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  1. A Genealogy of Business Ethics: A Nietzschean Perspective.Skip Worden - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (3):427-456.
    This article approaches the field of business ethics from a Nietzschean vantage point, which means explaining the weakness of the field by means of providing an etiological account of the values esteemed by the decadent business ethicists therein. I argue that such business ethicists have wandered from their immanent philosophical ground to act as scientists, business persons, and preaching-moralists as a way of evading their human self-contradictions. In actuality, this fleeing exacerbates them into a sickness of self-idolatry and selfloathing. I (...)
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  • It’s Lovely at the Top: Hierarchical Levels, Identities, and Perceptions of Organizational Ethics.Linda Klebe Treviño, Gary R. Weaver & Michael E. Brown - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):233-252.
    Senior managers are important to the successful management of ethics in organizations. Therefore, their perceptions of organizational ethics are important. In this study, we propose that senior managers are likely to have a more positive perception of organizational ethics than lower level employees do largely because of their managerial role and their corresponding identification with the organization and need to protect the organization’s image as well as their own identity. Bycontrast, lower level employees are more likely to be cynical about (...)
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  • It’s Lovely at the Top: Hierarchical Levels, Identities, and Perceptions of Organizational Ethics.Linda Klebe Treviño, Gary R. Weaver & Michael E. Brown - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):233-252.
    Senior managers are important to the successful management of ethics in organizations. Therefore, their perceptions of organizational ethics are important. In this study, we propose that senior managers are likely to have a more positive perception of organizational ethics than lower level employees do largely because of their managerial role and their corresponding identification with the organization and need to protect the organization’s image as well as their own identity. Bycontrast, lower level employees are more likely to be cynical about (...)
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  • Beyond Moral Reasoning: A Review of Moral Identity Research and Its Implications for Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Ruodan Shao, Karl Aquino & Dan Freeman - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (4):513-540.
    Moral identity has been touted as a foundation for understanding moral agency in organizations. The purpose of this article is to review the current state of knowledge regarding moral identity and highlight several promising avenues for advancing current understandings of moral actions in organizational contexts. The article begins with a brief overview of two distinct conceptual perspectives on moral identity—the character perspective and the social-cognitive perspective—that dominate extant literature. It then discusses varying approaches that have been taken in attempting to (...)
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  • Value in Ethics and Economics.Paul Seabright - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):303.
  • Liberalism and the Limits of Justice.Norman S. Care - 1985 - Noûs 19 (3):459-467.
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  • Liberalism and the Limits of Justice.Michael J. Sandel - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (6):336-343.
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  • Business Ethics and the Brain.Rommel Salvador & Robert G. Folger - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):1-31.
    Neuroethics, the study of the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying ethical decision-making, is a growing field of study. In this review, we identify and discuss four themes emerging from neuroethics research. First, ethical decision-making appears to be distinct from other types of decision-making processes. Second, ethical decision-making entails more than just conscious reasoning. Third, emotion plays a critical role in ethical decision-making, at least under certain circumstances. Lastly, normative approaches to morality have distinct, underlying neural mechanisms. On the basis of (...)
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  • The Economy of the Earth: Philosophy, Law, and the Environment.John S. Dryzek - 1989 - Ethics 99 (4):962-964.
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  • Toward an Applied Meaning for Ethics in Business.D. Robin - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):139-150.
    The field of business ethics has been active for several decades, but it has yet to develop a generally agreed upon applied ethical perspective for the discipline. Academics in business disciplines have developed useful science-based models explaining why business people behave ethically but without a generally accepted definition of ethical behavior. Academics in moral philosophy have attempted to formulate what they believe ethical behavior is, but many seem to ignore or reject the basic mission of business. The purpose of this (...)
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  • [Book Review] Equality, Responsibility, and the Law. [REVIEW]R. A. Duff - 1999 - Ethics 111 (3):644-648.
    This book examines responsibility and luck as these issues arise in tort law, criminal law, and distributive justice. The central question is: whose bad luck is a particular piece of misfortune? Arthur Ripstein argues that there is a general set of principles to be found that clarifies responsibility in those cases where luck is most obviously an issue: accidents, mistakes, emergencies, and failed attempts at crime. In revealing how the problems that arise in tort and criminal law as well as (...)
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  • Critical Notice Too Much Invested to Quit.Arthur Ripstein - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):185-208.
