Results for ' Ontology'

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Bibliography: Metaontology in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Ontology in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Ontology of Mathematics in Philosophy of Mathematics
Bibliography: Ontology, Misc in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Temporal Ontology in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Ontology of Music in Aesthetics
Bibliography: Metaontology, Misc in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Social Ontology in Social and Political Philosophy
Bibliography: Ontology of Literature in Aesthetics
Bibliography: Object-Oriented Ontology in Continental Philosophy
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  1.  50
    The controversy over res in philosophy of science and the mysteries of ontological neutrality.Ontological Neutrality - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (2):141.
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  2. Chapter two autobiography, ontology and responsibility Roy Elveton.Ontology Autobiography - 2009 - In B. P. O'Donohoe & R. O. Elveton (eds.), Sartre's second century. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 17.
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  3. History in the Philosophy of Heidegger.".Ontology Phenomenology - 1958 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 12:117-32.
     
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  4.  22
    The Scope Argument, MICHAEL O'ROURKE.Against Musical Ontology & Aaron Ridley - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy 100 (3).
  5. Jonathan Edwards.Dispositional Ontology - 2009 - In Graham Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), Medieval Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 2. Routledge. pp. 3--223.
     
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  6.  31
    Index To Volume 5.Wild Ontology & Elaborating Environmental Pragmatism - 2000 - Ethics and the Environment 5 (2).
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  7.  18
    Chislwlm, Internalism, and Knowing that One Knows, CHRISTOPHER H. CONN.Ontological Minimalism - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (2).
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  8.  12
    Keith Campbell.Of Ontology - 2012 - In Leila Haaparanta & Heikki J. Koskinen (eds.), Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 420.
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  9.  46
    Potential Infinite Models and Ontologically Neutral Logic. [REVIEW]Theodore Hailperin & Ontologically Neutral Logic - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (1):79-96.
    The paper begins with a more carefully stated version of ontologically neutral (ON) logic, originally introduced in (Hailperin, 1997). A non-infinitistic semantics which includes a definition of potential infinite validity follows. It is shown, without appeal to the actual infinite, that this notion provides a necessary and sufficient condition for provability in ON logic.
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  10. Bantu philosophy.Bantu Ontology - forthcoming - African Philosophy: A Classical Approach.
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  11.  16
    caracteristica-actividad. See part-whole relation/steps-activity causal relation certainty in. See certainty.Basic Formal Ontology - 2010 - In Alain Auger & Caroline Barrière (eds.), Probing Semantic Relations: Exploration and Identification in Specialized Texts. John Benjamins. pp. 149.
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  12. Ontology.Barry Smith - 2003 - In Luciano Floridi (ed.), The Blackwell guide to the philosophy of computing and information. Blackwell. pp. 155-166.
    Ontology as a branch of philosophy is the science of what is, of the kinds and structures of objects, properties, events, processes and relations in every area of reality. ‘Ontology’ in this sense is often used by philosophers as a synonym of ‘metaphysics’ (a label meaning literally: ‘what comes after the Physics’), a term used by early students of Aristotle to refer to what Aristotle himself called ‘first philosophy’. But in recent years, in a development hardly noticed by (...)
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  13.  21
    An ontology of decision models.Lisheng He, Wenjia Joyce Zhao & Sudeep Bhatia - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (1):49-72.
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  14. Argument's value1.Ontological Arguments & G. O. D. In - 1998 - In William J. Wainwright (ed.), Philosophy of Religion. Routledge. pp. 2--54.
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  15. Goran Sundholm.Ontologic Versus Epistemologic - 1994 - In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala: Papers From the 9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 373.
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  16. Mario Bunge.Semantics To Ontology - 1974 - In Edgar Morscher, Johannes Czermak & Paul Weingartner (eds.), Problems in logic and ontology. Graz: Akadem. Druck- u. Verlagsanst..
  17.  37
    Thinking Antagonism: Political Ontology After Laclau.Oliver Marchart - 2018 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    A systematic treatment of Hume's conception of imagination in all the main topics of his philosophy.
  18.  38
    Sorts, ontology, and metaphor: the semantics of sortal structure.Shalom Lappin - 1981 - New York: W. de Gruyter.
    Sortally incorrect sentences have traditionally been referred to as "category mistakes" (Ryle ()) or "type crossings" (Drange ()). Sortal incorrectness is a ...
