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  1.  56
    Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: I. A Comparative Investigation of 17 Interventions.Calvin K. Lai, Maddalena Marini, Steven A. Lehr, Carlo Cerruti, Jiyun-Elizabeth L. Shin, Jennifer A. Joy-Gaba, Arnold K. Ho, Bethany A. Teachman, Sean P. Wojcik, Spassena P. Koleva, Rebecca S. Frazier, Larisa Heiphetz, Eva E. Chen, Rhiannon N. Turner, Jonathan Haidt, Selin Kesebir, Carlee Beth Hawkins, Hillary S. Schaefer, Sandro Rubichi, Giuseppe Sartori, Christopher M. Dial, N. Sriram, Mahzarin R. Banaji & Brian A. Nosek - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1765-1785.
  2.  48
    Investigating Trust, Expertise, and Epistemic Injustice in Chronic Pain.Daniel Z. Buchman, Anita Ho & Daniel S. Goldberg - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (1):31-42.
    Trust is central to the therapeutic relationship, but the epistemic asymmetries between the expert healthcare provider and the patient make the patient, the trustor, vulnerable to the provider, the trustee. The narratives of pain sufferers provide helpful insights into the experience of pain at the juncture of trust, expert knowledge, and the therapeutic relationship. While stories of pain sufferers having their testimonies dismissed are well documented, pain sufferers continue to experience their testimonies as being epistemically downgraded. This kind of epistemic (...)
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  3.  36
    Investigating Trust, Expertise, and Epistemic Injustice in Chronic Pain.Daniel Goldberg, Anita Ho & Daniel Buchman - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (1):31-42.
    Trust is central to the therapeutic relationship, but the epistemic asymmetries between the expert healthcare provider and the patient make the patient, the trustor, vulnerable to the provider, the trustee. The narratives of pain sufferers provide helpful insights into the experience of pain at the juncture of trust, expert knowledge, and the therapeutic relationship. While stories of pain sufferers having their testimonies dismissed are well documented, pain sufferers continue to experience their testimonies as being epistemically downgraded. This kind of epistemic (...)
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  4. Beyond Informed Consent: The Therapeutic Misconception and Trust.Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & A. Ho - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):202-205.
    The therapeutic misconception has been seen as presenting an ethical problem because failure to distinguish the aims of research participation from those receiving ordinary treatment may seriously undermine the informed consent of research subjects. Hence, most theoretical and empirical work on the problems of the therapeutic misconception has been directed to evaluate whether, and to what degree, this confusion invalidates the consent of subjects. We argue here that this focus on the understanding component of informed consent, while important, might be (...)
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  5.  94
    Trusting Experts and Epistemic Humility in Disability.Anita Ho - 2011 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):102-123.
    It is generally accepted that the therapeutic relationship between professionals and patients is one of trust. Nonetheless, some patient groups carry certain social vulnerabilities that can be exacerbated when they extend trust to health-care professionals. In exploring the epistemic and ethical implications of expert status, this paper examines how calls to trust may increase epistemic oppression and perpetuate the vulnerability of people with impairments. It critically evaluates the processes through which epistemic communities are formed or determined, and examines the institutional (...)
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  6.  40
    So It Is, So It Shall Be: Group Regularities License Children's Prescriptive Judgments.Steven O. Roberts, Susan A. Gelman & Arnold K. Ho - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S3).
    When do descriptive regularities become prescriptive norms? We examined children's and adults' use of group regularities to make prescriptive judgments, employing novel groups that engaged in morally neutral behaviors. Participants were introduced to conforming or non-conforming individuals. Children negatively evaluated non-conformity, with negative evaluations declining with age. These effects were replicable across competitive and cooperative intergroup contexts and stemmed from reasoning about group regularities rather than reasoning about individual regularities. These data provide new insights into children's group concepts and have (...)
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  7. The Individualist Model of Autonomy and the Challenge of Disability.Anita Ho - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (2-3):193-207.
    In recent decades, the intertwining ideas of self-determination and well-being have received tremendous support in bioethics. Discussions regarding self-determination, or autonomy, often focus on two dimensions—the capacity of the patient and the freedom from external coercion. The practice of obtaining informed consent, for example, has become a standard procedure in therapeutic and research medicine. On the surface, it appears that patients now have more opportunities to exercise their self-determination than ever. Nonetheless, discussions of patient autonomy in the bioethics literature, which (...)
