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  1. The Empirical Argument Against Virtue.Candace Upton - 2016 - The Journal of Ethics 20 (4):355-371.
    The virtues are under fire. Several decades’ worth of social psychological findings establish a correlation between human behavior and the situation moral agents inhabit, from which a cadre of moral philosophers concludes that most moral agents lack the virtues. Mark Alfano and Christian Miller introduce novel versions of this argument, but they are subject to a fatal dilemma. Alfano and Miller wrongly assume that their requirements for virtue apply universally to moral agents, who vary radically in their psychological, physiological, and (...)
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  • Situationism and Confucian Virtue Ethics.Deborah S. Mower - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):113-137.
    Situationist research in social psychology focuses on the situational factors that influence behavior. Doris and Harman argue that this research has powerful implications for ethics, and virtue ethics in particular. First, they claim that situationist research presents an empirical challenge to the moral psychology presumed within virtue ethics. Second, they argue that situationist research supports a theoretical challenge to virtue ethics as a foundation for ethical behavior and moral development. I offer a response from moral psychology using an interpretation of (...)
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  • Minor Tweaks, Major Payoffs: The Problems and Promise of Situationism in Moral Philosophy.Hagop Sarkissian - 2010 - Philosophers' Imprint 10.
    Moral philosophers of late have been examining the implications of experimental social psychology for ethics. The focus of attention has been on situationism—the thesis that we routinely underestimate the extent to which minor situational variables influence morally significant behavior. Situationism has been seen as a threat to prevailing lay and philosophical theories of character, personhood, and agency. In this paper, I outline the situationist literature and critique one of its upshots: the admonition to carefully select one’s situational contexts. Besides being (...)
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  • What Am I?: Virtual Machines and the Mind/Body Problem.John L. Pollock - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):237-309.
    When your word processor or email program is running on your computer, this creates a “virtual machine” that manipulates windows, files, text, etc. What is this virtual machine, and what are the virtual objects it manipulates? Many standard arguments in the philosophy of mind have exact analogues for virtual machines and virtual objects, but we do not want to draw the wild metaphysical conclusions that have sometimes tempted philosophers in the philosophy of mind. A computer file is not made of (...)
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  • Situationism and Virtue Ethics on the Content of Our Character.Rachana Kamtekar - 2004 - Ethics 114 (3):458-491.
    Situationist social psychologists tell us that information about people’s distinctive character traits, opinions, attitudes, values, or past behavior is not as useful for determining what they will do as is information about the details of their situations.1 One would expect, they say, that the possessor of a given character trait (such as helpfulness) would behave consistently (helpfully) across situations that are similar in calling for the relevant (helping) behavior, but under experimental conditions, people’s behavior is not found to be cross-situationally (...)
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  • Virtue Ethics and Situationist Personality Psychology.Maria Merritt - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (4):365-383.
    In this paper I examine and reply to a deflationary challenge brought against virtue ethics. The challenge comes from critics who are impressed by recent psychological evidence suggesting that much of what we take to be virtuous conduct is in fact elicited by narrowly specific social settings, as opposed to being the manifestation of robust individual character. In answer to the challenge, I suggest a conception of virtue that openly acknowledges the likelihood of its deep, ongoing dependence upon particular social (...)
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  • Précis of The Metaphysics of Hyperspace.Hud Hudson - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):422-426.
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  • Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Précis.Mohan Matthen - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):392-399.
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  • Art and Intention: A Philosophical Study.Robert Stecker - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):501-503.
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  • Hudson Fine Tunes His Way to Hyperspace.Mark Heller - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):436-443.
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  • Reply to Egan and Clark.Mohan Matthen - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):415-421.
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  • The Situationist Critique and Early Confucian Virtue Ethics.Edward Slingerland - 2011 - Ethics 121 (2):390-419.
    This article argues that strong versions of the situationist critique of virtue ethics are empirically and conceptually unfounded, as well as that, even if one accepts that the predictive power of character may be limited, this is not a fatal problem for early Confucian virtue ethics. Early Confucianism has explicit strategies for strengthening and expanding character traits over time, as well as for managing a variety of situational forces. The article concludes by suggesting that Confucian virtue ethics represents a more (...)
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  • A Social Psychological View of Morality: Why Knowledge of Situational Influences on Behaviour Can Improve Character Development Practices.Steven M. Samuels & William D. Casebeer - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (1):73-87.
    Results from research in social psychology, such as findings about the fundamental attribution error and other situational influences on behaviour, are often used to justify attacking the existence of character traits. From this perspective, character development is an illusion, an impossibility, or both. We offer a different interpretation of how these issues interact with character development concerns. Rather than undermining the very idea of character traits, social psychology actually sheds light on the manner in which character development can occur. It (...)
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  • The Nondiscriminating Heart: Lovingkindness Meditation Training Decreases Implicit Intergroup Bias.Yoona Kang, Jeremy R. Gray & John F. Dovidio - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1306-1313.
  • Alfano, Mark. Character as Moral Fiction.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Pp. 234. $90.00.Candace L. Upton - 2014 - Ethics 124 (3):598-602.
  • Does Positive Affect Broaden and Negative Affect Narrow Attentional Scope? A New Answer to an Old Question.Jeffrey R. Huntsinger - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (4):595-600.
  • Semivaluationism: Putting Vagueness in Context in Context.Roy Sorensen - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):471-483.
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  • Recent Publications.[author unknown] - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):507-509.
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  • Erratum.[author unknown] - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):iv-iv.
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  • Positive Emotions Broaden the Scope of Attention and Thought‐Action Repertoires.Barbara L. Fredrickson & Christine Branigan - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (3):313-332.
  • Face to Face with Emotion: Holistic Face Processing is Modulated by Emotional State.Kim M. Curby, Kareem J. Johnson & Alyssa Tyson - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):93-102.
  • The Functional Field of View Becomes Narrower While Viewing Negative Emotional Stimuli.Tomoe Nobata, Yuji Hakoda & Yuri Ninose - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (5):886-891.