Results for 'response similarity'

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  1.  17
    The Role of Response Similarity in Proactive Inhibition.Kent M. Dallett - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (4):364.
  2.  14
    Choice and Habituation as Measures of Response Similarity.Eric Jacobson & David Premack - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (1):30.
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  3.  4
    The Incomplete Tyranny of Dynamic Stimuli: Gaze Similarity Predicts Response Similarity in Screen‐Captured Instructional Videos.Daniel T. Levin, Jorge A. Salas, Anna M. Wright, Adrianne E. Seiffert, Kelly E. Carter & Joshua W. Little - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (6):e12984.
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  4.  10
    Transfer From Verbal Pretraining to Motor Performance as a Function of Response Similarity and Angle of Movement.Donald R. Hoffeld - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (5):353.
  5.  10
    Age Differences in Transfer and Retroaction as a Function of Intertask Response Similarity.Michael Gladis & Harry W. Braun - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (1):25.
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  6.  12
    Cue Selection as a Function of Degree of Learning and Response Similarity.William L. Davis, Sam C. Brown & Elaine Ritchie - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):323.
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  7.  6
    Proactive Inhibition as a Function of Response Similarity.Ross L. Morgan & Benton J. Underwood - 1950 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (5):592.
  8.  8
    Formulation of a Generalization Surface for the Simultaneous Variation of Stimulus and Response Similarity.Michael Shea - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):353.
  9.  8
    Retroactive and Proactive Effects Under Varying Conditions of Response Similarity.Robert K. Young - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (2):113.
  10.  23
    Response Generalization as a Function of Intratask Response Similarity.Merrill E. Noble & Harry P. Bahrick - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (6):405.
  11.  16
    Associative Transfer in Verbal Learning as a Function of Response Similarity and Degree of First-List Learning.Benton J. Underwood - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (1):44.
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  12.  17
    Transfer as a Function of Stimulus, Response, and Simultaneous Stimulus and Response Similarity.Barbara S. Uehling & Benton J. Underwood - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):375.
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  13.  13
    Transfer in Verbal Materials with Dissimilar Stimuli and Response Similarity Varied.Robert K. Young & Benton J. Underwood - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (3):153.
  14.  12
    Response-Class Similarity and First-List Recall with Mixed and Unmixed Transfer Designs.Isabel M. Birnbaum - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):542.
  15. Similar but Different: High Prevalence of Synesthesia in Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response.Giulia L. Poerio, Manami Ueda & Hirohito M. Kondo - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Autonomous sensory meridian response is a complex sensory-emotional experience characterized by pleasant tingling sensations initiating at the scalp. ASMR is triggered in some people by stimuli including whispering, personal attention, and crisp sounds. Since its inception, ASMR has been likened to synesthesia, but convincing empirical data directly linking ASMR with synesthesia is lacking. In this study, we examined whether the prevalence of synesthesia is indeed significantly higher in ASMR-responders than non-responders. A sample of working adults and students were surveyed (...)
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  16.  6
    Response Learning in Paired-Associate Lists as a Function of Intralist Similarity.Benton J. Underwood, Willard N. Runquist & Rudolph W. Schulz - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):70.
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  17.  2
    Advantageous Comparison: Using Twitter Responses to Understand Similarities Between Cybercriminals (“Yahoo Boys”) and Politicians (“Yahoo Men”).Suleman Lazarus, Mark Button & Afe Adogame - 2022 - Heliyon Journal 8 (11):1-10.
    This article is about the manifestations of similarities between two seemingly distinct groups of Nigerians: cybercriminals and politicians. Which linguistic strategies do Twitter users use to express their opinions on cybercriminals and politicians? The study undertakes a qualitative analysis of ‘engaged’ tweets of an elite law enforcement agency in West Africa. We analyzed and coded over 100,000 ‘engaged’ tweets based on a component of mechanisms of moral disengagement (i.e., advantageous comparison), a linguistic device. The results reveal how respondents defend the (...)
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  18.  9
    Mediating Verbal Responses and Stimulus Similarity as Factors in Conceptual Naming by School Age Children.Harvey M. Lacey - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):113.
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  19.  14
    Choice Response Times as Functions of Intralist Similarity, Stimulus Type, and Number of Equally Probable Alternatives.Barry Gholson & Raymond H. Hohle - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):581.
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  20.  18
    Response: Commentary: Viewing Photos and Reading Nouns of Natural Graspable Objects Similarly Modulate Motor Responses.Giovanni Buccino & Barbara F. M. Marino - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  21.  2
    Exercise Similarly Facilitates Men and Women’s Selective Attention Task Response Times but Differentially Affects Memory Task Performance.Matt Coleman, Kelsey Offen & Julie Markant - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  22.  23
    Exploring the Similarities and Differences Between Medical Assessments of Competence and Criminal Responsibility.Gerben Meynen - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):443-451.
