Results for 'Anonymes'

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  1. Anonymity.Kathleen A. Wallace - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):21-31.
    Anonymity is a form of nonidentifiability which I define as noncoordinatability of traits in a given respect. This definition broadens the concept, freeing it from its primary association with naming. I analyze different ways anonymity can be realized. I also discuss some ethical issues, such as privacy, accountability and other values which anonymity may serve or undermine. My theory can also conceptualize anonymity in information systems where, for example, privacy and accountability are at issue.
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  2. Anonymity and Whistleblowing.Frederick A. Elliston - 1982 - Journal of Business Ethics 1 (3):167 - 177.
    This paper examines the moral arguments for and against employees' blowing the whistle on illegal or immoral actions of their employers. It asks whether such professional dissidents are justified in disclosing wrongdoing by others while concealing their own identity. Part I examines the concept of anonymity, distinguishing it from two similar concepts — secrecy and privacy. Part II analyzes the concept of whistleblowing using recent definitions by Bok, Bowie and De George. Various arguments against anonymous whistleblowing are identified and evaluated. (...)
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  3.  61
    Anonymity and the Social Self.Steve Matthews - 2010 - American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (4):351 - 363.
    We will analyze the concept of anonymity, along with cognate notions, and their relation to privacy, with a view to developing an understanding of how we control our identity in public and why such control is important in developing and maintaining our social selves. We will take anonymity to be representative of a suite of techniques of nonidentifiability that persons use to manage and protect their privacy. At the core of these techniques is the aim of being untrackable; this means (...)
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  4.  81
    Anonymity and Personhood: Merleau-Ponty’s Account of the Subject of Perception.Sara Heinämaa - 2015 - Continental Philosophy Review 48 (2):123-142.
    Several commentators have argued that with his concept of anonymity Merleau-Ponty breaks away from classical Husserlian phenomenology that is methodologically tied to the first person perspective. Many contemporary commentators see Merleau-Ponty’s discourse on anonymity as a break away from Husserl’s framework that is seen as hopelessly subjectivistic and solipsistic. Some judge and reproach it as a disastrous misunderstanding that leads to a confusion of philosophical and empirical concerns. Both parties agree that Merleau-Ponty’s concepts of anonymity mark a divergence from classical (...)
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  5. How Anonymous is 'Anonymous'? Some Suggestions Towards a Coherent Universal Coding System for Genetic Samples.Harald Schmidt & Shawneequa Callier - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):304-309.
    So-called ‘anonymous’ tissue samples are widely used in research. Because they lack externally identifying information, they are viewed as useful in reconciling conflicts between the control, privacy and confidentiality interests of those from whom the samples originated and the public (or commercial) interest in carrying out research, as reflected in ‘consent or anonymise’ policies. High level guidance documents suggest that withdrawal of consent and samples and the provision of feedback are impossible in the case of anonymous samples. In view of (...)
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  6.  22
    Anonymous Male Parts in Aristophanes' Ecclesiazusae and the Identity of the Δεσπóτης1.S. Douglas Olson - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (1):36-40.
    The staging of Aristophanes' Ecclesiazusae is complicated considerably by the large number of individual male citizen parts in the play. These include Praxagora's husband Blepyrus, Blepyrus' anonymous Neighbour and his friend Chremes, the First Citizen and the Second Citizen, the Young Man ‘Epigenes’, and the δεσπτης who leads out the Chorus. These are not necesarily all independent characters, but the great difficulty with the play is in deciding precisely who is to be identified with whom. R. G. Ussher, the most (...)
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  7.  41
    Is Anonymity an Artifact in Ethnographic Research?Will C. van den Hoonaard - 2003 - Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (2):141-151.
    While anonymity is a widely-held goal in research-ethics review policies, it is a virtually unachievable goal in ethnographic and qualitative research. This paper explores how anonymity is undermined in the data-gathering, analysis, and publication stages in ethnography. It also examines problems associated with maintaining a collective identity. What maintains anonymity, however, are the natural accretions of daily life, the underuse of data, and the remoteness of place and time between the gathering-data stage and the eventual publications of findings.
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  8.  6
    An Anonymous Authentication Scheme in VANETs of Smart City Based on Certificateless Group Signature.Yuanpan Zheng, Guangyu Chen & Liguan Guo - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-7.
    With the change of the network communication environment in vehicular ad hoc networks of a smart city, vehicles may encounter security threats such as eavesdropping, positioning, and tracking, so appropriate anonymity protection is required. Based on the certificateless cryptosystem and group signature ideas, this paper proposes a certificateless group signature anonymous authentication scheme for the VANETs of a smart city. In this scheme, it can implement the process of adding, signing, verifying, and revoking group members only by simple multiplication of (...)
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  9. The Anonymity of a Murmur: Internet Memes.Simon J. Evnine - 2018 - British Journal of Aesthetics 58 (3):303-318.
    Memes, of the kind found often on the internet, are an increasingly significant medium of expressive activity. I develop a theory of their ontological nature and, in parallel, an analysis of the concept meme. On my view, memes are abstract artifacts made out of norms for production of instances. The norms say things like ‘use a certain image; add text of a certain kind; the text should be delivered in two chunks, one at the top of the image, one at (...)
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  10.  95
    Anonymous Assertions.Sanford C. Goldberg - 2013 - Episteme 10 (2):135-151.
    This paper addresses how the anonymity of an assertion affects the epistemological dimension of its production by speakers, and its reception by hearers. After arguing that anonymity does have implications in both respects, I go on to argue that at least some of these implications derive from a warranted diminishment in speakers' and hearers' expectations of one another when there are few mechanisms for enforcing the responsibilities attendant to speech. As a result, I argue, anonymous assertions do not carry the (...)
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  11. Anonymity and Sociality: The Convergence of Psychological and Philosophical Currents in Merleau-Ponty’s Ontological Theory of Intersubjectivity.Beata Stawarska - 2003 - Chiasmi International 5:295-309.
    In the prospectus for his later work pronounced in 1952, Merleau-Ponty announced that his move beyond the phenomenological to the ontological level of analysis is motivated by issues of sociality, notably communication with others.' I propose to interrogate this priority attributed by the author to this interpersonal bond in his reflections on corporeality in general, marking a departure from The Structure of Behavior and The Phenomenology of Perception, which privileged the starting point of consciousness and the body proper. My interest (...)
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  12.  37
    Beyond the Concept of Anonymity: What is Really at Stake?Björn Lundgren - 2020 - In Kevin Macnish & Jai Galliott (eds.), Big Data and Democracy. pp. 201-216.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss anonymity and the threats against it—in the form of deanonymization technologies. The question in the title is approached by conceptual analysis: I ask what kind of concept we need and how it ought to be conceptualized given what is really at stake. By what is at stake I mean the values that are threatened by various deanonymization technologies. It will be argued that while previous conceptualizations of anonymity may be reasonable—given a standard (...)
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  13. Anonymity. A Study in the Philosophy of Alfred Schutz.MAURICE NATANSON - 1986 - Human Studies 13 (1):97-101.
     
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  14.  13
    Anonymous Philosophical Communication.Sven Ove Hansson - 2018 - Theoria 84 (2):113-119.
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  15.  51
    Anonymity and Software Agents: An Interdisciplinary Challenge. [REVIEW]Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):137-157.
    Software agents that play a role in E-commerce and E-government applications involving the Internet often contain information about the identity of their human user such as credit cards and bank accounts. This paper discusses whether this is necessary: whether human users and software agents are allowed to be anonymous under the relevant legal regimes and whether an adequate interaction and balance between law and anonymity can be realised from both the perspective of Computer Systems and the perspective of Law.
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  16. Anonymous Sources in News Stories: Justifying Exceptions and Limiting Abuses.David E. Boeyink - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (4):233 – 246.
    As discussion intensifies, and critics exploit what they see as a serious press abuse of anonymous sources, this article explores current practices and policies, as well as examines justification for and danger of anonymous source usage. Seven guidelines are listed and discussed which may help editors and reporters decide whether to use the anonymous source: editor authorization, just cause, last resort, fullest possible identification, proportionality, just intentions, and second source verification.
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  17.  20
    Using Anonymized Reflection To Teach Ethics: A Pilot Study.Gaye Kyle - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (1):6-16.
    Anonymized reflection was employed as an innovative way of teaching ethics in order to enhance students' ability in ethical decision making during a `Care of the Dying Patient and Family' module. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected from the first two student cohorts who experienced anonymized reflection ( n = 24). The themes identified were the richness and relevance of scenarios, small-group work and a team approach to teaching. Students indicated that they preferred this style of teaching. This finding (...)
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  18.  36
    Anonymity, Pseudonymity, and Deliberation: Why Not Everything Should Be Connected.Alfred Moore - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (2):169-192.
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  19. Anonymity Versus Commitment: The Dangers of Education on the Internet. [REVIEW]Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):369-378.
    I shall translate Kierkegaard's account of the dangers and opportunities of what he called the Press into a critique of the Internet so as to raise the question: what contribution -- for good or ill -- can the World Wide Web, with its ability to deliver vast amounts of information to users all over the world, make to educators trying to pass on knowledge and to develop skills and wisdom in their students? I will then use Kierkegaard's three-stage answer to (...)
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  20.  7
    Duties When an Anonymous Student Health Survey Finds a Hot Spot of Suicidality.Arnold H. Levinson, M. Franci Crepeau-Hobson, Marilyn E. Coors, Jacqueline J. Glover, Daniel S. Goldberg & Matthew K. Wynia - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):50-60.
    Public health agencies regularly survey randomly selected anonymous students to track drug use, sexual activities, and other risk behaviors. Students are unidentifiable, but a recent project that i...
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  21.  10
    Anonymity Versus Commitment: The Dangers of Education on the Internet.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):15-20.
    I shall translate Kierkegaard's account of the dangers and opportunities of what he called the Press into a critique of the Internet so as to raise the question: what contribution -- for good or ill -- can the World Wide Web, with its ability to deliver vast amounts of information to users all over the world, make to educators trying to pass on knowledge and to develop skills and wisdom in their students? I will then use Kierkegaard's three-stage answer to (...)
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  22. Virtual Anonymity: Online Accountability and the Virtuous Virtual Journalist.Jane B. Singer - 1996 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 11 (2):95-106.
     
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  23.  25
    Sincerely, Anonymous.Grace Paterson - 2020 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):167-176.
    This paper provides an account of anonymous speech treated as anonymized speech. It is argued that anonymous speech acts are best defined by reference to intentional acts of blocking a speaker's identification as opposed to the various epistemic effects that imperfectly correlate with these actions. The account is used to examine two important subclasses of anonymized speech: speech using pseudonyms, and speech anonymized in a specifically communicative manner. Several pragmatic and ethical issues with anonymized speech are considered.
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  24. The Anonymous Intentions of Transactional Bodies.Gail Weiss - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):187-200.
    : This review offers a critical analysis of Shannon Sullivan's "feminist pragmatist standpoint theory" as a framework for thinking about issues of identity and truth. Sullivan claims that Maurice Merleau-Ponty's emphasis on an anonymous or pre-personal quality to bodily experience commits him to a false universality and that his understanding of bodily intentionality traps him in a subjectivist philosophy that is incapable of doing justice to difference. She suggests that phenomenology in general is theoretically limited because of its alleged subjectivism (...)
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  25.  15
    The Anonymous Intentions of Transactional Bodies.Gail Weiss - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):187-200.
    This review offers a critical analysis of Shannon Sullivan's “feminist pragmatist standpoint theory” as a framework for thinking about issues of identity and truth. Sullivan claims that Maurice Merleau-Ponty's emphasis on an anonymous or pre-personal quality to bodily experience commits him to a false universality and that his understanding of bodily intentionality traps him in a subjectivist philosophy that is incapable of doing justice to difference. She suggests that phenomenology in general is theoretically limited because of its alleged subjectivism and (...)
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  26.  19
    Against Anonymity.Robert Baker - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):166-169.
