Results for ' Sexism'

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  1. Egalitarian Sexism: A Framework for Assessing Kant’s Evolutionary Theory of Marriage I.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2017 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 1 (7):35–55.
    This first part of a two-part series exploring implications of the natural differences between the sexes for the cultural evolution of marriage assesses whether Kant should be condemned as a sexist due to his various offensive claims about women. Being antithetical to modern-day assumptions regarding the equality of the sexes, Kant’s views seem to contradict his own egalitarian ethics. A philosophical framework for making cross-cultural ethical assessments requires one to assess those in other cultures by their own ethical standards. (...) is inappropriate if it exhibits or reinforces a tendency to dominate the opposite sex. Kant’s theory of marriage, by contrast, illustrates how sexism can be egalitarian: given the natural differences between the sexes, different roles and cultural norms help to ensure that females and males are equal. Judged by the standards of his own day and in the context of his philosophical system, Kant’s sexism is not ethically inappropriate. (shrink)
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  2. Egalitarian Sexism: Kant’s Defense of Monogamy and its Implications for the Future Evolution of Marriage II.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2017 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 3 (7):127-144.
    This second part of a two-part series exploring implications of the natural differences between the sexes for the cultural evolution of marriage considers how the institution of marriage might evolve, if Kant’s reasons for defending monogamy are extended and applied to a future culture. After summarizing the philosophical framework for making cross-cultural ethical assessments that was introduced in Part I and then explaining Kant’s portrayal of marriage as an antidote to the objectifying tendencies of sex, I summarize Kant’s reasons for (...)
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  3.  78
    Sexism is Exhausting: Nietzsche and the Emotional Dynamics of Sexist Oppression.Kaitlyn Creasy - 2024 - In Rebecca Bamford & Allison Merrick (eds.), Nietzsche and Politicized Identities. Albany: State University of New York Press.
    In this paper, I examine a set of theoretical tools Nietzsche offers for making sense of the emotional dynamics and psychophysiological impacts of sexist oppression. Specifically, I indicate how Nietzsche’s account of the social and cultural production of emotional experience (i.e. his account of the transpersonal nature of emotional experience) can serve as a conceptual resource for understanding the detrimental emotional impacts of social norms, beliefs, and practices that systematically devalue certain of one’s ends and interests.
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  4.  44
    Sexism.Ann E. Cudd & Leslie E. Jones - 2005 - In R. G. Frey & Christopher Heath Wellman (eds.), A Companion to Applied Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 102–117.
    This chapter contains sections titled: What is Sexism? Background: Language, Experience, and Recognition Levels of Sexism Two Feminist Views of Sexism Objections.
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  5. Sexism, racism, ageism and the nature of consciousness.Ned Block - 2000 - In Richard Moran, Alan Sidelle & Jennifer E. Whiting (eds.), Philosophical Topics. University of Arkansas Press. pp. 71--88.
    Everyone would agree that the American flag is red, white and blue. Everyone should also agree that it looks red, white and blue to people with normal color vision in appropriate circumstances. If a philosophical theory led to the conclusion that the red stripes cannot look red to both men and women, both blacks and whites, both young and old, we would be reluctant (to say the least) to accept that philosophical theory. But there is a widespread philosophical view about (...)
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  6. Sexism, ageism, racism, and the nature of consciousness.Ned Block - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 26 (1-2):39-70.
    If a philosophical theory led to the conclusion that the red stripes cannot look red to both men and women, both blacks and whites, both young and old, we would be reluctant (to say the least) to accept that philosophical theory. But there is a widespread philosophical view about the nature of conscious experience that, together with some empirical facts, suggests that color experience cannot be veridical for both men and women, both blacks and whites, both young and old.
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  7. How sexist is Aristotle's developmantal biology?Devin Henry - 2007 - Phronesis 52 (3):251-69.
    The aim of this paper is to evaluate the level of gender bias in Aristotle’s Generation of Animals while exercising due care in the analysis of its arguments. I argue that while the GA theory is clearly sexist, the traditional interpretation fails to diagnose the problem correctly. The traditional interpretation focuses on three main sources of evidence: (1) Aristotle’s claim that the female is, as it were, a “disabled” (πεπηρωμένον) male; (2) the claim at GA IV.3, 767b6-8 that females are (...)
