Digital pictures can be type-identical in respect of colours, shapes and sizes (allographic), but they are not tokens of notational systems, because the types under which they are identical have vague limits and do not meet the requirements for notational characters. Digital display devices are designed to instantiate only limited ranges of objective properties (light intensities, sizes and shapes). Those ranges keep differences in objective magnitudes below sensory discrimination thresholds, and thus define objective conditions sufficient, but not necessary, for the phenomenal type-identity of pictures. The fact that digital pictures are types shows that pictures are not necessarily autographic. Moreover, the reasons why digital pictures are allographic (essentially, the consistent manipulation of sub-phenomenal information) could in principle also be made to apply to non-digital pictures.
Keywords identity  vagueness  photography
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1540-6245.2011.01497.x
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 69,114
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Phenomenal and Objective Size.John Zeimbekis - 2009 - Noûs 43 (2):346-362.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Why Digital Pictures Are Not Notational Representations.John Zeimbekis - 2015 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (4):449-453.
Preserving the Autographic/Allographic Distinction.Jason D'cruz & P. D. Magnus - 2015 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (4):453-457.
Digital Images: Content and Compositionality.Alistair M. C. Isaac - 2017 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 3 (1):106-126.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Pictures and Beauty.Robert Hopkins - 1997 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (2):177–194.
Phenomenology of Digital-Being.Joohan Kim - 2001 - Human Studies 24 (1-2):87-111.
Logical Relations Between Pictures.Jan Westerhoff - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (12):603 - 623.
Towards an Ontological Foundation of Information Ethics.Rafael Capurro - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):175-186.
Understanding Pictures.Dominic Lopes - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
Hallucinatory Pictures.Roberto Casati - 2010 - Acta Analytica 25 (3):365-368.


Added to PP index

Total views
234 ( #46,907 of 2,499,195 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #209,823 of 2,499,195 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes