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Austrian Origins of Logical Positivism

In Barry Gower (ed.), Logical Positivism in Perspective. London: Croom Helm. pp. 35-68 (1988)

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  1. A Study of Franz Brentano.Antos Rancurello - 1968 - Academic Press.
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  • Foundations of Gestalt Theory.Barry Smith (ed.) - 1988 - Philosophia.
    In 1890 Christian von Ehrenfels published his classic paper "Über 'Gestaltqualitäten'", the first systematic investigation of the philosophy and psychology of Gestalt. Ehrenfels thereby issued an important challenge to the psychological atomism that was still predominant in his day. His paper not only exerted a powerful influence on the philosophy of the Meinong school, it also marked the beginning of the Gestalt tradition in psychology, later associated with the work of Wertheimer, Köhler and Koffka in Berlin. Includes papers by C. (...)
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  • The Scientific Conception of the World: The Vienna Circle.Hans Hahn, Otto Neurath & Rudolf Carnap - 1929
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  • Der Logische Aufbau der Welt.Rudolf Carnap - 1928 - Meiner Verlag.
    Das Ziel: Konstitutionssystem der Begriffe Das Ziel der vorliegenden Untersuchungen ist die Aufstellung eines erkenntnismäßig-logischen Systems der ...
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  • The Principles of Linguistic Philosophy.Friedrich Waismann - 1965 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
    In this study Friedrich Waismann gives a systematic presentation of insights into philosophical problems which can be achieved by clarifying the language in which the problems are posed. Much of the material and the method itself derive from Wittgenstein's work in the early 30s. The book was originally envisaged as a lucid and well organized account of Wittgenstein's distinctive form of linguistic philosophy to enable the Vienna Circle to incorporate these valuable methods into their own programme of analysis. The project (...)
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  • Austrian Philosophy: Studies and Texts.János Kristóf Nyíri (ed.) - 1981 - Philosophia-Verlag.
  • Imagery in Scientific Thought: Creating 20th-Century Physics.Arthur I. Miller - 1984 - MIT Press.
    Arthur I. Miller is a historian of science whose approach has been strongly influenced by current work in cognitive science, and in this book he shows how the two fields might be fruitfully linked to yield new insights into the creative process.
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  • Entstehung Und Entwicklung Einer Wissenschaftlichen Tatsache: Einführung in Die Lehre Vom Denkstil Und Denkkollektiv.Ludwik Fleck - 1980
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  • Ludwik Fleck, Leben Und Denken: Zur Entstehung Und Entwicklung des Soziologischen Denkstils in der Wissenschaftsphilosophie.Thomas Schnelle - 1982
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  • Die Physischen Gestalten in Ruhe Und Im Stationären Zustand.Wolfgang Köhler - 1924 - Philosophische Akademie.
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  • The Sensory Order: An Inquiry Into the Foundations of Theoretical Psychology.F. A. Hayek - 1952 - University of Chicago Press.
    Hayek's substantial contribution to theoretical psychology has been addressed in the work of Thomas Szasz, Gerald Edelman, and Joaquin Fuster.
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  • Mind, Meaning and Metaphysics.K. Mulligan (ed.) - 1986 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  • The Phenomenological Reduction As Epoche and As Explication.Guido Küng - 1975 - The Monist 59 (1):63-80.
    A clear understanding of the notion of phenomenological reduction is crucial for any evaluation of the claims of Husserlian phenomenology. The phenomenological reduction is said to be the distinctive step one has to take if one is to enter the realm of phenomenology proper. Husserl labored all his life to find the best way which would lead the nonphenomenologist into the new land which he thought he had discovered. Commentators have classified the ways discussed by Husserl under at least three (...)
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  • François Brentano et la Pensee philosophique en Pologne: Casimir Twardowski et son École.Izydora Dąmbska - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 5 (1):117-129.
    La pensée de Brentano a exercé une durable influence sur la Philosophie en Pologne surtout grâce à Casimir Twardowski, disciple de Brentano et lui-même fondateur d'une importante école philosophique, proche en son ésprit de la philosophie analytique. Twardowski tout en développant certaines idées de Brentano parvenait dans diverses questions aux solutions opposées à Celles de son maître. L'article cherche à préciser les résultats de cette continuation et de cette opposition dans l'oeuvre de Twardowski et de ses disciples tels que Łukasiewicz, (...)
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  • Vom Positivismus zur "Wissenschaftlichen Weltauffassung".Heiner Rütte - 1984 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 21 (1):213-218.
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  • Schlick on the Foundations of Knowing.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 16 (1):149-157.
    Schlick held that our knowledge is founded upon certain contingent apprehensions which he described as follows: "I grasp their meaning at the same time that I grasp their truth." He cites as an example the apprehension expressed by "Yellow here now." When such apprehensions are expressed in syntactically well-formed sentences, they can be seen to have certain psychological states as their objects - and therefore to be similar in all essential respects to what members of the Brentano school had called (...)