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  8.  11
    Sexism, Racism, Ageism, and the Nature of Consciousness.Ned Block - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 26 (1-2):39-70.
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  9. Sexist language: a modern philosophical analysis.Mary Vetterling-Braggin (ed.) - 1981 - Totowa, N.J.: Littlefield, Adams.
  10.  82
    Linking Sexism and Speciesism.Jason Wyckoff - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (4):721-737.
    Some feminists and animal advocates defend what I call the Linked Oppressions Thesis, according to which the oppression of women and the oppression of animals are linked causally, materially, normatively, and/or conceptually. Alasdair Cochrane offers objections to several versions of the Linked Oppressions Thesis and concludes that the Thesis should be rejected in all its forms. In this paper I defend the Thesis against Cochrane's objections as well as objections leveled by Beth Dixon, and argue that the failure of these (...)
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  11.  11
    Medical Sexism: Contraception Access, Reproductive Medicine, and Health Care.Jill B. Delston - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    Why do some doctors routinely deny birth control refills without additional tests, and why do some doctors disrespect patient autonomy in decisions about abortions, labor and delivery, organ transplants, and more? This book argues that medical sexism is a major cause of this pervasive mistreatment.
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  12.  14
    Violences sexistes à l'adolescence : vers l'élaboration d'un outil de prévention et de traitement.Alice Roussiau - 2008 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 180 (2):101-110.
    L’adolescence se présente comme une période privilégiée d’expression des violences sexistes. Une enquête de terrain offrira des clés de compréhension de ce phénomène, au regard des remaniements de l’identité sexuée propres à cette période. Le pubertaire confronte l’adolescent à un bombardement pulsionnel et à un déficit de représentations qui viennent profondément bouleverser son rapport à l’autre sexué, générant tension entre les genres et parfois de la violence. Ces considérations amèneront à formuler des préconisations quant à l’élaboration d’outils de prévention et (...)
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  13. Institutional Sexism.Robin O. Andreasen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (9999):147-163.
    What is sexism? What are its underlying causes? What makes it morally wrong? Can whole institutions, practices and policies, contribute to the unjust distribution of benefi ts and burdens? Or does sexism, when it exists, occur on an individual basis? This article analyzes the notion of institutional sexism for its conceptual, causal, and moral character. The author compares the notions that institutional sexism largely pertains to the oppression of women to those which say that it pertains (...)
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  14.  91
    The Second Sexism: Discrimination Against Men and Boys.David Benatar (ed.) - 2012 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Does sexism against men exist? What it looks like and why we need to take it seriously_ This book draws attention to the "second sexism," where it exists, how it works and what it looks like, and responds to those who would deny that it exists. Challenging conventional ways of thinking, it examines controversial issues such as sex-based affirmative action, gender roles, and charges of anti-feminism. The book offers an academically rigorous argument in an accessible style, including the (...)
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  15.  22
    Are Sexist Attitudes and Gender Stereotypes Linked? A Critical Feminist Approach With a Spanish Sample.Rubén García-Sánchez, Carmen Almendros, Begoña Aramayona, María Jesús Martín, María Soria-Oliver, Jorge S. López & José Manuel Martínez - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    The present study aims to verify the psychometric properties of the Spanish versions of the Social Roles Questionnaire (SRQ; Baber & Tucker, 2006), Modern Sexism scale (MS) and Old-fashioned Sexism scale (OFS; Swim et al. Swim & Cohen, 1997). Enough support was found to maintain the original factor structure of all instruments in their Spanish version. Differences between men and women in the scores are commented on, mainly because certain sexist attitudes have been overcome with greater success in (...)
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  16. Sexism and God-Talk. Towards a Feminist Theology.Rosemary Radford Ruether & Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (4):699-702.
     
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  17. Chinese Sexism and the Confucian Virtue of Familial Continuity: A Philosophical Interpretation of the Problem of Gender Disparity Within the Cultural Boundary of Confucian China.Li-Hsiang Lee - 2002 - Dissertation, University of Hawai'i
    The connection between Chinese sexism and Confucianism has been a subject of study on the condition of Chinese women in the West since the rise of feminist consciousness in the 1970s. However Confucianism in feminist scholarship is inescapably construed as a misogynous ideology that is incapable of self-rectification in regards to the issue of gender parity. Hence, conceptually the eradication of Confucianism becomes the necessary condition for the liberation of Chinese women, and the adoption of Western ideology let it (...)
