Results for 'intralist similarity'

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  1.  1
    Intralist Similarity in Verbal Learning and Retention.Benton J. Underwood - 1954 - Psychological Review 61 (3):160-166.
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  2.  8
    The Influence of Meaningfulness, Intralist Similarity, and Serial Position on Retention.Benton J. Underwood & Jack Richardson - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (2):119.
  3.  14
    Choice Response Times as Functions of Intralist Similarity, Stimulus Type, and Number of Equally Probable Alternatives.Barry Gholson & Raymond H. Hohle - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):581.
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  4.  9
    Transfer From Verbal-Discrimination to Paired-Associate Learning: II. Effects of Intralist Similarity, Method, and Percentage Occurrence of Response Members.William F. Battig & H. Ray Brackett - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (5):507.
  5.  6
    Whole Versus Part Learning of Serial Lists as a Function of Meaningfulness and Intralist Similarity.Leo Postman & Judith Goggin - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (2):140.
  6.  14
    Studies of Distributed Practice: X. The Influence of Intralist Similarity on Learning and Retention of Serial Adjective Lists.Benton J. Underwood - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (4):253.
  7.  10
    Studies of Distributed Practice: XIX. The Influence of Intralist Similarity with Lists of Low Meaningfulness.Benton J. Underwood & Rudolph W. Schulz - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (2):106.
  8.  6
    Response Learning in Paired-Associate Lists as a Function of Intralist Similarity.Benton J. Underwood, Willard N. Runquist & Rudolph W. Schulz - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):70.
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  9.  10
    Studies of Distributed Practice: VIII. Learning and Retention of Paired Nonsense Syllables as a Function of Intralist Similarity.Benton J. Underwood - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (3):133.
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  10.  8
    Studies of Distributed Practice: VII. Learning and Retention of Serial Nonsense Lists as a Function of Intralist Similarity.Benton J. Underwood - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (2):80.
  11.  9
    Studies of Distributed Practice: IX. Learning and Retention of Paired Adjectives as a Function of Intralist Similarity.Benton J. Underwood - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (3):143.
  12.  4
    Studies of Distributed Practice: XVIII. The Influence of Meaningfulness and Intralist Similarity of Serial Nonsense Lists.Benton J. Underwood & Jack Richardson - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (3):213.
  13.  15
    Constant Versus Varied Serial Order in Paired-Associate Learning: The Effect of Formal Intralist Similarity.Eugene D. Rubin & Sam C. Brown - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (2):257.
  14.  17
    Studies of Distributed Practice: XIV. Intralist Similarity and Presentation Rate in Verbal-Discrimination Learning of Consonant Syllables.Benton J. Underwood & E. James Archer - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (2):120.
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  15.  13
    Formal Intralist Stimulus Similarity in Paired-Associate Learning.Willard N. Runquist - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):634.
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  16.  5
    Effects of Intralist Response Formal Similarity Upon Paired-Associate Transfer and Retroactive Inhibition.James W. Pellegrino - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):134.
  17.  7
    Effects of Within-List and Between-List Acoustic Similarity on the Learning and Retention of Paired Associates.Kent M. Dallett - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (5):667.
  18.  9
    Presentation Rate Effects in Paired-Associate Learning.Robert C. Calfee & Rita Anderson - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (2):239.
  19.  4
    Intralist-Interlist Relations in Verbal Learning.Donald R. Meyer & R. C. Miles - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (2):109.
  20.  20
    Intralist Contrast Effects in Cued Recall.Donald Robbins, James F. Bray & James R. Irvin - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (1):150.
  21.  11
    Intralist Generalization in Paired-Associate Learning.Bennet B. Murdock - 1958 - Psychological Review 65 (5):306-314.
  22.  8
    Intralist Cuing Following Retroactive Inhibition of Well-Learned Items.Milton Blake & Ronald Okada - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):386.
  23.  10
    Intralist Organization and Subsequent Free Recalls.Ovid J. Tzeng & Daisy L. Hung - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):119.
  24.  13
    Presentation Rate and Intralist Repetition Effects in Immediate Probe Recall.V. David Burns - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):813.
  25.  5
    Effects of Intralist Rule Order on Learning Codeable Trigrams.John A. Robinson - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):6.
  26. Physically Similar Systems: A History of the Concept.Susan G. Sterrett - 2017 - In Lorenzo Magnani & Tommaso Wayne Bertolotti (eds.), Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science. Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York: Springer. pp. 377-412.
    The concept of similar systems arose in physics, and appears to have originated with Newton in the seventeenth century. This chapter provides a critical history of the concept of physically similar systems, the twentieth century concept into which it developed. The concept was used in the nineteenth century in various fields of engineering, theoretical physics and theoretical and experimental hydrodynamics. In 1914, it was articulated in terms of ideas developed in the eighteenth century and used in nineteenth century mathematics and (...)
