Shestov's Perspective on the Definition of Philosophy

Modern Philosophy 6:125-130 (2008)

Abstract
What is the philosophy? Husserl's view that philosophy is a reflection of Russian religious philosopher Shestov thought that philosophy is a struggle. In fact, this is the rational philosophical thinking of the opposition and the Bible. Rational thinking based on human philosophy is "reasonable person" understanding, through the "logic" behind the means to search for things based on that philosophy is "love of wisdom." Never mind the Bible are "divine" and starting the "Thunder and Lightning" as their "logic", the philosophy as "the cause of death", which philosophy is the struggle. Shestov philosophy of rational thinking has been criticized, his philosophical understanding of the definition is based on the position of Russian religious philosophy of existence. What is philosophy? Husserl regards philosophy as reflection, while Shestov, the Russian religious philosopher, argues that philosophy is a kind of struggle. In fact, right in the heart of this difference lies the contradiction between rationalistic philosophy and Biblical philosophy. Based on the understanding that all man is "rational", rationalistic philosophy seeks to uncover things behind phenomena throught the means of "logic". Hence, philosophy understood in this sense is "the love of wisdom". However, based on the conviction that all men are "divine", Biblical philosophy considers "thunder and lightning" as its "logic" and therefore views philosophy as an undertaking of life and death. In this sense, philosophy should be a struggle. Shestov attacks rationalistic philosophy. His understanding of the definition of philosophy is set against the backdrop of Russian religious existentialist philosophy
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