Results for ' totalitarianism'

910 found
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  1.  77
    Debating totalitarianism: An exchange of letters between Hannah Arendt and Eric Voegelin.Peter Baehr & Gordon C. Wells - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):364-380.
    In 1952, Waldemar Gurian, founding editor of The Review of Politics, commissioned Eric Voegelin, then a professor of political science at Louisiana State University, to review Hannah Arendt’s recently published The Origins of Totalitarianism . She was given the right to reply; Voegelin would furnish a concluding note. Preceding this dialogue, Voegelin wrote a letter to Arendt anticipating aspects of his review; she responded in kind. Arendt’s letter to Voegelin on totalitarianism, written in German, has never appeared in (...)
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  2.  20
    Totalitarianism: a borderline idea in political philosophy.Simona Forti - 2024 - Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Edited by Simone Ghelli.
    In the last decade, we have witnessed the return of one of the most controversial terms in the political lexicon: totalitarianism. What are we talking about when we define a totalitarian political and social situation? When did we start using the word as both adjective and noun? And, what totalitarian ghosts haunt the present? Philosopher Simona Forti seeks to answer these questions by reconstructing not only the genealogy of the concept, but also by clarifying its motives, misunderstandings, and the (...)
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  3.  4
    From totalitarianism to populism: Claude Lefort’s overlooked legacy.William Selinger - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    This article recovers Claude Lefort’s engagement with the issue of populism, which was inspired by the emergence of Jean-Marie Le Pen as a major figure in French politics during the late 1980s. I show how Lefort developed both an analysis of populism as a pathology of modern politics and a new vision of representative democracy as the alternative to populism. In doing so, Lefort drew upon his more familiar theory of democracy and totalitarianism, his study of the history of (...)
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  4.  25
    Totalitarianism as a Non-State.Vicky Iakovou - 2009 - European Journal of Political Theory 8 (4):429-447.
    The objective of this article is to show that Hannah Arendt’s understanding of totalitarianism is indebted to the analysis of National Socialism elaborated by Franz Neumann in Behemoth: The Structure and Practice of National Socialism. It is argued that Arendt adopted the central thesis of Neumann according to which Nazi Germany is a ‘non-state’ and that this thesis as well as its presuppositions are discernible in her overall approach, developed in The Origins of Totalitarianism.
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  5.  7
    Totalitarianism.Eugene Kamenka - 1996 - In Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit & Thomas Winfried Menko Pogge (eds.), A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 821–829.
    Totalitarian, totalitarianism are twentieth‐century words. They are used to describe states, ideologies, leaders and political parties that aim at total transformation and control of their own societies or, at least, at total control of everything that is actually or potentially politically significant within those societies. More positively, ‘totalitarians’ may see themselves as promoting a total conception of life and an organically cohesive state and community. They have been accused of aiming, inevitably, at a total transformation of the world. Applied (...)
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  6.  18
    Totalitarianism and the problem of Soviet art evaluation: the Lithuanian case.Skaidra Trilupaityte - 2007 - Studies in East European Thought 59 (4):261-280.
    By taking into account dissident/political and art historical interpretations of Soviet art, I analyze how polemics about totalitarianism in the West, which generally corresponded with Cold War debates and Eastern European dissident thought, shaped the post-Soviet evaluations of national artistic legacies. It is argued that the political relationship with the totalitarian past, like in many post-socialist areas where the immediate past was subjected to radical re-evaluation, affected Lithuanian artists’ and critics’ attitude towards local Soviet art. Because of an obvious (...)
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  7. The Totalitarianism of Therapeutic Philosophy.Matthew Crippen - 2007 - Essays in Philosophy 8 (1):29-55.
    [Excerpted From Editor's Introduction] Matthew Crippen takes this up in a Marcusian critique of Wittgenstein that attends, among other things, to the place of silence in that discourse. Referring to Horkheimer’s citation of the Latin aphorism that silence is consent, Crippen is critical of Wittgenstein’s admonition that we must pass over in silence those matters of which we cannot speak. This raises fascinating questions for critical theory that Crippen explores particularly with reference to Marcuse’s concept of one-dimensionality. To the extent (...)
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  8.  16
    Against Totalitarianism: Agamben, Foucault, and the Politics of Critique.C. Heike Schotten - 2015 - Foucault Studies 20:155-179.
    Despite appearances, Agamben’s engagement with Foucault in Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life is not an extension of Foucault’s analysis of biopolitics but rather a disciplining of Foucault for failing to take Nazism seriously. This moralizing rebuke is the result of methodological divergences between the two thinkers that, I argue, have fundamental political consequences. Re-reading Foucault’s most explicitly political work of the mid-1970s, I show that Foucault’s commitment to genealogy is aligned with his commitment to “insurrection”—not simply archival or (...)
