Results for ' ����bid��'

308 found
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  1.  32
    Bidding on the future: evidence against normative discounting of delayed rewards.Kris N. Kirby - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 126 (1).
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  2. Bidding in Reinforcement Learning: A Paradigm for Multi-Agent Systems.Chad Sessions - unknown
    The paper presents an approach for developing multi-agent reinforcement learning systems that are made up of a coalition of modular agents. We focus on learning to segment sequences (sequential decision tasks) to create modular structures, through a bidding process that is based on reinforcements received during task execution. The approach segments sequences (and divides them up among agents) to facilitate the learning of the overall task. Notably, our approach does not rely on a priori knowledge or a priori structures. Initial (...)
     
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  3. The bids for the meaning of linguistic identity in France.G. Vermes - 1993 - History of European Ideas 16 (4-6):385-389.
     
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  4.  3
    Shill‐bidding in private values auctions.Vladimir Hlasny - 2007 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 5 (4):307-320.
    PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to present implications of the seller's ability to bid in the four classical auction forms, with independent private values: English, Dutch, first‐ and second‐price auctions.Design/methodology/approachUnder each auction form, the identity of the winning bidder and the expected winning bid are compared between the case when the seller may bid and when he cannot, using equilibrium bidder strategies. The seller's incentive to bid is evaluated.FindingsThe strategies and the welfare results differ with auction type and underlying (...)
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  5.  64
    Equilibrium Bidding without the Independence Axiom: A Graphical Analysis.Veronika Grimm - 2000 - Theory and Decision 49 (4):361-374.
    In this paper we examine optimal bidding without the independence axiom in a unified framework which allows for a clear graphical representation. Thus, we can show very simply the independence axiom to be a necessary and sufficient condition on preferences for strategical equivalence of the two first-price and second-price auctions, respectively, and for the second-price sealed-bid auction to be demand revealing. The analysis reveals that the betweenness property is necessary and sufficient for the ascending-bid auction to be demand revealing while (...)
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  6.  69
    The bid to transcend Popper, and the Lakatos-Polanyi connection.Stefania Ruzsits Jha - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (3):318-346.
    Lakatos is considered to be a Popperian who adapted his Hegelian-Marxist training to critical philosophy. I claim this is too narrow and misses Lakatos' goal of understanding scientific inquiry as heuristic inquiry—something he did not find in Popper, but found in Polanyi. Archival material shows that his ‘new method' struggled to overcome what he saw as the Popperian handicap, by using Polanyi.
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  7.  9
    Mandatory Takeover Bids Regulation in Lithuania: Problematic Practical Aspects (text only in Lithuanian).Tomas Talutis & Vytautas Šenavičius - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 120 (2):341-356.
    This article analyzes the judicial framework of the takeover bid regulation in Lithuania, identifies the obstacles to the more effective regulation and considers possible solutions. As laid down in the Directive 2004/25/EC of the European Parliament and the Council as well as in the Law on Securities of the Republic of Lithuania, if a natural or legal person acquires a specified percentage of voting rights in the company (the issuer), which gives him a certain degree of control of the company, (...)
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  8. Bidding Strategies in Single‐Unit Auctions.Bart Wilson - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  9. Bid Form.Bidder Fed Id No - 2009 - Hermes 30:40-000.
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  10. Strategic bidding in continuous double auctions.P. Vytelingum, D. Cliff & N. R. Jennings - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence 172 (14):1700-1729.
  11.  92
    Disappointment Aversion in internet Bidding-Decisions.Doron Sonsino - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (2-3):363-393.
    The article presents an Internet experiment where subjects sequentially bid for basic gifts and binary-lotteries on these gifts in incentive compatible Vickrey auctions. Subjects exhibit uniformly pessimistic prize-weighting in spite of precautions to reduce suspicion and prohibit collusion. The bids for lotteries are close to the minimal payable value, even when the probability of obtaining a better prize is larger than 50%. Prize-weighting becomes even more conservative as the distance in value of payable prizes increases. The twofold aversive affect appears (...)
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  12.  18
    From Bidʿa to Sunna: The Wilāya of ʿAlī in the Shīʿī Adhān.Liyakat A. Takim - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (2):166.
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  13.  8
    Bidding farewell to 2020: what lessons have we learned and what can bioethics continue to teach us?Graeme T. Laurie - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (4):375-378.
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  14.  1
    Bidding for a Grateful Patient.Joel S. Perlmutter - 2022 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 12 (1):7-9.
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  15.  67
    Positivity of bid-ask spreads and symmetrical monotone risk aversion.Moez Abouda & Alain Chateauneuf - 2002 - Theory and Decision 52 (2):149-170.
    A usual argument in finance refers to no arbitrage opportunities for the positivity of the bid-ask spread. Here we follow the decision theory approach and show that if positivity of the bid-ask spread is identified with strong risk aversion for an expected utility market-maker, this is no longer true for a rank-dependent expected utility one. For such a decision-maker only a very weak form of risk aversion is required, a result which seems more in accordance with his actual behavior. We (...)
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  16. Integrating reinforcement learning, bidding and genetic algorithms.Ron Sun - unknown
    This paper presents a GA-based multi-agent reinforce- ment learning bidding approach (GMARLB) for perform- ing multi-agent reinforcement learning. GMARLB inte- grates reinforcement learning, bidding and genetic algo- rithms. The general idea of our multi-agent systems is as follows: There are a number of individual agents in a team, each agent of the team has two modules: Q module and CQ module. Each agent can select actions to be performed at each step, which are done by the Q module. While the (...)
     