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  18.  27
    Queering Sexism and Whiteness with Marilyn Frye.Ulrika Dahl - 2018 - Paragraph 41 (3):333-348.
    This article discusses the importance of geopolitical specificity in discussions about waves in feminism and investigates the queer potential of Marilyn Frye's second-wave work on sexism and white supremacy. It argues that Frye's understanding of sexism relies on the figure of the genderqueer individual and that Frye's critique of reproductive heterosexuality has implications for analyses of both sexism and racism. Finally, it asks what would happen to the contemporary #metoo movement in Sweden if it returned to Frye's (...)
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  19.  56
    The Physiology of Sexist and Racist Oppression.Shannon Sullivan - 2015 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    While gender and race often are considered socially constructed, this book argues that they are physiologically constituted through the biopsychosocial effects of sexism and racism. This means that to be fully successful, critical philosophy of race and feminist philosophy need to examine not only the financial, legal, political and other forms of racist and sexism oppression, but also their physiological operations. Examining a complex tangle of affects, emotions, knowledge, and privilege, The Physiology of Sexist and Racist Oppression develops (...)
  20.  13
    Sexist Hate Speech and the International Human Rights Law: Towards Legal Recognition of the Phenomenon by the United Nations and the Council of Europe.Katarzyna Sękowska-Kozłowska, Grażyna Baranowska & Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias - 2022 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 35 (6):2323-2345.
    For many women and girls sexist and misogynistic language is an everyday experience. Some instances of this speech can be categorized as ‘sexist hate speech’, as not only having an insulting or degrading character towards the individuals to whom the speech is addressed, but also resonating with the entire group, contributing to its silencing, marginalization and exclusion. The aim of this article is to examine how sexist hate speech is handled in international human rights law. The argument derives from the (...)
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  21.  25
    Sex, Sexism, and Judicial Misconduct: How the Canadian Judicial Council Perpetuates Sexism in the Legal Realm.Caroline Dick - 2020 - Feminist Legal Studies 28 (2):133-153.
    Judicial bias in sexual assault cases is generally associated with the conduct of sitting judges who engage in victim blaming and reserve the full protection of the law to ideal victims. However, this paper seeks to examine the role of the Canadian Judicial Council (CJC) in perpetuating sexist stereotypes in the legal realm. It does so by juxtaposing the CJC’s handling of two judicial misconduct complaints, one in which a male judge exhibited bias against women while adjudicating a sexual assault (...)
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  22. Derogatory Terms: Racism, Sexism and the Inferential Role Theory of Meaning.Lynne Tirrell - 1999 - In Kelly Oliver & Christina Hendricks (eds.), Language and Liberation: Feminism, Philosophy and Language,. SUNY Press.
    Derogatory terms (racist, sexist, ethnic, and homophobic epithets) are bully words with ontological force: they serve to establish and maintain a corrupt social system fuelled by distinctions designed to justify relations of dominance and subordination. No wonder they have occasioned public outcry and legal response. The inferential role analysis developed here helps move us away from thinking of the harms as being located in connotation (representing mere speaker bias) or denotation (holding that the terms fail to refer due to inaccurate (...)
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  23.  82
    Is sexism the issue?Scot D. Yoder - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):14 – 15.
  24. Woman‐Hating: On Misogyny, Sexism, and Hate Speech.Louise Richardson-Self - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):256-272.
    Hate speech is one of the most important conceptual categories in anti‐oppression politics today; a great deal of energy and political will is devoted to identifying, characterizing, contesting, and penalizing hate speech. However, despite the increasing inclusion of gender identity as a socially salient trait, antipatriarchal politics has largely been absent within this body of scholarship. Figuring out how to properly situate patriarchy‐enforcing speech within the category of hate speech is therefore an important politico‐philosophical project. My aim in this article (...)
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  25. 'Extremely Racist' and 'Incredibly Sexist': An Empirical Response to the Charge of Conceptual Inflation.Shen-yi Liao & Nat Hansen - 2023 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 9 (1):72-94.
