Results for '780106 Political science and public policy'

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  1.  17
    Political Theory and Public Policy.Alistair M. Macleod - 1982
  2. Environmental Science and Public Policy.Steven F. Hayward - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):891-914.
    The article discusses the uncertainty in climate science and the problem this poses for policymakers confronting mitigation policy costs in the U.S. The reasons legitimate scientific uncertainty becomes magnified in the political arena are highlighted. This uncertainty results from the rapid pace of published research, as demonstrated by the paleoclimatology studies in "Nature" and the July 2005 issue of "Science." The author states that the California Air Resources Board seems to refuse to undertake an open reconsideration (...)
     
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  3. The Political Science Profession, Political Knowledge and Public Policy.Philip H. Melanson - 1972 - Politics and Society 2 (4):489-500.
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  4.  26
    Questioning Ireland: Debates in Political Philosophy and Public Policy.Joseph Dunne, Attracta Ingram, Frank Litton & Fergal O'Connor (eds.) - 2000 - Institute of Public Administration.
    Introduction Joseph Dunne, Attracta Ingram, Frank Litton This volume of essays has two main objectives: first, to pay tribute to Fergal O'Connor, ...
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  5.  72
    Philosophy and Public Policy.Sidney Hook - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy 67 (14):461-470.
    Like_ _John Dewey, his mentor and friend, Sidney Hook shares the classic concep­tion of philosophy as the pursuit of wis­dom. A philosopher is concerned ulti­mately with the conception of the good life in a good society. In these essays extending over many years, Hook illustrates the activity of the philosopher in the cave of social life. He brings to bear the tools of reflective analysis on dominant social and political issues: human rights; the role of personality and leadership in (...)
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  6.  79
    Science, Democracy, and Public Policy.Kristin Shrader‐Frechette - 1992 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 6 (2-3):255-264.
    Experts often tout highly subjective methods of policy analysis as scientific and value?free. In The Myth of Scientific Public Policy, Robert Formaini exposes the uncertainties in two of these methods, cost?benefit analysis and risk assessment. Because of these deficiencies, he concludes that ethics and political philosophy, not science, are the proper foundation for public policy. While Formaini is right to emphasize the value?ladenness of cost?benefit analysis and risk assessment, his rejection of scientific methods (...)
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  7.  44
    The Politics of Mercy, Forgiveness and Love: A Nietzschean Appraisal.Michael Ure - 2007 - South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):55-68.
    This paper critically examines Hannah Arendt's claim that we should conceive forgiveness as a specifically political or worldly virtue. According to Arendt, the virtue of forgiveness is necessary if we are to halt the reactive rancour that always threatens to destroy the space of politics. This paper suggests that in building her case for the politics of forgiveness Arendt confusingly intermingles three conceptual threads - mercy, Christian forgiveness and forgiveness driven by eros. Drawing on Nietzsche's scattered analyses of these (...)
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  8.  2
    Course Syllabus: Environmental Politics and Public Policy.Joseph Haberer - 1982 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 2 (4):369-372.
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  9.  7
    Ethics: Economics, & Politics: Principles of Public Policy.Ian Malcolm David Little - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Ian Little offers a new defence of utilitarianism as a basis for assessing the role of the State. Lucidly and elegantly he explains how the three disciplines of philosophy, economics, and politics can be integrated to provide guidance on issues of public policy. Anyone interested in public affairs will be enlightened by Little's crisp analysis and any student taking an interdisciplinary course in social science will find a clear framework for thinking about the subject.
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  10.  31
    Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy.Ian Malcolm David Little - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    In Ethics, Economics, and Politics Ian Little returns to offer a new defence of a rule-based utilitarianism as a basis for assessing the role of the State. Lucidly and elegantly he explains how the three disiplines of philosophy, economics and politics can be integrated to provide guidance on issues of public policy.
