Results for 'A. Johnson James'

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  1.  37
    Contemporary Just War Thinking: Which Is Worse, to Have Friends or Critics?James Turner Johnson - 2013 - Ethics and International Affairs 27 (1):25-45.
    The increasingly widespread and energetic engagement with the idea of just war over the last fifty years of thinking on morality and armed conflict—especially in English-speaking countries—presents a striking contrast to the previous several centuries, going back to the early 1600s, in which thinkers addressing moral issues related to war did so without reference to the just war idea.
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  2.  40
    Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism.Navras Jaat Aafreedi, Raihanah Abdullah, Zuraidah Abdullah, Iqbal S. Akhtar, Blain Auer, Jehan Bagli, Parvez M. Bajan, Carole A. Barnsley, Michael Bednar, Clinton Bennett, Purushottama Bilimoria, Leila Chamankhah, Jamsheed K. Choksy, Golam Dastagir, Albert De Jong, Amanullah De Sondy, Arthur Dudney, Janis Esots, Ilyse R. Morgenstein Fuerst, Jonathan Goldstein, Rebecca Ruth Gould, Thomas K. Gugler, Vivek Gupta, Andrew Halladay, Sowkot Hossain, A. R. M. Imtiyaz, Brannon Ingram, Ayesha A. Irani, Barbara C. Johnson, Ramiyar P. Karanjia, Pasha M. Khan, Shenila Khoja-Moolji, Søren Christian Lassen, Riyaz Latif, Bruce B. Lawrence, Joel Lee, Matthew Long, Iik A. Mansurnoor, Anubhuti Maurya, Sharmina Mawani, Seyed Mohamed Mohamed Mazahir, Mohamed Mihlar, Colin P. Mitchell, Yasien Mohamed, A. Azfar Moin, Rafiqul Islam Molla, Anjoom Mukadam, Faiza Mushtaq, Sajjad Nejatie, James R. Newell, Moin Ahmad Nizami, Michael O’Neal, Erik S. Ohlander, Jesse S. Palsetia, Farid Panjwani & Rooyintan Pesh Peer - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    The earlier volume in this series dealt with two religions of Indian origin, namely, Buddhism and Jainism. The Indian religious scene, however, is characterized by not only religions which originated in India but also by religions which entered India from outside India and made their home here. Thus religious life in India has been enlivened throughout its history by the presence of religions of foreign origin on its soil almost from the very time they came into existence. This volume covers (...)
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  3.  18
    Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism.Navras Jaat Aafreedi, Raihanah Abdullah, Zuraidah Abdullah, Iqbal S. Akhtar, Blain Auer, Jehan Bagli, Parvez M. Bajan, Carole A. Barnsley, Michael Bednar, Clinton Bennett, Purushottama Bilimoria, Leila Chamankhah, Jamsheed K. Choksy, Golam Dastagir, Albert De Jong, Amanullah De Sondy, Arthur Dudney, Janis Esots, Ilyse R. Morgenstein Fuerst, Jonathan Goldstein, Rebecca Ruth Gould, Thomas K. Gugler, Vivek Gupta, Andrew Halladay, Sowkot Hossain, A. R. M. Imtiyaz, Brannon Ingram, Ayesha A. Irani, Barbara C. Johnson, Ramiyar P. Karanjia, Pasha M. Khan, Shenila Khoja-Moolji, Søren Christian Lassen, Riyaz Latif, Bruce B. Lawrence, Joel Lee, Matthew Long, Iik A. Mansurnoor, Anubhuti Maurya, Sharmina Mawani, Seyed Mohamed Mohamed Mazahir, Mohamed Mihlar, Colin P. Mitchell, Yasien Mohamed, A. Azfar Moin, Rafiqul Islam Molla, Anjoom Mukadam, Faiza Mushtaq, Sajjad Nejatie, James R. Newell, Moin Ahmad Nizami, Michael O’Neal, Erik S. Ohlander, Jesse S. Palsetia, Farid Panjwani & Rooyintan Pesh Peer - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    The earlier volume in this series dealt with two religions of Indian origin, namely, Buddhism and Jainism. The Indian religious scene, however, is characterized by not only religions which originated in India but also by religions which entered India from outside India and made their home here. Thus religious life in India has been enlivened throughout its history by the presence of religions of foreign origin on its soil almost from the very time they came into existence. This volume covers (...)
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  4.  46
    The John H. Scheide Biblical Papyri: Ezekiel.James A. Montgomery, Allan C. Johnson, H. S. Gehman & Edmund H. Kase - 1939 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 59 (2):262.