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  19.  71
    Cognitive ontology and the search for neural mechanisms: three foundational problems.Jolien C. Francken, Marc Slors & Carl F. Craver - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-22.
    The central task of cognitive neuroscience to map cognitive capacities to neural mechanisms faces three interlocking conceptual problems that together frame the problem of cognitive ontology. First, they must establish which tasks elicit which cognitive capacities, and specifically when different tasks elicit the same capacity. To address this operationalization problem, scientists often assess whether the tasks engage the same neural mechanisms. But to determine whether mechanisms are of the same or different kinds, we need to solve the abstraction problem (...)
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  20.  5
    Bioethics, the Ontology of Life, and the Hermeneutics of Biology.Jack Owen Griffiths - 2021 - In Susi Ferrarello (ed.), Phenomenology of Bioethics: Technoethics and Lived Experience. Springer. pp. 1-21.
    The phenomenological starting point of this paper is the world of the bioethical subject, the person engaged in moral deliberation about practices of intervention on living bodies. This paper develops a perspective informed by the hermeneutic tradition in phenomenology, approaching bioethical thinking as situated within specific contexts of meaning and conceptuality, frameworks through which the phenomena of the world are interpreted and made sense of by the reasoning subject. It focuses on one dimension of the hermeneutic world of contemporary bioethics, (...)
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  21. Ontology and information science (2003).B. Smith - manuscript
  22. The emergence of a shared action ontology: Building blocks for a theory.Thomas Metzinger & Vittorio Gallese - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):549-571.
    To have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting our world, possesses an ontology too. It creates primitives and makes existence assumptions. It decomposes target space in a way that exhibits a certain invariance, which in turn is functionally significant. We will investigate which are the functional regularities guiding this decomposition process, by answering to the following questions: What are the explicit and (...)
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  23.  21
    The Ethics of Ontology: Rethinking an Aristotelian Legacy.Christopher P. Long - 2004 - State University of New York Press.
    A novel rereading of the relationship between ethics and ontology in Aristotle.
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  24. Ontology as Transcendental Philosophy.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2019 - In Courtney D. Fugate (ed.), Kant's Lectures on Metaphysics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 53-73.
    How does the critical Kant view ontology? There is no shared scholarly answer to this question. Norbert Hinske sees in the Critique of Pure Reason a “farewell to ontology,” albeit one that took Kant long to bid (Hinske 2009). Karl Ameriks has found evidence in Kant’s metaphysics lectures from the critical period that he “was unwilling to break away fully from traditional ontology” (Ameriks 1992: 272). Gualtiero Lorini argues that a decisive break with the tradition of (...) is essential to Kant’s critical reform of metaphysics, as is reflected in his shift from “ontology” to “transcendental philosophy,” two notions that Lorini takes to be related by mere “analogy” (Lorini 2015). I agree with Lorini that a thorough reform of ontology is a pivotal part of Kant’s critical plan for metaphysics and that ontology somehow “survives within the critical philosophy” (Lorini 2015: 76). To make this case, however, I deem it important to identify “ontology” and “transcendental philosophy” in the sense of extensional equivalence. While we can detect this identification in Kant’s writings, only from his metaphysics lectures can we get a full sense of its historical and philosophical significance. In this chapter I focus on how it represents a definitive turn from as well as notable continuity with traditional treatments of ontology, particularly the Wolffian one. (shrink)
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  25. Primitive Ontology in a Nutshell.Valia Allori - 2015 - International Journal of Quantum Foundations 1 (2):107-122.
    The aim of this paper is to summarize a particular approach of doing metaphysics through physics - the primitive ontology approach. The idea is that any fundamental physical theory has a well-defined architecture, to the foundation of which there is the primitive ontology, which represents matter. According to the framework provided by this approach when applied to quantum mechanics, the wave function is not suitable to represent matter. Rather, the wave function has a nomological character, given that its (...)
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  26.  51
    Decoherence and Ontology, or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love FAPP.David Wallace - 2010 - In Simon Saunders, Jonathan Barrett, Adrian Kent & David Wallace (eds.), Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, & Reality. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    I make the case that the Universe according to unitary quantum theory has a branching structure, and so can literally be regarded as a "many-worlds" theory. These worlds are not part of the _fundamental_ ontology of quantum theory - instead, they are to be understood as structures, or patterns, emergent from the underlying theory, through the dynamical process of decoherence. That they are structures in this sense does not mean that they are in any way unreal: indeed, pretty much (...)
