Results for '*Cognitive Processes'

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  1. Can Cognitive Processes Be Inferred From Neuroimaging Data?Russell A. Poldrack - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):59-63.
  2.  11
    Cognitive Processes in Propositional Reasoning.Lance J. Rips - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (1):38-71.
  3.  8
    Cognitive Processes in Verbal-Number Production: Inferences From the Performance of Brain-Damaged Subjects.Michael McCloskey, Scott M. Sokol & Roberta A. Goodman - 1986 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (4):307-330.
  4.  86
    What Are Cognitive Processes? An Example-Based Approach.Albert Newen - 2017 - Synthese 194 (11):4251-4268.
    The question “What are cognitive processes?” can be understood variously as meaning “What is the nature of cognitive processes?”, “Can we distinguish epistemically cognitive processes from physical and biochemical processes on the one hand, and from mental or conscious processes on the other?”, and “Can we establish a fruitful notion of cognitive process?” The present aim is to deliver a positive answer to the last question by developing criteria for what would count as a paradigmatic (...)
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  5.  18
    Cognitive Processing of Personally Relevant Information.Bradley C. Riemann & Richard J. McNally - 1995 - Cognition and Emotion 9 (4):325-340.
  6.  20
    Cognitive Processes in Associative and Categorical Priming: A Diffusion Model Analysis.Andreas Voss, Klaus Rothermund, Anne Gast & Dirk Wentura - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):536.
  7.  12
    Prefrontal Cognitive Processes: Working Memory and Inhibition in the Antisaccade Task.Ralph J. Roberts, Lisa D. Hager & Christine Heron - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 123 (4):374-393.
  8.  22
    Integrating Cognitive Process and Descriptive Models of Attitudes and Preferences.Guy E. Hawkins, A. A. J. Marley, Andrew Heathcote, Terry N. Flynn, Jordan J. Louviere & Scott D. Brown - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (4):701-735.
    Discrete choice experiments—selecting the best and/or worst from a set of options—are increasingly used to provide more efficient and valid measurement of attitudes or preferences than conventional methods such as Likert scales. Discrete choice data have traditionally been analyzed with random utility models that have good measurement properties but provide limited insight into cognitive processes. We extend a well-established cognitive model, which has successfully explained both choices and response times for simple decision tasks, to complex, multi-attribute discrete choice data. (...)
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  9.  6
    Assessing Cognitive Processes with Diffusion Model Analyses: A Tutorial Based on Fast-Dm-30.Andreas Voss, Jochen Voss & Veronika Lerche - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  10.  23
    Dreaming: Cognitive Processes During Cortical Activation and High Afferent Thresholds.John Antrobus - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (1):96-121.
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  11. Cognitive Processing of Spatial Relations in Euclidean Diagrams.Yacin Hamami, Milan N. A. van der Kuil, Ineke J. M. van der Ham & John Mumma - 2020 - Acta Psychologica 205:1--10.
    The cognitive processing of spatial relations in Euclidean diagrams is central to the diagram-based geometric practice of Euclid's Elements. In this study, we investigate this processing through two dichotomies among spatial relations—metric vs topological and exact vs co-exact—introduced by Manders in his seminal epistemological analysis of Euclid's geometric practice. To this end, we carried out a two-part experiment where participants were asked to judge spatial relations in Euclidean diagrams in a visual half field task design. In the first part, we (...)
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  12.  26
    Influential Cognitive Processes on Framing Biases in Aging.Alison M. Perez, Jeffrey Scott Spence, L. D. Kiel, Erin E. Venza & Sandra B. Chapman - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  13.  36
    The Cognitive Processes in Informal Reasoning.Victoria F. Shaw - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (1):51 – 80.