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  17. al-Fikr al-kalāmī al-Māturīdī fī al-qarn al-sādis al-Hijrī.ʻĀbid Aḥmad al-Kurdī Pashdarī - 2021 - ʻAmmān: Dār al-Rayāḥīn.
     
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  18.  13
    Can Peircean Epistemic Perfectionists Bid Farewell to Deweyan Democracy?J. Caleb Clanton & Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2009 - Contemporary Pragmatism 6 (2):165-183.
    There is a tension between Robert Talisse's rejection of Deweyan democracy and his project of formulating a workable Peircean conception of democracy. If he follows Rawls in taking reasonable pluralism to be a permanent condition, then his Peircean conception of democracy is undermined. But, if he does not commit to the permanence of reasonable pluralism, then his rejection of Deweyan democracy is problematic. Since he chooses the latter interpretation, Talisse must bite the bullet and recognize that Peircean epistemic perfectionists cannot (...)
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  19.  48
    Ethical Problems in Competitive Bidding: The Paradyne Case.J. Steve Davis - 1988 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 7 (2):3-25.
  20. What am I bid?Roger Teichmann - 2000 - Mind 109:1 - 2.
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  21. MARLBS: Team cooperation through bidding.Ron Sun - manuscript
    b>: A cooperative team of agents may perform many tasks better than isolated agents. The question is how coopera-.
     
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  22. When virtue bids us abandon life.Suzanne Stern-Gillet - 2013 - In .
     
