What is the science of the soul? A case study in the evolution of late medieval natural philosophy

Synthese 110 (2):297-334 (1997)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

This paper aims at a partial rehabilitation of E. A. Moody''s characterization of the 14th century as an age of rising empiricism, specifically by contrasting the conception of the natural science of psychology found in the writings of a prominent 13th-century philosopher (Thomas Aquinas) with those of two 14th-century philosophers (John Buridan and Nicole Oresme). What emerges is that if the meaning of empiricism can be disengaged from modern and contemporary paradigms, and understood more broadly in terms of a cluster of epistemic doctrines concerned with the methodology of knowing, it characterizes very appropriately some of the differences between the ways in which late-medieval thinkers both understood and practised the science of psychology. In particular, whereas Aquinas thinks psychology is about reasoning demonstratively to the real nature of the soul from its evident operations (thereby assimilating psychology to metaphysics), Buridan and Oresme, both of whom doubt whether real animate natures can be known empirically, focus on giving detailed accounts of those operations themselves (thereby assimilating psychology to physics).

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,429

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
85 (#142,070)

6 months
2 (#276,905)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Jack Zupko
University of Alberta

References found in this work

The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages.Marshall Clagett - 1961 - Philosophy of Science 28 (4):442-444.
Physical Science in the Middle Ages.Edward Grant - 1980 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 42 (3):600-601.
John Buridan.Jack Zupko - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

View all 16 references / Add more references