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  27. Similarity and Dimensional Analysis (Preprint - Entry in Handbook of Philosophy of Science, Elsevier).S. G. Sterrett - 2009 - In Anthonie W. M. Meijers (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Science.
    The topic of this Handbook entry is the relationship between similarity and dimensional analysis, and some of the philosophical issues involved in understanding and making use of that relationship. Discusses basics of the relationship between units, dimensions, and quantities. It explains the significance of dimensionless parameters, and explains that similarity of a physical systems is established by showing equality of a certain set of dimensionless parameters that characterizes the system behavior. Similarity is always relative -- to some (...)
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  28.  20
    Inhibition Effects of Intralist Repetition in Free Recall.Endel Tulvig & Reid Hastie - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):297.
  29. Extending Similarity-Based Epistemology of Modality with Models.Ylwa Sjölin Wirling - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    Empiricist modal epistemologies can be attractive, but are often limited in the range of modal knowledge they manage to secure. In this paper, I argue that one such account – similarity-based modal empiricism – can be extended to also cover justification of many scientifically interesting possibility claims. Drawing on recent work on modelling in the philosophy of science, I suggest that scientific modelling is usefully seen as the creation and investigation of relevantly similar epistemic counterparts of real target systems. (...)
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  30.  9
    Comment on "Intralist Generalization in Paired-Associate Learning.'.William F. Battig - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (5):338-339.
  31.  14
    Remarks of "Intralist Generalization in Paired-Associate Learning".Willard N. Runquist - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (5):343-344.
  32. Similarity-Based Cognition: Radical Enactivism Meets Cognitive Neuroscience.Miguel Segundo-Ortin & Daniel D. Hutto - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 1):1-19.
    Similarity-based cognition is commonplace. It occurs whenever an agent or system exploits the similarities that hold between two or more items—e.g., events, processes, objects, and so on—in order to perform some cognitive task. This kind of cognition is of special interest to cognitive neuroscientists. This paper explicates how similarity-based cognition can be understood through the lens of radical enactivism and why doing so has advantages over its representationalist rival, which posits the existence of structural representations or S-representations. Specifically, (...)
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  33. Weighted Similarity Measure and Decision Making Model for Clinical Application of Single Valued Neutrosophic Set.R. Binu & P. Isaac - 2020 - In Florentin Smarandache & Said Broumi (eds.), Neutrosophic Theories in Communication, Management and Information Technology. Nova Science Publishers.
     
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  34. Similarity: A Cognitive Foundation for Artificial Intelligence.Stephen Downes - 1994 - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 12.
  35.  7
    Two Stages of Paired-Associate Learning as a Function of Intralist-Response Meaningfulness.John Jung - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (4):371.
  36.  68
    Too Similar, Too Different? The Paradoxical Dualism of Psychiatric Stigma.Tania Gergel - 2014 - The Psychiatric Bulletin 38 (4):148-151.
    Challenges to psychiatric stigma fall between a rock and a hard place. Decreasing one prejudice may inadvertently increase another. Emphasising similarities between mental illness and ‘ordinary’ experience to escape the fear-related prejudices associated with the imagined ‘otherness’ of persons with mental illness risks conclusions that mental illness indicates moral weakness and the loss of any benefits of a medical model. An emphasis on illness and difference from normal experience risks a response of fear of the alien. Thus, a ‘likeness-based’ and (...)
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  37. On Similarity in Counterfactuals.Ana Arregui - 2009 - Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (3):245-278.
    This paper investigates the interpretation of counterfactual conditionals. The main goal of the paper is to provide an account of the semantic role of similarity in the evaluation of counterfactuals. The paper proposes an analysis according to which counterfactuals are treated as predications “ de re ” over past situations in the actual world. The relevant situations enter semantic composition via the interpretation of tense. Counterfactuals are treated as law-like conditionals with de re predication over particular facts. Similarity (...)
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  38. Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World.Michael Weisberg - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    one takes to be the most salient, any pair could be judged more similar to each other than to the third. Goodman uses this second problem to showthat there can be no context-free similarity metric, either in the trivial case or in a scientifically ...
  39. Overall Similarity, Natural Properties, and Paraphrases.Ghislain Guigon - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (2):387-399.
    I call anti-resemblism the thesis that independently of any contextual specification there is no determinate fact of the matter about the comparative overall similarity of things. Anti-resemblism plays crucial roles in the philosophy of David Lewis. For instance, Lewis has argued that his counterpart theory is anti-essentialist on the grounds that counterpart relations are relations of comparative overall similarity and that anti-resemblism is true. After Lewis committed himself to a form of realism about natural properties he maintained that (...)