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  5. Assembling identities-in-death : miniaturizing identity and the remarkable in Iron Age mortuary practices of West-Central Europe.James A. Johnson - 2016 - In Emily Miller Bonney, Kathryn J. Franklin & James Alan Johnson (eds.), Incomplete archaeologies: assembling knowledge in the past and present. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
     
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  6. Assembling identities-in-death : miniaturizing identity and the remarkable in Iron Age mortuary practices of West-Central Europe.James A. Johnson - 2016 - In Emily Miller Bonney, Kathryn J. Franklin & James A. Johnson (eds.), Incomplete archaeologies: knowledge in the past and present. Philadelphia: Oxbow Books.
     
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  7.  47
    Can a Pacifist Have a Conversation with Augustine? A Response to Alain Epp Weaver.James Turner Johnson - 2001 - Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):87-93.
    Christians have historically differed as to whether the wrongness of an act is to be located in the objective character of the act or in the intention of the agent. By blurring this distinction, Alain Epp Weaver fails to see the real principle of consistency that unites Augustine's analyses of warfare and lying. Likewise, by not appreciating the fact that Augustine analyzes the wrongness of the act in terms of intention whereas Yoder analyzes its wrongness in terms of its objective (...)
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  8.  37
    Mental Models and Ethical Decision Making: The Mediating Role of Sensemaking.Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Logan M. Steele, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (1):133-144.
    The relationship between mental models and ethical decision making, along with the mechanisms through which mental models affect EDM, are not well understood. Using the sensemaking approach to EDM, we empirically tested the relationship of mental models to EDM. Participants were asked to depict their mental models in response to an ethics case to reveal their understanding of the ethical dilemma, and then provide a response, along with a rationale, to a different ethical problem. Findings indicated that complexity of respondents’ (...)
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  9.  32
    Just War Tradition and the Restraint of War: A Moral and Historical Inquiry.J. M. Cameron & James Turner Johnson - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (5):40.
    Book reviewed in this article: Just War Tradition and the Restraint of War: A Moral and Historical Inquiry. By James Turner Johnson.
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  10.  50
    Aquinas and Luther on War and Peace: Sovereign Authority and the Use of Armed Force.James Turner Johnson - 2003 - Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (1):3-20.
    Recent just war thought has tended to prioritize just cause among the moral criteria to be satisfied for resort to armed force, reducing the requirement of sovereign authority to a secondary, supporting role: such authority is to act in response to the establishment of just cause. By contrast, Aquinas and Luther, two benchmark figures in the development of Christian thought on just war, unambiguously gave priority to the requirement of sovereign authority as instituted by God to carry out the responsibilities (...)
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  11.  33
    Paul Ramsey and the Recovery of the Just War Idea.James Turner Johnson - 2002 - Journal of Military Ethics 1 (2):136-144.
    While the origin and development of the just war tradition until the early modern period blended concerns, ideas, and practices from the moral, legal, political, and military spheres, from the mid-seventeenth century until the mid-twentieth it largely disappeared as a conscious source of moral reflection about war and its restraint. Beginning in the 1960s, however, American theologian Paul Ramsey initiated a recovery of just war thinking in a series of writings applying the principles of discrimination and proportionality, ideas he traced (...)
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  12.  51
    A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students.Logan M. Steele, James F. Johnson, Logan L. Watts, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & T. H. Lee Williams - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1217-1244.
    As scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students (...)
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  13. Warcraft and the Fragility of Virtue: An Essay in Aristotelian Ethics.Grady Scott Davis, James Turner Johnson & John Kelsay - 2000 - Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (1):137-155.
    The late twentieth century has provided both reasons and occasions for reassessing just war theory as an organizing framework for the moral analysis of war. Books by G. Scott Davis, James T. Johnson, and John Kelsay, together with essays by Jeffrey Stout, Charles Butterworth, David Little, Bruce Lawrence, Courtney Campbell, and Tamara Sonn, signal a remarkable shift in war studies as they enlarge the cultural lens through which the interests and forces at play in political violence are identified (...)
     
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  14.  7
    Incomplete archaeologies: knowledge in the past and present.Emily Miller Bonney, Kathryn J. Franklin & James A. Johnson (eds.) - 2016 - Philadelphia: Oxbow Books.
