Results for ' Selinger, Evan, Dreyfus, Hubert'

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  1. Interactional expertise and embodiment.Evan Selinger, Hubert Dreyfus & Harry Collins - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4):722-740.
    In this four part exchange, Evan Selinger starts by stating that Collins’s empirical evidence in respect of linguistic socialization and its bearing on artificial intelligence and expertise is valuable; it advances philosophical and sociological understanding of the relationship between knowledge and language. Nevertheless, he argues that Collins mischaracterizes the data under review and thereby misrepresents how knowledge is acquired and understates the extent to which expert knowers are embodied. Selinger reconstructs the case for the importance of the body in the (...)
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  2. Interactional expertise and embodiment. Selinger, Evan, Dreyfus, Hubert & Harry Collins - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 38 (4):722-740.
    In this four part exchange, Evan Selinger starts by stating that Collins’s empirical evidence in respect of linguistic socialization and its bearing on artificial intelligence and expertise is valuable; it advances philosophical and sociological understanding of the relationship between knowledge and language. Nevertheless, he argues that Collins mischaracterizes the data under review and thereby misrepresents how knowledge is acquired and understates the extent to which expert knowers are embodied. Selinger reconstructs the case for the importance of the body in the (...)
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  3.  92
    Collins’s incorrect depiction of Dreyfus’s critique of artificial intelligence.Evan Selinger - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):301-308.
    Harry Collins interprets Hubert Dreyfus’s philosophy of embodiment as a criticism of all possible forms of artificial intelligence. I argue that this characterization is inaccurate and predicated upon a misunderstanding of the relevance of phenomenology for empirical scientific research.
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  4.  63
    The Necessity of Embodiment: The Dreyfus-Collins Debate.Evan Selinger - 2003 - Philosophy Today 47 (3):266-279.
  5.  92
    Dreyfus on expertise: The limits of phenomenological analysis. [REVIEW]Evan M. Selinger & Robert P. Crease - 2002 - Continental Philosophy Review 35 (3):245-279.
    Dreyfus's model of expert skill acquisition is philosophically important because it shifts the focus on expertise away from its social and technical externalization in STS, and its relegation to the historical and psychological context of discovery in the classical philosophy of science, to universal structures of embodied cognition and affect. In doing so he explains why experts are not best described as ideologues and why their authority is not exclusively based on social networking. Moreover, by phenomenologically analyzing expertise from a (...)
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  6.  33
    Retrieving Realism.Hubert Dreyfus & Charles Taylor - 2015 - Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Edited by Charles Taylor.
    For Descartes, knowledge exists as ideas in the mind that represent the world. In a radical critique, Hubert Dreyfus and Charles Taylor argue that knowledge consists of much more than the representations we formulate in our minds. They affirm our direct contact with reality—both the physical and the social world—and our shared understanding of it.
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  7. Intelligence without representation – Merleau-Ponty’s critique of mental representation.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):367-83.
    Existential phenomenologists hold that the two most basic forms of intelligent behavior, learning, and skillful action, can be described and explained without recourse to mind or brain representations. This claim is expressed in two central notions in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception: the intentional arc and the tendency to achieve a maximal grip. The intentional arc names the tight connection between body and world, such that, as the active body acquires skills, those skills are “stored”, not as representations in the mind, (...)
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  8. Intelligence without representation – Merleau-ponty's critique of mental representation the relevance of phenomenology to scientific explanation.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):367-383.
    Existential phenomenologists hold that the two most basic forms of intelligent behavior, learning, and skillful action, can be described and explained without recourse to mind or brain representations. This claim is expressed in two central notions in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception: the intentional arc and the tendency to achieve a maximal grip. The intentional arc names the tight connection between body and world, such that, as the active body acquires skills, those skills are stored, not as representations in the mind, (...)
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  9.  55
    Intelligence without representation – Merleau-Ponty's critique of mental representation The relevance of phenomenology to scientific explanation.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):367-383.