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  11.  7
    Discursive Democracy: Politics, Policy, and Political Science.John S. Dryzek - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, John Dryzek criticizes the dominance of instrumental rationality and objectivism in political institutions and public policy and in the practice of political science. He argues that the reliance on these kinds of politics and to technocracies of expert cultures that are not only repressive, but surprisingly ill-equipped for dealing with complex social problems. Drawing on critical theory, he outlines an alternative program for the organization of political institutions advocating a form of (...)
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  12.  8
    Winner-Take-All Politics: Public Policy, Political Organization, and the Precipitous Rise of Top Incomes in the United States.Paul Pierson & Jacob S. Hacker - 2010 - Politics and Society 38 (2):152-204.
    The dramatic rise in inequality in the United States over the past generation has occasioned considerable attention from economists, but strikingly little from students of American politics. This has started to change: in recent years, a small but growing body of political science research on rising inequality has challenged standard economic accounts that emphasize apolitical processes of economic change. For all the sophistication of this new scholarship, however, it too fails to provide a compelling account of the (...) sources and effects of rising inequality. In particular, these studies share with dominant economic accounts three weaknesses: they downplay the distinctive feature of American inequality —namely, the extreme concentration of income gains at the top of the economic ladder; they miss the profound role of government policy in creating this “winner-take-all” pattern; and they give little attention or weight to the dramatic long-term transformation of the organizational landscape of American politics that lies behind these changes in policy. These weaknesses are interrelated, stemming ultimately from a conception of politics that emphasizes the sway of the “median voter” in electoral politics, rather than the influence of organized interests in the process of policy making. A perspective centered on organizational and policy change —one that identifies the major policy shifts that have bolstered the economic standing of those at the top and then links those shifts to concrete organizational efforts by resourceful private interests —fares much better at explaining why the American political economy has become distinctively winner-take-all. (shrink)
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  13.  4
    A Role for Science in Public Policy? The Obstacles, Illustrated by the Case of Breast Cancer Screening Policy.Manuela Fernández Pinto & Janet A. Kourany - 2018 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 43 (5):917-943.
    A coherent and helpful public policy based on science is difficult to achieve for at least three reasons. First, there are purely practical problems—for example, that scientific experts often disagree on policy-relevant questions and their debates often continue well beyond policy appropriate timelines. Second, there are epistemic problems—for example, that science is hardly the neutral supplier of factual information that traditionally has been supposed. And third, there are social problems: given the commercialization of today’s (...)
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  14.  10
    From Deliberation to Production: Public Participation in Science and Technology Policies of the European Commission.Hadrien Macq, Élise Tancoigne & Bruno J. Strasser - 2020 - Minerva 58 (4):489-512.
    This article investigates how a discourse about the role and value of public participation in science, technology, and innovation emerged and evolved in the research policies of the European Commission. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, two main discourses have been successively institutionalized: the first focused on participation in policy-making, while the second aimed at participation in the production of knowledge and innovation. This paper distinguishes three main institutional phases: a phase dedicated to public participation (...)
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  15.  13
    Scientific Consensus and Public Policy.Darrin W. Belousek - 2004 - Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law 4:1-35.
    This paper examines normative and political aspects of the peer review, scientific consensus and public policy processes related to harmful algal blooms of Pfiesteria in estuarine waters of North Carolina and Maryland in the 1990s. After laying out a brief science and policy case history, the tension between the scientific consensus and public policy processes in this case is analyzed in terms of conflicts between scientific norms, public values and political expediency. (...)
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  16.  25
    Reconceiving Decision-Making in Democratic Politics: Attention, Choice, and Public Policy.Bryan D. Jones - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    Or total reversals in congressional support for specific legislation? Jones aims to answer these questions by connecting insights from cognitive science and rational-choice theory to political life.
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  17.  23
    Scientific Advice and Public Policy: Expert Advisers' and Policymakers' Discourses on Boundary Work. [REVIEW]Robert Hoppe - 2008 - Poiesis and Praxis 6 (3-4):235-263.
