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  1. Holism: A Shopper's Guide.Jerry A. Fodor & Ernest Lepore - 1992 - Blackwell.
  2. A Puzzle About Belief.Saul A. Kripke - 1979 - In A. Margalit (ed.), Meaning and Use. Reidel. pp. 239--83.
  3. A Passage Theory of Time.Martin A. Lipman - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 11:95-122.
    This paper proposes a view of time that takes passage to be the most basic temporal notion, instead of the usual A-theoretic and B-theoretic notions, and explores how we should think of a world that exhibits such a genuine temporal passage. It will be argued that an objective passage of time can only be made sense of from an atemporal point of view and only when it is able to constitute a genuine change of objects across time. This requires that (...)
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  4. A Common Sky: Philosophy and the Literary Imagination.A. D. Nuttall - 2020 - University of California Press.
    This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1974.
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  5.  76
    A Measure of Inferential-Role Preservation.A. C. Paseau - 2019 - Synthese 196 (7):2621-2642.
    The point of formalisation is to model various aspects of natural language. Perhaps the main use to which formalisation is put is to model and explain inferential relations between different sentences. Judged solely by this objective, a formalisation is successful in modelling the inferential network of natural language sentences to the extent that it mirrors this network. There is surprisingly little literature on the criteria of good formalisation, and even less on the question of what it is for a formalisation (...)
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  6. Skepticism and Cognitivism: A Study in the Foundations of Knowledge.Oliver A. Johnson - 2022 - University of California Press.
    _Skepticism and Cognitivism_ addresses the fundamental question of epistemology: Is knowledge possible? It approaches this query with an evaluation of the skeptical tradition in Western philosophy, analyzing thinkers who have claimed that we can know nothing. After an introductory chapter lays out the central issues, chapter 2 focuses on the classical skeptics of the Academic and Pyrrhonistic schools and then on the skepticism of David Hume. Chapters 3 through 5 are devoted to contemporary defenders of skepticism—Keith Lehrer, Arne Næss, and (...)
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  7. Is There a Problem About Substitutional Quantification?Saul A. Kripke - 1976 - In Gareth Evans & John McDowell (eds.), Truth and Meaning. Oxford University Press. pp. 324-419.
  8. Hermeneutical Philosophy and Pragmatism: A Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]Patrick A. Heelan & Jay Schulkin - 1998 - Synthese 115 (3):269-302.
    Two philosophical traditions with much in common, (classical) pragmatism and (Heidegger's) hermeneutic philosophy, are here\ncompared with respect to their approach to the philosophy of science. Both emphasize action as a mode of interpreting experience.\nBoth have developed important categories – inquiry, meaning, theory, praxis, coping, historicity, life-world – and each has\noffered an alternative to the more traditional philosophies of science stemming from Descartes, Hume, and Comte. Pragmatism's\nabduction works with the dual perspectives of theory (as explanation) and praxis (as culture). The hermeneutical (...)
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  9. A Quantum Computer Only Needs One Universe.A. M. Steane - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (3):469-478.
    The nature of quantum computation is discussed. It is argued that, in terms of the amount of information manipulated in a given time, quantum and classical computation are equally efficient. Quantum superposition does not permit quantum computers to ''perform many computations simultaneously'' except in a highly qualified and to some extent misleading sense. Quantum computation is therefore not well described by interpretations of quantum mechanics which invoke the concept of vast numbers of parallel universes. Rather, entanglement makes available types of (...)
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  10.  35
    Mental Representation: A Reader.Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.) - 1994 - Blackwell.
    This volume is a collection of new and previously published essays focusing on one of the most exciting and actively discussed topics in contemporary philosophy: naturalistic theories of mental content. The volume brings together important papers written by some of the most distinguished theorists working in the field today. Authors contributing to the volume include Jerry Fodor, Rugh Millikan, Fred Dretske, Ned Block, Robert Cummins, and Daniel Dennett.