    Critics across the political spectrum have worried that ordinary uses of words like 'racist', 'sexist', and 'homophobic' are becoming conceptually inflated, meaning that these expressions are getting used so widely that they lose their nuance and, thereby, their moral force. However, the charge of conceptual inflation, as well as responses to it, are standardly made without any systematic investigation of how 'racist' and other expressions condemning oppression are actually used in ordinary language. Once we examine large linguistic corpora to see (...)
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  26. Sexist language: alternatives to the alternatives.David Benatar - 2005 - Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (1):1-9.
  27.  1
    Second sexism.David Benatar - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 58:19-20.
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  28. Secondary sexism and quota hiring.Mary Anne Warren - 1977 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (3):240-261.
  29. Sexism.Laura Purdy - 2004 - In Stephen G. Post (ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics, 3rd edition. MacMillan Reference USA.
     
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  30.  13
    Sexistence.Jean-Luc Nancy - 2021 - New York: Fordham University Press. Edited by Steven Miller.
  31.  15
    Medical Sexism: Contraception Access, Reproductive Medicine, and Health Care by Jill B. Delston.Deborah McNabb & Lisa Campo-Engelstein - 2021 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 14 (2):200-204.
    In Medical Sexism: Contraception Access, Reproductive Medicine, and Health Care, Jill B. Delston uses a feminist lens to examine the overwhelmingly common gynecological practice of declining to write prescriptions for oral contraceptives unless a woman agrees to an annual Pap smear, which is used to detect precancerous changes, as well as cancer of the cervix. Employing a comprehensive evaluation of the medical literature, Delston methodically builds a strong argument that these measures not only do not follow evidence-based medical guidelines, (...)
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  32. Sexist and Non-Sexist Language.Diana-Viorela Burlacu - 2011 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 4 (1):81-93.
  33.  73
    Sexism and Misogyny in the Christian Tradition: Liberating Alternatives.Rosemary Radford Ruether - 2014 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 34:83-94.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Sexism and Misogyny in the Christian Tradition:Liberating AlternativesRosemary Radford RuetherThe oppressive patterns in Christianity toward women and other subjugated people do not come from specific doctrines, but from a patriarchal and hierarchical reading of the system of Christian symbols as a whole. These same symbols can be read from a prophetic and liberating perspective. So what I will do in this essay is to show how Christian symbols (...)
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  34.  38
    Sexism and the Philosophical Canon: On Reading Beauvoir's «The Second Sex».Margaret A. Simons - 1990 - Journal of the History of Ideas 51 (3):487-504.
  35.  8
    Is Science Sexist?: And Other Problems in the Biomedical Sciences.Michael Ruse - 1981 - Springer.
    Philosophy of biology has a long and honourable history. Indeed, like most of the great intellectual achievements of the Western World, it goes back to the Greeks. However, until recently in this century, it was sadly neglected. With a few noteworthy exceptions, someone wishing to delve into the subject had to choose between extremes of insipid vitalism on the one hand, and sterile formalizations of the most elementary biological principles on the other. Whilst philosophy of physics pushed confidently ahead, the (...)
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  36. Sexism and racism: Some conceptual differences.Laurence Thomas - 1980 - Ethics 90 (2):239-250.
  37.  53
    Eroding sexism: A Yogācāra dialectics of gender.Jingjing Li - 2021 - Dialogue 60 (2):297-317.
    RÉSUMÉDans cet article, j'explore comment nous pouvons nous servir d'idées philosophiques provenant du Yogācāra chinois afin d’élargir le projet du féminisme bouddhiste. En me concentrant sur les écrits de Xuanzang (env. 602–664) et de son disciple Kuiji (632–682), j'examine comment la théorie de la conscience du Yogācāra peut être interprétée comme un récit genré de la non-dualité. Ainsi, le terme «dialectique du Yogācāra» serait employé afin de décrire cette théorie de la non-dualité qui souligne la fluidité et la transformabilité. Je (...)
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  38.  71
    Sexism in science.Joseph Agassi & Judith Buber Agassi - 1987 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 17 (4):515-522.
  39. Sexist language and sexism.Sara Shute - 1981 - In Mary Vetterling-Braggin (ed.), Sexist language: a modern philosophical analysis. Totowa, N.J.: Littlefield, Adams. pp. 23--33.