    This article reports on considerable variety and diversity among discourses on their own jobs of boundary workers of several major Dutch institutes for science-based policy advice. Except for enlightenment, all types of boundary arrangements/work in the Wittrock -typology Social sciences and modern states: national experiences and theoretical crossroads. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991) do occur. ‘Divergers’ experience a gap between science and politics/policymaking; and it is their self-evident task to act as a bridge. They spread over four (...)
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  18.  29
    Cooperation, Complicity & Conscience: Problems in Healthcare, Science, Law and Public Policy.Helen Watt (ed.) - 2005 - Linacre Centre.
    Cooperation in evil or wrongdoing is one of the most perplexing areas in bioethics, both for those working in the field and those seeking their advice. The papers collected in this book are written by philosophers, theologians and lawyers who have studied these problems and / or by those who have faced these problems in their own work in law, healthcare and research, and political campaigning. The volume includes both general treatments of the subject of cooperation and conscientious objection, (...)
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  19.  1
    Public Bioethics and Publics: Consensus, Boundaries, and Participation in Biomedical Science Policy.Susan E. Kelly - 2003 - Science, Technology and Human Values 28 (3):339-364.
    Public bioethics bodies are used internationally as institutions with the declared aims of facilitating societal debate and providing policy advice in certain areas of scientific inquiry raising questions of values and legitimate science. In the United States, bioethical experts in these institutions use the language of consensus building to justify and define the outcome of the enterprise. However, the implications of public bioethics at science-policy boundaries are underexamined. Political interest in such bodies continues (...)
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  20. Political Theory and Public Policy.R. E. GOODIN - 1982
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  21. Divergent Perspectives on Expert Disagreement: Preliminary Evidence From Climate Science, Climate Policy, Astrophysics, and Public Opinion.James R. Beebe, Maria Baghramian, Luke Drury & Finnur Dellsén - 2019 - Environmental Communication 13:35-50.
    We report the results of an exploratory study that examines the judgments of climate scientists, climate policy experts, astrophysicists, and non-experts (N = 3367) about the factors that contribute to the creation and persistence of disagreement within climate science and astrophysics and about how one should respond to expert disagreement. We found that, as compared to non-experts, climate experts believe that within climate science (i) there is less disagreement about climate change, (ii) methodological factors play less of (...)
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  22.  11
    Social Science and Social Policy.E. A. Shils - 1949 - Philosophy of Science 16 (3):219-242.
    The line of thought from which contemporary Social Science has come forth was occupied with problems of public policy in a way which has since become very much less prominent in the work of social scientists. The classic figures of social thought —Aristotle, Plato, Adam Smith, Montesquieu, Jeremy Bentham, James and John Stuart Mill, Ricardo, Hobbes and Locke, Burke, Machiavelli and Hegel—were all involved in the consideration of the fundmental problems of policy from the point of (...)
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  23.  4
    Ethics, Public Policy, and Global Warming.Dale Jamieson - 1992 - Science, Technology and Human Values 17 (2):139-153.
    There are many uncertainties concerning climate change, but a rough international consensus has emerged that a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide from its pre-industrial baseline is likely to lead to a 2.5 degree centigrade increase in the earth's mean surface temperature by the middle of the next century. Such a warming would have diverse impacts on human activities and would likely be catastrophic for many plants and nonhuman animals. The author's contention is that the problems engendered by the possibility of (...)
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  24.  8
    Aftereffects of Knowledge: Dogmatic Retreats and Sceptical Adventures.Martin Leet - 2002 - Critical Horizons 3 (2):201-223.
    A distinction between nature and culture is usually thought to be a condition of possibility of criticism. The idea is that, in comparison to natural laws, norms and conventions are merely relative and, therefore, susceptible to criticism and change. This paper contests this view and argues that critical practice is still possible, and even more productive, when nature and culture are seen to be continuous with one another. A general contrast is developed between 'dogmatic' and 'sceptical' modes of criticism. The (...)
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  25.  34
    Politics, Values, and Public Policy: The Problem of Methodology.Charles W. Anderson - 1983 - Ethics 93 (3):625-626.