    Faculty of Law and Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto 1. INTRODUCTION The economic analysis of law has gone through a remarkable change in the past decade and a half. The founding articles of the discipline – such classic pieces as Ronald Coase’s “The problem of social cost” (1960), Richard Posner’s “A theory of negligence” (1972) and Guido Calabresi and Douglas Malamed’s “Property rules, liability rules, and inalienability: One view of the cathedral” (1972) – offered economic analyses of familiar aspects (...)
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  • The Case That Milgram Makes.Steven C. Patten - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):350-364.
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  • Sentimental Rules:On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgment: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgment.Shaun Nichols - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Sentimental Rules is an ambitious and highly interdisciplinary work, which proposes and defends a new theory about the nature and evolution of moral judgment. In it, philosopher Shaun Nichols develops the theory that emotions play a critical role in both the psychological and the cultural underpinnings of basic moral judgment. Nichols argues that our norms prohibiting the harming of others are fundamentally associated with our emotional responses to those harms, and that such 'sentimental rules' enjoy an advantage in cultural evolution, (...)
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  • Drug Testing and Corporate Responsibility: The “Ought Implies Can” Argument. [REVIEW]Jennifer Moore - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4):279 - 287.
    Most of the debate about drug testing in the workplace has focused on the right to privacy. Proponents of testing have had to tackle difficult questions concerning the nature, extent, and weight of the privacy rights of employees. This paper examines a different kind of argument — the claim that because corporations are responsible for harms committed by employees while under the influence of drugs, they are entitled to test for drug use. This argument has considerable intuitive appeal, because it (...)
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  • Universal Moral Grammar: Theory, Evidence, and the Future.John Mikhail - 1912 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):143 –152.
    Scientists from various disciplines have begun to focus attention on the psychology and biology of human morality. One research program that has recently gained attention is universal moral grammar (UMG). UMG seeks to describe the nature and origin of moral knowledge by using concepts and models similar to those used in Chomsky's program in linguistics. This approach is thought to provide a fruitful perspective from which to investigate moral competence from computational, ontogenetic, behavioral, physiological and phylogenetic perspectives. In this article, (...)
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  • The Ethical Implications of Ignoring Shareholder Directives to Remove Antitakeover Provisions.Victoria B. McWilliams - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (3):321-346.
    Managers have a unique fiduciary responsibility to shareholders of a firm that implies a set of ethical obligations. At a minimum, managers are required to protect shareholder’s interests when other stakeholders are unaffected by their decision. This ethical imperative has been established in the literature. In cases of conflicts of interest between managers and shareholders, the board of directors of the firm has an ethical obligation to shareholders. The structure of the boardcan affect its ability to fulfill this obligation. Two (...)
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  • Analyzing Insider Trading From the Perspectives of Utilitarian Ethics and Rights Theory.Robert W. McGee - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):65-82.
    The common view is that insider trading is always unethical and illegal. But such is not the case. Some forms of insider trading are legal. Furthermore, applying ethical principles to insider trading causes one to conclude that it is also sometimes ethical. This paper attempts to get past the hype, the press reports, and the political grandstanding to get to the truth of the matter. The author applies two sets of ethical principles – utilitarianism and rights theory – in an (...)
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  • Organizational Change, Normative Control Deinstitutionalization, and Corruption.Kelly D. Martin, Jean L. Johnson & John B. Cullen - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):105-130.
    Despite widespread attention to corruption and organizational change in the literature, to our knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the linkages between these two powerful organizational phenomena. Accordingly, we draw on major theories in ethics, sociology, and management to develop a theoretical framework for understanding how organizational change can sometimes generate corruption. We extend anomie theory and ethical climate theory to articulate the deinstitutionalization of the normative control system and argue that, through this deinstitutionalization, organizations have the potential to (...)
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  • Why Evolutionary Biology is (so Far) Irrelevant to Legal Regulation.Brian Leiter & Michael Weisberg - 2010 - Law and Philosophy 29 (1):31-74.
    Evolutionary biology – or, more precisely, two (purported) applications of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection, namely, evolutionary psychology and what has been called human behavioral biology – is on the cusp of becoming the new rage among legal scholars looking for interdisciplinary insights into the law. We argue that as the actual science stands today, evolutionary biology offers nothing to help with questions about legal regulation of behavior. Only systematic misrepresentations or lack of understanding of the relevant biology, (...)
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  • Experimental Philosophy.Joshua Knobe - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (1):81–92.
    Claims about people's intuitions have long played an important role in philosophical debates. The new field of experimental philosophy seeks to subject such claims to rigorous tests using the traditional methods of cognitive science – systematic experimentation and statistical analysis. Work in experimental philosophy thus far has investigated people's intuitions in philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics. Although it is now generally agreed that experimental philosophers have made surprising discoveries about people's intuitions in each of these areas, (...)