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  11.  7
    A Qualitative Study of Big Data and the Opioid Epidemic: Recommendations for Data Governance.Elizabeth A. Evans, Elizabeth Delorme, Karl Cyr & Daniel M. Goldstein - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-13.
    Background The opioid epidemic has enabled rapid and unsurpassed use of big data on people with opioid use disorder to design initiatives to battle the public health crisis, generally without adequate input from impacted communities. Efforts informed by big data are saving lives, yielding significant benefits. Uses of big data may also undermine public trust in government and cause other unintended harms. Objectives We aimed to identify concerns and recommendations regarding how to use big data on opioid use in ethical (...)
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  12.  30
    A Unified Framework for Addiction: Vulnerabilities in the Decision Process.Adam Johnson A. David Redish, Steve Jensen - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):415.
    The understanding of decision-making systems has come together in recent years to form a unified theory of decision-making in the mammalian brain as arising from multiple, interacting systems (a planning system, a habit system, and a situation-recognition system). This unified decision-making system has multiple potential access points through which it can be driven to make maladaptive choices, particularly choices that entail seeking of certain drugs or behaviors. We identify 10 key vulnerabilities in the system: (1) moving away from homeostasis, (2) (...)
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  13. Sin: A History.Gary A. Anderson - 2010 - Yale University Press.
    What is sin? Is it simply wrongdoing? Why do its effects linger over time? In this sensitive, imaginative, and original work, Gary Anderson shows how changing conceptions of sin and forgiveness lay at the very heart of the biblical tradition. Spanning nearly two thousand years, the book brilliantly demonstrates how sin, once conceived of as a physical burden, becomes, over time, eclipsed by economic metaphors. Transformed from a weight that an individual carried, sin becomes a debt that must be repaid (...)
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  14.  6
    (A. R.) Hands Charities and Social Aid in Greece and Rome. (Aspects of Greek and Roman Life.) London: Thames and Hudson. 1968. Pp. 222. £2. 10s. [REVIEW]R. M. Errington & A. R. Hands - 1970 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 90:254-255.
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  15. Km, a Widespread Root for Ten.A. Seidenberg - 1976 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 16 (1):1-16.
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  16.  15
    A. L OPEZ E IRE : Semblanza de Libanio . Pp. 302. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1996. ISBN: 968-36-4676-X. [REVIEW]A. T. Fear - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (1):262-262.
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  17.  10
    A Multifocal and Integrative View of the Influencers of Ethical Attitudes Using Qualitative Configurational Analysis.Nicole A. Celestine, Catherine Leighton & Chris Perryer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (1):103-122.
    Ethical attitudes and behaviour are complex. This complexity extends to the influencers operating at different levels both outside and within the organisation, and in different combinations for different individuals. There is hence a growing need to understand the proximal and distal influencers of ethical attitudes, and how these operate in concert at the individual, organisational, and societal levels. Few studies have attempted to combine these main research streams and systematically examine their combined impact. The minority of studies that have taken (...)
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  18.  3
    Just Responsibility: A Human Rights Theory of Global Justice.Brooke A. Ackerly - 2018 - Oup Usa.
    Can we respond to injustices in the world in ways that do more than just address their consequences? In this book, Brooke A. Ackerly argues that what to do about injustice is not just an ethical or moral question, but a political question about assuming responsibility for injustice. Ultimately, Just Responsibility offers a theory of global injustice and political responsibility that can guide action.
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  19. A General and Introductory View of Professor Kant's Principles Concerning Man, the World and the Deity,... By F. A. Nitsch.F. A. Nitsch - 1796 - Routledge/Thoemmes Press.
    The 18th century was a wealth of knowledge, exploration and rapidly growing technology and expanding record-keeping made possible by advances in the printing press. In its determination to preserve the century of revolution, Gale initiated a revolution of its own: digitization of epic proportions to preserve these invaluable works in the largest archive of its kind. Now for the first time these high-quality digital copies of original 18th century manuscripts are available in print, making them highly accessible to libraries, undergraduate (...)