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  40. Similar Subclasses.Harvey M. Friedman - unknown
    Reflection, in the sense of [Fr03a] and [Fr03b], is based on the idea that a category of classes has a subclass that is “similar” to the category. Here we present axiomatizations based on the idea that a category of classes that does not form a class has extensionally different subclasses that are “similar”. We present two such similarity principles, which are shown to interpret and be interpretable in certain set theories with large cardinal axioms.
     
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  41.  88
    Generalization, Similarity, and Bayesian Inference.Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):629-640.
    Shepard has argued that a universal law should govern generalization across different domains of perception and cognition, as well as across organisms from different species or even different planets. Starting with some basic assumptions about natural kinds, he derived an exponential decay function as the form of the universal generalization gradient, which accords strikingly well with a wide range of empirical data. However, his original formulation applied only to the ideal case of generalization from a single encountered stimulus to a (...)
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  42.  12
    Relationships Among Short-Term Recall, Intralist Intrusions, Subjective Certainty Ratings, and Long-Term Memory.Anthony F. Grasha, Donald A. Schumsky & Lee A. Elliott - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):83.
  43.  7
    Cosine Similarity Measure of Interval Valued Neutrosophic Sets.Said Broumi & Florentin Smarandache - 2014 - Neutrosophic Sets and Systems 5:15-20.
    In this paper, we define a new cosine similarity between two interval valued neutrosophic sets based on Bhattacharya’s distance [19]. The notions of interval valued neutrosophic sets (IVNS, for short) will be used as vector representations in 3D-vector space. Based on the comparative analysis of the existing similarity measures for IVNS, we find that our proposed similarity measure is better and more robust. An illustrative example of the pattern recognition shows that the proposed method is simple and (...)
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  44.  82
    Phenomenal Similarity.Sydney Shoemaker - 1975 - Critica 7 (20):3-37.
  45.  1
    Similarity and Categorization.Ulrike Hahn & Michael Ramscar (eds.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Concepts allow us to treat different objects equivalently according to shared attributes, and hence to communicate about, draw inferences from, reason with, and explain these objects. Understanding how concepts are formed and used is thus essential to understanding and applying these basic processes, and the topic of similarity-based classification is central to psychology, artificial intelligence, statistics, and philosophy. This book brings together leading researchers, reflecting the key topics and important developments in the field and provides a uniquely interdisciplinary overview (...)
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  46. Similarity and the Trustworthiness of Distributive Judgements.Alex Voorhoeve, Arnaldur Stefánsson & Brian Wallace - 2019 - Economics and Philosophy 35 (3):537-561.
    When people must either save a greater number of people from a smaller harm or a smaller number from a greater harm, do their choices reflect a reasonable moral outlook? We pursue this question with the help of an experiment. In our experiment, two-fifths of subjects employ a similarity heuristic. When alternatives appear dissimilar in terms of the number saved but similar in terms of the magnitude of harm prevented, this heuristic mandates saving the greater number. In our experiment, (...)
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  47.  6
    An Analysis of Some Factors Underlying Intralist Associative Transfer in Paired-Associate Learning.John C. McCullers - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (2):163.
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  48. Counterpossibles and Similarity.David Vander Laan - 2004 - In Frank Jackson & Graham Priest (eds.), Lewisian Themes: The Philosophy of David K. Lewis. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. pp. 258-275.
    Several themes of David Lewis's theory of counterfactuals, especially their sensitivity to context, pave the way for a viable theory of non-trivial counterpossibles. If Lewis was successful in defending his account against the early objections, a semantics of counterpossibles can be defended from similar objections in the same way. The resulting theory will be extended to address 'might' counterfactuals and questions about the relative "nearness" of impossible worlds.
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  49.  43
    Stmctural Similarity Within and Among Languages.Edward P. Stabler & Edward L. Keenan - unknown
    Linguists rely on intuitive conceptions of structure when comparing expressions and languages. In an algebraic presentation of a language, some natural notions of similarity can be rigorously defined (e.g. among elements of a language, equivalence w.r.t. isomorphisms of the language; and among languages, equivalence w.r.t. isomorphisms of symmetry groups), but it tums out that slightly more complex and nonstandard notions are needed to capture the kinds of comparisons linguists want to make. This paper identihes some of the important notions (...)
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  50. Similarity After Goodman.Lieven Decock & Igor Douven - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (1):61-75.
    In a famous critique, Goodman dismissed similarity as a slippery and both philosophically and scientifically useless notion. We revisit his critique in the light of important recent work on similarity in psychology and cognitive science. Specifically, we use Tversky’s influential set-theoretic account of similarity as well as Gärdenfors’s more recent resuscitation of the geometrical account to show that, while Goodman’s critique contained valuable insights, it does not warrant a dismissal of similarity.
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