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  • Schlick on the Foundations of Knowing.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 16 (1):149-157.
    Schlick held that our knowledge is founded upon certain contingent apprehensions which he described as follows: "I grasp their meaning at the same time that I grasp their truth." He cites as an example the apprehension expressed by "Yellow here now." When such apprehensions are expressed in syntactically well-formed sentences, they can be seen to have certain psychological states as their objects - and therefore to be similar in all essential respects to what members of the Brentano school had called (...)
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  • The Counter-Revolution of Science; Studies on the Use of Reason.Ernest Nagel - 1952 - Journal of Philosophy 49 (17):560-565.
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  • A Theory of Austria.Wolfgang Grassl & Barry Smith - 1986 - In Kristof Nyiri (ed.), From Bolzano to Wittgenstein: The Tradition of Austrian Philosophy. Vienna: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky. pp. 11-30.
    The present essay seeks, by way of the Austrian example, to make a contribution to what might be called the philosophy of the supranational state. More specifically, we shall attempt to use certain ideas on the philosophy of Gestalten as a basis for understanding some aspects of that political and cultural phenomenon which was variously called the Austrian Empire, the Habsburg Empire, the Danube Monarchy or Kakanien.
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  • Mind and the World-Order.Hugh Miller - 1931 - Philosophical Review 40 (6):573.
  • Ten Conditions on a Theory of Speech Acts.Barry Smith - 1984 - Theoretical Linguistics 11 (3):309-330.
    It is now generally recognized that figures such as Reid, Peirce, and Reinach formulated theories of speech acts avant la lettre of Austin and Searle, in Reid and Reinach’s cases under the heading ‘theory of social acts’. Here we address the question as to what conditions would have to be satisfied for such theories to count as ‘theories of speech acts’ in the now familiar sense.
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  • Kafka and Brentano: A Study in Descriptive Psychology.Barry Smith - 1981 - In Structure and Gestalt: Philosophy and Literature in Austria-Hungary and Her Successor States. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 113-144.
    There is a narrow thread in the vast literature on Kafka which pertains to Kafka’s knowledge of philosophy, and more precisely to Kafka’s use in his fictional writings of some of the main ideas of Franz Brentano. Kafka attended courses in philosophy at the Charles University given by Brentano’s students Anton Marty and Christian von Ehrenfels, and was for several years a member of a discussion-group organized by orthodox adherents of the Brentanian philosophy in Prague. The present essay summarizes what (...)
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  • Verification.I. Berlin - 1939 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 39:225 - 248.
  • Positivism. [REVIEW][author unknown] - 1953 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 3:142-146.
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  • Empiricism and Sociology.O. Neurath, Marie Neurath & Robert S. Cohen - 1974 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 25 (4):343-352.
  • Der Typusbegriff im Lichte der neuen Logik.C. G. Hempel & P. Oppenheim - 1936 - Erkenntnis 6 (1):266-268.
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  • Logik der Forschung.Karl Popper - 1935 - Erkenntnis 5 (1):290-294.
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  • Positivism and Realism.M. Schlick - 1948 - Synthese 7 (1):478 - 505.
  • The Principles of Linguistic Philosophy.F. Waismann & R. Harré - 1965 - Foundations of Language 5 (1):128-134.
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  • Mind and the World-Order.C. I. LEWIS - 1956 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 12 (2):257-258.
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  • Principles of Gestalt Psychology.K. Koffka - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (44):502-504.
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  • The Sensory Order.F. A. Hayek - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (109):183-185.
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  • Logical and Epistemological Studies in Contemporary Physics.Robert S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (3):297-299.
     
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  • The Puzzle of Ludwig Wittgenstein's "Phänomenologie" (1929-?).Herbert Spiegelberg - 1968 - American Philosophical Quarterly 5 (4):244 - 256.
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  • Reality and Experience.J. P. Day, Eino Kaila, Robert S. Cohen, G. H. von Wright, Ann Kirschenmann & Peter Kirschenmann - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (119):169.
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  • Auguste Comte Und Die Positive Philosophie.Franz Brentano - 1869 - Chilianeum 2:15-37.
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  • Studien zur Œsterreichischen Philosophie.Rudolf Haller - 1980 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 170 (2):257-258.
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  • The Sensory Order.Martha Kneale & F. A. Hayek - 1954 - Philosophical Quarterly 4 (15):189.