    Incomplete Archaeologies takes a familiar archaeological concept--assemblages--and reconsiders such groupings, collections and sets of things from the perspective of the work required to assemble them. The discussions presented here engage with the practices of collection, construction, performance and creation in the past (and present) which constitute the things and groups of things studied by archaeologists--and examine as well how these things and thing-groups are dismantled, rearranged, and even destroyed, only to be rebuilt and recreated. The ultimate aim is to reassert (...)
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  15.  22
    Listening in Paris: A Cultural History.Downing Thomas & James H. Johnson - 1996 - Substance 25 (2):143.
  16.  29
    Multi-level Organizational Moral Disengagement: Directions for Future Investigation.James Franklin Johnson & M. Ronald Buckley - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (2):291-300.
    The purpose of this article is to provide a theoretical review of the moral disengagement literature, integrating research that has been completed as well as identifying thought lacunas, including the subfield of organizational moral disengagement. It is proposed that because moral disengagement is an inherently interpersonal phenomenon, organizational moral disengagement should be a salient concern of both organizational and management researchers. A conceptual framework of organizational moral disengagement is suggested, examining moral disengagement at both the employee as well as manager/executive (...)
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  17.  90
    Habermas on Strategic and Communicative Action.James Johnson - 1991 - Political Theory 19 (2):181-201.
    Habermas's analysis of rational action is the fulcrum for his broader theoretical project. If that analysis is faulty his larger project is jeopardized. I explore the role Habermas assigns to strategic action in order to scrutinize his central concept of communicative action. Using basic game theoretic concepts as a counterpoint I argue that he both misconstrues stategic action and fails to adequately explain the mechanism underlying communicative action. I conclude by sketching several ways that Habermas might seek to rectify deficiencies (...)
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  18.  53
    The Effects of Note-Taking and Review on Sensemaking and Ethical Decision Making.James F. Johnson, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Lauren N. Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Shane Connelly, Lynn D. Devenport & Michael D. Mumford - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (4):299-323.
    The effectiveness of case-based learning in ethics education varies widely regarding how cases are presented. Case process instruction may impact case-based ethics education to promote sensemaking processes, ethical sensemaking strategy use, and ethical decision making (EDM) quality. This study examined two teaching techniques, notes and review, and participants completed note-taking and review activities examining a case-based scenario during an ethics education course. Results suggest that providing case notes in outline form improves sensemaking processes, strategy use, and EDM quality. In addition, (...)
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  19. Introduction: Towards incomplete archaeologies?J. Franklin Kathryn, A. Johnson James & Emily Miller Bonney - 2016 - In Emily Miller Bonney, Kathryn J. Franklin & James Alan Johnson (eds.), Incomplete archaeologies: assembling knowledge in the past and present. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
     
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  20. Introduction: Towards incomplete archaeologies?J. Franklin Kathryn, A. Johnson James & Emily Miller Bonney - 2016 - In Emily Miller Bonney, Kathryn J. Franklin & James A. Johnson (eds.), Incomplete archaeologies: knowledge in the past and present. Philadelphia: Oxbow Books.
     
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  21.  16
    Can Modern War Be Just?James Turner Johnson - 1984 - Yale University Press.
    Now that mankind has created the capability of destroying itself through nuclear technology, is it still possible to think in terms of a "just war"? Johnson argues that it is, and in the context of specific case studies he offers moral guidelines for addressing such major contemporary problems as terrorist activity in a foreign country, an individual’s conscientious objection to military service, and an American defense policy that requires development of weapons that may be morally employed in case of (...)
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  22.  19
    Does a Theory of Everything Exist?James R. Johnson - 2021 - Философия И Космология 26:132-147.
    Since Einstein’s failure to define a Grand Unified Theory, physicists have pursued a comprehensive theory explaining nature, a Theory of Everything. But because General Relativity, Quantum Field Theory, and Cosmology have little in common, defining one theory is an imposing task, having eluded the best scientists for ninety years. So are we close to defining a Theory of Everything? This analysis, after defining requirements, identifies four possible options for a Theory of Everything. Quotes from prominent physicists express divergent views on (...)
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  23.  89
    Case-Based Ethics Instruction: The Influence of Contextual and Individual Factors in Case Content on Ethical Decision-Making.Zhanna Bagdasarov, Chase E. Thiel, James F. Johnson, Shane Connelly, Lauren N. Harkrider, Lynn D. Devenport & Michael D. Mumford - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1305-1322.
