Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):1271-1301 (2019)

Abstract
Recent empirical evidence has demonstrated that research misconduct occurs to a substantial degree in biomedical research. It has been suggested that scientific integrity is also of concern in China, but this seems to be based largely on anecdotal evidence. We, therefore, sought to explore the Chinese situation, by making a systematic review of published empirical studies on biomedical research integrity in China. One of our purposes was also to summarize the existing body of research published in Chinese. We searched the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, PubMed and Web of Science for potentially relevant studies, and included studies meeting our inclusion criteria, i.e. mainly those presenting empirically obtained data about the practice of research in China. All the data was extracted and synthesized using an inductive approach. Twenty-one studies were included for review. Two studies used qualitative methods and nineteen studies used quantitative methods. Studies involved mainly medical postgraduates and nurses and they investigated awareness, attitudes, perceptions and experiences of research integrity and misconduct. Most of the participants in these 21 studies reported that research integrity is of great importance and that they obey academic norms during their research. Nevertheless, the occurrence of research misbehaviors, such as fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, improper authorship and duplicate submission was also reported. Strengthening research integrity training, developing the governance system and improving the scientific evaluation system were areas of particular attention in several studies. Our review demonstrates that a substantial number of articles have been devoted to research integrity in China, but only a few studies provide empirical evidence. With more safeguard measures of research integrity being taken in China, it would be crucial to conduct more research to explore researchers’ in-depth perceptions and evaluate the changes.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11948-018-0057-x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,290
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

A Case for a Duty to Feed the Hungry: GM Plants and the Third World.Lucy Carter - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):69-82.

View all 16 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Research Integrity in China: Problems and Prospects.Weiqin Zeng & David Resnik - 2010 - Developing World Bioethics 10 (3):164-171.
The Epistemic Integrity of Scientific Research.Jan Winter & Laszlo Kosolosky - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):757-774.
The Epistemic Integrity of Scientific Research.Jan De Winter & Laszlo Kosolosky - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):757-774.
Integrity in Postgraduate Research: The Student Voice.Saadia Mahmud & Tracey Bretag - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1657-1672.
Research Integrity in China: Problems and Prospects.David Resnik Weiqin Zeng - 2010 - Developing World Bioethics 10 (3):164-171.
The Quest for Clarity in Research Integrity: A Conceptual Schema.David Shaw - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):1085-1093.
Retraction and Research Integrity Education in China.Guangyuan Hu, Yuhan Yang & Li Tang - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):325-326.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-05-02

Total views
19 ( #585,007 of 2,519,267 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #407,861 of 2,519,267 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes