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Supermachines and superminds

Minds and Machines 13 (1):155-186 (2003)

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  1. Infinite Time Turing Machines.Joel David Hamkins & Andy Lewis - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):567-604.
    Infinite time Turing machines extend the operation of ordinary Turing machines into transfinite ordinal time. By doing so, they provide a natural model of infinitary computability, a theoretical setting for the analysis of the power and limitations of supertask algorithms.
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  • Death and Eternal Life.John Hick - 1976 - London: Collins.
    In this cross-cultural, interdisciplinary study, John Hick draws upon major world religions, as well as biology, psychology, parapsychology, anthropology, and ...
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  • Consciousness and the Mind of God.Charles Taliaferro - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work addresses the challenge of contemporary materialism for thinking about God. The book examines contemporary theories of consciousness and defends a non-materialist theory of persons, subjectivity and God. A version of dualism is articulated that seeks to avoid the fragmented outlook of most dualist theories. Dualism is often considered to be inadequate both philosophically and ethically, and is seen as a chief cause of denigrating the body and of promoting individualism and scepticism. Charles Taliaferro defends a holistic understanding of (...)
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  • Inquiry.Robert C. Stalnaker - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    The abstract structure of inquiry - the process of acquiring and changing beliefs about the world - is the focus of this book which takes the position that the "pragmatic" rather than the "linguistic" approach better solves the philosophical problems about the nature of mental representation, and better accounts for the phenomena of thought and speech. It discusses propositions and propositional attitudes (the cluster of activities that constitute inquiry) in general and takes up the way beliefs change in response to (...)
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  • Theories and Things.W. V. O. Quine (ed.) - 1981 - Harvard University Press.
    Things and Their Place in Theories Our talk of external things, our very notion of things, is just a conceptual apparatus that helps us to foresee and ...
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  • On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book is a defense of modal realism; the thesis that our world is but one of a plurality of worlds, and that the individuals that inhabit our world are only a few out of all the inhabitants of all the worlds. Lewis argues that the philosophical utility of modal realism is a good reason for believing that it is true.
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  • Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology.John Leslie - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    The cosmos exists just because of the ethical need for it We, and all the intricate structures of our universe, exist as thoughts in a divine mind that knows everything worth knowing. There could also be infinitely many other universes in this mind....It may be hard to believe that the universe is as Leslie says it is--but it is also hard to resist his compelling ideas and arguments.
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  • The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge.Philip Kitcher - 1983 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    This book argues against the view that mathematical knowledge is a priori,contending that mathematics is an empirical science and develops historically,just as ...
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  • Computation, Dynamics, and Cognition.Marco Giunti - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    This book explores the application of dynamical theory to cognitive science. Giunti shows how the dynamical approach can illuminate problems of cognition, information processing, consciousness, meaning, and the relation between body and mind.
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  • Psychosemantics: The Problem of Meaning in the Philosophy of Mind.Jerry A. Fodor - 1987 - MIT Press.
    Preface 1 Introduction: The Persistence of the Attitudes 2 Individualism and Supervenience 3 Meaning Holism 4 Meaning and the World Order Epilogue Creation Myth Appendix Why There Still Has to be a Language of Thought Notes References Author Index.
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  • A Theory of Content and Other Essays.Jerry A. Fodor - 1990 - MIT Press.
    Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction PART I Intentionality Chapter 1 Fodor’ Guide to Mental Representation: The Intelligent Auntie’s Vade-Mecum Chapter 2 Semantics, Wisconsin Style Chapter 3 A Theory of Content, I: The Problem Chapter 4 A Theory of Content, II: The Theory Chapter 5 Making Mind Matter More Chapter 6 Substitution Arguments and the Individuation of Beliefs Chapter 7 Stephen Schiffer’s Dark Night of The Soul: A Review of Remnants of Meaning PART II Modularity Chapter 8 Précis of The Modularity of (...)
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  • Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach.Stuart Jonathan Russell & Peter Norvig (eds.) - 1995 - Prentice-Hall.
    Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, 3e offers the most comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to the theory and practice of artificial intelligence. Number one in its field, this textbook is ideal for one or two-semester, undergraduate or graduate-level courses in Artificial Intelligence. Dr. Peter Norvig, contributing Artificial Intelligence author and Professor Sebastian Thrun, a Pearson author are offering a free online course at Stanford University on artificial intelligence. According to an article in The New York Times, the course on artificial intelligence is (...)
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  • Variations on a Game of Gale (I): Coding Strategies.Marion Scheepers - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (3):1035-1043.
