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  1.  80
    Studies on the telegraphic language: The acquisition of a hierarchy of habits.Lowe Bryan William & Noble Harter - 1899 - Psychological Review 6 (4):345-375.
  2. Is evidence of evidence evidence? Screening-off vs. no-defeaters.Roche William - 2018 - Episteme 15 (4):451-462.
    I argue elsewhere (Roche 2014) that evidence of evidence is evidence under screening-off. Tal and Comesaña (2017) argue that my appeal to screening-off is subject to two objections. They then propose an evidence of evidence thesis involving the notion of a defeater. There is much to learn from their very careful discussion. I argue, though, that their objections fail and that their evidence of evidence thesis is open to counterexample.
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  3.  26
    On Moral Enhancement.Simkulet William - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):17-18..
  4. The Egocentric Basis of Language Use: Insights from a Processing Approach.Boaz Keysar, Dale Barr, Horton J. & S. William - 1998 - Current Directions in Psychological Sciences 7:46--50.
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  5. Improving the Quality and Utility of Electronic Health Record Data through Ontologies.Asiyah Yu Lin, Sivaram Arabandi, Thomas Beale, William Duncan, Hicks D., Hogan Amanda, R. William, Mark Jensen, Ross Koppel, Catalina Martínez-Costa, Øystein Nytrø, Jihad S. Obeid, Jose Parente de Oliveira, Alan Ruttenberg, Selja Seppälä, Barry Smith, Dagobert Soergel, Jie Zheng & Stefan Schulz - 2023 - Standards 3 (3):316–340.
    The translational research community, in general, and the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) community, in particular, share the vision of repurposing EHRs for research that will improve the quality of clinical practice. Many members of these communities are also aware that electronic health records (EHRs) suffer limitations of data becoming poorly structured, biased, and unusable out of original context. This creates obstacles to the continuity of care, utility, quality improvement, and translational research. Analogous limitations to sharing objective data in (...)
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  6.  21
    An Ethical Framework for Visitation of Inpatients Receiving Palliative Care in the COVID-19 Context.Bethany Russell, Leeroy William & Michael Chapman - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):191-202.
    Human connection is universally important, particularly in the context of serious illness and at the end of life. The presence of close family and friends has many benefits when death is close. Hospital visitation restrictions during the Coronavirus pandemic therefore warrant careful consideration to ensure equity, proportionality, and the minimization of harm. The Australian and New Zealand Society for Palliative Medicine COVID-19 Special Interest Group utilized the relevant ethical and public health principles, together with the existing disease outbreak literature and (...)
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  7.  83
    Iris Murdoch, Liberal Education and Human Flourishing.Evans William - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (1):75-84.
    Articulating the good of liberal education—what we should teach and why we should teach it—is necessary to resist the subversion of liberal education to economic or political ends and the mania for measurable skills. I argue that Iris Murdoch's philosophical writings enrich the work of contemporary Aristotelians, such as Joseph Dunne and Alasdair MacIntyre, on these issues. For Murdoch, studies in the arts and intellectual subjects, by connecting students to the inescapable contingency and finitude of human existence, contribute to the (...)
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  8.  15
    Remarks on legitimation through human rights.Habermas Jürgen & Rehg William - 1998 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (2-3):157-171.
  9.  34
    Sketching Biological Phenomena and Mechanisms.Sheredos Benjamin & Bechtel William - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (4):970-985.
    In many fields of biology, both the phenomena to be explained and the mechanisms proposed to explain them are commonly presented in diagrams. Our interest is in how scientists construct such diagrams. Researchers begin with evidence, typically developed experimentally and presented in data graphs. To arrive at a robust diagram of the phenomenon or the mechanism, they must integrate a variety of data to construct a single, coherent representation. This process often begins as the researchers create a first sketch, and (...)
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  10. In Control.Simkulet William - 2014 - Philosophical Inquires 2 (1):59-75.
    In George Sher’s recent article “Out of Control”, he discusses a series of 9 cases that he believes illustrates that some agents are uncontroversially morally responsible for actions they “cannot help” but perform (2006: 285). He argues these agents exert partial control over these actions insofar as their actions are determined from their character; but this is no control at all. Here I argue that in each of these cases the agent exerts morally relevant control over her actions and that (...)
     
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  11. Coherence and probability: A probabilistic account of coherence.Roche William - 2013 - In Michal Araszkiewicz & Jaromír Šavelka (eds.), Coherence: Insights from Philosophy, Jurisprudence and Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 59-91.