    Two experiments investigated the factors that people consider when evaluating informal arguments in newspaper and magazine editorials. Experiment 1 showed that subjects were more likely to object to the truth of the premises and the conclusions of an argument than to the strength of the link between them. Experiment 1 also revealed two manipulations that helped subjects object to the link between premises and conclusions: rating how well the premises support the conclusions and rating the believability of the premises and (...)
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  14.  11
    Cognitive Processing of Linear Orderings.Karl W. Scholz & George R. Potts - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):323.
  15.  22
    Cognitive-Processing Bias in Chinese Student Teachers with Strong and Weak Professional Identity.Xin-Qiang Wang, Jun-Cheng Zhu, Lu Liu & Xiang-yu Chen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  16.  91
    Automaticity in Social-Cognitive Processes.John A. Bargh, Kay L. Schwader, Sarah E. Hailey, Rebecca L. Dyer & Erica J. Boothby - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (12):593-605.
  17. Cognitive Processes Shaped by the Impulse to Blame.Joshua Knobe - 2005 - Brooklyn Law Review 71:929-937.
  18. Cognitive Process Underlying Ultimatum Game: An Eye-Tracking Study From a Dual-System Perspective.Zi-Han Wei, Qiu-Yue Li, Ci-Juan Liang & Hong-Zhi Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    According to the dual-system theories, the decisions in an ultimatum game are governed by the automatic System 1 and the controlled System 2. The former drives the preference for fairness, whereas the latter drives the self-interest motive. However, the association between the contributions of the two systems in UG and the cognitive process needs more direct evidence. In the present study, we used the process dissociation procedure to estimate the contributions of the two systems and recorded participants eye movements to (...)
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  19. Cognitive Processes Involved in the Recognition of Chinese Characters.Yuxin Jia - 1992 - Diogenes 40 (157):67-87.
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  20.  55
    Imitation, Inspiration, and Creation: Cognitive Process of Creative Drawing by Copying Others' Artworks.Takeshi Okada & Kentaro Ishibashi - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (7):1804-1837.
    To investigate the cognitive processes underlying creative inspiration, we tested the extent to which viewing or copying prior examples impacted creative output in art. In Experiment 1, undergraduates made drawings under three conditions: copying an artist's drawing, then producing an original drawing; producing an original drawing without having seen another's work; and copying another artist's work, then reproducing that artist's style independently. We discovered that through copying unfamiliar abstract drawings, participants were able to produce creative drawings qualitatively different from (...)
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  21.  39
    Cognitive Processes Are Central in Compassion Meditation.Cortland J. Dahl, Antoine Lutz & Richard J. Davidson - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (3):161-162.
  22.  8
    Cognitive Processing is Not Equivalent to Conscious Processing.Richard J. Davidson - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):104-105.
  23.  1
    Cognitive Processes and Legal Capacity in Patients With Bipolar Disorder: A Brief Research Report.Fabiana Saffi, Cristiana C. A. Rocca, Edgar Toschi-Dias, Ricardo S. S. Durães & Antonio P. Serafim - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The current study verified the association between cognitive process such as attention, executive functioning, and legal capacity in patients with bipolar disorder. The sample consisted of 72 participants, assorted to episodic patients, euthymic patients, and healthy controls. We used the following neuropsychological measures: subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Intelligence Scale : vocabulary and matrix reasoning; Continuous Performance Test ; Five Digit Test ; and Rey–Osterrieth Complex Figure. Euthymic patients expressed slower processing speed compared to HC. They tended to make more (...)
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  24. The Body in Mind: Understanding Cognitive Processes.Mark Rowlands - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Mark Rowlands challenges the Cartesian view of the mind as a self-contained monadic entity, and offers in its place a radical externalist or environmentalist model of cognitive processes. Cognition is not something done exclusively in the head, but fundamentally something done in the world. Drawing on both evolutionary theory and a detailed examination of the processes involved in perception, memory, thought and language use, Rowlands argues that cognition is, in part, a process whereby creatures manipulate (...)
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  25.  26
    A Cognitive Process Shell.Steven A. Vere - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):460-461.