    We consider an infinite two-person game. The second player has a winning perfect information strategy; we show that this player has a winning strategy which depends on substantially less information. The game studied here is a variation on a game of Gale.
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  • Synthetic Neuroethology.Pete Mandik - 2002 - In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Metaphilosophy. Blackwell. pp. 11-29.
    Computation and philosophy intersect three times in this essay. Computation is considered as an object, as a method, and as a model used in a certain line of philosophical inquiry concerning the relation of mind to matter. As object, the question considered is whether computation and related notions of mental representation constitute the best ways to conceive of how physical systems give rise to mental properties. As method and model, the computational techniques of artificial life and embodied evolutionary connectionism are (...)
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  • Super Turing-Machines.B. Jack Copeland - 1998 - Complexity 4 (1):30-32.
  • Computational Imagery.Janice Glasgow & Dimitri Papadias - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):355-394.
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  • Languages with Expressions of Infinite Length.Carol Ruth Karp - 1964 - North-Holland.
  • Synthetic Neuroethology.Pete Mandik - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (1‐2):11-29.
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  • Persons Versus Brains: Biological Intelligence in Human Organisms.E. Steinhart - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):3-27.
    I go deep into the biology of the human organism to argue that the psychological features and functions of persons are realized by cellular and molecular parallel distributed processing networks dispersed throughout the whole body. Persons supervene on the computational processes of nervous, endocrine, immune, and genetic networks. Persons do not go with brains.
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  • Two Dogmas of Computationalism.Oron Shagrir - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (3):321-44.
    This paper challenges two orthodox theses: (a) that computational processes must be algorithmic; and (b) that all computed functions must be Turing-computable. Section 2 advances the claim that the works in computability theory, including Turing's analysis of the effective computable functions, do not substantiate the two theses. It is then shown (Section 3) that we can describe a system that computes a number-theoretic function which is not Turing-computable. The argument against the first thesis proceeds in two stages. It is first (...)
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  • Building Infinite Machines.E. B. Davies - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (4):671-682.
    We describe in some detail how to build an infinite computing machine within a continuous Newtonian universe. The relevance of our construction to the Church-Turing thesis and the Platonist-Intuitionist debate about the nature of mathematics is also discussed.
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  • On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (3):388-390.
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  • Parallel Machines.Andrew Boucher - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (4):543-551.
    Because it is time-dependent, parallel computation is fundamentally different from sequential computation. Parallel programs are non-deterministic and are not effective procedures. Given the brain operates in parallel, this casts doubt on AI's attempt to make sequential computers intelligent.
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  • Facts of the Matter.W. V. Quine - 1978 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):155-169.
  • On the Plurality of Worlds.William G. Lycan - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (1):42-47.
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  • The Great Chain of Being. A Study of the History of an Idea. [REVIEW]H. T. C. - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (21):580.
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  • Theories and Things.Colin McGinn - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (4):239-246.
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  • Ontological Relativity.W. V. Quine - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (7):185-212.
  • Ontological Relativity and Other Essays.Willard van Orman Quine - unknown
    Ontological. Relativity. and. Other. Essays. W. V. QUINE This volume consists of the first of the John Dewey Lectures delivered under the auspices of Columbia University's Philosophy Department as well as other essays by the author.
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  • Logically Possible Machines.Eric Steinhart - 2002 - Minds and Machines 12 (2):259-280.
    I use modal logic and transfinite set-theory to define metaphysical foundations for a general theory of computation. A possible universe is a certain kind of situation; a situation is a set of facts. An algorithm is a certain kind of inductively defined property. A machine is a series of situations that instantiates an algorithm in a certain way. There are finite as well as transfinite algorithms and machines of any degree of complexity (e.g., Turing and super-Turing machines and more). There (...)
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  • Is Gold-Putnam Diagonalization Complete?Cory Juhl - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (2):117 - 138.
    Diagonalization is a proof technique that formal learning theorists use to show that inductive problems are unsolvable. The technique intuitively requires the construction of the mathematical equivalent of a "Cartesian demon" that fools the scientist no matter how he proceeds. A natural question that arises is whether diagonalization is complete. That is, given an arbitrary unsolvable inductive problem, does an invincible demon exist? The answer to that question turns out to depend upon what axioms of set theory we adopt. The (...)
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  • Inquiry.Robert C. Stalnaker - 1984 - Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (4):515-519.
     