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  20. A Rational Christian a Faith for Tomorrow - Today!C. A. P. Ellis - 1996
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  21. A Human Paradox: The Nazi Legacy of Pernkopf’s Atlas.Jane A. Hartsock & Emily S. Beckman - 2019 - Conatus 4 (2):317.
    Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy is a four-volume anatomical atlas published between 1937 and 1963, and it is generally believed to be the most comprehensive, detailed, and accurate anatomy textbook ever created. However, a 1997 investigation into “Pernkopf’s Atlas,” raised troubling questions regarding the author’s connection to the Nazi regime and the still unresolved issue of whether its illustrations relied on Jewish or other political prisoners, including those executed in Nazi concentration camps. Following this investigation, the (...)
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  22.  58
    Quantum Field Theory in a Nutshell.A. Zee - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    Since it was first published, Quantum Field Theory in a Nutshell has quickly established itself as the most accessible and comprehensive introduction to this profound and deeply fascinating area of theoretical physics. Now in this fully revised and expanded edition, A. Zee covers the latest advances while providing a solid conceptual foundation for students to build on, making this the most up-to-date and modern textbook on quantum field theory available. -/- This expanded edition features several additional chapters, as well as (...)
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  23. Universities in Crisis a Mediaeval Institution in the Twenty-First Century.Chad Gaffield, William A. W. Neilson & Institute for Research on Public Policy - 1986 - Institute for Research on Public Policy = Institut de Recherches Politiques.
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  24.  43
    Ethical Review of Health Research: A Perspective From Developing Country Researchers.A. A. Hyder - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (1):68-72.
    Background: Increasing collaboration between industrialised and developing countries in human research studies has led to concerns regarding the potential exploitation of resource deprived countries. This study, commissioned by the former National Bioethics Advisory Commission of the United States, surveyed developing country researchers about their concerns and opinions regarding ethical review processes and the performance of developing country and US international review boards .Methods: Contact lists from four international organisations were used to identify and survey 670 health researchers in developing countries. (...)
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  25.  3
    Truth by Convention: A Symposium.A. J. Ayer, C. H. Whiteley & M. Black - 1938 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (2):92-93.
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  26.  1
    Maimonides a Collection of Critical Essays.Joseph A. Buijs - 1988
    The essays in this book deal with philosophical issues in the thought of Maimonides. Included are: The Literary Character of the Guide for the Perplexed by Leo Staus, The Purpose of the Law According to Maimonides by Miriam Galston, and Essence and Existence in Maimonides by Alexander Altmann.
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  27.  30
    Are We In A Simulation?Graeme A. Forbes - 2017 - The Philosophers' Magazine 78:10-13.
    Graeme A Fobes asks David Chalmers, Michaela McSweeny and Darren Bradley 'Are we in a Simulation?' in this magazine feature for a popular audience.
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  28. Universal Human Rights in a World of Difference.Brooke A. Ackerly - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    From the diverse work and often competing insights of women's human rights activists, Brooke Ackerly has written a feminist and a universal theory of human rights that bridges the relativists' concerns about universalizing from particulars and the activists' commitment to justice. Unlike universal theories that rely on shared commitments to divine authority or to an 'enlightened' way of reasoning, Ackerly's theory relies on rigorous methodological attention to difference and disagreement. She sets out human rights as at once a research ethic, (...)
     
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  29. On the Volume of a Sphere.A. Seidenberg - 1988 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 39 (2):97-119.
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  30. Ptolemy's Search for a Law of Refraction: A Case-Study in the Classical Methodology of “Saving the Appearances” and its Limitations.A. Mark Smith - 1982 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 26 (3):221-240.
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  31.  28
    Macedonian Imperialism - R. A. Billows: Kings and Colonists: Aspects of Macedonian Imperialism (Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition). Pp. Xv + 240, 10 Plates. Leiden, New York, and Cologne: E.J. Brill, 1995. Cased. ISBN: 90-04-10177-2.A. M. Devine - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (2):353-356.
