Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):783-794 (2013)

Authors
Rafael De Clercq
Lingnan University
Jiji Zhang
Lingnan University
Abstract
We examine a formal semantics for counterfactual conditionals due to Judea Pearl, which formalizes the interventionist interpretation of counterfactuals central to the interventionist accounts of causation and explanation. We show that a characteristic principle validated by Pearl’s semantics, known as the principle of reversibility, states a kind of irreversibility: counterfactual dependence (in David Lewis’s sense) between two distinct events is irreversible. Moreover, we show that Pearl’s semantics rules out only mutual counterfactual dependence, not cyclic dependence in general. This, we argue, suggests that Pearl’s logic is either too weak or too strong
Keywords Causal model  Counterfactual logic  Counterfactual dependence  Interventionism
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DOI 10.1007/s10992-012-9249-z
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References found in this work BETA

Counterfactuals.David Kellogg Lewis - 1973 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Blackwell.
Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference.Judea Pearl - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
Causation.David Lewis - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (17):556-567.

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Citations of this work BETA

From Causal Models to Counterfactual Structures.Joseph Y. Halpern - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):305-322.
What Should I Believe About What Would Have Been the Case?Franz Huber - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (1):81-110.

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