    The medical assessments of criminal responsibility and competence to consent to treatment are performed, developed and debated in distinct domains. In this paper I try to connect these domains by exploring the similarities and differences between both assessments. In my view, in both assessments a decision-making process is evaluated in relation to the possible influence of a mental disorder on this process. I will argue that, in spite of the relevance of the differences, both practices could benefit from the recognition (...)
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  23.  13
    Stimulus Generalization of the Conditioned Eyelid Response to Structurally Similar Nonsense Syllables.David W. Abbott & Louis E. Price - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4):368.
  24.  17
    Study and Response Time for the Visual Recognition of "Similarity" and Identity.Peter L. Derks & T. Michael Bauer - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):978.
  25.  15
    The Effect of Stimulus Similarity on the Acquisition and Extinction of a Conditioned Response.Darwin P. Hunt - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (3):278.
  26.  9
    The Relationship of Stimulus Similarity and Number of Responses.Jack Richardson - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (6):478.
  27.  8
    Effects of Response-Set Similarity on Unlearning and Spontaneous Recovery.Harvey G. Shulman & Edwin Martin - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):230.
  28.  5
    Effects of Intralist Response Formal Similarity Upon Paired-Associate Transfer and Retroactive Inhibition.James W. Pellegrino - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):134.
  29.  9
    Comparison of Verbal Response Transfer Mediated by Meaningfully Similar and Associated Stimuli.James J. Ryan - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (6):408.
  30.  5
    Generalization of Reinforcement Among Similar Responses Made in Altered Stimulus Situations.Melvin H. Marx & Benjamin B. Bernstein - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (6):355.
  31.  4
    Contingency and Similarity in Response Selection.Wolfgang Prinz - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 64:146-153.
  32.  11
    Differential Relation of Latency and Response Vigor to Stimulus Similarity in Brightness Discrimination.Alfred Castaneda & Leonard Worell - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):309.
  33.  77
    Biology and Philosophy Symposium on Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World: Response to Critics.Michael Weisberg - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (2):299-310.
    Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World is an account of modeling in contemporary science. Modeling is a form of surrogate reasoning where target systems in the natural world are studied using models, which are similar to these targets. My book develops an account of the nature of models, the practice of modeling, and the similarity relation that holds between models and their targets. I also analyze the conceptual tools that allow theorists to identify the trustworthy (...)
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  34. Normative Responsibilities: Structure and Sources.Gunnar Björnsson & Bengt Brülde - 2017 - In Kristien Hens, Dorothee Horstkötter & Daniela Cutas (eds.), Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics. Springer. pp. 13–33.
    Attributions of what we shall call normative responsibilities play a central role in everyday moral thinking. It is commonly thought, for example, that parents are responsible for the wellbeing of their children, and that this has important normative consequences. Depending on context, it might mean that parents are morally required to bring their children to the doctor, feed them well, attend to their emotional needs, or to see to it that someone else does. Similarly, it is sometimes argued that countries (...)
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  35.  6
    But If These People Hadn't Been There, Others Would Have Occupied Their Seats, Arguably Doing Similar Things. There Were Others Equally Willing and Able to Perpetrate the Crimes. Moreover, the Fact That Similar Problems Arose in Other Countries—with Different People Playing the Parts of the Protagonists—Suggests That There Were More Fundamental Economic Forces at Play. The List of Institutions That Must Assume Considerable Responsibility for the Crisis Includes. [REVIEW]Joseph Stiglitz - 2009 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 21 (2):3.
  36.  68
    Too Similar, Too Different? The Paradoxical Dualism of Psychiatric Stigma.Tania Gergel - 2014 - The Psychiatric Bulletin 38 (4):148-151.
    Challenges to psychiatric stigma fall between a rock and a hard place. Decreasing one prejudice may inadvertently increase another. Emphasising similarities between mental illness and ‘ordinary’ experience to escape the fear-related prejudices associated with the imagined ‘otherness’ of persons with mental illness risks conclusions that mental illness indicates moral weakness and the loss of any benefits of a medical model. An emphasis on illness and difference from normal experience risks a response of fear of the alien. Thus, a ‘likeness-based’ (...)
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  37. On Similarity in Counterfactuals.Ana Arregui - 2009 - Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (3):245-278.
    This paper investigates the interpretation of counterfactual conditionals. The main goal of the paper is to provide an account of the semantic role of similarity in the evaluation of counterfactuals. The paper proposes an analysis according to which counterfactuals are treated as predications “ de re ” over past situations in the actual world. The relevant situations enter semantic composition via the interpretation of tense. Counterfactuals are treated as law-like conditionals with de re predication over particular facts. Similarity (...)
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  38.  9
    Transfer From Verbal-Discrimination to Paired-Associate Learning: II. Effects of Intralist Similarity, Method, and Percentage Occurrence of Response Members.William F. Battig & H. Ray Brackett - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (5):507.