    Cases have been employed across multiple disciplines, including ethics education, as effective pedagogical tools. However, the benefit of case-based learning in the ethics domain varies across cases, suggesting that not all cases are equal in terms of pedagogical value. Indeed, case content appears to influence the extent to which cases promote learning and transfer. Consistent with this argument, the current study explored the influences of contextual and personal factors embedded in case content on ethical decision-making. Cases were manipulated to include (...)
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  24.  31
    What’s a Political Theorist to Do?Susan Orr & James Johnson - 2018 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 65 (154):1-23.
    John Rawls famously distinguishes between ideal and nonideal theory, according priority to the former. He depicts his own efforts to articulate the conception of justice as fairness as an instance of ideal theory. Subsequent political theorists have taken Rawls’s distinction as a template for how we should understand the tasks of political theory. Yet they also have struggled to clarify the underlying distinction with notable lack of success. We argue that Rawls himself does not abide by the distinction between ideal (...)
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  25.  23
    A Practically Informed Morality of War: Just War, International Law, and a Changing World Order.James Turner Johnson - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (4):453-465.
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  26.  46
    XIV.—Symposium: Are the Materials of Sense Affections of the Mind?G. E. Moore, W. E. Johnson, G. Dawes Hicks, J. A. Smith & James Ward - 1917 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 17 (1):418-458.
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  27.  66
    The idea of defense in historical and contemporary thinking about just war.James Turner Johnson - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (4):543-556.
    What is, or should be, the role of defense in thinking about the justification of use of armed force? Contemporary just war thinking prioritizes defense as the principal, and perhaps the only, just cause for resorting to armed force. By contrast, classic just war tradition, while recognizing defense as justification for use of force by private persons, did not reason from self-defense to the justification of the use of force on behalf of the political community, but instead rendered the idea (...)
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  28.  19
    Moral Traditions and Religious Ethics: A Comparative Enquiry.James Turner Johnson - 1997 - Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (3):77 - 101.
    This essay explores the convergence of theoretical or foundational, historical, and comparative concerns in religious ethics through the examination of two religiously informed traditions on statecraft, that shaped by Augustine's idea of the civitas dei and that shaped by classical Islamic juristic thought on the dar alislam. Three issues are examined for each tradition: the concept of normative political order, the nature of justified use of force, and the implications of their rival claims to universality. The essay shows how the (...)
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  29.  15
    On Keeping Faith: The Use of History for Religious Ethics.James T. Johnson - 1979 - Journal of Religious Ethics 7 (1):98 - 116.
    The importance of history for religious ethics lies in the fact that, in religious communities existing over time, values are encountered in history, given forms dependent on the historical experience of the believing community, and recalled by the individual moral agent through memory in the context of participation in that community. This paper has to do with the nature of that memory and its implications for moral identity. Specifically, I utilize the concept of "significant history," derived from Gordon Kaufman's notion (...)
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  30.  79
    Communication, Criticism, and the Postmodern Consensus.James Johnson - 1997 - Political Theory 25 (4):559-583.
    A critique is not a matter of saying that things are not right as they are. It is a matter of pointing out on what kinds of assumptions, what kinds of familiar, unchallenged, unconsidered modes of thought, the practices that we accept rest.... Criticism is a matter of flushing out that thought and trying to change it: to show that things are not as self-evident as one believed, to see that what is accepted as self-evident will no longer be accepted (...)
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  31.  6
    Will Mathematics Ultimately Describe Nature?James R. Johnson - 2019 - Философия И Космология 23:22-29.
    It has been almost eighty years since Paul Dirac delivered a lecture on the relationship between mathematics and physics and since 1960 that Eugene Wigner wrote about the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in the natural sciences. The field of cosmology and efforts to define a more comprehensive theory have changed significantly since the 1960s; thus, it is time to refocus on the issue. This paper expands on ideas addressed by these two great physicists, specifically, the ultimate effectiveness of mathematics to (...)
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  32.  20
    Religion and the Human Rights Idea.James Turner Johnson - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (2):379-398.
    Three recent books focus, in different ways, on the idea of human rights and its relation to religion and religious ethics. All three books discussed here address criticisms of the human rights idea and seek to establish the relationship of religion and human rights with regard to the field of policy. The present discussion begins with an overview that places these three books in the larger context of the development of the human rights idea and its historical relationship with religion. (...)
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  33.  27
    Natural Law as a Language for the Ethics of War.James T. Johnson - 1975 - Journal of Religious Ethics 3 (2):217-242.