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  8.  15
    Leaving Patients to Their Own Devices? Smart Technology, Safety and Therapeutic Relationships.Anita Ho & Oliver Quick - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):18.
    This debate article explores how smart technologies may create a double-edged sword for patient safety and effective therapeutic relationships. Increasing utilization of health monitoring devices by patients will likely become an important aspect of self-care and preventive medicine. It may also help to enhance accurate symptom reports, diagnoses, and prompt referral to specialist care where appropriate. However, the development, marketing, and use of such technology raise significant ethical implications for therapeutic relationships and patient safety. Drawing on lessons learned from other (...)
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  9.  19
    The Role of Group Norms in Evaluating Uncommon and Negative Behaviors.Steven O. Roberts, Arnold K. Ho & Susan A. Gelman - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (2):374-387.
  10.  11
    Global Disparity and Solidarity in a Pandemic.Anita Ho & Iulia Dascalu - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (3):65-67.
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  11.  10
    Relational Solidarity and COVID-19: An Ethical Approach to Disrupt the Global Health Disparity Pathway.Anita Ho & Iulia Dascalu - 2021 - Global Bioethics 32 (1):34-50.
    While the effects of COVID-19 are being felt globally, the pandemic disproportionately affects lower- and middle-income countries by exacerbating existing global health disparities. In this article, we illustrate how intersecting upstream social determinants of global health form a disparity pathway that compromises LMICs’ ability to respond to the pandemic. We consider pre-existing disease burden and baseline susceptibility, limited disease prevention resources, and unequal access to basic and specialized health care, essential drugs, and clinical trials. Recognizing that ongoing and underlying disparity (...)
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  12.  66
    What's Trust Got to Do with It? Revisiting Opioid Contracts.Daniel Z. Buchman & Anita Ho - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):673-677.
    Prescription opioid abuse (POA) is an escalating clinical and public health problem. Physician worries about iatrogenic addiction and whether patients are ‘drug seeking’, ‘abusing’ and ‘diverting’ prescription opioids exist against a backdrop of professional and legal consequences of prescribing that have created a climate of distrust in chronic pain management. One attempt to circumvent these worries is the use of opioid contracts that outline conditions patients must agree to in order to receive opioids. Opioid contracts have received some scholarly attention, (...)
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  13.  14
    Racism and Bioethics: Are We Part of the Problem?Anita Ho - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):23-25.
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  14.  3
    Taking Family-Centered Care Seriously.Anita Ho - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):65-67.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 65-67.
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  15.  4
    Unmasking the Ethics of Public Health Messaging in a Pandemic.Anita Ho & Vivian Huang - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (4):549-559.
    Uncertainty is inherent in new and unexpected viral outbreaks such as the current COVID-19 pandemic. It imposes challenges for health officials in soliciting cooperative behavioural changes based on incomplete information. In this paper, we use evolving mask recommendations in the United States as an example to analyse the ethical importance and practical demonstration of trustworthiness in pandemic messaging and decision-making. We argue that responsible public health interventions in the time of uncertainties requires explicit intersecting ethical considerations both in action and (...)
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  16.  15
    Social Determinants of Mental Health and Physician Aid-in-Dying: The Real Moral Crisis.Joshua S. Norman & Anita Ho - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):52-54.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page 52-54.
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  17.  33
    "They Just Don't Get It!" When Family Disagrees with Expert Opinion.A. Ho - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):497-501.
    The notions of “expert” and “expertise” imply that some people have more credibility than others on certain matters. While expert authority is often taken for granted, there are questions as to whether expert power in some cases can be a form of epistemic oppression. Informed by bedside disagreements between family and clinicians as well as feminist discussions of epistemic oppression, this paper argues for a commitment to epistemic humility and the adoption of a two-way collaborative approach between clinicians and families (...)
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  18.  29
    Power Hierarchy and Epistemic Injustice in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Anita Ho & Dave Unger - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):40-42.
  19.  83
    Disability in the Bioethics Curriculum.Anita Ho - 2007 - Teaching Philosophy 30 (4):403-420.
    While disability has emerged as a major theme in academic and political discourses, a perusal of many bioethics textbooks reveals that most editors and philosophers still do not consider disability to be central to developing either critical perspective or social conscience in addressing the core questions in bioethics. This essay explores how disability issues are typically portrayed in bioethics textbooks by looking at the examples of genetic testing and medically assisted death. It explains how incorporation of disability perspectives helps to (...)
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  20.  36
    Family and Informed Consent in Multicultural Setting.Anita Ho - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):26 – 28.