  26.  30
    Public Policy and the Conditional Value of Happiness.Jan-Willem van der Rijt - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (3):381-408.
    This paper examines the increasingly popular view that new insights from the science of subjective well-being (SSWB) should play a prominent role in the determination of public policy. Though there are instrumental reasons for caring about societal happiness too, these political aspirations of the SSWB appear to be mostly intrinsically motivated. As the intrinsic value of happiness is endorsed across the political happiness as a fitting response to the state of the world, authenticity, and merit (...)
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  27.  1
    A Rich Bioethics: Public Policy, Biotechnology, and the Kass Council.Adam Briggle (ed.) - 2010 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Several presidents have created bioethics councils to advise their administrations on the importance, meaning and possible implementation or regulation of rapidly developing biomedical technologies. From 2001 to 2005, the President's Council on Bioethics, created by President George W. Bush, was under the leadership of Leon Kass. The Kass Council, as it was known, undertook what Adam Briggle describes as a more rich understanding of its task than that of previous councils. The council sought to understand what it means to advance (...)
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  28. Public Science and Public Policy in Victorian England.R. MacLeod & P. W. J. Bartrip - 1997 - Annals of Science 54 (5):528-528.
     
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  29. Abstinence-Only Education: Politics, Science, and Ethics.John S. Santelli - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):835-858.
    This paper uses the controversy surrounding abstinence-only education to depict the current struggle between US government policy and science. The paper demonstrates the way in which this fight over science has become a communications battle and how the internet has become the vehicle through which ideology is able to masquerade as science. In addition, this paper identifies the damage to public health programs, and the ethical problems of providing selected information and misinformation to teenagers. Part (...)
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  30.  22
    Science, Social Theory and Public Knowledge.Alan Irwin - 2003 - Open University Press.
    How might social theory, public understanding of science and science policy best inform one another? What have been the key features of science-society relations in the modern world? How are we to re-think science-society relations in the context of globalization, hybridity and changing patterns of governance? This topical and unique book draws together the three key perspectives on science-society relations: public understanding of science, scientific and public governance, and social theory. (...)
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  31.  47
    Senecan Moods: Foucault and Nietzsche on the Art of the Self.Michael Ure - 2007 - Foucault Studies 4:19-52.
    This paper examines Foucault's history of the ancient practices of the self. It suggests that his historical reconstruction usefully distinguishes quite different models of self-cultivation in antiquity, and in doing so helps us to identify and understand the parameters and ambitions of much nineteenth-century German philosophy, especially the ethics of self-cultivation Nietzsche formulates in his middle works. However, it also shows how FoucaultÕs casual formulation of an 'aesthetic of existence' is seriously misleading as a guide to the ancient practices of (...)
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  32.  15
    Art in Public : Politics, Economics, and a Democratic Culture.Lambert Zuidervaart - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines fundamental questions about funding for the arts: why should governments provide funding for the arts? What do the arts contribute to daily life? Do artists and their publics have a social responsibility? Challenging questionable assumptions about the state, the arts and a democratic society, Lambert Zuidervaart presents a vigorous case for government funding, based on crucial contributions the arts make to civil society. He argues that the arts contribute to democratic communication and a social economy, fostering the (...)
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  33.  16
    Alzheimer's Disease — Perspective From Political Science: Public Policy Issues.Robert H. Blank - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):724-743.
    The paper outlines the policy context and summarizes the numerous policy issues that AD raises from the more generic to the unique. It posits that strong public fears of AD and its future prevalence projections and costs, raise increasingly difficult policy dilemmas. After reviewing the costs in human lives and money and discussing the latest U.S. policy initiatives, the paper presents two policy areas as examples the demanding policy decisions we face. The first (...)