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  23.  22
    Collectively ranking candidates via bidding in procedurally fair ways.Werner Güth - 2015 - Theory and Decision 78 (1):23-31.
    Different evaluators typically disagree how to rank different candidates due to their idiosyncratic concerns for the various qualities of the candidates. Our ranking mechanism asks all evaluators to submit individual bids assigning a monetary amount for each possible rank order. The rules specify for all possible vectors of such individual bids the collectively binding rank order of candidates and the payments, due to the different evaluators. Three requirements uniquely determine procedurally fair ranking rules as a game form. Only when additionally (...)
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  24.  1
    Campaña contra la bidʿa conyugal en el norte de Marruecos durante el siglo XVI.Tomoaki Shinoda - 2021 - Al-Qantara 42 (1):08-08.
    This paper investigates the campaign waged by Islamic scholars affiliating to the Shādhiliyya-Jazūliyya Sufi order among tribal people in the mountain region of Northern Morocco in the sixteenth century. It examines these scholars’ campaign against bidʿa in the mountains, focusing on their attacks against traditional practices related to marriage and conjugal life that they considered religiously and morally aberrant. The primary source discussed here is a guidebook for marriage, titled Etiquette of Husband and Wife, containing diverse legal doctrines, fatwās, anecdotes, (...)
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  25.  21
    Ethics in competitive bidding and contracting.Arthur Schwartz - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):277-282.
  26.  37
    Political Contributions and Defense Contractors, and No-Bid Contracts: A Social Network Analysis.Virginia Gerde & R. Spencer Foster - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:215-220.
    What role do political campaign contributions make in generating and maintaining political capital? Are no-bid contracts awarded to more influential defensecontractors? We explore these questions by conducting a social network analysis of defense contractors and their political campaign contributions to U.S. Representatives and Senators. Using a model of political capital from Rehbein, Schuler, and Doh (2005), we operationalize network ties in terms of political contributions and the relative influence of legislators and defense contractors.
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  27.  34
    Endogenous entry in lowest-unique sealed-bid auctions.Harold Houba, Dinard Laan & Dirk Veldhuizen - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):269-295.
    Lowest-unique sealed-bid auctions are auctions with endogenous participation, costly bids, and the lowest bid among all unique bids wins. Properties of symmetric NEs are studied. The symmetric NE with the lowest expected gains is the maximin outcome under symmetric strategies, and it is the solution to a mathematical program. Comparative statics for the number of bidders, the value of the item and the bidding cost are derived. The two bidders’ auction is equivalent to the Hawk–Dove game. Simulations of replicator dynamics (...)
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  28.  9
    Anglo-Norman Bidding Prayers from Ramsey Abbey.Keith Val Sinclair - 1980 - Mediaeval Studies 42 (1):454-462.
  29.  2
    Online joint bid/daily budget optimization of Internet advertising campaigns.Alessandro Nuara, Francesco Trovò, Nicola Gatti & Marcello Restelli - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence 305 (C):103663.
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  30. Sākhtʹgushāyī-i ʻaqlānīyat-i Islāmī dar ārā-yi Muḥammad ʻĀbid al-Jābirī va Muḥammad Arkūn.Ḥāmid ʻAlī Akbarʹzādah - 2019 - Qum: Kitāb-i Ṭāhā.
    On rationality, reason and criticism -- Arabs. ; Islamic philosophy of Muḥammad ʻĀbid Jābirī and Mohammed Arkoun.
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  31.  2
    Case Studies: Bidding for Donors.Lewis M. Silverman & Ronald A. Carson - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (3):26.
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  32.  40
    Mr. Bidlack’s Bid for Farne.Herbert F. Wright - 1929 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 3 (4):570-584.
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  33.  36
    Varying the number of bidders in the first-price sealed-bid auction: experimental evidence for the one-shot game. [REVIEW]Sascha Füllbrunn & Tibor Neugebauer - 2013 - Theory and Decision 75 (3):421-447.
    The paper reports experimental data on the behavior in the first-price sealed-bid auction for a varying number of bidders when values and bids are private information. This feedback-free design is proposed for the experimental test of the one-shot game situation. We consider both within-subjects and between-subjects variations. In line with the qualitative risk neutral Nash equilibrium prediction, the data show that bids increase in the number of bidders. However, in auctions involving a small number of bidders, average bids are above, (...)
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  34.  13
    Mr. Bidlack’s Bid for Farne: An Unwritten Story of an Unauthorized Treaty.Herbert F. Wright - 1929 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 3 (4):570-584.
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  35.  65
    Endogenous entry in lowest-unique sealed-bid auctions.Harold Houba, Dinard van der Laan & Dirk Veldhuizen - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):269-295.
    Lowest-unique sealed-bid auctions are auctions with endogenous participation, costly bids, and the lowest bid among all unique bids wins. Properties of symmetric NEs are studied. The symmetric NE with the lowest expected gains is the maximin outcome under symmetric strategies, and it is the solution to a mathematical program. Comparative statics for the number of bidders, the value of the item and the bidding cost are derived. The two bidders’ auction is equivalent to the Hawk–Dove game. Simulations of replicator dynamics (...)
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  36. al-Turāth... al-fikr wa-al-qīmah: ʻan Muḥammad ʻĀbid al-Jābirī wa-nuqqāduh: dirāsah taḥlīlīyah.Yaḥyá Ibn al-Walīd - 2016 - Ṭanjah: Salīkī Akhawayn.
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  37. Durūs fī al-falsafah wa-al-fikr al-Islāmī.Muḥammad ʻĀbid Jābirī - 2020 - al-Jazāʼir: Ibn al-Nadīm lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
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  38. al-Turāth wa-al-manhaj ʻinda Muḥammad ʻĀbid al-Jābirī.Ḥasan Khayrah - 2016 - al-Qunayṭirah: al-Maṭbaʻah al-Sarīʻah.
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  39.  30
    On the equivalence between descending bid auctions and first price sealed bid auctions.Edi Karni - 1988 - Theory and Decision 25 (3):211-217.
  40. Visual Exploration of Dynamic or Static Joint Attention Bids in Children With Autism Syndrome Disorder.Federica Cilia, Alexandre Aubry, Barbara Le Driant, Beatrice Bourdin & Luc Vandromme - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Eye-tracking studies have revealed a specific visual exploration style characterizing individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of stimulus type (static vs. dynamic) on visual exploration in children with ASD. Twenty-eight children with ASD, 28 children matched for developmental communication age and 28 children matched for chronological age watched a video and a series of photos involving the same joint attention scene. For each stimulus, Areas of Interest (AOI) were determined based (...)
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  41. al-Rushdīyah ʻinda al-Jābirī: Ibn Rushd fī fikr Muḥammad ʻĀbid al-Jābirī.Aḥmad Fāyiz ʻAjārimah - 2019 - ʻAmmān: Sharikat Dār al-Bayrūnī lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
     