    To assess the utility of appeals to natural law as a way of projecting ethical claims across ideological and cultural boundaries, three examples of such appeals in just war theory are critically analyzed and evaluated: those of contemporary international lawyers Myres McDougal and Florentino Feliciano, theological ethicist Paul Ramsey, and Franciscus de Victoria, a sixteenth-century Spanish theorist whose recasting of Christian just war thought gave rise to secular international law. The conclusion is that natural-law appeals today can no longer depend (...)
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  34.  10
    The Ashgate Research Companion to Military Ethics.James Turner Johnson & Eric Patterson (eds.) - 2015 - Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate Publishing.
    This Companion provides scholars and graduates, serving and retired military professionals, members of the diplomatic and policy communities concerned with security affairs, and legal professionals who deal with military law and with international law on armed conflicts, with a comprehensive and authoritative state-of-the-art review of current research in the area of military ethics. Topics in this volume reflect both perennial and pressing contemporary issues in the ethics of the use of military force and are written by established professionals and respected (...)
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  35.  8
    Genealogies of Music and Memory: Gluck in the Nineteenth-Century Parisian Imagination.James H. Johnson - 2023 - Common Knowledge 29 (2):239-241.
    The music of Christoph Willibald von Gluck was a revolution for Paris operagoers when his work premiered there in 1774. In a setting known for its restive and often rowdy spectators, Alceste, Iphigénie en Aulide, and Orpheé et Eurydice seized audiences with unprecedented force. They shed silent tears or sobbed openly, and some cried out in sympathy with the sufferers onstage. “Oh Mama! This is too painful!” three girls called out as Charon led Alcestis to the underworld, and a boy (...)
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  36.  12
    Creating a Universe, a Conceptual Model.James R. Johnson - 2016 - Filosofiâ I Kosmologiâ 17:86-105.
    Space is something. Space inherently contains laws of nature: universal rules, laws and symmetries. We have significant knowledge about these laws of nature because all our scientific theories assume their presence. Their existence is critical for developing either a unique theory of our universe or more speculative multiverse theories. Scientists generally ignore the laws of nature because they “are what they are” and because visualizing different laws of nature challenges the imagination. This article defines a conceptual model separating space from (...)
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  37.  2
    Creating a Universe, a Conceptual Model.James R. Johnson - 2016 - Философия И Космология 17:86-105.
    Space is something. Space inherently contains laws of nature: universal rules, laws and symmetries. We have significant knowledge about these laws of nature because all our scientific theories assume their presence. Their existence is critical for developing either a unique theory of our universe or more speculative multiverse theories. Scientists generally ignore the laws of nature because they “are what they are” and because visualizing different laws of nature challenges the imagination. This article defines a conceptual model separating space from (...)
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  38.  33
    Does a Theory of Everything Exist?James R. Johnson - 2021 - Filosofiâ I Kosmologiâ 26:132-147.
    Since Einstein’s failure to define a Grand Unified Theory, physicists have pursued a comprehensive theory explaining nature, a Theory of Everything. But because General Relativity, Quantum Field Theory, and Cosmology have little in common, defining one theory is an imposing task, having eluded the best scientists for ninety years. So are we close to defining a Theory of Everything? This analysis, after defining requirements, identifies four possible options for a Theory of Everything. Quotes from prominent physicists express divergent views on (...)
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  39.  2
    Creating a Universe, a Conceptual Model.James R. Johnson - 2016 - Philosophy and Cosmology 17 (1).
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  40.  44
    The AI Commander Problem: Ethical, Political, and Psychological Dilemmas of Human-Machine Interactions in AI-enabled Warfare.James Johnson - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (3):246-271.
    Can AI solve the ethical, moral, and political dilemmas of warfare? How is artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled warfare changing the way we think about the ethical-political dilemmas and practice of war? This article explores the key elements of the ethical, moral, and political dilemmas of human-machine interactions in modern digitized warfare. It provides a counterpoint to the argument that AI “rational” efficiency can simultaneously offer a viable solution to human psychological and biological fallibility in combat while retaining “meaningful” human control over (...)
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  41.  12
    Recent Strategic Developments: A Critical Overview From A Just War Perspective.James Turner Johnson - 1987 - Analyse & Kritik 9 (1-2):120-141.
    Beginning with a sketch of the major moral ideas contained in just war tradition, this essay applies them to three controverted issues in contemporary military debate: nuclear deterrence strategy, the strategic defense initiative, and the possibility of building and deploying fractional megatonnage nuclear weapons on delivery vehicles of extremely high accuracy. It is argued that, in terms of the criteria of just war tradition, deterrence in its present form poses grave moral problems. The two new weapons systems are then examined (...)