    Existential phenomenologists hold that the two most basic forms of intelligent behavior, learning, and skillful action, can be described and explained without recourse to mind or brain representations. This claim is expressed in two central notions in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception: the intentional arc and the tendency to achieve a maximal grip. The intentional arc names the tight connection between body and world, such that, as the active body acquires skills, those skills are “stored”, not as representations in the mind, (...)
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  10. The return of the myth of the mental.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):352 – 365.
    McDowell's claim that "in mature human beings, embodied coping is permeated with mindedness",1 suggests a new version of the mentalist myth which, like the others, is untrue to the phenomenon. The phenomena show that embodied skills, when we are fully absorbed in enacting them, have a kind of non-mental content that is non-conceptual, non-propositional, non-rational and non-linguistic. This is not to deny that we can monitor our activity while performing it. For solving problems, learning a new skill, receiving coaching, and (...)
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  11. 20. What Computers Can’t Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2014 - In Bernard Williams (ed.), Essays and Reviews: 1959-2002. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 90-100.
  12. Intentionality and the phenomenology of action.Jerome C. Wakefield & Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1991 - In Ernest Lepore (ed.), John Searle and His Critics. Cambridge: Blackwell.
     
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  13.  15
    Re-Engineering Humanity.Brett Frischmann & Evan Selinger - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Every day, new warnings emerge about artificial intelligence rebelling against us. All the while, a more immediate dilemma flies under the radar. Have forces been unleashed that are thrusting humanity down an ill-advised path, one that's increasingly making us behave like simple machines? In this wide-reaching, interdisciplinary book, Brett Frischmann and Evan Selinger examine what's happening to our lives as society embraces big data, predictive analytics, and smart environments. They explain how the goal of designing programmable worlds goes hand in (...)
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  14. Response to McDowell.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):371 – 377.
    In previous work I urged that the perceptual experience we rational animals enjoy is informed by capacities that belong to our rationality, and - in passing - that something similar holds for our intentional action. In his Presidential Address, Hubert Dreyfus argued that I thereby embraced a myth, "the Myth of the Mental". According to Dreyfus, I cannot accommodate the phenomenology of unreflective bodily coping, and its importance as a background for the conceptual capacities exercised in reflective intellectual activity. (...)
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  15. Why Heideggerian ai failed and how fixing it would require making it more Heideggerian.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):247 – 268.
    MICHAEL WHEELER Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005432 pages, ISBN: 0262232405 (hbk); $35.001.When I was teaching at MIT in the 1960s, students from the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory would come to...
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  16. What Computers Still Can’T Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1992 - MIT Press.
    A Critique of Artificial Reason Hubert L. Dreyfus . HUBERT L. DREYFUS What Computers Still Can't Do Thi s One XZKQ-GSY-8KDG What. WHAT COMPUTERS STILL CAN'T DO Front Cover.
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  17.  41
    Refocusing the question: Can there be skillful coping without propositional representations or brain representations?Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):413-425.
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  18. The Current Relevance of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Embodiment.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1998 - Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy.
    In this paper I would like to explain, defend, and draw out the implications of this claim. Since the intentional arc is supposed to embody the interconnection of skillful action and perception, I will first lay out an account of skill.
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  19. The current relevance of Merleau-ponty's phenomenology of embodiment.Hubert L. Dreyfus - unknown
    In this paper I would like to explain, defend, and draw out the implications of this claim. Since the intentional arc is supposed to embody the interconnection of skillful action and perception, I will first lay out an account of skill.
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  20.  6
    Postphenomenology: A Critical Companion to Ihde.Evan Selinger (ed.) - 2006 - State University of New York Press.
    Critically engages the work of the philosopher Don Ihde.
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  21. Towards a phenomenology of ethical expertise.Hubert L. Dreyfus & Stuart E. Dreyfus - 1991 - Human Studies 14 (4):229 - 250.
  22.  39
    Why Heideggerian AI failed and how fixing it would require making it more Heideggerian.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (18):1137-1160.
  23. The primacy of phenomenology over logical analysis: A critique of Searle.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (2):3-24.
  24.  48
    The Primacy of Phenomenology over Logical Analysis.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (2):3-24.
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  25. Coping with Things-in-themselves: A Practice-Based Phenomenological Argument for Realism.Hubert L. Dreyfus & Charles Spinosa - 1999 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 42 (1):49-78.