    In ‘New Threats to Academic Freedom’ Francesca Minerva argues that anonymity for the authors of controversial articles is a prerequisite for academic freedom in the Internet age. This argument draws its intellectual and emotional power from the author's account of the reaction to the on-line publication of ‘ After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?’ – an article that provoked cascades of hostile postings and e-mails. Reflecting on these events, Minerva proposes that publishers should offer the authors of controversial articles (...)
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  27.  41
    The Politics of Anonymity: Foucault, Feminism, and Gender Non-Conforming Prisoners.Perry Zurn - 2016 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 6 (1):27-42.
    Against the backdrop of a longstanding feminist critique that Michel Foucault’s call to anonymity is insensitive to the erasure of marginalized persons, I aim to contribute to a critical account of anonymity as a feminist Foucauldian ideal. I do this in two ways. First, I analyze the tactical role of anonymity in the Prisons Information Group, an organization in which Foucault was involved. Second, I analyze the unique paradoxes of anonymity faced by gender non-conforming prisoners then and now. I conclude (...)
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  28.  4
    The Anonymous’ Commentary on Plato’s Theatetus and a Middle-Platonic Theory of Knowledge.Renato Matoso - 2019 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 27:e02706.
    In this paper, I defend that the historiographical category of eclecticism is a correct way to describe the epistemology and the exegetical activity of the Anonymous commentator on Plato’s Theaetetus. In addition, I show that the interpretation of the platonic philosophy presented in this text not only presupposes an eclectic philosophical attitude, but also offers a conscious defense of a positive and philosophically relevant form of eclecticism. By eclecticism, I understand a method of inquiry based on the deliberate use of (...)
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  29.  25
    Anonymous Glory.Patchen Markell - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (1).
    Hannah Arendt’s political theory is often understood to rest on a celebration of action, the memorable words and deeds of named individuals, over against the anonymous processes constitutive of ‘labor’ and ‘society’. Yet at key moments in _The Human Condition_ and _The Origins of Totalitarianism_, Arendt seems to signal a different relationship between political action and anonymity; and she does so in part via citations of the novels of William Faulkner. Using the apparently contradictory notion of ‘anonymous glory’ as a (...)
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  30.  85
    Anonymity Versus Commitment: The Dangers of Education on the Internet. [REVIEW]Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2002 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 34 (4):369–378.
    I shall translate Kierkegaard's account of the dangers and opportunities of what he called the Press into a critique of the Internet so as to raise the question: what contribution -- for good or ill -- can the World Wide Web, with its ability to deliver vast amounts of information to users all over the world, make to educators trying to pass on knowledge and to develop skills and wisdom in their students? I will then use Kierkegaard's three-stage answer to (...)
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  31. A Letter to Mr. John Clarke (1727). Anonymous - unknown
  32.  3
    Progressive Anonymity: From Identity Politics to Evidence-Based Government.Naomi Zack - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Continuing her visionary work in social-political philosophy, Zack critiques identity politics as perpetuating damaging essentialist perspectives and policies. The antidote to identity group egoism is anonymity based on relevant shared interests and a meritocracy led by experts chosen without preference for group affiliation or political charisma.
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  33.  30
    The Effects of Victim Anonymity on Unethical Behavior.Kai Chi Yam & Scott J. Reynolds - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (1):13-22.
    We theorize that victim anonymity is an important factor in ethical decision making, such that actors engage in more self-interested and unethical behaviors toward anonymous victims than they do toward identifiable victims. Three experiments provided empirical support for this argument. In Study 1, participants withheld more life-saving products from anonymous than from identifiable victims. In Study 2, participants allocated a sum of payment more unfairly when interacting with an anonymous than with an identifiable partner. Finally, in Study 3, participants cheated (...)
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  34.  32
    Anonymity and Testimonial Warrant.David Matheson - 2004 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 8 (2):213-231.
    Reductionism as an approach to the epistemology of testimony places certain demands on the recipient of testimony that its competitor, antireductionism, does not. After laying out the two approaches and their respective demands on the recipient of testimony, I argue that reductionism also places certain anonymity-shedding demands on the testifier that antireductionism does not. The difficulty of deciding between the approaches leads to a worry about the extent to which the current state of affairs in epistemology can offer secure advice (...)
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  35. How Anonymous Are You Online? Examining Online Social Behaviors From a Cross-Cultural Perspective.Hiroaki Morio & Christopher Buchholz - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (2):297-307.
    Communication on the Internet is often described as “anonymous”, yet the usage of the term is often confusing, even in academia. Three levels of anonymity, visual anonymity, dissociation of real and online identities, and lack of identifiability, are thought to have different effects on various components of interpersonal motivation. Specifically, we propose that cross-cultural differences in interpersonal motivation (autonomy vs. affiliation) are illustrated by choices individuals make when deciding whether or not to remain anonymous while communicating online. Autonomy is often (...)
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  36.  10
    Anonymity and Non-Identity Cases.Tomi Francis - 2022 - Analysis 81 (4):632-639.
    I argue for the principle of Anonymity, according to which two populations are equally good whenever they have the same anonymous distribution of wellbeing. I first show that, given transitivity of the at-least-as-good-as relation, Anonymity is entailed by the ``Non-Identity Principle'', according to which the consequence of bringing better rather than worse lives into existence is, all else equal, better. I then argue for the Non-Identity Principle on the basis that if it were false, it would follow that we fail (...)
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  37. Scale, Anonymity, and Political Akrasia in Aristotle’s Politics 7.4.Joshua Schulz - 2016 - In Travis Dumsday (ed.), The Wisdom of Youth: Essays Inspired by the Early Work of Jacques and Raïssa Maritain. Washington, DC, USA: pp. 295-309.
    This essay articulates and defends Aristotle’s argument in Politics 7.4 that there is a rational limit to the size of the political community. Aristotle argues that size can negatively affect the ability of an organized being to attain its proper end. After examining the metaphysical grounds for this principle in both natural beings and artifacts, we defend Aristotle’s extension of the principle to the polis. He argues that the state is in the relevant sense an organism, one whose primary end (...)
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  38.  60
    Anonymous Sperm Donation: A Case for Genetic Heritage and Wariness for Contractual Parenthood.Shari Collins & Eric Comerford - 2012 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (2):213-230.
    Anonymous sperm donation offspring often yearn for information about their biological fathers, and as they come of age that yearning increases in intensity. We first explore will and interest theory regarding this desire to know one’s heritage and argue that both theories lead to a right of the offspring to know. We then turn to the donor contract, look at the inconsistencies between donor ability to eschew parental responsibility compared to other biological fathers, and argue that there should be a (...)
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  39.  22
    Genomic Anonymity: Have We Already Lost It?Dov Greenbaum, Jiang Du & Mark Gerstein - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):71-74.
  40. The Anonymous Community.Helen Petrovsky - 2009 - Diogenes 56 (2-3):51-59.
    The paper explores the non-institutional potential of the concept of community as it has been formulated in contemporary French philosophy. Special attention is given to historical experience, particularly in a globalizing world. Fantasies of the historical which attest to such experience are treated as constitutive of an anonymous community defined neither by a fixed identity nor by a given substance. Despite its anonymity, community calls for articulation and translation, producing various ‘as-if presentations’, to remember the Kantian term.
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  41. Unmasked & Anonymous: Shimon & Lindemann Consider Portraiture.John Shimon, Julie Lindemann & Lisa Hostetler - 2008 - Milwaukee Art Museum.
    Photographers John Shimon and Julie Lindemann use antique cameras, modern lens technology, artificial light, and contemporary pop culture to create portraits of the people in their native state amidst backyards, living rooms, parking lots, and the landscape of Wisconsin. These recent photographs are juxtaposed with portraits from the Milwaukee Art Museum’s permanent collections, including daguerreotype portraits, ambrotypes, and tintypes of anonymous people taken by nineteenth-century photographers, as well with photographs by such well-known artists as Alfred Stieglitz, Sally Mann, Larry Clark, (...)
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  42.  36
    Prohibiting Anonymous Sperm Donation and the Child Welfare Error.I. Glenn Cohen - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (5):13-14.
    Should anonymous sperm “donation”—a misnomer, since sperm is usually purchased—be permitted? A number of countries, including Sweden, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, New Zealand, and several Australian states, have answered no.1 The United Kingdom recently joined this list, instituting a system whereby new sperm (and egg) donors must put information into a registry, and a donor-conceived child “is entitled to request and receive their donor’s name and last known address, once they reach the age of 18.”2 The arguments offered (...)
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  43.  40
    Three Anonymous Sets of Questions on Aristotle’s Physics Related to John Buridan’s Quaestiones Super Octo Libros Physicorum.Paul J. J. M. Bakker - 2016 - Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 58:233-323.
    This article offers a detailed presentation of three anonymous, unedited sets of questions on Aristotle’s Physics. The commentaries survive in manuscripts in Oxford, Munich and Sint Agatha. A comparison of the lists of quaestiones suggests that there is a close correspondence between the three commentaries, on the one hand, and the ultima lectura of John Buridan’s Quaestiones super octo libros Physicorum, on the other. Judging from the lists of quaestiones, it makes sense to attach the label secundum Buridanum to all (...)
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  44. A Brief Profession of Religion, As Founded on Reason, Consistent with, and Confirm’D by Revelation (London, 1725). Anonymous - unknown
  45. A Defence of Mr. Wollaston's Notion of Moral Good and Evil; In Answer to a Letter, in Which It is Said to Be Considered and Refuted (1725). Anonymous - unknown
  46.  27
    The Anonymous Progymnasmata in John Doxapatres' Homiliae in Aphthonium.Craig A. Gibson - 2009 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 102 (1):83-94.
    This article examines the anonymous progymnasmata in John Doxapatres' commentary on Aphthonius' Progymnasmata for evidence about their authorship, origin, and relations to other progymnasmata. These exercises include three chreias, a refutation and confirmation of the myth of Ganymedes, an encomium and invective of Agamemnon, a comparison of the grapevine and olive tree, and an ethopoeia on the deposition of the emperor Michael V Kalaphates. In addition to providing a formal rhetorical analysis of the exercises, the article offers further support for (...)
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  47.  18
    An Anonymous Death: Five of Five Pieces.Malcolm Parker - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):181-181.
    An Anonymous DeathThe comet, a white haired traveller, hauls its tail behind, thereby hangs its tale. Its particulate history swings away into black time as it skirts you.A million times a million fissions, fires in Andromeda, a surge of ice across a steppe, the moon’s impacted skin. Events escape their birth and move out at the roar of light, hurtling endlessly nowhere and everywhere colliding stray worlds, spinning and groping.At night through cat’s eye domes watchmen on the world’s clearest ranges (...)
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  48.  5
    Data Anonymization Through Collaborative Multi-View Microaggregation.Abdelouahid Lyhyaoui, Nicoleta Rogovschi, Younès Bennani & Sarah Zouinina - 2020 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 30 (1):327-345.
    The interest in data anonymization is exponentially growing, motivated by the will of the governments to open their data. The main challenge of data anonymization is to find a balance between data utility and the amount of disclosure risk. One of the most known frameworks of data anonymization is k-anonymity, this method assumes that a dataset is anonymous if and only if for each element of the dataset, there exist at least k − 1 elements identical to it. In this (...)
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  49.  26
    Anonymity. A Study in the Philosophy of Alfred Schutz.Bogdan Baran - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (1):154-156.
    This book by Natanson, who has been occupied with Schutz for almost forty years, is not so much philosophizing on Schutz as rather with Schutz. Although it is not an academic philosophical treatise but a more "literary" essay, the book provides a rigorous and subtle argument. Going along the path of Schutz's thought and its main themes, Natanson tries to carry forward "what Schutz began". Schutz did not develop any "philosophy," and Natanson's aim is to search for a philosophical dimension (...)
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  50.  36
    Should Mitochondrial Donation Be Anonymous?John B. Appleby - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (2):261-280.
    Currently in the United Kingdom, anyone donating gametes has the status of an open-identity donor. This means that, at the age of 18, persons conceived with gametes donated since April 1, 2005 have a right to access certain pieces of identifying information about their donor. However, in early 2015, the UK Parliament approved new regulations that make mitochondrial donors anonymous. Both mitochondrial donation and gamete donation are similar in the basic sense that they involve the contribution of gamete materials to (...)
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