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  42. On giving birth to a new organism and helping to shape a discipline: Reflections on the idea of thejournal of military ethicsand its relation to developing thinking about ethics and war.James Turner Johnson - 2012 - Journal of Military Ethics 11 (1):2-9.
    Abstract [Remarks at the 10th-anniversary conference for the Journal of Military Ethics, Oslo, Norway, 9 September 2011, arranged by the journal in collaboration with the Norwegian Defence University College, the Peace Research Institute Oslo, and Bj?rknes College.].
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  43.  38
    Rationality and Revolution: A Response to Holmstrom on the Logic of Working Class Collective Action.James Johnson - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):167 - 174.
    In ‘Rationality and Revolution’ Nancy Holmstrom addresses an issue that has gained considerable currency among social and political theorists. She asks what insight, if any, Marxists might glean from rational choice accounts of radical working class collective action. The purpose of this comment is to argue that Holmstrom’s unfavorable estimation of rational choice accounts is ill-conceived.Holmstrom raises two basic objections to rational choice explanations of working class collective action. First, she contends that such accounts are limited, inadequate or incomplete and (...)
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  44. Some Views of a Late Century Curmudgeon.James R. Johnson - 1988 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 8 (3):251-253.
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  45.  18
    Two Kinds Of Pacifism: Opposition To The Political Use Of Force In The Renaissance- Reformation Period.James T. Johnson - 1984 - Journal of Religious Ethics 12 (1):39-60.
    Two significantly different, if related, themes run through pacifist ideas in western history. One school of pacifism rejects violence as itself evil by whomever practiced and in whatever cause, but accepts the state as the agent of change to abolish violence. This point of view includes an expressed hope that a Utopian reconstitution of government will produce a totally peaceful world society. The other major theme expressed by pacifists in western culture accepts violence as inevitable in history and perhaps even (...)
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  46.  29
    Religion, Violence, and Human Rights.James Turner Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Religious Ethics 41 (1):1-14.
    Beginning with the support given by religious groups to humanitarian intervention for the protection of basic human rights in the debates of the 1990s, this essay examines the use of the human rights idea in relation to international law on armed conflict, the “Responsibility To Protect” doctrine, and the development of the idea of sovereignty associated with the “Westphalian system” of international order, identifying a dilemma: that the idea of human rights undergirds both the principle of non-intervention in the internal (...)
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  47.  27
    Ad Fontes: The Question of Rebellion and Moral Tradition on the Use of Force.James Turner Johnson - 2013 - Ethics and International Affairs 27 (4):371-378.
    “Stab, smite, slay!” These are not the words of Bashar al-Assad telling his forces how they should deal with the Syrian rebel movement, or indeed those of any other contemporary political leader, but rather the words of Martin Luther exhorting the German nobility to a harsh response to the peasants' rebellion of 1524–1525. His writings show that he sympathized with many of the peasants' grievances so long as these did not issue in rebellion, but when they turned to force of (...)
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  48.  7
    Between Political Inquiry and Democratic Faith.James Johnson - 2011 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 3 (2):167-185.
    In the post-War decades political science in the United States has been animated by two seemingly incompatible aims. On the one hand, the discipline is committed to scientific inquiry interpreted in largely positivist terms. On the other hand, the discipline aspires to generate knowledge that might improve democratic politics. I start by sketching pragmatist interpretations of social and political inquiry, of democratic politics, and of how the two are related. Problems of complexity and visibility emerge as central to those interpretations. (...)
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  49.  30
    ‘Harsh Love’ and Forgiveness.James Turner Johnson - 2015 - Studies in Christian Ethics 28 (3):266-272.
    While Biggar in chapter 2 of his In Defence of War cites Augustine in support of an argument for forgiveness and reconciliation, this paper argues through a close look at Augustine’s Letters 95 and 139 and Book I of his On Christian Doctrine that Augustine’s view of how the Donatists should be treated focused on their punishment, not on reconciliation in the sense Biggar describes.
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  50.  28
    Human Rights and Violence in Contemporary Context.James Turner Johnson - 1998 - Journal of Religious Ethics 26 (2):319 - 328.
    Since World War II human rights language has come to occupy a central place in moral and legal discourse on the justification and limitation of armed conflict. At the core of contemporary international humanitarian law, concern for human rights has also developed as a vehicle for identifying and expressing moral concerns held in common across diverse cultural systems.
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