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  9.  19
    The Legacies of Totalitarianism : A Theoretical Framework.Aviezer Tucker - 2015 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The first political theory of post-Communism examines its implications for understanding liberty, rights, transitional justice, property rights, privatization, rule of law, centrally planned public institutions, and the legacies of totalitarian thought in language and discourse. The transition to post-totalitarianism was the spontaneous adjustment of the rights of the late-totalitarian elite to its interest. Post-totalitarian governments faced severe scarcity in the supply of justice. Rough justice punished the perpetrators and compensated their victims. Historical theories of property rights became radical, and (...)
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  10.  10
    Totalitarianism and liberty: Hannah Arendt in the 21st century.Gerhard Besier, Katarzyna Stokłosa & Andrew C. Wisely (eds.) - 2008 - Kraków: Księgarnia Akademicka.
  11. Confucianism and Totalitarianism: An Arendtian Reconsideration of Mencius versus Xunzi.Lee Wilson - 2021 - Philosophy East and West 71 (4):981-1004.
    Totalitarianism is perhaps unanimously regarded as one of the greatest political evils of the last century and has been the grounds for much of Anglo-American political theory since. Confucianism, meanwhile, has been gaining credibility in the past decades among sympathizers of democratic theory in spite of criticisms of it being anti-democratic or authoritarian. I consider how certain key concepts in the classical Confucian texts of the Mencius and the Xunzi might or might not be appropriated for ‘legitimising’ totalitarian regimes. (...)
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  12.  73
    Hannah Arendt, totalitarianism, and the social sciences.Peter Baehr - 2010 - Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
    A study of Hannah Arendt's indictment of social science, approaches to totalitarianism (Bolshevism and National Socialism), and of the robust responses of her ...
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  13. Totalitarianism.Eric B. Litwack - 2015
    Totalitarianism Totalitarianism is best understood as any system of political ideas that is both thoroughly dictatorial and utopian. It is an ideal type of governing notion, and as such, it cannot be realised perfectly. Faced with the brutal reality of paradigmatic cases like Stalin’s USSR and Nazi Germany, philosophers, political theorists and social scientists have … Continue reading Totalitarianism →.
     
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  14.  39
    Totalitarianism or biopolitics? Concerning a philosophical interpretation of the twentieth century.Roberto Esposito - 2008 - Critical Inquiry 34 (4):633-644.
  15. The Hidden Violence of Totalitarianism: The Loss of the Groundwork of the World.Anne-Marie Roviello - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (3):923-930.
    In the Origins of Totalitarianism, Hannah Arendt makes the unexpected statement that totalitarian violence "is expressed much more frighteningly in the organization of its followers than in the physical liquidation of its opponents." Of course, her intention is not to deny the radical physical violence of totalitarianism but rather to understand the distinctive features of totalitarian terror. In order to fully understand the importance of what Arendt is describing, we should compare this first moment of the analysis with (...)
     
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  16. Totalitarianism of the khmer-rouge-autonomous ideology or imported model.Bx Quang - 1993 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 94:161-188.
  17.  3
    Totalitarianism and the Modern Conception of Politics.Michael Halberstam - 2000 - Yale University Press.
  18. From totalitarianism to fundamentalism existential choice : Heller's either/or.Richard J. Bernstein - 2009 - In Katie Terezakis (ed.), Engaging Agnes Heller: A Critical Companion. Lexington Books.
     
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  19.  22
    Totalitarianism as a Problem for the Modern Conception of Politics.Michael Halberstam - 1998 - Political Theory 26 (4):459-488.
    By the fourth decade of the twentieth century... the earthly paradise had been discredited at exactly the moment when it became realizable. George OrwellThe subterranean stream of Western history has finally come to the surface and usurped the dignity of our tradition.Hannah Arendt.
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  20.  7
    Totalitarianism as a Personal Dimension.Juraj Zelman - 1991 - Human Affairs 1 (1):16-21.
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  21.  50
    The catholic origins of totalitarianism theory in interwar europe.James Chappel - 2011 - Modern Intellectual History 8 (3):561-590.
    Totalitarianism theory was one of the ratifying principles of the Cold War, and remains an important component of contemporary political discourse. Its origins, however, are little understood. Although widely seen as a secular product of anticommunist socialism, it was originally a theological notion, rooted in the political theory of Catholic personalism. Specifically, totalitarianism theory was forged by Catholic intellectuals in the mid-1930s, responding to Carl Schmitt's turn to the in 1931. In this essay I explore the notion's formation (...)
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  22.  44
    Arendt and Deleuze on Totalitarianism and the Revolutionary Event: Among the Peoples of the Fall of the Berlin Wall.James Phillips - 2015 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 9 (1):112-136.