  26.  47
    Synchronous Neural Oscillations and Cognitive Processes.Lawrence M. Ward - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (12):553-559.
  27.  39
    Cognitive Processes and Biases in Medical Decision Making.Gretchen B. Chapman & Arthur S. Elstein - 2000 - In Gretchen B. Chapman & Frank A. Sonnenberg (eds.), Decision Making in Health Care: Theory, Psychology, and Applications. Cambridge University Press. pp. 183--210.
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  28. The New Phrenology: The Limits of Localizing Cognitive Processes in the Brain.William R. Uttal - 2001 - MIT Press.
    William Uttal is concerned that in an effort to prove itself a hard science, psychology may have thrown away one of its most important methodological tools—a critical analysis of the fundamental assumptions that underlie day-to-day empirical research. In this book Uttal addresses the question of localization: whether psychological processes can be defined and isolated in a way that permits them to be associated with particular brain regions. New, noninvasive imaging technologies allow us to observe the brain while it is (...)
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  29.  10
    Cognitive Processes in the CSR Decision-Making Process: A Sensemaking Perspective.Ulf H. Richter & Felix F. Arndt - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 148 (3):587-602.
    Applying the sensemaking perspective in the field of corporate social responsibility is a recent but promising development. Using an in-depth exploratory case study, we analyze and discuss the CSR character of British American Tobacco Switzerland. Our findings indicate that BAT Switzerland does not follow traditional patters of building CSR. BAT Switzerland can be classified as a “legitimacy seeker,” characterized mainly by a relational identity orientation and legitimation strategies that might provide pragmatic and/or cognitive legitimacy. We conclude that understanding the cognitive (...)
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  30.  45
    Cognitive Processes and Asymmetrical Dependencies, or How Thinking is Like Swimming.Andrew Winters - 2016 - Essays in Philosophy 17 (2):8-37.
    Where does the cognitive system begin and end? Intracranialists maintain that the cognitive system is entirely identifiable with the biological central nervous system. Transcranialists, on the other hand, suggest that the cognitive system can extend beyond the biological CNS. In the second division of Supersizing the Mind, Clark defends the transcranial account against various objections. Of interest for this paper is Clark’s response to what he calls “asymmetry arguments.”Asymmetry arguments can be summarized as follows: subtract the props and aids, and (...)
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  31.  38
    The Cognitive Process of Problem Solving: A Soft Systems Approach. [REVIEW]Dilip Patel & Shushma Patel - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):283-295.
    In this paper we describe the nature and problems of business and define one aspect of the business environment. We then propose a framework based on augmented soft systems methodology and object technology that captures both the soft and hard aspects of a business environment within the context of organisational culture. We also briefly discuss cognitive informatics and its relevance to understanding problems and solutions. Pólya's work, which is based around solving mathematical problems, is considered within the context of information (...)
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  32.  5
    On Measuring Dependence of Cognitive Processes.Mark L. Howe, F. Michael Rabinowitz & Malcolm J. Grant - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (4):737-747.
  33.  18
    The Body in Mind: Understanding Cognitive Processes.Alan Millar & Mark Rowlands - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):621.
    Rowlands defends environmentalism, that is, the conjunction of the ontological claim that cognitive processes are not located exclusively inside the skin of cognizing organisms and the epistemological claim that it is not possible to understand the nature of cognitive processes by focusing exclusively on what is occurring inside the skin of cognizing organisms. Chapter 3 is devoted to explaining how environmentalism differs from other forms of externalism about the mental. The crucial points are that the arguments to be (...)
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  34.  1
    Cognitive Process.Ian Cross - 2011 - In Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins & Ian Cross (eds.), Language and Music as Cognitive Systems. Oxford University Press. pp. 315.
