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  1. Contrasting approaches to a theory of learning.Timothy D. Johnston - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):125-139.
    The general process view of learning, which guided research into learning for the first half of this century, has come under attack in recent years from several quarters. One form of criticism has come from proponents of the so-called biological boundaries approach to learning. These theorists have presented a variety of data showing that supposedly general laws of learning may in fact be limited in their applicability to different species and learning tasks, and they argue that the limitations are drawn (...)
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  • The defense motivation system: A theory of avoidance behavior.Fred A. Masterson & Mary Crawford - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):661-675.
    A motivational system approach to avoidance behavior is presented. According to this approach, a motivational state increases the probability of relevant response patterns and establishes the appropriate or “ideal” consummatory stimuli as positive reinforcers. In the case of feeding motivation, for example, hungry rats are likely to explore and gnaw, and to learn to persist in activities correlated with the reception of consummatory stimuli produced by ingestion of palatable substances. In the case of defense motivation, fearful rats are likely to (...)
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  • On the origin of species.Charles Darwin - 1964 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Gillian Beer.
    The present edition provides a detailed and accessible discussion ofhis theories and adds an account of the immediate responses to the book on publication.
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  • Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. [REVIEW]E. N. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):736-737.
  • Animal Intelligence: Experimental Studies.Edward L. Thorndike - 1912 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 9 (7):193-194.
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  • Animal intelligence.Edward L. Thorndike - 1899 - Psych Revmonog 8 (2):207-208.
  • The "supersitition" experiment: A reexamination of its implications for the principles of adaptive behavior.J. E. Staddon & Virginia L. Simmelhag - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (1):3-43.
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  • Science and Human Behavior.Burrhus Frederic Skinner - 1963 - New York: Free Press.
    A detailed study of scientific theories of human nature and the possible ways in which human behavior can be predicted and controlled.
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  • 'Superstition' in the pigeon.B. F. Skinner - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (2):168.
  • Are theories of learning necessary?B. F. Skinner - 1950 - Psychological Review 57 (4):193-216.
  • How brains make chaos in order to make sense of the world.Christine A. Skarda & Walter J. Freeman - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):161-173.
  • On the generality of the laws of learning.Martin E. Seligman - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (5):406-418.
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  • Discovering and Understanding the Meaning of Primate Signals. [REVIEW]Vernon Reynolds - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):477-495.
    This volume, edited by a philosopher and an anthropologist, is a collection of essays on the philosophical implications of laboratory and field research. While neither the best nor the worst of the genre, it is a collection that offers a representative sample of traditional themes. As practicing scientists who view the implications of behavioural research from a somewhat different perspective we offer this critical review.
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  • Signaling intertrial shocks attenuates their negative effect on conditioned suppression.Robert A. Rescorla - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (3):225-228.
  • Pavlovian conditioning and its proper control procedures.Robert A. Rescorla - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (1):71-80.
  • The codes of man and beasts.David Premack - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):125-136.
    Exposing the chimpanzee to language training appears to enhance the animal's ability to perform some kinds of tasks but not others. The abilities that are enhanced involve abstract judgment, as in analogical reasoning, matching proportions of physically unlike exemplars, and completing incomplete representations of action. The abilities that do not improve concern the location of items in space and the inferences one might make in attempting to obtain them. Representing items in space and making inferences about them could be done (...)
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  • The Logic of Modern Psychology. [REVIEW]H. R. Smart - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (5):588-589.
  • Quantitative analysis of purposive systems: Some spadework at the foundations of scientific psychology.William T. Powers - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (5):417-435.
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  • A model for Pavlovian learning: Variations in the effectiveness of conditioned but not of unconditioned stimuli.John M. Pearce & Geoffrey Hall - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (6):532-552.
  • On problems of conditioning discriminated lever-press avoidance responses.D. R. Meyer, Chungsoo Cho & Ann F. Wesemann - 1960 - Psychological Review 67 (4):224-228.
  • A theory of attention: Variations in the associability of stimuli with reinforcement.N. J. Mackintosh - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (4):276-298.
  • Progress and its Problems: Toward a Theory of Scientific Growth.Larry Laudan - 1977 - University of California Press.
    (This insularity was further promoted by the guileless duplicity of scholars in other fields, who were all too prepared to bequeath "the problem of ...
  • The influence of simultaneous hunger and thirst drives upon the learning of two opposed spatial responses of the white rat.H. H. Kendler - 1946 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (3):212.
  • Preference for bar pressing over "freeloading" as a function of number of rewarded presses.Glen D. Jensen - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (5):451.
  • Contingency in fear conditioning: A reexamination.H. M. Jenkins & Donald Shattuck - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (3):159-162.
  • Principles of Behavior. An Introduction to Behavior Theory. [REVIEW]E. N. - 1943 - Journal of Philosophy 40 (20):558-559.
  • Lever biting as an avoidance response.Philip N. Hineline & James F. Harrison - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (4):223-226.
  • Theories of Learning. [REVIEW]C. W. C. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (19):626-627.
  • Effects of appetitive discriminative stimuli on avoidance behavior.Neal E. Grossen, David J. Kostansek & Robert C. Bolles - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):340.
  • A biological theory of reinforcement.Stephen E. Glickman & Bernard B. Schiff - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (2):81-109.
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  • Discovering and Understanding the Meaning of Primate Signals.R. Allen Gardner & Beatrix T. Gardner - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):477-495.
    This volume, edited by a philosopher and an anthropologist, is a collection of essays on the philosophical implications of laboratory and field research. While neither the best nor the worst of the genre, it is a collection that offers a representative sample of traditional themes. As practicing scientists who view the implications of behavioural research from a somewhat different perspective we offer this critical review.
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  • Choice, optimal foraging, and the delay-reduction hypothesis.Edmund Fantino & Nureya Abarca - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):315-330.
  • Why the law of effect will not go away.D. C. Dennett - 1975 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 5 (2):169–188.
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  • The Social Relations of Science.J. G. Crowther - 1941 - Science and Society 5 (4):392-393.
  • Cartesian Linguistics: A Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought. [REVIEW]Gilbert Harman - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (2):229-235.
  • Neural dynamics of planned arm movements: Emergent invariants and speed-accuracy properties during trajectory formation.Daniel Bullock & Stephen Grossberg - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (1):49-90.
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  • Species-specific defense reactions and avoidance learning.Robert C. Bolles - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (1):32-48.
  • How adaptive behavior is produced: a perceptual-motivational alternative to response reinforcements.Dalbir Bindra - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):41-52.
  • Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origin, and Use.Noam Chomsky - 1986 - Prager. Edited by Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel.
    Attempts to indentify the fundamental concepts of language, argues that the study of language reveals hidden facts about the mind, and looks at the impact of propaganda.
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  • Behavior: the Control of Perception.William Treval Powers - 1973 - Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.
  • Skinner's environmentalism: The analogy with natural selection.Terry L. Smith - 1983 - Behaviorism 11 (2):133-153.
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  • Conditioned Reflexes.I. P. Pavlov - 1927 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 17 (4):560-560.
     
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  • Introduction to Modern Behaviorism.Howard Rachlin - 1973 - Science and Society 37 (3):356-360.
     
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  • On the notion of cause, with applications to behaviorism.J. E. R. Staddon - 1973 - Behaviorism 1 (2):25-63.
  • Origins of behavior in Pavlovian conditioning.Peter C. Holland - 1984 - In Gordon H. Bower (ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. Academic Press. pp. 18--129.
  • Cognitive explanations and cognitive ethology.Rita E. Anderson - 1986 - In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. pp. 323--336.