    Gilles Deleuze and Hannah Arendt are two thinkers who have theorised the exceptionalism of the revolutionary moment. For Deleuze, it is the moment of the people to come. For Arendt, it is the moment of the freedom of political action. In the decades since the fall of the Berlin Wall there has been extensive debate on how to remember the German Democratic Republic (DDR) and how to understand the events leading up to its demise. Arendt's analyses of totalitarianism, natality (...)
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  23.  7
    Totalitarianism and the idea of nation.André Mineau - 1992 - History of European Ideas 15 (1-3):227-231.
  24.  16
    Totalitarianism "with a Human Face" A Methodological Essay.Leonid Poliakov - 1992 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 31 (3):40-50.
    We are now, after some delay, beginning actively to discuss a theme—or is it still a problem?—that has become traditional for Western sociology and political science—namely, totalitarianism. If we start from the firmly established view that construes totalitarianism as a social structure in which the state devours and exercises maximum control over all spheres of the social life of individuals, i.e., a structure based on maximum coercion , we can, it would seem, simply make concrete extrapolations of the (...)
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  25. Elements of totalitarianism in the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes.Melville Kirzon - 1949 - Washington,:
  26.  3
    Wholeness and totalitarianism.Vladimir Marchenkov - 2023 - Studies in East European Thought 75 (4):775-780.
    This brief paper is a polemical response to Mikhail Epstein’s review of the Palgrave Handbook of Russian Thought, and especially to his claim that the widely acknowledged tendency of Russian philosophy towards holistic thinking is akin to political totalitarianism, not to say its underlying cause. My argument is that philosophical and political or ideological thought are fundamentally different in their nature and purpose, and cannot be usefully identified with one another as Epstein does. Epstein’s claim is, I argue, a (...)
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  27.  22
    Totalitarianism, homogeneity of power, depth : Towards a socio-political ontology.Anthony J. Steinbock - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (4):621 - 648.
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  28.  26
    Between Totalitarianism and Postmodernity: A Thesis Eleven Reader.Peter Beilharz, Gillian Robinson & John F. Rundell (eds.) - 1992 - MIT Press.
    These thirteen articles provide theoretical and historically informed analyses of thepowerful currents that are shaping the late twentieth-century political and culturallandscape.
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  29.  6
    The Shadow of Totalitarianism: Action, Judgment, and Evil in Politics.Javier Burdman - 2022 - SUNY Press.
    The Shadow of Totalitarianism develops a new way to think about the problem of evil in politics. Beginning with the commonplace idea that the rise of totalitarianism in the twentieth century marked the emergence of a new form of evil, Javier Burdman finds early seeds of thinking about this form in Immanuel Kant's moral philosophy. Far from being an isolated object of inquiry, evil, Burdman argues, has long shaped and been central to philosophical understandings of political action and (...)
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  30.  21
    Totalitarianism After the Fall.Bernard Flynn - 2002 - Constellations 9 (3):436-444.
    Book reviewed in this article:Claude Lefort, La Complication: Retour Sur Communisme.
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  31.  69
    Another Origin of Totalitarianism: Arendt on the Loneliness of Liberal Citizens.Jennifer Gaffney - 2016 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 47 (1):1-17.
    This paper examines Hannah Arendt's notion of citizenship with reference to her account of loneliness in the modern age. Whereas recent scholarship has emphasized Arendt's notion of the “right to have rights” in order to advance her conception of citizenship in the context of global democratic theory, I maintain that this discourse threatens to overshadow the depth of her critical relation to the liberal tradition. By turning to loneliness, I aim to show that Arendt's understanding of citizenship guides a prescient (...)
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  32.  38
    Totalitarianism and the Problems of a Work Ethic.Iu N. Davydov - 1993 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 32 (1):67-76.
    My reflections will have more of an interrogative than an affirmative character. And the questions will be posed not only to others but also to myself. At the outset let me broach two questions. First, why is this work ethic needed; and second, who needs it? And at the same time I should like to translate some of the general ideological and cultural problems that have been discussed here into the language of political economy and sociology. This should, it seems (...)
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  33. Totalitarianism and Modernity: Franz Borkenau's Totalitarian Enemy as a Source of Sociological Theorizing on Totalitarianism.Johann P. Arnason - 1998 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 65:151-180.
  34.  14
    Psychoanalysis in the Age of Totalitarianism.Matt Ffytche & Daniel Pick (eds.) - 2016 - New York: Routledge.
    _Psychoanalysis in the Age of Totalitarianism_ provides rich new insights into the history of political thought and clinical knowledge. In these chapters, internationally renowned historians and cultural theorists discuss landmark debates about the uses and abuses of ‘the talking cure’ and map the diverse psychologies and therapeutic practices that have featured in and against tyrannical, modern regimes. These essays show both how the Freudian movement responded to and was transformed by the rise of fascism and communism, the Second World War, (...)
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  35. Totalitarianism today (on the example of Serbia based on the political theory of Claude Lefort).P. Klepec - 2000 - Filozofski Vestnik 21 (2):19-32.
