Improving the quality of prestack inversion by prestack data conditioning

Interpretation: SEG 3 (1):T5-T12 (2015)

Abstract

Prestack seismic inversion techniques provide valuable information of rock properties, lithology, and fluid content for reservoir characterization. The confidence of inverted results increases with increasing incident angle of seismic gathers. The most accurate result of simultaneous prestack inversion of P-wave seismic data is P-impedance. S-impedance estimation becomes reliable with incident angles approaching 30°, whereas density evaluation becomes reliable with incident angles approaching 45°. As the offset increases, we often encounter “hockey sticks” and severe stretch at large offsets. Hockey sticks and stretch not only lower the seismic resolution but also hinder long offset prestack seismic inversion analysis. The inverted results are also affected by the random noises present in the prestack gathers. We developed a three-step workflow to perform data conditioning prior to simultaneous prestack inversion. First, we mitigated the hockey sticks by using an automatic nonhyperbolic velocity analysis. Then, we minimized the stretch at the far offset by using an antistretch workflow. Last, we improved the signal-to-noise ratio by applying prestack structure-oriented filtering. We evaluated our workflow by applying it to a prestack seismic volume acquired over the Fort Worth Basin, Texas, USA. The results inverted from the conditioned prestack gathers have higher resolution and better correlation coefficients with well logs when compared to those inverted from conventional time-migrated gathers.

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