  21.  52
    Deep Ethical Learning: Taking the Interplay of Human and Artificial Intelligence Seriously.Anita Ho - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (1):36-39.
  22.  29
    Reconciling Patient Safety and Epistemic Humility: An Ethical Use of Opioid Treatment Plans.Anita Ho - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (3):34-35.
    In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, Joshua Rager and Peter Schwartz suggest using opioid treatment agreements as public health monitoring tools to inform patients about “the requirements entailed by undergoing opioid therapy,” rather than as contractual agreements to alter patients’ individual behavior or to benefit them directly. Because Rager and Schwartz's argument presents suspected OTA violations as a justification to stop providing opioids yet does not highlight the broader epistemic and systemic context within which clinicians prescribe these medications, (...)
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  23.  1
    Medical Assistance in Dying Legislation: Hospice Palliative Care Providers’ Perspectives.Soodabeh Joolaee, Anita Ho, Kristie Serota, Matthieu Hubert & Daniel Z. Buchman - 2022 - Nursing Ethics 29 (1):231-244.
    Background: After over 4 years since medical assistance in dying legalization in Canada, there is still much uncertainty about how this ruling has affected Canadian society. Objective: To describe the positive aspects of medical assistance in dying legalization from the perspectives of hospice palliative care providers engaging in medical assistance in dying. Design: In this qualitative descriptive study, we conducted an inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with hospice palliative care providers. Participants and setting: Multi-disciplinary hospice palliative care providers in (...)
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  24.  38
    Authenticity as a Necessary Condition for Voluntary Choice: A Case Study in Cancer Clinical Trial Participation.Jennifer Bell & Anita Ho - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):33-35.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 33-35, August 2011.
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  25. Global Health Disparity and Pharmaceutical Companies’ Obligation to Assist.Anita Ho - 2017 - In Dien Ho (ed.), Philosophical Issues in Pharmaceutics: Development, Dispensing, and Use. Springer.
    This chapter critically explores the extent to which pharmaceutical companies have a moral obligation to assist poor patients in least developed countries who currently have no or inadequate access to lifesaving medications. Focusing on the ongoing HIV/AIDS epidemic in LDCs, the first section of this essay begins with some background information of the disproportionate burden of HIV/AIDS in LDCs. The second section provides a brief overview of some of the salient arguments for holding multinational antiretroviral treatment manufacturers as morally responsible (...)
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  26.  8
    Leaving Patients to Their Own Devices? Smart Technology, Safety and Therapeutic Relationships.Anita Ho & Oliver Quick - forthcoming - Most Recent Articles: Bmc Medical Ethics.
    This debate article explores how smart technologies may create a double-edged sword for patient safety and effective therapeutic relationships. Increasing utilization of health monitoring devices by patients w...
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  27.  24
    Preventive Ethics Through Expanding Education.Anita Ho, Lisa Mei-Hwa MacDonald & David Unger - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (1):69-74.
    Healthcare institutions have been making increasing efforts to standardize consultation methodology and to accredit both bioethics training programs and the consultants accordingly. The focus has traditionally been on the ethics consultation as the relevant unit of ethics intervention. Outcome measures are studied in relation to consultations, and the hidden assumption is that consultations are the preferred or best way to address day-to-day ethical dilemmas. Reflecting on the data from an internal quality improvement survey and the literature, we argue that having (...)
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  28.  7
    Sowing the SEED for Patient Empowerment.Anita Ho, Kim Jameson & Arnold Eiser - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (11):42-45.
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  29.  80
    Effect of Ethnicity, Gender and Drug Use History on Achieving High Rates of Affirmative Informed Consent for Genetics Research: Impact of Sharing with a National Repository.Brenda Ray, Colin Jackson, Elizabeth Ducat, Ann Ho, Sara Hamon & Mary Jeanne Kreek - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):374-379.
    Aim Genetic research representative of the population is crucial to understanding the underlying causes of many diseases. In a prospective evaluation of informed consent we assessed the willingness of individuals of different ethnicities, gender and drug dependence history to participate in genetic studies in which their genetic sample could be shared with a repository at the National Institutes of Health. Methods Potential subjects were recruited from the general population through the use of flyers and referrals from previous participants and clinicians (...)
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  30.  19
    International Business Vs. Globalization: Implications for Business Ethics.Anita Ho - 2003 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 22 (2):51-69.