  40.  91
    Positive Sexism.L. W. Sumner - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):204.
    No one who cares about equal opportunity can derive much comfort from the present occupational distribution of working women. In the various industrial societies of the West, women comprise between one quarter and one-half of the national labor force. However, they tend to clustered in employment sectors – especially clerical, sales, and service J occupations – which rank relatively low in remuneration, status, autonomy, and other perquisites. Meanwhile, the more prestigious and rewarding managerial and professional positions, as well as the (...)
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  41.  31
    Positive Sexism*: L. W. SUMINER.L. W. Sumner - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):204-222.
    No one who cares about equal opportunity can derive much comfort from the present occupational distribution of working women. In the various industrial societies of the West, women comprise between one quarter and one-half of the national labor force. However, they tend to clustered in employment sectors – especially clerical, sales, and service J occupations – which rank relatively low in remuneration, status, autonomy, and other perquisites. Meanwhile, the more prestigious and rewarding managerial and professional positions, as well as the (...)
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  42. Sexism and semantics.Deborah Cameron - 1984 - Radical Philosophy 36:14-16.
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  43.  36
    Racism and sexism in medically assisted conception.Jonathan M. Berkowitz & Jack W. Snyder - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):25–44.
    Despite legislation and public education, racism and sexism are alive and well. Though pre‐conceptive gender selection may enhance procreative liberty, this technology presents two disturbing questions. First, does sex selection represent underlying parental sexism? Second, by performing gender selection, do medical professionals perpetuate sexism? It will be maintained that pre‐conceptive sex selection is sexist as it reflects parental anticipation of stereotypical gender based behavior. Perhaps even more incriminating, sex selection forces parents to prefer one sex over another, (...)
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  44.  28
    Everyday Sexism.John Draeger - 2016 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):163-174.
    Men often allow their eyes to linger over the least bit of exposed cleavage or uncovered knee. This paper considers the harm done by such looks. Taken individually, male looks may not seem that bad. They need not cause direct harm and need not be done with malicious intent. Like environmental degradation, however, the accumulation of individually imperceptible harms pollutes the moral environment, especially given a long history of gender discrimination. Given the complexity of the gendered environment, I appeal to (...)
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  45.  13
    Everyday Sexism.John Draeger - 2016 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):163-174.
    Men often allow their eyes to linger over the least bit of exposed cleavage or uncovered knee. This paper considers the harm done by such looks. Taken individually, male looks may not seem that bad. They need not cause direct harm and need not be done with malicious intent. Like environmental degradation, however, the accumulation of individually imperceptible harms pollutes the moral environment, especially given a long history of gender discrimination. Given the complexity of the gendered environment, I appeal to (...)
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  46. Racism, Sexism, and Olive Schreiner's Fiction.Margaret Lenta - forthcoming - Theoria.
     
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  47.  11
    Sexism in graduate school classrooms: Consequences for students and faculty.Kimberly B. Dugan & Daniel J. Myers - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (3):330-350.
    This study investigates the reactions of graduate students to perceived gender bias in their classes, using survey data from 254 social science graduate students in seven Ph.D.-granting departments in three universities. In addition to summarizing reported rates of gender-biased behavior in classrooms, we test hypotheses connecting perceptions of sexist behavior with students' emotional reactions, levels of distraction, and subsequent performance. Results are mixed, depending on students' perceptions of professors as either sensitive or insensitive to gender issues. Second, we use a (...)
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  48.  5
    Egalitarian Sexism: A Kantian Framework for Assessing the Cultural Evolution of Marriage.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2017 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 7 (1-2).
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  49.  15
    The sexist sublime in Sade and Lyotard.Caroline Weber - 2002 - Philosophy and Literature 26 (2):397-404.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Philosophy and Literature 26.2 (2002) 397-404 [Access article in PDF] The Sexist Sublime in Sade and Lyotard Caroline Weber In this case the masculine returns to haunt the place of the feminine like a ghost...., bloody and inhuman, in order to manifest and to root unforgettably in us the idea of a perpetual conflict and a spasm in which life is constantly being cut short. Antonin Artaud, The Theater (...)
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  50.  56
    Second sexism.David Benatar - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 58:19-20.
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