics of Lexical Competition During Spoken Word Recognition.James S. Magnuson, James A. Dixon, Michael K. Tanenhaus & Richard N. Aslin - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (1):133-156.
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  29.  24
    The Voluntariness of Virtue – and Belief: James A. Montmarquet.James A. Montmarquet - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (3):373-390.
    This paper examines the relative voluntariness of three types of virtue: ‘epistemic’ virtues like open-mindedness; ‘motivational’ virtues like courage, and more robustly ‘moral’ virtues like justice. A somewhat novel conception of the voluntariness of belief is offered in terms of the limited, but quite real, voluntariness of certain epistemic virtues.
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  30.  36
    Bad Blood Thirty Years Later: A Q&A with James H. Jones.James H. Jones & Nancy M. P. King - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):867-872.
    Historian James H. Jones published the first edition of Bad Blood, the definitive history of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, in 1981. Its clear-eyed examination of that research and its implications remains a bioethics classic, and the 30-year anniversary of its publication served as the impetus for the reexamination of research ethics that this symposium presents. Recent revelations about the United States Public Health Service study that infected mental patients and prisoners in Guatemala with syphilis in the late 1940s in (...)
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  31.  30
    Actual and Perceived Sharing of Ethical Reasoning and Moral Intent Among in-Group and Out-Group Members.Neil A. Granitz & James C. Ward - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (4):299 - 322.
    Despite an extensive amount of research studying the influence of significant others on an individual's ethical behavior, researchers have not examined this variable in the context of organizational group boundaries. This study tests actual and perceptual sharing and variation in ethical reasoning and moral intent within and across functional groups in an organization. Integrating theory on ethical behavior, group dynamics, and culture, it is proposed that organizational structure affects cognitive structure. Departmental boundaries create stronger social ties within the group as (...)
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  32.  21
    History of Organ Donation by Patients with Cardiac Death.Michael A. DeVita, James V. Snyder & Ake Grenvik - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):113-129.
  33.  11
    Dialogue‐Games: Metacommunication Structures for Natural Language Interaction.James A. Levin & James A. Moore - 1977 - Cognitive Science 1 (4):395-420.
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  34.  46
    Editing Hume's Treatise: James A. Harris.James A. Harris - 2008 - Modern Intellectual History 5 (3):633-641.
    In 1975 the Clarendon Press at Oxford published Peter Nidditch's edition of John Locke's An Essay concerning Human Understanding. In his Introduction Nidditch says that his edition “offers a text that is directly derived, without modernization, from the early published versions; it notes the provenance of all its adopted readings ; and it aims at recording all relevant differences between these versions”. As Nidditch goes on to acknowledge, the “relevant differences” were many, “requiring several thousand registrations both in the case (...)
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  35.  9
    Stimulus Configuration, Classical Conditioning, and Hippocampal Function.Nestor A. Schmajuk & James J. DiCarlo - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (2):268-305.
  36.  48
    Emotion and Emotion Regulation: Integrating Individual and Social Levels of Analysis.Emily A. Butler & James J. Gross - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (1):86-87.
    Rimé makes the important observation that the literature on adult emotion and emotion regulation has largely focused on the individual level of analysis. He argues, we believe correctly, that emotion research would benefit by addressing the fact that emotional events provoke not only individual responses, but systematic social responses as well. We present examples of our own research that are in accord with Rimé's central claims, and that demonstrate the benefits of considering the goals that are provoked and satisfied by (...)
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  37. The Market as a Creative Process: James M. Buchanan And Viktor J. Vanberg.James M. Buchanan - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (2):167-186.
    Contributions in modern theoretical physics and chemistry on the behavior of nonlinear systems, exemplified by Ilya Prigogine's work on the thermodynamics of open systems, attract growing attention in economics. Our purpose here is to relate the new orientation in the natural sciences to a particular nonorthodox strand of thought within economics. All that is needed for this purpose is some appreciation of the general thrust of the enterprise, which involves a shift of perspective from the determinism of conventional physics to (...)
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  38. I—Susan James: Creating Rational Understanding: Spinoza as a Social Epistemologist.Susan James - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):181-199.