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  32.  85
    Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life.A. A. Long - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    The philosophy of Epictetus, a freed slave in the Roman Empire, has been profoundly influential on Western thought: it offers not only stimulating ideas but practical guidance in living one's life. A. A. Long, a leading scholar of later ancient philosophy, gives the definitive presentation of the thought of Epictetus for a broad readership. Long's fresh and vivid translations of a selection of the best of Epictetus' discourses show that his ideas are as valuable and striking today as they were (...)
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  33.  17
    Portrait of Alexander A. B. Bosworth: Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph . Pp. Xvi + 218, 10 Figs. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. £30. ISBN: 0-19-814991-. [REVIEW]A. D. Lee - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (01):165-.
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  34.  88
    A Logical Formalization of the OCC Theory of Emotions.C. Adam, A. Herzig & D. Longin - 2009 - Synthese 168 (2):201-248.
    In this paper, we provide a logical formalization of the emotion triggering process and of its relationship with mental attitudes, as described in Ortony, Clore, and Collins’s theory. We argue that modal logics are particularly adapted to represent agents’ mental attitudes and to reason about them, and use a specific modal logic that we call Logic of Emotions in order to provide logical definitions of all but two of their 22 emotions. While these definitions may be subject to debate, we (...)
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  35. What's in a (N Empty) Name?Fred Adams & Laura A. Dietrich - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (2):125-148.
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  36.  80
    On a Family of Paradoxes.A. N. Prior - 1961 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 2 (1):16-32.
  37.  67
    A Causal Model of Intentionality Judgment.Steven A. Sloman, Philip M. Fernbach & Scott Ewing - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (2):154-180.
    We propose a causal model theory to explain asymmetries in judgments of the intentionality of a foreseen side-effect that is either negative or positive (Knobe, 2003). The theory is implemented as a Bayesian network relating types of mental states, actions, and consequences that integrates previous hypotheses. It appeals to two inferential routes to judgment about the intentionality of someone else's action: bottom-up from action to desire and top-down from character and disposition. Support for the theory comes from three experiments that (...)
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  38.  17
    Methodological Challenges in European Ethics Approvals for a Genetic Epidemiology Study in Critically Ill Patients: The GenOSept Experience.Ascanio Tridente, Paul A. H. Holloway, Paula Hutton, Anthony C. Gordon, Gary H. Mills, Geraldine M. Clarke, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Frank Stuber, Christopher Garrard, Charles Hinds & Julian Bion - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):30.
    During the set-up phase of an international study of genetic influences on outcomes from sepsis, we aimed to characterise potential differences in ethics approval processes and outcomes in participating European countries. Between 2005 and 2007 of the FP6-funded international Genetics Of Sepsis and Septic Shock project, we asked national coordinators to complete a structured survey of research ethic committee approval structures and processes in their countries, and linked these data to outcomes. Survey findings were reconfirmed or modified in 2017. Eighteen (...)
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  39.  14
    Beyond a Human Rights-Based Approach to AI Governance: Promise, Pitfalls, Plea.Nathalie A. Smuha - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (1):91-104.
    This paper discusses the establishment of a governance framework to secure the development and deployment of “good AI”, and describes the quest for a morally objective compass to steer it. Asserting that human rights can provide such compass, this paper first examines what a human rights-based approach to AI governance entails, and sets out the promise it propagates. Subsequently, it examines the pitfalls associated with human rights, particularly focusing on the criticism that these rights may be too Western, too individualistic, (...)
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  40.  42
    A New Image of Man. [REVIEW]R. A. - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (1):165-165.
    Written for a popular audience, this book extols the virtues of individuality--A. R.
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  41.  23
    A Leaf of Spring. [REVIEW]B. D. A. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):637-637.