  39.  7
    Paired-Associate Learning as a Function of Similarity: Common Stimulus and Response Items Within the List.Takao Umemoto & Ernest R. Hilgard - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):97.
  40.  17
    Viewing Photos and Reading Nouns of Natural Graspable Objects Similarly Modulate Motor Responses.Barbara F. M. Marino, Miriam Sirianni, Riccardo Dalla Volta, Fabio Magliocco, Francesco Silipo, Aldo Quattrone & Giovanni Buccino - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  41.  8
    Differential Eyelid Conditioning as a Function of Stimulus Similarity and Strength of Response to the CS.Malcolm D. Gynther - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (6):408.
  42. Objective Similarity and Mental Representation.Alistair M. C. Isaac - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):683-704.
    The claim that similarity plays a role in representation has been philosophically discredited. Psychologists, however, routinely analyse the success of mental representations for guiding behaviour in terms of a similarity between representation and the world. I provide a foundation for this practice by developing a philosophically responsible account of the relationship between similarity and representation in natural systems. I analyse similarity in terms of the existence of a suitable homomorphism between two structures. The key insight is (...)
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  43.  7
    Verbal Paired-Associate Learning as a Function of Grouping Similar Stimuli or Responses.Iris C. Rotberg & Myron Woolman - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):47.
  44. Conceptual Responsibility.Trystan S. Goetze - 2018 - Dissertation, University of Sheffield
    This thesis concerns our moral and epistemic responsibilities regarding our concepts. I argue that certain concepts can be morally, epistemically, or socially problematic. This is particularly concerning with regard to our concepts of social kinds, which may have both descriptive and evaluative aspects. Being ignorant of certain concepts, or possessing mistaken conceptions, can be problematic for similar reasons, and contributes to various forms of epistemic injustice. I defend an expanded view of a type of epistemic injustice known as ‘hermeneutical injustice’, (...)
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  45. Responsibility for Collective Epistemic Harms.Will Fleisher & Dunja Šešelja - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science:1-41.
    Discussion of epistemic responsibility typically focuses on belief formation and actions leading to it. Similarly, accounts of collective epistemic responsibility have addressed the issue of collective belief formation and associated actions. However, there has been little discussion of collective responsibility for preventing epistemic harms, particularly those preventable only by the collective action of an unorganized group. We propose an account of collective epistemic responsibility which fills this gap. Building on Hindriks' (2019) account of collective moral responsibility, we introduce the Epistemic (...)
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  46.  79
    Socially Responsible Investment: Differences Between Europe and the United States.Céline Louche & Steven Lydenberg - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:112-117.
    The paper focuses on the development and practices of Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) in the US and Europe. The aim is to explore the historical, cultural and political embeddedness of SRI. Based on secondary sources of information, it offers a comparative analysis of the development and current practicesof SRI on both sides of the Atlantic and discusses the future implications for SRI. The paper shows that SRI movements in both regions present differences in terms of definitions, actors involved, vocabulary and (...)
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  47.  4
    Both High Cognitive Load and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Over the Right Inferior Frontal Cortex Make Truth and Lie Responses More Similar.Nuria Sánchez, Jaume Masip & Carlos J. Gómez-Ariza - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  48.  56
    Freedom, Responsibility, and Omitting to Act.Randolph Clarke - 2014 - In David Palmer (ed.), Libertarian Free Will: Contemporary Debates. New York, NY, USA: pp. 107-23.
    We take it for granted that commonly we act freely and we are generally morally responsible for what we do when we so act. Can there be such a thing as freely omitting to act, or freely refraining or forbearing, and can we be similarly responsible for omitting, refraining, and forbearing? This paper advances a view of freely omitting to act. In many cases, freedom in omitting cannot come to the same thing as freedom in acting, since in many cases (...)
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  49. Assessing Responsibility: Fixing Blame Versus Fixing Problems.John T. Sanders - 1993 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 12 (4):73-86.
    In the midst of even the most tragic circumstances attending the aftermath of disaster, and co-existing with a host of complex emotions, arises a practical consideration: how might similar tragedies be prevented in the future? The complexity of such situations must not be neglected. More than mere prevention must usually be taken into consideration. But the practical question is of considerable importance. In what follows, I will offer some reasons for being concerned that efforts to fix the problem -- efforts, (...)
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  50. From Similarity to Inference.Daniel Osherson - manuscript
    We advance a theory of inductive reasoning based on similarity, and test it on arguments involving mammal categories. To measure similarity, we quantified the overlap of neural activation in left Brodmann area 37 (lBA37) in response to pictures of different categories; the choice of lBA37 is motivated by previous literature. The theory was tested against estimated probability judgments for 160 arguments generated from 16 categories and a common predicate. The theory’s predictions (based on neural similarity) correlate (...)
     
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