    I develop a probabilistic account of coherence, and argue that at least in certain respects it is preferable to (at least some of) the main extant probabilistic accounts of coherence: (i) Igor Douven and Wouter Meijs’s account, (ii) Branden Fitelson’s account, (iii) Erik Olsson’s account, and (iv) Tomoji Shogenji’s account. Further, I relate the account to an important, but little discussed, problem for standard varieties of coherentism, viz., the “Problem of Justified Inconsistent Beliefs.”.
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  12.  10
    Ockham on the Virtues. William & Rega Wood - 1997 - Purdue University Press.
    One of the world's great philosophers, William of Ockham's On the Connection of the Virtues (De connexione virtutum) provides insightful perspectives on ordinary issues of human conduct. Written in reasonably simple and nontechnical language, it is translated into English here for the first time. Ockham's views on many subjects have been misunderstood, his views on ethics as much as any. This book is designed to avoid some pitfalls that arise in reading medieval philosophy generally and Ockham in particular. Wood begins (...)
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  13.  14
    The Surprising Creativity of Digital Evolution: A Collection of Anecdotes From the Evolutionary Computation and Artificial Life Research Communities.Joel Lehman, Jeff Clune, Dusan Misevic, Christoph Adami, Julie Beaulieu, Peter Bentley, Bernard J., Belson Samuel, Bryson Guillaume, M. David, Nick Cheney, Antoine Cully, Stephane Donciuex, Fred Dyer, Ellefsen C., Feldt Kai Olav, Fischer Robert, Forrest Stephan, Frénoy Stephanie, Gagneé Antoine, Goff Christian, Grabowski Leni Le, M. Laura, Babak Hodjat, Laurent Keller, Carole Knibbe, Peter Krcah, Richard Lenski, Lipson E., MacCurdy Hod, Maestre Robert, Miikkulainen Carlos, Mitri Risto, Moriarty Sara, E. David, Jean-Baptiste Mouret, Anh Nguyen, Charles Ofria, Marc Parizeau, David Parsons, Robert Pennock, Punch T., F. William, Thomas Ray, Schoenauer S., Shulte Marc, Sims Eric, Stanley Karl, O. Kenneth, Fran\C. Cois Taddei, Danesh Tarapore, Simon Thibault, Westley Weimer, Richard Watson & Jason Yosinksi - 2018 - CoRR.
    Biological evolution provides a creative fount of complex and subtle adaptations, often surprising the scientists who discover them. However, because evolution is an algorithmic process that transcends the substrate in which it occurs, evolution’s creativity is not limited to nature. Indeed, many researchers in the field of digital evolution have observed their evolving algorithms and organisms subverting their intentions, exposing unrecognized bugs in their code, producing unexpected adaptations, or exhibiting outcomes uncannily convergent with ones in nature. Such stories routinely reveal (...)
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  14. Explanation = Unification? A New Criticism of Friedman’s Theory and a Reply to an Old One.Roche William & Sober Elliott - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (3):391-413.
    According to Michael Friedman’s theory of explanation, a law X explains laws Y1, Y2, …, Yn precisely when X unifies the Y’s, where unification is understood in terms of reducing the number of independently acceptable laws. Philip Kitcher criticized Friedman’s theory but did not analyze the concept of independent acceptability. Here we show that Kitcher’s objection can be met by modifying an element in Friedman’s account. In addition, we argue that there are serious objections to the use that Friedman makes (...)
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  15. Gulielmi Ockham Expositionis in Libros Artis Logicae Prooemium Et, Expositio in Librum Porphyril de Praedicabilibus.Ernest A. William & Moody - 1965 - Franciscan Institute, St. Bonaventure University.
  16.  2
    Philosophical Writings: A Selection.Philotheus William & Boehner - 1964 - Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. Edited by Philotheus Boehner.
    This volume contains selections of Ockham's philosophical writings which give a balanced introductory view of his work in logic, metaphysics, and ethics. This edition includes textual markings referring readers to appendices containing changes in the Latin text and alterations found in the English translation that have been made necessary by the critical edition of Ockham's work published after Boehner prepared the original text. The updated bibliography includes the most important scholarship produced since publication of the original edition.
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  17. The Ontology of Command and Control.Barry Smith, Mietinnin Kristo & Mandrick William - 2009 - In Barry Smith, Mietinnin Kristo & Mandrick William (eds.), Proceedings of the 14th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS).
    The goal of the Department of Defense Net-Centric Data Strategy is to improve data sharing throughout the DoD. Data sharing is a critical element of interoperability in the emerging system-of-systems. Achieving interoperability requires the elimination of two types of data heterogeneity: differences of syntax and differences of semantics. This paper builds a path toward semantic uniformity through application of a disciplined approach to ontology. An ontology is a consensus framework representing the types of entities within a given domain and the (...)