    Against Davidsonian (or deflationary) realism, it is argued that it is coherent to believe that science can in principle give us access to the functional components of the universe as they are in themselves in distinction from how they appear to us on the basis of our quotidian concerns or sensory capacities. The first section presents the deflationary realist's argument against independence. The second section then shows that, although Heidegger pioneered the deflationary realist account of the everyday, he sought to (...)
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  26.  26
    Introduction.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (2):5-6.
  27. What Computers Can’T Do: The Limits of Artificial Intelligence.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1972 - Harper & Row.
  28. Postphenomenology: A Critical Companion to Ihde.Evan Selinger - 2008 - Human Studies 31 (1):77-85.
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  29.  34
    4. In-der-Welt-sein und Weltlichkeit: Heideggers Kritik des Cartesianismus.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2003 - In Thomas Rentsch (ed.), Martin Heidegger. Sein und Zeit. Peeters Press. pp. 65-82.
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  30.  25
    Anonymity versus commitment: The dangers of education on the internet.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):15-20.
    I shall translate Kierkegaard's account of the dangers and opportunities of what he called the Press into a critique of the Internet so as to raise the question: what contribution -- for good or ill -- can the World Wide Web, with its ability to deliver vast amounts of information to users all over the world, make to educators trying to pass on knowledge and to develop skills and wisdom in their students? I will then use Kierkegaard's three-stage answer to (...)
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  31. Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics.Hubert L. Dreyfus & Paul Rabinow - 1982 - Chicago: Routledge. Edited by Paul Rabinow & Michel Foucault.
    This book is the first to provide a sustained, coherent analysis of Foucault's work as a whole. To demonstrate the sense in which Foucault's work is beyond structuralism and hermeneutics, the authors unfold a careful, analytical exposition of his oeuvre. They argue that during the of Foucault's work became a sustained and largely successful effort to develop a new method - "interpretative analytics" - capable of explaining both the logic of structuralism's claim to be an objective science and the apparent (...)
     
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  32.  68
    Phenomenological description versus rational reconstruction.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2001 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 55 (216):181-196.
  33. Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger's Being in Time, Division I.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1990 - Bradford.
    Essays discuss the themes of worldliness, affectedness, understanding, and the care-structure found in Heidegger's work on the nature of existence.
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  34.  52
    On the Internet.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2001 - Routledge.
    _Internet_ is een van de eerste boeken waarin het filosofische inzicht -van Plato tot Kierkegaard - betrokken wordt op het debat over de mogelijkheden en onmogelijkheden van het internet. Dreyfus laat zien dat de onstoffelijke, 'vrij zwevende' websurfer zijn oorsprong vindt in Descartes' scheiding van geest en lichaam, en hoe Kierkegaards inzichten in de opkomst van het moderne leespubliek vooruitlopen op de nieuwsgierige, maar elk risico vermijdende internet-junkie. Uitgaande van recente onderzoeken naar het isolement dat veel internetgebruikers ervaren, toont Dreyfus (...)
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  35. A Merleau-Pontyian Critique of Husserl’s and Searle’s Representationalist Accounts of Action.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (3):287-302.
    Husserl and Searle agree that, for a bodily movement to be an action, it must be caused by a propositional representation. Husserl's representation is a mental state whose intentional content is what the agent is trying to do; Searle thinks of the representation as a logical structure expressing the action's conditions of satisfaction. Merleau-Ponty criticises both views by introducing a kind of activity he calls motor intentionality, in which the agent, rather than aiming at success, feels drawn to reduce a (...)
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  36. Critique of Artificial Reason.Hubert Dreyfus - 1971 - In Marjorie Grene (ed.), Interpretations Of Life And Mind: Essays Around The Problem Of Reduction. New York,: Humanities Press. pp. 99.
  37. Skillful Coping: Essays on the Phenomenology of Everyday Perception and Action.Hubert L. Dreyfus (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    For fifty years Hubert Dreyfus has done pioneering work which brings phenomenology and existentialism to bear on the philosophical and scientific study of the mind. This is a selection of his most influential essays, developing his critique of the representational model of the mind in analytical philosophy of mind and mainstream cognitive science.