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  34.  29
    Indigenous Peoples Tribal Self Government: Legal History and Public Policy Manifestations in Canada, New Zealand and the United States.Michael Lane - unknown
    Contemporary notions of what constitutes tribal self government for Indigenous Peoples in the legal systems of the nation-states Canada, New Zealand and the United States of America have their origins in philosophies and theories developed by European nation-states generally, in relation to their colonial expansion into what is now called the Americas. This thesis examines the nature of these theories, and how they have formed the basis for legal precedent and public policy in the three nation-states. A representative (...)
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  35.  62
    Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science and Policy.Alexander Rosenberg - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    A collection of essays by Alexander Rosenberg, the distinguished philosopher of science. The essays cover three broad areas related to Darwinian thought and naturalism: the first deals with the solution of philosophical problems such as reductionism, the second with the development of social theories, and the third with the intersection of evolutionary biology with economics, political philosophy, and public policy. Specific papers deal with naturalistic epistemology, the limits of reductionism, the biological justification of ethics, the so-called (...)
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  36.  2
    Political Theory and Public Policy.Robert E. Goodin - 1984 - Ethics 95 (1):157-159.
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  37.  31
    Political Theory and Public Policy.Allen Taylor - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (3):630-632.
    Robert Goodin has produced a stimulating, sharp-witted book on decision making in political life, weaving together previously printed and revised articles of his own with new interpretive material. While he takes the reader on a wide-ranging tour of the literature, the line of argument, which proceeds with clarity and vigor, is clearly the author's own. Goodin brings superb, perhaps excessive self-confidence to his task, considering that the empirical questions with which he deals tend to elude firm theoretical categorization. (...) makers, who must deal with ambiguity and compromise, can rarely afford the luxury of philosophical reflection. It is Goodin's self appointed mission to teach them the importance of founding their decisions on sound theory, and he performs it with acuity and panache, although not without some problematic formulations of his own. (shrink)
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  38.  32
    Political Philosophy and Public Policy: Six Models.Enes Kulenovic - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 4 (3).
  39. Political Theory and Public Policy, Protecting the Vulnerable, and, with Julian Le Grand and Others, Not Only the Poor: The Middle Classes and the Welfare State.Stephen Holmes & Thomas A. Home - 1988 - In J. Donald Moon (ed.), Responsibility, Rights, and Welfare: The Theory of the Welfare State. Westview Press. pp. 229.
     
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  40. Science and Public Policy.William D. Carey - 1985 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 10 (1):7-16.
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  41.  7
    Science and Politics in a Time of Pandemic: Some Epistemological and Political Lessons From the Italian Story.Federico Boem & Emanuele Ratti - 2021 - Humana Mente 14 (40).
    Making public policy choices based on available scientific evidence is an ideal condition for any policy making. However, the mechanisms governing these scenarios are complex, non-linear, and, alongside the medical-health and epidemiological issues, involve socio-economic, political, communicative, informational, ethical and epistemological aspects. In this article we analyze the role of scientific evidence when implementing political decisions that strictly depend on it, as in the case of the COVID-19 pandemic. In carrying out this analysis, we will (...)
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  42.  2
    Epistemic and Political Confrontations Around the Public Policies to Fight COVID-19 Pandemic.Cristiano B. Moura, Matheus Monteiro Nascimento & Nathan Willig Lima - 2021 - Science & Education 30 (3):501-525.
  43.  2
    Science and Public Policy: Dagmar Simon, Stefan Kuhlmann, Julia Stamm, Weert Canzler (Eds.): Handbook on Science and Public Policy. Handbooks of Research on Public Policy Series. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, 584 Pp, £ 180 HB.Kristian H. Nielsen - 2020 - Metascience 30 (1):79-81.
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  44.  22
    Pharmaceuticals, Political Money, and Public Policy: A Theoretical and Empirical Agenda.Paul D. Jorgensen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):561-570.