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  27.  4
    Ontology in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: A Topological Approach.Janusz Kaczmarek - 2018 - In Gabriele Mras, Paul Weingartner & Bernhard Ritter (eds.), Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics: Proceedings of the 41st International Ludwig Wittgenstein Symposium. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 397-414.
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  28.  75
    Ontology and the Ambitions of Metaphysics.Thomas Hofweber - 2016 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    Many significant problems in metaphysics are tied to ontological questions, but ontology and its relation to larger questions in metaphysics give rise to a series of puzzles that suggest that we don't fully understand what ontology is supposed to do, nor what ambitions metaphysics can have for finding out about what the world is like. Thomas Hofweber aims to solve these puzzles about ontology and consequently to make progress on four metaphysical debates tied to ontology: the (...)
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  29. The Ontology of Consent.Larry Alexander - 2014 - Analytic Philosophy 55 (1):102-113.
  30.  9
    The Ontology of William of Ockham.Michael J. Loux - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (3):667-668.
  31. Aristotle: ontology and moral reasoning.David Charles - 1986 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 4:19-144.
     
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  32. Ontology-based fusion of sensor data and natural language.Erik Thomsen & Barry Smith - 2018 - Applied ontology 13 (4):295-333.
    We describe a prototype ontology-driven information system (ODIS) that exploits what we call Portion of Reality (POR) representations. The system takes both sensor data and natural language text as inputs and composes on this basis logically structured POR assertions. The goal of our prototype is to represent both natural language and sensor data within a single framework that is able to support both axiomatic reasoning and computation. In addition, the framework should be capable of discovering and representing new kinds (...)
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  33.  25
    Perception, ontology, and word meaning.Susan Carey & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 1992 - Cognition 45 (1):101-107.
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  34.  43
    The Ontology of Art.Amie L. Thomasson - 2004 - In Peter Kivy (ed.), Blackwell Guide to Aesthetics. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 78-92.
    This chapter contains sections titled: A Range of Views Criteria of Assessment The Road to a Solution.
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  35. The ontology of organisms: Mechanistic modules or patterned processes?Christopher J. Austin - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (5):639-662.
    Though the realm of biology has long been under the philosophical rule of the mechanistic magisterium, recent years have seen a surprisingly steady rise in the usurping prowess of process ontology. According to its proponents, theoretical advances in the contemporary science of evo-devo have afforded that ontology a particularly powerful claim to the throne: in that increasingly empirically confirmed discipline, emergently autonomous, higher-order entities are the reigning explanantia. If we are to accept the election of evo-devo as our (...)
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  36. Biodynamic Ontology: Applying BFO in the Biomedical Domain.Barry Smith, Pierre Grenon & Louis Goldberg - 2004 - Studies in Health and Technology Informatics 102:20–38.
    Current approaches to formal representation in biomedicine are characterized by their focus on either the static or the dynamic aspects of biological reality. We here outline a theory that combines both perspectives and at the same time tackles the by no means trivial issue of their coherent integration. Our position is that a good ontology must be capable of accounting for reality both synchronically (as it exists at a time) and diachronically (as it unfolds through time), but that these (...)
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  37. Ontology: What Next.Cz Lejewski - 1982 - In Werner Leinfellner (ed.), Language and Ontology. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky / Reidel. pp. 173--86.
     
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  38.  21
    Models back in the bunk. [REVIEW]Deriving Methodology From Ontology & A. Decade of Feminist Economics - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (4):599-621.
    A review of U. Mäki (ed.). Fact and Fiction in Economics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. pp. xvi 384. ISBN 0521 00957. As people interested mainly in theory, methodologists and philos...
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  39.  26
    Personalist Ontology.Charles Conti - 1991 - The Personalist Forum 7 (2):59-78.
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  40. The ontology of conceptual art.Gregory Currie - 2007 - In Peter Goldie & Elisabeth Schellekens (eds.), Philosophy and conceptual art. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  41.  11
    Ontology, Modality and the Fallacy of Reference.Michael Jubien - 1993 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    This is a book about the concept of a physical thing and about how the names of things relate to the things they name. It questions the prevalent view that names 'refer to' or 'denote' the things they name. Instead it presents a new theory of proper names, according to which names express certain special properties that the things they name exhibit. This theory leads to some important conclusions about whether things have any of their properties as a matter of (...)