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  • Experimental Philosophy.Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    The present volume provides an introduction to the major themes of work in experimental philosophy, bringing together some of the most influential articles in ...
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  • Strict Liability and the Mitigation of Moral Luck.Greg Keating - 2006 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2 (1):1-34.
    The general problem of moral luck—that responsibility is profoundly affected by factors beyond the control of the person held responsible—is often said to cause special problems for strict liability, as opposed to negligence liability. Negligence, the argument runs, holds people responsible for both fault and fate whereas strict liability holds people accountable solely for fate. This criticism is off the mark, both in its specific claim and in its general implications. The specific criticism is mistaken because the choice between negligence (...)
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  • A Theory of Justice.John Rawls - unknown
    Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition.
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  • Evolutionary Psychology and Business Ethics Research.Sefa Hayibor - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (4):587-616.
    In this article, we describe evolutionary psychology and its potential contribution to business ethics research. After summarizing evolutionary theory and natural selection, we specifically address the use of evolutionary concepts in psychology in order to offer alternative explanations of behavior relevant to business ethics, such as social exchange, cooperation, altruism, and reciprocity. Our position is that individuals, groups, and organizations all are affected by similar natural, evolutionary processes, such that evolutionary psychology is applicable at multiple levels of analysis (e.g., individual (...)
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  • Moral Imagination, Collective Action, and the Achievement of Moral Outcomes.Timothy J. Hargrave - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):87-104.
    Drawing upon the collective action model of institutional change, I reconceptualize moral imagination as both a social process and a cognitive one. I argue that moral outcomes are not produced by individual actors alone; rather, they emerge from collective action processes that are influenced by political conditions and involve behaviors that include issue framing and resource mobilization. I also contend that individual moral imagination involves the integration of moral sensitivity with consideration of collective action dynamics. I illustrate my arguments with (...)
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  • When is “Everyone's Doing It A Moral Justification?Ronald M. Green - 1991 - Business Ethics Quarterly 1 (1):75-93.
    The claim that " Everyone's doing it" is frequently offered as a reason for engaging in behavior that is widespread but less-than-ideal. This is particularly true in business, where competitors' conduct often forces hard choices on managers. When is the claim " Everyone's doing it" a morally valid reason for following others' lead? This discussion proposes and develops five prima facie conditions to identify when the existence of prevalent but otherwise undesirable behavior provides a moral justification for our engaging in (...)
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  • Capitalism and Freedom.Milton Friedman - 1962 - Ethics 74 (1):70-72.
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  • Beyond Moral Reasoning: A Review of Moral Identity Research and Its Implications for Business Ethics.Dan Freeman - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (4):513-540.
    Moral identity has been touted as a foundation for understanding moral agency in organizations. The purpose of this article is to review the current state of knowledge regarding moral identity and highlight several promising avenues for advancing current understandings of moral actions in organizational contexts. The article begins with a brief overview of two distinct conceptual perspectives on moral identity—the character perspective and the social-cognitive perspective—that dominate extant literature. It then discusses varying approaches that have been taken in attempting to (...)
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  • Law's Empire.Ken Kress - 1986 - Ethics 97 (4):834-860.
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  • Drug Testing in Employment.Joseph Desjardins & Ronald Duska - 1987 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (3):3-21.
  • Drug Testing and the Right to Privacy: Arguing the Ethics of Workplace Drug Testing. [REVIEW]Michael Cranford - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1805-1815.
    As drug testing has become increasingly used to maximize corporate profits by minimizing the economic impact of employee substance abuse, numerous arguments have been advanced which draw the ethical justification for such testing into question, including the position that testing amounts to a violation of employee privacy by attempting to regulate an employee's behavior in her own home, outside the employer's legitimate sphere of control. This article first proposes that an employee's right to privacy is violated when personal information is (...)
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  • Experimental Philosophy.Wesley Buckwalter, Joshua Knobe, Shaun Nichols, N. Ángel Pinillos, Philip Robbins, Hagop Sarkissian, Chris Weigel & Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2012 - Oxford Bibliographies Online (1):81-92.
    Bibliography of works in experimental philosophy.
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  • Privacy, Polygraphs and Work.George G. Brenkert - 1981 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1 (1):19-35.
  • Value in Ethics and Economics.Elizabeth Anderson - 1993 - Harvard University Press.