  35. Cognitive Processes and Economic Behaviour.Marcello Basili, Nicola Dimitri & Itzhak Gilboa (eds.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    In recent years the understanding of the cognitive foundations of economic behavior has become increasingly important. This volume contains contributions from such leading scholars as Adam Brandenburger, Michael Bacharach and Patrick Suppes. It will be of great interest to academics and researchers involved in the field of economics and psychology as well as those interested in political economy more generally.
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  36.  2
    Interpreting Invention as a Cognitive Process: The Case of Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, and the Telephone.W. Bernard Carlson & Michael E. Gorman - 1990 - Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (2):131-164.
    Historians of technology have provided important accounts of technological innovation, but they rarely employ concepts which permit a rigorous analysis ofinvention as a mental or cognitive process. This article seeks to address this theoretical lacuna by using concepts adapted from cognitive psychology to compare the mental processes of two telephone inventors, Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison. Specifically, we suggest that invention may be seen as a process in which inventors combine ideas with objects, or what we call mental (...)
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  37.  8
    Explanation as a Cognitive Process.Zachary Horne, Melis Muradoglu & Andrei Cimpian - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (3):187-199.
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  38. Attention and Alerting: Cognitive Processes Spared in Blindsight.Robert W. Kentridge & Charles A. Heywood - 2001 - In Beatrice De Gelder, Edward H. F. De Haan & Charles A. Heywood (eds.), Out of Mind: Varieties of Unconscious Processes. Oxford University Press. pp. 163-181.
  39.  21
    Interaction Between Perceptual and Cognitive Processing Well Acknowledged in Perceptual Expertise Research.Alan C.-N. Wong & Yetta K. Wong - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  40. Basic Cognitive-Processes Predict Iq.D. K. Detterman - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):339-339.
     
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  41.  11
    Cognitive Processing of Scalar Implicatures with Chinese Gradable Adjectives.Si Liu & Yi Yang - 2017 - Pragmatics and Cognition 24 (3):373-403.
    In previous research comparing the Context-driven Model with the Default Model of meaning processing, the former was preferred. It predicts that contexts play an exclusively decisive role in meaning processing, whereas the latter holds that the inference of literal meaning generally goes through, unless it is subsequently defaulted or cancelled by the context it is associated with. The Standardization Model, which we added to our experiments, highlights that implicatures are figured out from standardized forms typically based on the mutual background (...)
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  42.  12
    The Cognitive Processes Underlying Cultivation Effects Are a Function of Whether the Judgments Are on-Line or Memory-Based.L. J. Shrum - 2004 - Communications 29 (3):327-344.
  43. Cognitive Processes in Persuasion.R. E. Petty, J. R. Priester & D. T. Wegener - 1994 - In R. Wyer & T. Srull (eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 63--149.
  44.  48
    Are Cognitive Processes and Structure a Myth?Michael Martin - 1973 - Analysis 33 (3):83 - 88.
  45. Cognitive-Processes in the Estimation of Event Frequency From Memory.Kt Spoehr, Wj Salter & Lt Bode - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):503-503.
     
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  46. Unintended Cognitive Processing in Briefly Attended Locations.M. Stone & R. W. Remington - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S45 - S45.
     
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  47. Cognitive Processes and Linguistic Forms of Factory Workers.Patricia Tway - 1976 - Semiotica 17 (1).
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  48.  9
    Decoding Cognitive Processes From Neural Ensembles.Joni D. Wallis - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (12):1091-1102.
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  49.  17
    Cognitive Processing Through the Interaction of Many Agents.Chris Jones, Maja Matarić & Barry Werger - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
  50.  40
    Why the Analyses of Cognitive Processes Matter.Ulrich Hoffrage - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):679-680.
    Stanovich & West analyze individual differences with respect to response output (e.g., participants' numerical estimates). They do not analyze the underlying cognitive processes that led to the outputs; they thereby probably misclassify some non-normative responses as normative. Using base rate neglect and overconfidence as examples, I demonstrate the advantages of analyzing cognitive processes further.
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