    Why, when confronted with policy alternatives that could improve patient care, public health, and the economy, does Congress neglect those goals and tailor legislation to suit the interests of pharmaceutical corporations? In brief, for generations, the pharmaceutical industry has convinced legislators to define policy problems in ways that protect its profit margin. It reinforces this framework by selectively providing information and by targeting campaign contributions to influential legislators and allies. In this way, the industry displaces the (...)'s voice in developing pharmaceutical policy. Unless citizens mobilize to confront the political power of pharmaceutical firms, objectionable industry practices and public policy will not change. Yet we need to refine this analysis. I propose a research agenda to uncover pharmaceutical influence. It develops the theory of dependence corruption to explain how the pharmaceutical industry is able to deflect the broader interests of the general public. It includes empirical studies of lobbying and campaign finance to uncover the means drug firms use to: (1) shape the policy framework adopted and information used to analyze policy; (2) subsidize the work of political allies; and (3) influence congressional voting. (shrink)
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  45. Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science and Policy.Alexander Rosenberg - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    A collection of essays by Alexander Rosenberg, the distinguished philosopher of science. The essays cover three broad areas related to Darwinian thought and naturalism: the first deals with the solution of philosophical problems such as reductionism, the second with the development of social theories, and the third with the intersection of evolutionary biology with economics, political philosophy, and public policy. Specific papers deal with naturalistic epistemology, the limits of reductionism, the biological justification of ethics, the so-called (...)
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  46.  9
    Ethics and Public Policy: A Philosophical Inquiry.Jonathan Wolff - 2011 - Routledge.
    Train crashes cause, on average, a handful of deaths each year in the UK. Technologies exist that would save the lives of some of those who die. Yet these technical innovations would cost hundreds of millions of pounds. Should we spend the money? How can we decide how to trade off life against financial cost? Such dilemmas make public policy is a battlefield of values, yet all too often we let technical experts decide the issues for us. Can (...)
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  47.  8
    Pharmaceuticals, Political Money, and Public Policy: A Theoretical and Empirical Agenda.Paul D. Jorgensen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):561-570.
    The point, for the 946,326th time is that people get elected to office by currying the favor of powerful interest groups. They don’t get elected for their excellence as political philosophers.Congress has consistently failed to solve some serious problems with the cost, effectiveness, and safety of pharmaceuticals. In part, this failure results from the pharmaceutical industry convincing legislators to define policy problems in ways that protect industry profits. By targeting campaign contributions to influential legislators and by providing them (...)
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  48.  2
    Okayama, Hiroshi. Judicializing the Administrative State: The Rise of the Independent Regulatory Commissions in the United States, 1883-1937 London and New York: Routledge Research in Public Administration and Public Policy, 2019. 187 Pages. [REVIEW]David Harry Rosenbloom - 2020 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 21 (2):122-123.
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  49. Policy Response, Social Media and Science Journalism for the Sustainability of the Public Health System Amid the COVID-19 Outbreak: The Vietnam Lessons.La Viet Phuong, Pham Thanh Hang, Manh-Toan Ho, Nguyen Minh Hoang, Nguyen Phuc Khanh Linh, Vuong Thu Trang, Nguyen To Hong Kong, Tran Trung, Khuc Van Quy, Ho Manh Tung & Quan-Hoang Vuong - 2020 - Sustainability 12:2931.
    Vietnam, with a geographical proximity and a high volume of trade with China, was the first country to record an outbreak of the new Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 or SARS-CoV-2. While the country was expected to have a high risk of transmission, as of April 4, 2020—in comparison to attempts to contain the disease around the world—responses from Vietnam are being seen as prompt and effective in protecting the interests of its citizens, (...)
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  50.  7
    Public Health Policies: Philosophical Perspectives Between Science and Democracy.Federico Boem & Matteo Galletti - 2021 - Humana Mente 14 (40).
    COVID19 pandemic has clarified that public health policies are central for the future of human societies from several perspectives. As a matter of fact, they are based on certain premises that are practical-political (e.g., ensuring the health of citizens), moral (e.g., health is a value), or epistemological (e.g., certain ideas concerning expertise and shared knowledge). Indeed, effective policies require first and foremost not only to be based on reliable data and models (i.e., so-called evidence-based policy) but also (...)
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