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  42.  8
    Ontology of production: three essays.Kitarō Nishida - 2012 - Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Edited by William Wendell Haver.
    Expressive activity (1925) -- The standpoint of active intuition (1935) -- Human being (1938).
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  43. Modal Ontology and Generalized Quantifiers.Peter Fritz - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (4):643-678.
    Timothy Williamson has argued that in the debate on modal ontology, the familiar distinction between actualism and possibilism should be replaced by a distinction between positions he calls contingentism and necessitism. He has also argued in favor of necessitism, using results on quantified modal logic with plurally interpreted second-order quantifiers showing that necessitists can draw distinctions contingentists cannot draw. Some of these results are similar to well-known results on the relative expressivity of quantified modal logics with so-called inner and (...)
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  44. The Ontology-Epistemology Divide: A Case Study in Medical Terminology.OIivier Bodenreider, Barry Smith & Anita Burgun - 2004 - In Achille C. Varzi & Laure Vieu (eds.), ”, Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Third International Conference. IOS Press.
    Medical terminology collects and organizes the many different kinds of terms employed in the biomedical domain both by practitioners and also in the course of biomedical research. In addition to serving as labels for biomedical classes, these names reflect the organizational principles of biomedical vocabularies and ontologies. Some names represent invariant features (classes, universals) of biomedical reality (i.e., they are a matter for ontology). Other names, however, convey also how this reality is perceived, measured, and understood by health professionals (...)
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  45. The Ontology of Collective Action.Kirk Ludwig - 2014 - In Gerhard Preyer, Frank Hindriks & Sara Rachel Chant (eds.), From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    What is the ontology of collective action? I have in mind three connected questions. 1. Do the truth conditions of action sentences about groups require there to be group agents over and above individual agents? 2. Is there a difference, in this connection, between action sentences about informal groups that use plural noun phrases, such as ‘We pushed the car’ and ‘The women left the party early’, and action sentences about formal or institutional groups that use singular noun phrases, (...)
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  46.  30
    Ontology in Early Neoplatonism. Plotinus, Porphyry, Iamblichus. By Riccardo Chiaradonna.Lloyd P. Gerson - 2024 - Ancient Philosophy 44 (1):277-281.
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  47.  11
    Toward a Social Ontology for Science Education: Introducing Deleuze and Guattari’s assemblages.Shakhnoza Kayumova & Jesse Bazzul - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (3):284-299.
    This essay’s main objective is to develop a theoretical, ontological basis for critical, social justice-oriented science education. Using Deleuze and Guattari’s notion of assemblages, rhizomes, and arborescent structures, this article challenges authoritarian institutional practices, as well as the subject of these practices, and offers a way for critical-social justice-oriented science educators and students to connect with sociopolitical contexts. Through diagramming institutional and community relationships using DG’s theory of assemblages, we envision new ontological spaces that bridge social and material entities. A (...)
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  48.  16
    Hermeneutics before Ontology: How Later Levinas Better Understands Heidegger.Elad Lapidot - 2024 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 32 (1):133-155.
    This paper examines Emmanuel Levinas’s philosophical development from Totality and Infinity to Otherwise than Being as a self-critique and revised understanding of Martin Heidegger. It focuses on later Levinas’s analysis of language in terms of the difference between Saying and Said. For Levinas, the Said represents the betrayal of ethical Saying into ontological essence. This echoes Heidegger’s notion of the forgetfulness of Being in beings. However, Levinas critiques Heidegger’s own philosophy as remaining within the Said. The paper explores three strategies (...)
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  49. Taxonomy, ontology, and natural kinds.P. D. Magnus - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1427-1439.
    When we ask what natural kinds are, there are two different things we might have in mind. The first, which I’ll call the taxonomy question, is what distinguishes a category which is a natural kind from an arbitrary class. The second, which I’ll call the ontology question, is what manner of stuff there is that realizes the category. Many philosophers have systematically conflated the two questions. The confusion is exhibited both by essentialists and by philosophers who pose their accounts (...)
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  50. Ontology of the Work of Art: The Musical Work; The Picture; The Architectural Work; The Film.Roman Ingarden, Raymond Meyer & John T. Goldthwait - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 48 (1):85-87.
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