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  • Whither Physical Objects?Willard Quine - 1976 - In R. S. Cohen, P. K. Feyerabend & M. Wartofsky (eds.), Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos. Reidel. pp. 497--504.
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  • The Conception of God.James Seth, Josiah Royce, Joseph Le Conte, G. H. Howison & Sidney Edward Mezes - 1898 - Philosophical Review 7 (3):307.
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  • Infinite Pains: The Trouble with Supertasks.John Earman & John Norton - 1996 - In Adam Morton & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), Benacerraf and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 11--271.
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  • A Theory of Content and Other Essays.Alan Millar - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):367-372.
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  • Languages with Expressions of Infinite Length.William P. Hanf - 1964 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (3):477-478.
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  • The Language of Thought.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1975 - Noûs 14 (1):120-124.
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  • Divine Cognitive Power.Charles Taliaferro - 1985 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 18 (3):133 - 140.
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  • Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology.John Leslie - 2001 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (4):491-491.
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  • The Language of Thought.J. A. Fodor - 1978 - Critica 10 (28):140-143.
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  • More Game-Theoretic Properties of Boolean Algebras.Thomas J. Jech - 1984 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 26 (1):11-29.
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  • Consciousness and the Mind of God.Charles Taliaferro - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):241-243.
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  • Death and Eternal Life.John Hick & Paul Badham - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (3):355-357.
     
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  • Banach Games.Chris Freiling - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (2):343-375.
    Banach introduced the following two-person, perfect information, infinite game on the real numbers and asked the question: For which sets $A \subseteq \mathbf{R}$ is the game determined????? Rules: The two players alternate moves starting with player I. Each move a n is legal iff it is a real number and $0 , and for $n > 1, a_n . The first player to make an illegal move loses. Otherwise all moves are legal and I wins iff ∑ a n exists (...)
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  • Consciousness and the Mind of God.Charles Taliaferro - 1996 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (2):123-125.
     
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  • The Great Chain of Being.Arthur O. Lovejoy - 1937 - Science and Society 1 (2):252-256.
     
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  • Infinite Time Turing Machines.Joel Hamkins & Andy Lewis - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):567-604.
    We extend in a natural way the operation of Turing machines to infinite ordinal time, and investigate the resulting supertask theory of computability and decidability on the reals. Every $\Pi^1_1$ set, for example, is decidable by such machines, and the semi-decidable sets form a portion of the $\Delta^1_2$ sets. Our oracle concept leads to a notion of relative computability for sets of reals and a rich degree structure, stratified by two natural jump operators.
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  • Consciousness and the Mind of God.Charles Taliaferro - 1996 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 17 (1):107-112.
     
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  • The Conception of God.J. Royce - 1896 - Philosophical Review 5:213.
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