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  42. Experimental Effects of Institutionalizing Co-determination by a Procedurally Fair Bidding Rule.Federica Alberti, Werner Güth & Kei Tsutsui - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-14.
    From an institutional perspective we contribute to corporate governance of firms by proposing a procedurally fair mechanism that is ethically desirable, and experimentally testing whether procedural fairness crowds-in ethical behavior of managers and workers. The experiment sees one ‘manager’ and three ‘workers’ co-determining an efficiency-enhancing investment which could harm some workers. Firstly, the manager claims a share of the investment surplus, then workers ‘bid’ for the investment to express their willingness to satisfy the manager’s claim in case the investment is (...)
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  43.  18
    Is it Suitable for a Journal to Bid for Publishing a Review That is Likely to be Highly Cited?Weishu Liu, Junwen Zhu, Chao Zuo & Haiyan Wang - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):647-649.
    By following a recently published paper entitled “The effect of publishing a highly cited paper on a journal’s impact factor: a case study of the Review of Particle Physics” in Learned Publishing, we argue that it is not suitable for journals to bid for the right to publish a review that is likely to be highly cited. A few suggestions are also provided to deal with the special case of the Review of Particle Physics phenomenon.
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  44. Study on the Influence of Low-Price Bid Winning and General Subcontracting Management on the Unsafe Behavior Intention of Construction Workers.Jinbao Yao, Zhaozhi Wu, Yanan Wen & Zixuan Peng - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    In recent years, there are many reasons for the frequent safety accidents in the construction field. The most controversial and typical one that firmly correlated with China’s national condition is the low-price bid winning and the general subcontracting management, which probably have a great impact on the unsafe behavior intention of workers on the construction site. In order to figure out their internal relation, a quantitative statistical analysis of the unsafe behavior intentions of construction workers in the Beijing area was (...)
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  45. Jadal al-falsafah al-ʻArabīyah bayna Muḥammad ʻĀbid al-Jābirī wa-Ṭāhā ʻAbd al-Raḥmān: al-baḥth al-lughawī namūdhajan.Muḥammad Humām - 2013 - al-Dār al-Bayḍāʼ: al-Markaz al-Thaqāfī al-ʻArabī.
    Jābirī, Muḥammad ʻĀbid; ʻAbd al-Raḥmān, Ṭāhā; philosophy, Arab; Morocco..
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  46. Suʼāl al-ḥadāthah fī al-khiṭāb al-falsafī li-Muḥammad ʻĀbid al-Jābirī: ruʼyah mukhtalifah.Idrīs Jabrī - 2013 - [Rabat?]: Fāliyah lil-Ṭibāʻah wa-al-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
    Jābirī, Muḥammad ʻĀbid; criticism and interpretation; modernism; philosophy; 20th centuary.
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  47. Naqd al-ʻaql bayna Muḥammad ʻĀbid al-Jābirī wa-Muḥammad Arkūn: dirāsah falsafīyah muqāranah.Āl Jaʻfar & Waththāb Khālid Ḥusayn - 2013 - Baghdād: Wizārat al-Thaqāfah.
    Philosophy, Arab Philosophy; 20th century.
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  48. L opez de M antaras, R., Busquets, D.\ Multiagent Bidding Mechanisms for Robot Qualitative Navigation.C. Sierra - 2001 - In P. Bouquet (ed.), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  49. Identifying key factors in successful bidding for doctoral training.Paul Spencer & Jane Khawaja - 2021 - In Anne Lee & Rob Bongaardt (eds.), The future of doctoral research: challenges and opportunities. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  50.  1
    Factors affecting expert performance in bid evaluation: An integrated approach.Li Wang, Kunhui Ye, Yu Liu & Wenjing Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Experts play a crucial role in underpinning decision-making in most management situations. While recent studies have disclosed the impacts of individuals’ inherent cognition and the external environment on expert performance, these two-dimensional mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we identified 14 factors that influence expert performance in a bid evaluation and applied cross-impact matrix multiplication to examine the interdependence of the factors. The results indicate that the two dimension-related factors affect each other within a person–environment system, and a poor (...)
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