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  18. Postscript to Faktizität und Geltung.Habermas Jürgen & Rehg William - 1994 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 20 (4):135-150.
  19. Frowe's Machine Cases.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (2): 93-104.
    Helen Frowe (2006/2010) contends that there is a substantial moral difference between killing and letting die, arguing that in Michael Tooley's infamous machine case it is morally wrong to flip a coin to determine who lives or dies. Here I argue that Frowe fails to show that killing and letting die are morally inequivalent. However, I believe that she has succeeded in showing that it is wrong to press the button in Tooley's case, where pressing the button will change who (...)
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  20. The Compensation Principle.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (1):47-60.
    In "Should Race Matter?," David Boonin proposes the compensation principle: When an agent wrongfully harms another person, she incurs a moral obligation to compensate that person for the harms she has caused. Boonin then argues that the United States government has wrongfully harmed black Americans by adopting pro-slavery laws and other discriminatory laws and practices following the end of slavery, and therefore the United States government has an obligation to pay reparations for slavery and discriminatory laws and practices to those (...)
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  21.  30
    On Psychopaths and Moral Enhancement.Simkulet William - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (3):156-158.
  22. A note on confirmation and Matthew properties.Roche William - 2014 - Logic and Philosophy of Science 12:91-101.
    There are numerous (Bayesian) confirmation measures in the literature. Festa provides a formal characterization of a certain class of such measures. He calls the members of this class “incremental measures”. Festa then introduces six rather interesting properties called “Matthew properties” and puts forward two theses, hereafter “T1” and “T2”, concerning which of the various extant incremental measures have which of the various Matthew properties. Festa’s discussion is potentially helpful with the problem of measure sensitivity. I argue, that, while Festa’s discussion (...)
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  23. Is coherentism inconsistent?Roche William - 2011 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 33:84-90.
    Can a perceptual experience justify (epistemically) a belief? More generally, can a nonbelief justify a belief? Coherentists answer in the negative: Only a belief can justify a belief. A perceptual experience can cause a belief but cannot justify a belief. Coherentists eschew all noninferential justification—justification independent of evidential support from beliefs—and, with it, the idea that justification has a foundation. Instead, justification is holistic in structure. Beliefs are justified together, not in isolation, as members of a coherent belief system. The (...)
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  24. On the Signpost Principle of Alternate Possibilities: Why Contemporary Frankfurt-Style Cases are Irrelevant to the Free Will Debate.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (3):107-120.
    This article contends that recent attempts to construct Frankfurt-style cases (FSCs) are irrelevant to the debate over free will. The principle of alternate possibilities (PAP) states that moral responsibility requires indeterminism, or multiple possible futures. Frankfurt's original case purported to demonstrate PAP false by showing an agent can be blameworthy despite not having the ability to choose otherwise; however he admits the agent can come to that choice freely or by force, and thus has alternate possibilities. Neo-FSCs attempt to show (...)
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  25. Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theories,.John Murdoch, Lüthy Cristoph & Newman William (eds.) - 2001 - Brill.
     
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  26. Gall's legacy revisited: decomposition and localization in cognitive neuroscience.Tadeusz Zadwidski & Bechtel & William - 2005 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oup Usa.
     
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  27.  57
    Ideas Pertaining to a pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. First Book: General Introduction to a Pure Phenomenology.R. McKenna William - 1984 - Husserl Studies 1 (1):105-130.
  28. The Gender Relationship in Bourdieu's Sociology.Beate Krais & Jennifer Marston William - 2000 - Substance 29 (3):53-67.
  29. Some (Temporarily) Final Thoughts on Evidential Arguments from Evil.P. Alston William - 1996 - In Daniel Howard-Snyder (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana University Press. pp. 311.
     
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  30. Proceedings of the 14th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS).Barry Smith, Mietinnin Kristo & Mandrick William (eds.) - 2009
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  31. Why Materialism Is False, and Why It Has Nothing To Do with the Mind.Jaworski William - 2016 - Philosophy 91 (2):183-213.
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  32.  14
    Fairly and Justly? Are Employment Tribunals Able to Even Out Whistleblowing Power Imbalances?Wim Vandekerckhove & Laura William - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 182 (2):365-376.
    In Britain, Employment Tribunals (ET) adjudicate on whistleblowing legislation. They do so with the overriding aim to adjudicate cases fairly and justly, by hearing parties on an equal footing. This paper presents research questioning this rule-of-law assumption vis-a-vis power imbalances that relate to whistleblowing. Using multinomial logistic regression analysis, we analyse all cases at ET in England and Wales between 2015 and 2018, that included a whistleblowing claim and that went to preliminary hearing or beyond. We find that several variables (...)