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  38.  76
    The socratic and platonic basis of cognitivism.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1988 - AI and Society 2 (2):99-112.
    Artificial Intelligence, and the cognitivist view of mind on which it is based, represent the last stage of the rationalist tradition in philosophy. This tradition begins when Socrates assumes that intelligence is based on principles and when Plato adds the requirement that these principles must be strict rules, not based on taken-for-granted background understanding. This philosophical position, refined by Hobbes, Descartes and Leibniz, is finally converted into a research program by Herbert Simon and Allen Newell. That research program is now (...)
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  39.  18
    Mind Over Machine.Hubert Dreyfus, Stuart E. Dreyfus & Tom Athanasiou - 1986 - Simon & Schuster.
    Human intuition and perception are basic and essential phenomena of consciousness. As such, they will never be replicated by computers. This is the challenging notion of Hubert Dreyfus, Ph. D., archcritic of the artificial intelligence establishment. It's important to emphasize that he doesn't believe that AI is fundamentally impossible, only that the current research program is fatally flawed. Instead, he argues that to get a device (or devices) with human-like intelligence would require them to have a human-like being in (...)
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  40.  45
    Competence and Trust in Choice Architecture.Evan Selinger & Kyle Powys Whyte - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3):461-482.
    Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein’s Nudge advances a theory of how designers can improve decision-making in various situations where people have to make choices. We claim that the moral acceptability of nudges hinges in part on whether they can provide an account of the competence required to offer nudges, an account that would serve to warrant our general trust in choice architects. What needs to be considered, on a methodological level, is whether they have clarified the competence required for choice (...)
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  41. Chasing Technoscience: Matrix for Materiality.Don Ihde & Evan Selinger - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (3):399-403.
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  42. Husserl, Intentionality, and Cognitive Science.Hubert L. Dreyfus (ed.) - 1984 - MIT Press.
    This new anthology will serve as an ideal introduction to phenomenology for analytic philosophers, both as a text and as the single most useful source book on Husserl for cognitive scientists.
  43.  21
    Search for a Method.Hubert L. Dreyfus, Jean-Paul Sartre & Hazel E. Barnes - 1966 - Philosophical Review 75 (4):537.
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  44.  43
    Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger's Being and Time, Division I.Mark Okrent & Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (2):290.
  45. Overcoming the Myth of the Mental: How Philosophers Can Profit from the Phenomenology of Everyday Expertise.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2005 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 79 (2):47 - 65.
    Back in 1950, while a physics major at Harvard, I wandered into C.I. Lewis’s epistemology course. There, Lewis was confidently expounding the need for an indubitable Given to ground knowledge, and he was explaining where that ground was to be found. I was so impressed that I immediately switched majors from ungrounded physics to grounded philosophy.
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  46.  28
    Algorithmic Bloodhounds.Evan Selinger & Brett Frischmann - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (2):24-26.
    In “The Quantified Relationship” John Danaher, Sven Nyholm, and Brian Earp (2018) significantly enhance normative discussions about quantified relationships and their core technologies. Our modest...
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  47.  11
    Anonymity versus Commitment: the dangers of education on the Internet.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2002 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 34 (4):369-378.
  48.  35
    Expertise and public ignorance.Evan M. Selinger - 2003 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 15 (3-4):375-386.
    Recent sociological/philosophical treatments of expertise, best represented by the work of Steve Fuller, attempt to (1) reduce displays of expertise to sophistic exercises of discretionary power, and (2) refute the claim that because laypeople are epistemically inferior to experts, it is rational to defer to an expert's opinion rather than making up one's own mind. But upon inspection, Fuller fails to provide reasonable grounds for liberating laypeople from the tyranny of cognitive authoritarianism. Rather, he presents a patronizing description of the (...)
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  49. Essays in Honor of Hubert L. Dreyfus.Hubert L. Dreyfus, Mark A. Wrathall & J. E. Malpas - 2000
     
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  50.  12
    Response to my critics.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 80 (1):171-191.
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