  31.  40
    A Shared Responsibility: U.S. Employers and the Provision of Health Insurance to Employees.Sara R. Collins, Karen Davis & Alice Ho - 2005 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 42 (1):6-15.
  32.  5
    Procedural Fairness for Radiotherapy Priority Setting in a Low Resource Context.Rebecca J. DeBoer, Cam Nguyen, Espérance Mutoniwase, Anita Ho, Grace Umutesi, Jean Bosco Bigirimana, Scott A. Triedman & Cyprien Shyirambere - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (5):500-510.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 5, Page 500-510, June 2022.
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  33. “Data is the New Oil”: Citizen Science and Informed Consent in an Era of Researchers Handling of an Economically Valuable Resource.Gerardine Doyle, Katie Kirkwood, Eamonn Ambrose, Aileen K. Ho, David M. Doyle, Ingrid Holme & Etain Quigley - 2021 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 17 (1):1-13.
    As with other areas of the social world, academic research in the contemporary healthcare setting has undergone adaptation and change. For example, research methods are increasingly incorporating citizen participation in the research process, and there has been an increase in collaborative research that brings academic and industry partners together. There have been numerous positive outcomes associated with both of these growing methodological and collaborative processes; nonetheless, both bring with them ethical considerations that require careful thought and attention. This paper addresses (...)
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  34. Relational Solidarity and the COVID-19 Pandemic.Anita Ho - 2022 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 15 (1):117-118.
    Two years after the first confirmed COVID-19 case in the world, a few waves and surges of the pandemic have moved across various regions. While the effects of COVID-19 are being felt globally, the pandemic continues to disproportionately affect lower-income countries, exacerbating existing global health disparities. As the pandemic lingers, the true total and intergenerational impact may not be known for months and years to come, particularly for LICs that have endured the effects for longer and may not have accurate (...)
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  35. The Professional Online: Stranger in a Strange Land.Anita Ho & Nigel Hee - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (3):251-255.
    In recent years, many medical schools around the world have formally established professionalism education as part of their standard curriculum. While the call to prepare future doctors to behave ethically and professionally is not new, what is new is the emphasis on identity formation in the context of the expanding online universe. Nonetheless, role modelling the professional image is challenging in the digital age, especially when cultures and customs across disciplines and generations collide. Against the backdrop of hyper-vigilance about our (...)
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  36. Focus on Opportunities or Limitations? Their Effects on Older Workers’ Conflict Management.Dannii Y. Yeung & Alvin K.-K. Ho - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  20
    Using Family Members as Interpreters in the Clinical Setting.Anita Ho - 2008 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (3):223.
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  38.  35
    Pharmaceutical Corporations and the Duty to Aid in HIV/AIDS Epidemic.Anita Ho - 2005 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (4):51-81.
  39.  1
    Can Public Health Investment and Oversight Save Digital Mental Health?Anita Ho - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (3):201-203.
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  40.  17
    Continuous Surveillance of Persons with Disabilities: Conflicts and Compatibilities of Personal and Public Goods.Anita Ho, Anita Silvers & Tim Stainton - 2014 - Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):348-368.
  41.  11
    Ṣedeq and Ṣedaqah in the Hebrew BibleSedeq and Sedaqah in the Hebrew Bible.S. David Sperling & Ahuva Ho - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (4):620.
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  42.  13
    Correcting Social Ills Through Mandatory Research Participation.Anita Ho - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):39 – 40.
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  43.  10
    Health and Human Rights Advocacy: Perspectives From a Rwandan Refugee Camp.C. Pavlish, A. Ho & A. -M. Rounkle - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (4):538-549.
    Working at the bedside and within communities as patient advocates, nurses frequently intervene to advance individuals’ health and well-being. However, the International Council of Nurses’ Code of Ethics asserts that nurses should expand beyond the individual model and also promote a rights-enabling environment where respect for human dignity is paramount. This article applies the results of an ethnographic human rights study with displaced populations in Rwanda to argue for a rights-based social advocacy role for nurses. Human rights advocacy strategies include (...)
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  44.  2
    An International Validation of a Clinical Tool to Assess Carers’ Quality of Life in Huntington’s Disease.Aimee Aubeeluck, Edward J. N. Stupple, Malcolm B. Schofield, Alis C. Hughes, Lucienne van der Meer, Bernhard Landwehrmeyer & Aileen K. Ho - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  45.  3
    International Business Vs. Globalization: Implications for Business Ethics.Anita Ho - 2003 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 22 (2):51 - 69.
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