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  33. The Lotus Sðtra and the Rhetoric of Legitimization in Eleventh-Century Japanese Buddhism.E. William - 1993 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 20:4.
     
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  34.  2
    Alexandre d'Aphrodisias commentaire sur les "Météores" d'Aristote.A. J. Alexander, Smet, William & Aristotle - 1968 - Publications Universitaires Nauwelaerts.
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  35. Nash, eds.Marc C. Conner & R. William - 2007 - In Marc C. Conner & William R. Nash (eds.), Charles Johnson: the novelist as philosopher. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
     
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  36.  15
    Das Adam Smith Problem_ - _A Critical Realist Perspective.David Wilson Dixon & William - 2006 - Journal of Critical Realism 5 (2):251-272.
    _ Source: _Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 251 - 272 The old _Das Adam Smith Problem_ is no longer tenable. Few today believe that Smith postulates two contradictory principles of human action: one in the _Wealth of Nations_ and another in the _Theory of Moral Sentiments_. Nevertheless, an Adam Smith problem of sorts endures: there is still no widely agreed version of what it is that links these two texts, aside from their common author; no widely agreed version of how, (...)
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  37.  15
    Rethinking Shakespeare.E. Cain William - 2017 - Philosophy and Literature 41 (1A):40-59.
    I am not certain that I know what I am trying to describe or how to identify it. It is something that happens or perhaps does not happen in Shakespeare's characters, something about how they think, in particular how they think or do not think at a critical moment of decision or change. I am referring to Shakespeare's policy and practice of conspicuous omission, calculated evasion, silent avoidance—to something that Shakespeare does not give us, a reticence or restraint about the (...)
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  38.  32
    Habitus, Intentionality, and Social Rules: A Controversy between Searle and Bourdieu.Gunter Gebauer & Jennifer Marston William - 2000 - Substance 29 (3):68-83.
  39.  50
    Impaired generation of high-frequency oscillations in a rat model of schizophrenia.Harms Lauren, Hodgson Deborah, Fulham William, Penttonen Markku, Schall Ulrich, Todd Juanita & Michie Patricia - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  40.  20
    Development and attenuation of delay-engendering avoidance behavior.H. Ludvigson, Caul Wayne, F. William, James H. Korn & James H. McHose - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (5):405.
  41.  23
    “I know it but I can’t say it”: Clarifying the subjective experience of inner speech in aphasia.Fama Mackenzie, Snider Sarah, Hayward William, Friedman Rhonda & Turkeltaub Peter - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  42.  26
    MEG responses over right inferior frontal gyrus during stop-signal task performance.Hughes Matthew, Woods William, Thomas Neil, Michie Patricia & Rossell Susan - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  43.  60
    Inference, Circularity, and Begging the Question.Mckeon Matthew William - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (3):312-341.
    I develop a syntactic concept of circularity, which I call propositional circularity. With respect to a given use of an argument advanced as a statement of inference for the benefit of a reasoner R, if the direct and indirect premises R would have to accept in order to accept the conclusion includes the conclusion, then the collection of premises is propositionally circular. The argument fails to display a type of inference that R can perform. Appealing to propositional circularity, I articulate (...)
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  44.  39
    Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) response properties associated with capacity-limited sensory gating resources during more/less estimation judgements: Case of the disappearing magnetic dipole in right posterior parietal cortex (rPPC) under the cloak of surround masking.Jastrzebski Nicola, Crewther David & Woods William - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  45.  74
    Picaros, Madmen, Naifs, and Clowns: The Unreliable First-Person Narrator.Rob Nixon & Riggan William - 1982 - Substance 11 (3):88.
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  46.  4
    Ockham.Ryszard Palacz & William - 1982 - Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna. Edited by William.
  47.  1
    Commentaire sur le "de Anima" d'Aristote.John Philoponus, Gérard William & Verbeke - 1966 - Paris,: B. Nauwelaerts. Edited by William & Gérard Verbeke.
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  48.  16
    A MEG study of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations and Inhibition in patients with Schizophrenia.Lancaster Sarah, Rossell Susan, Hughes Matthew & Woods William - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  49.  17
    What factors predict individual subjects' re-learning of words during anomia treatment?Snider Sarah, Sullivan Kelli, Hayward William, Luta George, Turkeltaub Peter & Friedman Rhonda - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  50.  26
    The role of arterial pulsatility and white matter microstructure in age-related cognitive decline.Jolly Todd, Michie Patricia, Bateman Grant, Fulham William, Cooper Patrick, Levi Christopher, Parsons Mark & Karayanidis Frini - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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