    Women as commercial baby factories, nature as an economic resource, life as one big shopping mall: This is what we get when we use the market as a common ...
  • Value in Ethics and Economics.David Schmidtz - 1993 - Ethics 105 (3):662-663.
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  • Value in Ethics and Economics.[author unknown] - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (1):133-136.
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  • Can Businesses Effectively Regulate Employee Conduct?: The Antecedents of Rule Adherence in Work Settings.Tom R. Tyler & Steven L. Blader - forthcoming - Ethics.
     
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  • Liberalism and the Limits of Justice.Michael J. Sandel - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    A liberal society seeks not to impose a single way of life, but to leave its citizens as free as possible to choose their own values and ends. It therefore must govern by principles of justice that do not presuppose any particular vision of the good life. But can any such principles be found? And if not, what are the consequences for justice as a moral and political ideal? These are the questions Michael Sandel takes up in this penetrating critique (...)
     
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  • 象與騎象人: 全球百大思想家的正向心理學經典(the Happiness Hypothesis: Finding Modern Truth in Ancient Wisdom).Jonathan Haidt - 2006 - New York, USA: Basic Books.
    ★正向心理學經典之作 ★?心流之父?契克森米哈伊、?正向心理學之父?塞利格曼等高度評價,國際媒體齊聲推薦! 啟動你我內在如大象般強大的力量 我們的「心」,是頭放任的大象; 我們的「智」,是具備掌控能力的騎象人, 心與智往往意見相左,各行其是…… 如何破除人象的對峙、拉扯? 如何引領大象找到人生幸福的方向? 學會馭象,就能獲得 愛、工作、審美、管理、人際關係、靈性覺醒上的諸多能力! 強納森.海德把人類思考了兩千多年的問題,歸結為十個假設,放在科學的天平上,探討到底哪些是真理,哪些是謬誤。他融合了心理學、哲學、倫理學、宗教以及人類學等學科知識,並且大量引用了古今中外的哲學、文學與宗 教中有關人心的看法,再用神經科學與社會心理學的研究成果來驗證關於古老的關於幸福的假設。 他認為,人的心理可分為兩半,一半像桀驁不馴的大象,另一半則是理性的騎象人,面對改變時,理智與情感的拉扯就像是「象與騎象人」。這種人象的對峙,不僅會影響我們的決策,也會削弱我們的幸福感。 當我們學會駕馭心中的大象,我們就整合了各個面向的自我,而能全心投入愛、工作、關係、智慧成長中,最終能騎著大象,去到自己心中嚮往的幸福天地。 各界推薦 有人說,尋找人生智慧,要從自己最意想不到的地方開始。 希望每位惜時如金的讀者都可以從《象與騎象人》這本智慧之作中收穫意想不到的感悟。本書無論哪個方面,都能為大家帶來裨益。──全球華人正向心理學協會主席、劍橋大學幸福研究院亞太主任 蘇德中 駕馭內在的力量並不容易,但它值得我們用一生探究和學習。──諮商心理師╱璞成心理學堂總監 蘇絢慧 我個人特別推薦第六章〈愛與依附〉及第九章〈靈性的覺醒〉,作者撰寫的方式具科學實證又能深入淺出,本書確為正向心理學經典之作。──高雄醫學大學正向心理學中心主任 吳相儀 要理解幸福,建議就從跟隨本書作者海德開始吧!──正向心理學之父 馬汀•塞利格曼(Martin E.P. Seligman) 這是一本重要的、可讀性特別強的作品,能給讀者帶來愉悅的享受。──心流之父米 哈里•契克森米哈伊(Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi) 這是一部令人欣喜的作品……是一部源於正向心理學運動、內容充實的智慧之作。──《自然》(Nature) 從來沒有哪本書能如此清晰、如此充滿智慧地展示出對人類境況的理解。──《衛報》(The Guardian) 這本書引人入勝、令人欣慰,充滿了人文關懷與情趣,它將古代文明的洞見與現代心理學知識巧妙地融合在了一起。──《泰晤士報》(The Times of London) 一項鼓舞人心、細緻入微的研究。 ──《人物》(People) 本書能夠引導我們把每一天過得更好,它的觀點新穎、嚴謹、令人鼓舞。──《圖書館雜誌》( Library Journal ) 作者簡介 強納森.海德(Jonathan Haidt) 現居紐約市,是著名心理學家,在紐約大學史登商學院擔任倫理領導學教授,主要研究如何在組織中運用積極心理學和道德心理學,被稱為「21世紀最不該被忽視的心理學家」。 1992年獲得美國賓州大學社會心理學博士學位後,即於維吉尼亞大學任教十六年之久。自1999年,他活躍參與正向心理學相關的活動,並因而在2001年獲得「鄧普頓獎」(Templeton Prize),是正向心理學先鋒派領袖。 《象與騎象人》一書是他的思想精華,一出版就登上亞馬遜心理學類排行榜榜首,熱銷不墜,更榮獲來自媒體、學界、企業界的各方好評。 譯者簡介 李靜瑤 臺灣大學政治系國際關系組學士,輔仁大學翻譯學研究所碩士。譯有:《象與騎象人》《失竊的未來:生命的隱形浩劫》《億萬商戰》《60秒壓力管理》《百事達傳奇》等。.