     
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  36.  13
    Totalitarianism and Individualism in Psychology.C. Ratner - 1971 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1971 (7):50-72.
  37.  20
    Totalitarianism and liberalism: Rejoinder to Mizgala.Andrzej Walicki - 1989 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 3 (2):355-368.
  38.  18
    Totalitarianism and the Political Modernity [J].Rulun Zhang - 2005 - Modern Philosophy 4:001.
  39.  23
    From absolutism to totalitarianism: Carl Schmitt on Thomas Hobbes.Gershon Weiler - 1994 - Durango, Colo.: Hollowbrook.
  40.  20
    Totalitarianism, Tradition, and The Human Condition.Dana Villa - 2018 - Arendt Studies 2:61-71.
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  41.  8
    Prisoners of ourselves: totalitarianism in everyday life.Gündüz Vassaf - 2011 - Istanbul: Iletişim.
  42. "Totalitarianism and the voices of authority: Narrative aliases in Jorge semprun's" what a beautiful sunday!".Ju Jacobs - forthcoming - Theoria.
     
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  43.  3
    Inverted Totalitarianism.A. Y. Vazquez-Arroyo - 2011 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2011 (156):167-177.
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  44.  45
    Theories of Totalitarianism and Modern Dictatorships: A Tentative Approach.Sigrid Meuschel - 2000 - Thesis Eleven 61 (1):87-98.
    This essay discusses totalitarian theories with regard to their capacity to interpret in a normatively plausible way such different dictatorships as Nazism, Stalinism and post-Stalinism. In contrast to theoretical approaches which subsume all these regimes under a single concept (totalitarianism as total control), it argues in favor of discerning terror and ideology as main characteristics (totalitarianism as extermination). The focus on National Socialism and Stalinism needs further differentiation. Theories of bureaucratic structures and charismatic domination may help in distinguishing (...)
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  45. Moments of totalitarianism.Anson Rabinbach - 2006 - History and Theory 45 (1):72–100.
    Hope and Memory: Lessons from the Twentieth Century by Tzvetan Todorov; David Bellos The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia by Richard Overy Stalinism and Nazism: History and Memory Compared by Henry Rousso; Lucy B. Golsan Stalinism and Nazism: Dictatorships in Comparison by Ian Kershaw; Moshe Lewin Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism? Five Interventions in the use of a Notion by Slavoj Zizek.
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  46. Identity Politics, Irrationalism, and Totalitarianism: The Relevance Of Karl Popper’s ‘Open Society’.Danny Frederick - 2019 - Cosmos + Taxis 6 (6-7):33-42.
    In ‘The Open Society and its Enemies,’ Karl Popper contrasts closed and open societies. He evaluates irrationalism and the different kinds of rationalism and he argues that critical rationalism is superior. Living in an open society bestows great benefits but involves a strain that may in some people engender a longing to return to a closed society of tribal submission and an attraction for irrationalism. Attempts to recreate a closed society lead to totalitarianism. In the light of Popper’s arguments (...)
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  47.  27
    China the Anomaly Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the Maoist Regime.Peter Baehr - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (3):267-286.
    During the autumn of 1949, Hannah Arendt completed the manuscript of The Origins of Totalitarianism. On 1 October of the same year, the People’s Republic of China was founded under the leadership of Mao Zedong. This article documents Arendt’s claim in 1949 that the prospects of totalitarianism in China were ‘frighteningly good’, and yet her ambivalent judgment, on the eve of the Cultural Revolution, about the totalitarian character of the Maoist regime. Despite being the premier theorist of totalitarian (...)
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  48.  24
    Review article: Arendt and totalitarianism: Contexts of interpretation.Dana Villa - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (2):287-296.
  49.  31
    Inverted Totalitarianism.Antonio Y. Vázquez-Arroyo - 2011 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2011 (156):167-177.
    ExcerptNow that the Bush administration has left the White House, several questions emerge, not the least of which is the crucial question about its place in the longue durée of the American polity. A corollary of this question, which is perhaps even more vexing, regards the lasting effect of these years on the United States' political form. Not that versions of this question have not been posed. Books on the so-called new American empire, to be sure, have flooded the North (...)
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  50.  52
    Narratives of Totalitarianism: Nazism's Anti-Semitic Propaganda During World War II and the Holocaust.Jeffrey Herf - 2006 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2006 (135):32-60.
    In recent decades, historians have probed the kinds of narratives that they tell in constructing the past. In the process, we have devoted too little attention to the ways that historical actors themselves translate beliefs and ideologies into narratives of events, which themselves become causal factors of great importance. In this essay, and the longer work from which it is drawn, I examine this translation as it emerged in Nazi Germany's anti-Semitic propaganda campaigns during World War II and the Holocaust. (...)
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