    A bi-lingual edition of poems and a "free philosophical treatise" by a poet-logician who is now imprisoned somewhere in Russia. In this choppy and compressed treatise, written hours before he was arrested, the writer discusses some pseudo-problems of philosophy, argues against the principle of excluded middle, and states the real problem of philosophy as being the relationship between the subconscious and consciousness.--A. B. D.
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  42.  44
    A Companion to Plato’s Republic. [REVIEW]G. A. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (3):651-653.
    The major portion of this important work is the "Summary of the Republic." Coordinated with Grube’s translation, it proceeds book by book, first summarizing a chunk of text anywhere from a couple of Stephanus sections to several pages, then commenting in lettered notes of from two lines to four and a half pages. More technical material, aimed at advanced students and scholars, appears occasionally in smaller type. There is a fine bibliography. The format is successful: the book is easy to (...)
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  43.  52
    Causal Powers. A Theory of Natural Necessity. [REVIEW]B. W. A. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (4):735-736.
    This provocative but persuasive book is essentially a radical attack upon the Humean conception of causality and the presentation and defense of a counter-theory, closer to everyday experience and pre-Humean traditional views. As formulated by empiricist philosophers, the Humean approach depends on two basic postulates. The philosophical analysis of any non-empirical concept must be a formal explication; any residue elements have to be accounted for in terms of their psychological origins. The world as experienced can be conceived adequately as a (...)
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  44. Logiko-Filosofskie Trudy V.A. Smirnova.V. A. Smirnov, V. Shalak & Institut Filosofii Nauk) - 2001
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  45.  19
    Is Economics a Natural Science?Julie A. Nelson - 2005 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (2):261-269.
    Advocates of a more socially responsible discipline of economics often emphasize the purposive and unpredictable nature of human economic behavior, contrasting this to the presumably deterministic behavior of natural forces. This essay argues that such a distinction between “social” and “natural” sciences is in fact counterproductive, especially when issues of ecological sustainability are concerned. What is needed instead is a better notion of science—“science-with-wonder”—which grounds serious science in relational, non-Newtonian thinking.
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  46. Posthumous Meditations a Dialogue in Three Acts.W. A. McMullen - 1982 - Hackett Publishing Company.
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  47. Hidden in Plain Sight: A Response to “Mourning and Terror” by Jeffery Frank.Gabriel A. Reich - 2019 - Philosophy of Education 75:200-204.
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  48. Dialectics: A Controversy-Oriented Approach to the Theory of KnowledgePlausible Reasoning: An Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Plausible Inference. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):368-368.
    These two small works are a good supplement to Rescher’s recent trilogy. Whereas the systems-theoretic approach is employed in Methodological Pragmatism in dealing with the problem of the legitimation of claims to factual knowledge or cognitive rationality, Dialectics deals with the argumentation aspect of thesis-introduction rather than the logical aspect of thesis-derivation. Although some key notions such as the idea of burden of proof and presumption have been stated in the former work, what is offered here is a systematic discussion (...)
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  49.  3
    A Practitioner's Guide to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy.Raymond A. DiGiuseppe, Kristene A. Doyle, Windy Dryden & Wouter Backx - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Extensively updated to include clinical findings over the last two decades, this third edition of A Practitioner's Guide to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy reviews the philosophy, theory, and clinical practice of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. This model is based on the work of Albert Ellis, who had an enormous influence on the field of psychotherapy over his 50 years of practice and scholarly writing. Designed for both therapists-in-training and seasoned professionals, this practical treatment manual and guide introduces the basic principles of (...)
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  50.  21
    A Dialogue Between a Philosopher and a Student of Law of the Common Laws of England. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):354-354.
    This is a critical edition of the work published in 1681, two years after Hobbes' death. The dialogue contains mature reflections of Hobbes on the doctrine of sovereignty. It deals with the relation between law and reason, sovereign power, crimes, heresies and punishments. The editor's introduction sets forth arguments for regarding the text as a complete work, contrary to the views of L. Stephen, Tönnies, and Robertson. A critical analysis of the argument in the dialogue is also provided indicating the (...)
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