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  • The Idea of Private Law.Ernest J. Weinrib - 1995 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This revised edition of The Idea of Private Law makes one of the major works of modern legal theory accessible to a new generation of lawyers and students. It includes a new introduction by the author, looking back at the work, its origins, and its aspirations.
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  • Moral Markets: The Critical Role of Values in the Economy.Paul J. Zak (ed.) - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    Like nature itself, modern economic life is driven by relentless competition and unbridled selfishness. Or is it? Drawing on converging evidence from neuroscience, social science, biology, law, and philosophy, Moral Markets makes the case that modern market exchange works only because most people, most of the time, act virtuously. Competition and greed are certainly part of economics, but Moral Markets shows how the rules of market exchange have evolved to promote moral behavior and how exchange itself may make us more (...)
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  • The Economy of the Earth: Philosophy, Law, and the Environment.Mark Sagoff - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Mark Sagoff draws on the last twenty years of debate over the foundations of environmentalism in this comprehensive revision of The Economy of the Earth. Posing questions pertinent to consumption, cost-benefit analysis, the normative implications of neo-Darwinism, the role of the natural in national history, and the centrality of the concept of place in environmental ethics, he analyses social policy in relation to the environment, pollution, the workplace, and public safely and health. Sagoff distinguishes ethical from economic questions and explains (...)
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  • Promises, Morals and Law.P. S. Atiyah - 1983 - Oxford University Press UK.
  • Neuroethics: Challenges for the 21st Century.Neil Levy - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Neuroscience has dramatically increased understanding of how mental states and processes are realized by the brain, thus opening doors for treating the multitude of ways in which minds become dysfunctional. This book explores questions such as when is it permissible to alter a person's memories, influence personality traits or read minds? What can neuroscience tell us about free will, self-control, self-deception and the foundations of morality? The view of neuroethics offered here argues that many of our new powers to read (...)
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  • The Death of Contract.Grant Gilmore - 1995
    The Death of Contract is a masterful commentary on the common law, especially the law of promissory obligation known as contracts. In this slim and lively book, the late Yale law professor Grant Gilmore examines the birth, development, death, and even the resurrection of a body of American law. It is both a modern-day reply to and a funeral oration for an American legal classic--Oliver Wendell Holmes's The Common Law. This new edition, with an instructive and timely foreword by Ronald (...)
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  • Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong.Marc Hauser - 2006 - Harper Collins.
    Marc Hauser puts forth the theory that humans have evolved a universal moral instinct, unconsciously propelling us to deliver judgments of right and wrong independent of gender, education, and religion. Combining his cutting-edge research with the latest findings in cognitive psychology, linguistics, neuroscience, evolutionary biology, economics, and anthropology, Hauser explores the startling implications of his provocative theory vis-à-vis contemporary bioethics, religion, the law, and our everyday lives.
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  • Law, Economics, and Morality.Eyal Zamir & Barak Medina - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Law, Economics, and Morality examines the possibility of combining economic methodology and deontological morality through explicit and direct incorporation of moral constraints into economic models. Economic analysis of law is a powerful analytical methodology. However, as a purely consequentialist approach, which determines the desirability of acts and rules solely by assessing the goodness of their outcomes, standard cost-benefit analysis is normatively objectionable. Moderate deontology prioritizes such values as autonomy, basic liberties, truth-telling, and promise-keeping over the promotion of good outcomes. It (...)
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  • The Moral Animal.Richard D. Wright - 1994 - Pantheon Books.
  • The Practice of Justice: A Theory of Lawyers' Ethics.William H. Simon - 1998 - Harvard University Press.
    Citing the Lincoln Savings and Loan scandal, the Leo Frank murder trial, and other cases, author William Simon takes a fresh look at the ethics of lawyering.
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