    Does Spinoza present philosophy as the preserve of an elite, while condemning the uneducated to a false though palliative form of ‘true religion’? Some commentators have thought so, but this contribution aims to show that they are mistaken. The form of religious life that Spinoza recommends creates the political and epistemological conditions for a gradual transition to philosophical understanding, so that true religion and philosophy are in practice inseparable.
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  39.  8
    Where Are the Effects of Frequency in Visual Word Recognition Tasks? Right Where We Said They Werep Comment on Monsell, Doyle, and Haggard.David A. Balota & James I. Chumbley - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119 (2):231-237.
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  40.  10
    Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking. William James.James Rowland Angell - 1908 - International Journal of Ethics 18 (2):226-235.
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  41.  11
    What Explains Associations of Researchers’ Nation of Origin and Scores on a Measure of Professional Decision-Making? Exploring Key Variables and Interpretation of Scores.Alison L. Antes, Tammy English, Kari A. Baldwin & James M. DuBois - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (5):1499-1530.
    Researchers encounter challenges that require making complex professional decisions. Strategies such as seeking help and anticipating consequences support decision-making in these situations. Existing evidence on a measure of professional decision-making in research that assesses the use of decision-making strategies revealed that NIH-funded researchers born outside of the U.S. tended to score below their U.S. counterparts. To examine potential explanations for this association, this study recruited 101 researchers born in the United States and 102 born internationally to complete the PDR and (...)
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  42.  3
    Overload and Automation-Dependence in a Multi-UAS Simulation: Task Demand and Individual Difference Factors.Jinchao Lin, Gerald Matthews, Ryan W. Wohleber, Gregory J. Funke, Gloria L. Calhoun, Heath A. Ruff, James Szalma & Peter Chiu - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 26 (2):218-235.
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  43.  16
    Exploring the Symbolic/Subsymbolic Continuum: A Case Study of RAAM.Douglas S. Blank, Lisa A. Meeden & James B. Marshall - 1992 - In J. Dinsmore (ed.), The Symbolic and Connectionist Paradigms: Closing the Gap. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 113--148.
  44.  29
    Mapping the Road for Voluntary Change: Partnerships in Agricultural Extension. [REVIEW]Robert A. Pence & James I. Grieshop - 2001 - Agriculture and Human Values 18 (2):209-217.
    BIOS and BIFS are two California-based, small-scale alternative agricultural demonstration programs that define an applied Agriculture Partnership Model of extension. This model operates through a structure of local project leadership, a process of responsive farmer outreach and a primary goal of voluntary pesticide reduction. It reaches back to a Land Grant approach to extension of personal relationship, equal partnership, and collaborative learning. Overall findings from a systematic assessment of BIOS and BIFS imply that the operation and impacts of these two (...)
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  45.  41
    Consumer Ethical Beliefs and Personality Traits: An Exploratory Analysis. [REVIEW]Kumar C. Rallapalli, Scott J. Vitell, Frank A. Wiebe & James H. Barnes - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (7):487 - 495.
    The present study examines the relationships between consumers'' ethical beliefs and personality traits. Based on a survey of 295 undergraduate business students, the authors found that individuals with high needs for autonomy, innovation, and aggression, as well as individuals with a high propensity for taking risks tend to have less ethical beliefs concerning possible consumer actions. Individuals with a high need for social desirability and individuals with a strong problem solving coping style tend to have more ethical beliefs concerning possible (...)
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  46.  57
    Implications of the Papal Allocution on Feeding Tubes.Thomas A. Shannon & James J. Walter - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (4):18-20.
  47.  19
    A Theory for the Recognition of Items From Short Memorized Lists.James A. Anderson - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (6):417-438.
  48.  10
    Bounty-Hunting and Finder's Fees.James A. Christensen & James P. Orlowski - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (3):16.
  49.  8
    Length of Stay by Uncomplicated Diabetes Bariatric Surgery Patients: A Laparoscopic Adjustable Banding Versus Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy.Seth K. A. Baffoe, James E. Rohrer & James Goes - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (5):779-787.
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  50.  8
    Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory and Chronic Interpersonal Stress as Predictors of the Course of Depression in Adolescents.Jennifer A. Sumner, James W. Griffith, Susan Mineka, Kathleen Newcomb Rekart, Richard E. Zinbarg & Michelle G. Craske - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):183-192.
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